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1820.) Funeral Cloth.--Architecture of London Churches. 127 dividual, it would be different, and by a the defendant had converted to his custom sufficiently reasonable in these own use, which the Jury accordingly instances, would belong to the incum- found—Damages 15l.” bent."

M. SWABRY. Doctors' Commons, Jan. 1819." “ Lent Assizes, Maidstone,

Mr, URBAN,

Aug. 9.

"In an action of Trover, brought IN Joly Masip 37, you have given

your Readers a of by the Church wardens of St. John progress of Architecture in the City * Baptist, Margate, against the Rec. of London since the great fire. The tor, to recover the value of the black numerous works of Sir Christopher cloth which had been put up by the Wren, which arose al that period, Parish in respect to the memory are so many ornaments to the Me. of the late Princess Charlotte, and tropolis. Yet that this great Archiwhich it appeared had been con teci and his successors were guided verted by the Rev. Gentleman into by a very false taste in their rejeccoats, waistcoats, &c.

tion of the beautiful and appropri“ It appeared that the plaintiffs, as ate Pointed style for ecclesiastical Church wardens, had hung the pul- edifices, must be apparent to every pit, reading-desk, and communion admirer of the works of our apces. iable, on that occasion, with super tors. In the construction of sleeples, fine black cloth and kerseymere, to Sir Christopher has been particularly the amount of 371. 6s. 9d. and at the happy. The elegant spires of Bow end of six weeks were about to take and St. Bride's Churches, especially it down, when the Defendant took the former, display rich specimens steps to appropriate part of it to his of architectural elegance. A great va. own use in the maoner before-men- riety of design may also be seen at tioned, and to divide the remainder St. Vedast, Christ Church, St. Ste between the Clerk and Sexton. This phen's, and others erected by the gave rise to some personal animosi same Architect. Yet amidst all this ties, and subsequently to the pro. profusion of ornament, columns piled ceeding in question.

upon columos, and order upon order, “The Rev. Defendant pleaded gene- the Spectator will ever admire with ral custom. Mr. Justice Bayley ob- increasing pleasure the heaven-dijected to such evidence, but allowed rected spire” and magnificent tower evidence to be given of the parti. of our forefathers, and on this aecular custoju in this parish; and in count even St. Michael's tower, Comhis Charge to the Jury laid it down, hill, and the spire of St. Dunstan's that no individual had a right to in the East, contemptible as they are bang up what are called ornaments when compared with ancient erecia a Church without the leare of tions, are more admired than the most the Rector, because the Freehold of elegant of their neighbours, attired the Church was in him, and he might with all the art of Grecian finery. make his own terms for that leave. After Sir Christopher Wren's day, In general, when private individuals the fifty new Churches next engaged huog up black cloch in the Parish- the abilities of Architects. But in Church, with the concurrence of the those that have been built, the hand Rector, there was a kind of under- of that great inaster is missing ; his standing that the cloth became the mantle has not falled on his pupil property of the Rector. In the pre- Hawksmoor. Yet the generaliiy of sent case there had been no bargain them are pot deficient in magnifi. between the plaintiff and defendants cence, though their beauties are alwith respect to the lerms upon which must lost in the general mass of orthe cloth should be huog up; couse- nament, the production of a luxuriquently the latter had no right to ant imagioation. Perbaps the best take

any part of it, because by law is St. Johu's Church, Westminster, he was not entitled to take such pro- built by Archer. perly, unless by matter of arraoge. The late Act of Parliament having ment between the parties to whom it revived the spirit of Church build. belonged. Under these circumstances, ing, some edifices have been receatly the plaintiffs were entitled to a vér- erected, in which are introduced dict, for tbe value of the cloth which every extravagant, sovel, and fantas

tic appendage, formerly only ap- fill up the metopes in the frieze, propriated to Theatres, but foreign though they may be classically conto Churches, until this age of im. sistent, become ridiculous when placed provement : these innovations are on a Temple dedicated to the sermost glaring in the New Church at vice of a Deily whose sacrifice is obeMary-le-bone, where the place of the dience, and not the blood of bulls. graud window above the altar, to be the same wayt of character is ap. seen in almost every Church, antient parent in Shadwell New Church: take or modern, is supplied by a trans. away.tbe steeple, and it may be easily purency, such as decorate the fronts mistaken for a dwelling house. of houses in a general illumination, I once cherished a hope that the fixed in the centre of the organ, Pointed style of architecture would which, in violation of all custom, is have been preferred at this period; erected over the altar, and to com but as its adoption depends so much plete the absurdity, accompanied by upon parish committees, guided by iwo tier of private boxes, filled up professional men, who by education with fire-places and fashionable chairs, are prejudiced in favour of modern giving this part of the Church the architecture, and generally ignorant appearance of the proscenium of a of the principles of the “ Gothic Thealre. The Altar itself is placed style,” as they call it, the present at the South, instead of the Easi evd ace is likely to be as far from perof the Building, an arrangement fection as Wren, Hawksmoor, or which Sir C. Wren strictly adhered Balty Langley, ever were. . 10, as his Cathedral plainly shows. Should ihese lines meet the eye of

The favourite model of the day any one who has an interest in the is the Parthenon: the New Church erection of any of the projected New building at Pancras is said to be co- Churches, I hope he will seriously pied from it. The incongruous ad. consider the propriety of Pointed ar. ditions of a steeple, and a plain body, chitecture for Christian Churches and with two series of dwelling-house Chapels, and exert his voice for its windows, to the magnificent portico adoption, against the prejudices and of Minerva's Temple, would liave as opposition of interested professiou. much surprised its architect, if he alists.

E. I. C. could have witnessed the absurdity, as appropriating

Mr. URBAN,

June 9.

THE following is bouse. It is not improbable, if the present taste should exist for a cei. King Charles before his troubles. tury longer, the Church Architects There was daily in his court 86 will choose for a favourite design, tables, weil furnished each meal; the Coliseun; The Roman edifice whereof the King's table bad 28 will, no doubt, be as accuraiels co- dishes; the Queen's 24 ; four other pied as the Grecian, and with the tables, 16 dishes each; three other, same propriets be metamorphosed 10 dishes each ; 12 other had 7 dishes into a Church ; and which is not une each; 17 other tables had each of likely to be the case, if the Method- them 5 dishes; three other had 4 ists should have voice in the selec- each ; thirty-two other tables bad tion. A struclure may theo appear each 3 dishes; and 13 other had each large enough to contain a whole two dishes; in all about 500 dishes seci, and the Moorfields Tabernacle, each meