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A. D. 64.
A.D. 64. we were reconciled to God by the the second veil, the tabernacle which death of his Son, much more, being is called the Holiest of all, ix. 3. But reconciled, we shall be saved by his into the second went the High Priest life, v. 5–10. And we know that all alone once every year, not without things work together for good to them blood, which he offered for himself, that love God, to them who are the and for the errors of the people, 7. called according to his purpose. For By a new and living way, which he whom he did foreknow, he also did bath consecrated for us through the predestinate to be conformed to the veil, that is to say, his flesh; And image of his Son, that he might be having an High Priest over the house the firstborn among many brethren. of God, x. 20, 21. And the Lord Moreover whom he did predestinate, said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron them he also called : and whom, be thy brother, that be come not at all called, them he also justified : and times into the holy place within the whom he justified, them he also glori- veil before the mercy-seat which is fied. What shall we then say to upon the ark; that he die not: for I these things? If God be for us, who will appear in the cloud upon the can be against us? He that spared not mercy-seat, Lev. xvi. 2. And he shall his own Son, but delivered him up for take of the blood of the bullock, and us all, how shall be not with him also sprinkle it with his finger upon the freely give us all things ? Who shall mercy-seat eastward ; and before the lay any thing to the charge of God's mercy-seat shall he sprinkle of the elect?' It is God that justifieth. Who blood with his finger seven times, 14. is he that condemneth? It is Christ And, behold, the veil of the temple that died, yea rather, that is risen was rent in twain from the top to the again, who is even at the right hand bottom; and the earth did quake, of God, who also maketh intercession and the rocks rent, Matt. xxvii. 51. for us. Who shall separate us from And hath raised us up together, and the love of Christ? shall tribulation, made us sit together in heavenly or distress, or persecution, or famine, places in Christ Jesus, Eph. ii. 6. if or nakedness, or peril, or sword? As ye then be risen with Christ, seek it is written, For thy sake are we those things wbich are above, where killed all the day long; we are ac Christ sitteth on the right hand of counted as sheep for the slaughter, God, Col. iii. 1. Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that
VER. 20. loved us. For I am persuaded, that “Οπου πρόδρομος υπέρ ημών εισήλθεν neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor Incos, xarà thu táčix Msaxicedèx épXieprincipalities, nor powers, nor things peùs ysrópavos sis tòaiwa. present, nor things to come, Nor
Whither a the forerunner is b for us height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from entered, even Jesus, made ean High the love of God, which is in Christ Priest for ever after the order of Mel. Jesus our Lord, viii. 28–39. There
chisedec. fore, my beloved brethren, be ye sted. a For it became him, for wbom are fast, unmoveable, always abounding all things, and by whom are all things, in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as in bringing many sons unto glory, to ye know that your labour is not in make the captain of their salvation vain in the Lord, 1 Cor. xv. 58. perfect through sufferings, Heb. ii. 10. Nevertheless the foundation of God In my Father's house are many manstandeth sure, having this seal, The sions: if it were not so, I would have Lord knoweth them that are his, told you. I go to prepare a place for And, let every one that nameth the you. And if I go and prepare a place name of Christ depart from iniquity, for you, I will come again, and receive 2 Tim. ii. 19.
you unto myself; that where I am, b Let us therefore come boldly unto there ye may be also, John xiv. 2, 3. the throne of grace, that we may ob b See on chap. iv. ver. 14. clause 2. tain mercy, and find grace to help in "See chap. v. ver. 6-10.; vii. ver. time of need, Heb. iv. 16. And after 1-21,
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HEB. VIJ. 1-3.
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vants of the most high God, which CHAP. VII.-VER. 1. sbew unto us the way of salvation, Ούτος γάρ ο Μελχισεδέκ βασιλεύς Σα- | Acts xvi. 17. λήμ, ιερεύς του Θεού του υψίστου, και συναν d And when Abram heard that τήσας Αβραάμ υποστρέφονται από της | his brother was taken captive, he κοπής των βασιλέων, και ευλογήσας αυτόν» | armed his trained servants, born in his For a this Melchisedec, king of b Sa
own house, three hundred and eighlem, Priest of the most high Gor, d who teen, and pursued them unto Dan. met Abraham returning from the slaugh- he and his servants, by night, and
And he divided himself against them, ter of the kings, and blessed him;
smote them, and pursued them unto * And Melchizedek, king of Salem, Hobah, which is on the left hand of brought forth bread and wine : and Damascus. And he brought back all he was the priest of the most high the goods, and also brought again his God, and he blessed him, and said, brother Lot, and his goods, and the Blessed be Abram of the most high women also, and the people, Gen. God, possessor of heaven and earth: | xiv. 14-16. Who raised up the And blessed be the most high God, righteous man from the east, called which hath delivered thine enemies him to his foot, gave the nations beinto thy hand. And he gave him fore him, and made him rule over tithes of all, Gen. xiv. 18-20. kings ? he gave them as the dust to
b In Salem also in his tabernacle, his sword, and as driven stubble to and his dwelling place in Zion, Psal. his bow. He pursued them, and passIxxvi. 2.
ed safely; even by the way that he cI will cry unto God most high; had not gone with his feet, Isa xli. unto God that performeth all things 2, 3. for me, Psal. lvii. 2. And they re.
VER. 2. membered that God was their rock, "Ω και δεκάτην από πάντων έμέρισεν and the high: God their redeemer, 'Αβραάμ: πρώτον μεν ερμηνευόμενος βα1xxviii. 35. Yet they tempted and σιλεύς δικαιοσύνης, έπειτα δε και βασι. provoked the most high God, and | λεύς Σαλήμ: 3 εστι βασιλεύς ειρήνης: kept not his testimonies, 56. I thought it good to shew the signs
a To whom also Abraham gave a and wonders that the high God hath tenth part of all: first being by interprewrought toward me, Dan. iv. 2. O tation King of righteousness, und after thou king, the most high God gave that also King of Salem, which is, King Nebuchadnezzar thy father a king- of peace ; dom, and majesty, and glory, and a And this stone which I have set for honour, v. 18. And he was driven a pillar, shall be God's house: and from the sons of men; and his heart of all that thou shalt give me I will was made like the beasts, and his surely give the tenth unto thee, Gen. dwelling was with the wild asses: xxviii. 22. And concerning the tithe they fed him with grass like oxen, of the herd, or of the flock, even of and his body was wet with the dew whatsoever passeth under the rod, of heaven; till he knew that the most the tenth shall be holy unto the Lord, high God ruled in the kingdom of Lev. xxvii. 32. men, and that he appointeth over it whomsoever he will, 21. Wherewith
VER. S. shall I come before the LORD, and 'Απάτωρ, αμήτωρ, αγενεαλόγητος" μήτε bow myself before the high God ? αρχήν ημέρων, μήτε ζωής τέλος έχων shall I come before him with burnt- αφομοιωμένος δε τα υπό του Θεού, μένει offerings, with calves of a year old: ingeùs els nö dinvenés. Mic. vi. 6. And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do
Without father, without mother, with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most
without descent, having neither beginhigh God? I adjure thee by God, ning of days, nor end of life; but made that thou torment me not, Mark v. 7. like unto the Son of God, abideth an The same followed Paul and us, and priest continually. cried, saying, These men are the ser Gr. without pedigree.
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HEB. VII. 3-5.
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a For he testifieth, Thou art a Priest yet being uncircumcised : that he for ever after the order of Melchise- might be the father of all them that dec, ver. 17. And they truly were believe, though they be not circummany Priests, because they were not cised; that righteousness might be suffered to continue by reason of death. imputed unto them also : And the But this man, because he continueth father of circumcision to them who are ever, hath an unchangeable priest- not of the circumcision only, but who hood. Wherefore he is able also to also walk in the steps of that faith of save them to the uttermost that come our father Abraham, which he had unto God by him, seeing he ever liv- being yet uncircumcised. For the eth to make intercession for them. promise, that he should be heir of the For such an High Priest became us, world, was not to Abraham, or to his who is holy, harmless, undefiled, se- seed, through the law, but through parate from sinners, and made higher the righteousness of faith, Rom. iv. than the heavens; Who needeth not 11–13. (as it is written, I have daily, as those High Priests, to offer made thee a father of many nations,) up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and before him whom he believed, even then for the people's : for this he did God, who quickeneth the dead, and once, when he offered up himself. calleth those things which be not as For the law maketh men High Priests though they were. Who against hope which have infirmity; but the word believed in hope, that he might beof the oath, which was since the law, come the father of many nations, acmaketh the Son, who is consecrated cording to that which was spoken, So for evermore, 23-28.
shall thy seed be, 17, 18. There is
neither Jew nor Greek, there is neiVER. 4.
ther bond nor free, there is neither Eupkite dè annixos otTOS, xal dexá- male nor female; for ye are all one Thu 'Epadre Ownev ļne tõv expedovisor in Christ Jesus, And if ye be Christ's, πατριάρχης. .
then are ye Abraham's seed, and Now consider how great this man was, iv. 28, 29. And the Scripture was
heirs according to the promise, Gal. unto whom even a the patriarch 6 Abra- fulfilled which saith, Abraham beham C gave the tenth of the spoils.
lieved God, and it was imputed to a Men and brethren, let me freely him for righteousness: and he was speak unto you of the patriarch Da- called the Friend of God, Jam. ii. 93. vid, that he is both dead and buried; c And blessed be the most high and his sepulchre is with us unto this God, which hath delivered thine eneday, Acts ii. 29. And he gave him mies into thy hand. And he gave the covenant of circumcision : and so him tithes of all, Gen. xiv. 20 Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day, and Isaac
VER. 5. begat Jacob, and Jacob begat the Και οι μεν εκ των υιών Λευε την ιερα. twelve patriarchs. And the patri- Telar na picávortes, értondo čxorow inoarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph δεκατούν τον λαόν κατά τον νόμον, τουinto Egypt : but God was with him, | τέστι, τους αδελφούς αυτών, καίπερ εξεληvii. 8, 9.
λυθότας εκ της οσφύος 'Αβραάμ b And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make of Levi, a who receive the office of the
And verily they that are of the sons thy name great; and thon shalt be a blessing, Gen. xii. 2. Neither shall take tithes of the people according to the
priesthood, have a commandment b to thy name any more be called Abram, law, that is
, of their brethren, though but thy name shall be Abraham ; for a father of many nations have I made they e come out of the loins of Abrahan : thee. And I will make thee exceed. a And no man taketh this honour ing fruitful, and I will make nations of unto himself, but he that is called of thee, and kings shall come out of thee, God, as was Aaron, Heb. v. 4. And xvii. 5, 6. And he received the sign take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, of circumcision, a seal of the righ- and his sons with bim, from among the teousness of the faith which he had children of Israel, that he may min
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ister unto me in the priest's office, at all redeem ought of his tithes, he even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Ele- shall add thereto the fifth part thereof. azar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons, And concerning the tithe of the herd, Exod. xxviž. 1. And he hath brought or of the flock, even of whatsoever thee near to him, and all thy brethren, passeth under the rod, the tenth shall the sons of Levi, with thee; and seek be holy unto the LORD. He shall not ye the priesthood also ? For which search whether it be good or bad, cause both thou and all thy company neither shall be change it: and if he are gathered together against the change it at all, then both it and the LORD: and what is Aaron, that ye change thereof shall be holy; it shall murmur against him ? Numb. xvi. 10, not be redeemed, Lev. xxvii. 30–33. 11. And thou shalt write Aaron's Thus speak unto the Levites, and say name upon the rod of Levi; for one unto them, When ye take of the chil. rod skað be for the head of the house dren of Israel the tithes which I have of their fathers. And thou shalt lay given you from them for your inheritthem up in the tabernacle of the con- ance, then ye shall offer up an heavegregation before the testimony, where offering of it for the LORD, even a I will meet with you. And it shall tenth part of the tithe. And this your come to pass, that the man's rod, beave-offering shall be reckoned unto whom I shall choose, shall blossom: you, as though it were the corn of the and I will make to cease from Israel threshingfloor, and as the fulness of the murmurings of the children of the winepress. Thus ye also shall Israel, whereby they murmur against offer an heave-offering unto the LORD you. And Moses spake unto the of all your tithes wbich ye receive of children of Israel, and every one of the children of Israel ; and ye shall their princes gave him a rod apiece, give thereof the Lord's heave-offerfor each prince one, according to ing to Aaron the priest. Out of all their fathers' houses, even twelve your gifts ye shall offer every heaverods : and the rod of Aaron was offering of the LORD, of all the best among the rods. And Moses laid thereof, even the hallowed part thereup the rods before the Lord in the of out of it. Therefore thou shalt say tabernacle of witness. And it came unto them, When ye have heaved the to pass, that on the morrow Moses best thereof from it, then it shall be went into the tabernacle of witness ; counted unto the Levites as the inand, behold, the rod of Aaron for crease of the threshingfloor, and as the house of Levi was budded, and the increase of the winepress, And brought forth buds, and bloomed blos- ye shall eat it in every place, ye and soms, and yielded almonds. And Mo- your housholds ; for it is your rewards ses brought out all the rods from before for your service in the tabernacle of the Lord unto all the children of the congregation. And ye shall bear Israel: and they looked, and took no sin by reason of it, when ye have every man his rod. And the LORD heaved from it the best of it: neither said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod shall ye pollute the holy things of the again before the testimony, to be kept children of Israel, lest ye die, Numb. for a token against the rebels; and xviii. 26–32. And, behold, I have thou shalt quite take away their mur, given the children of Levi all the murings from me that they die not, tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for xvii. 3—10. Therefore thou and thy their service which they serve, even sons with thee shall keep your priest's the service of the tabernacle of the office for every thing of the altar, and congregation, 21. And he will take within the vail; and ye shall serve : the tenth of your seed, and of your I have given your priest's office unto vineyards, and give to his officers, you as a service of gift: and the stran- and bis servants, 1 Sam. viii. 15. ger that cometh nigh shall be put to Moreover he commanded the people death, xviii. 7.
that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the b And the tithe of the land, whether portion of the priests and the Levites, of the seed of the land, or of the fruit that they might be encouraged in the of the tree, is the Lord's: it is holy law of the Lord. And as soon as unto the LORD. And if a man will I the commandment came abroad, the
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HEB. VII. 5, 6.
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children of Israel brought in abun- having seen them afar off, and were dance the firstfruits of corn, wine, and persuaded of them, and embraced oil, and honey, and of all the increase them, and confessed that they were of the field; and the tithe of all things strangers and pilgrims on the earth, brought they in abundantly. And xi. 13. By faith Abraham, when he concerning the children of Israel and was tried, offered up Isaac: and be Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Ju- that had received the promises offered dah, they also brought in the tithe of up his only begotten son, 17. And I oxen and sheep, and the tithe of holy will make of thee a great nation, and things which were consecrated unto I will bless thee, and make thy name the LORD their God, and laid them great; and thou shalt be a blessing, by heaps, 2 Chron. xxxi. 4–6. And Gen. xii. 2. And the LORD said unto I perceived that the portions of the Abram, after that Lot was separated Levites had not been given them: for from him, Lift up now thine eyes, the Levites and the singers, that did and look from the place where thou the work, were filed every one to his art northward, and southward, and field, Neh. xiii. 10.
eastward, and westward: For all c For he was yet in the loins of the land which thou seest, to thee his father, when Melchisedec met will I give it, and to thy seed for ever. him, ver. 10. And God said unto And I will make thy seed as the dust him, I am God Almighty; be fruitful of the earth : so that ifa man can numand multiply; a nation and a com ber the dust of the earth, then sball thy pany of nations shall be of thee, and seed also be numbered. Arise, walk kings shall come out of thy loins, through the land in the length of it, Gen. xxxv. 11. All the souls that and in the breadth of it; for I will came with Jacob into Egypt, which give it unto thee, xiii. 14—17. As came out of his loins, besides Jacob's for me, behold, my covenant is with sons' wives, all the souls were three- thee, and thou shalt be a father of score and six, xlvi. 26. And all the many nations, Neither shall thy name souls that came out of the loins of any more be called Abram, but thy Jacob were seventy souls : for Joseph name shall be Abraham ; for a father was in Egypt alreudy, Exod. i. 5. of many nations have I made thee.
And I will make thee exceeding fruitVER. 6.
ful, and I will make nations of thee, 'O dà peis yevea noyoúpivoç i aitwy, and kings shall come out of thee. And δεδεκάτωκε τον Αβραάμ, και τον έχοντα I will establish my covenant between τας επαγγελίας ευλόγηκε. .
me and thee and thy seed after thee But he a whose * descent is not counted in their generations for an everlastfrom them received tithes of Abraham, ing covenant, to be a God unto thee, and blessed him bthat had the promises.
and to thy seed after thee. And I * Or, pedigree.
will give unto thee, and to thy seed
after thee, the land wherein thou art • Without father, without mother, a stranger, all the land of Canaan without descent, having neither be- for an everlasting possession; and I ginning of days, nor end of life ; but will be their God, xvii. 4–8. That made like unto the Son of God; abid. in blessing I will bless thee, and in eth a priest continually. Now con- multiplying I will multiply thy seed sider how great this man was, unto as the stars of the heaven, and as the whom even the patriarch Abraham sand which is upon the sea shore; gave the tenth of the spoils, ver. 3, 4. and thy seed shall possess the gate of
b For when God made promise to his enemies; And in thy seed shall Abraham, because he could swear by all the nations of the earth be blessed; no greater, he sware by himself, Say- because thou hast obeyed my voice, ing, Surely blessing I will bless thee, xxii. 17, 18. Ye are the children of and multiplying I will multiply thee. the prophets, and of the covenant And so, after he had patiently en wbich God made with our fathers, dured, he obtained the promise, Heb. saying unto Abraham, And in thy vi. 13—15. These all died in faith, seed shall all the kindreds of the earth not having received the promises, but I be blessed, Acts iii. 25. For the pro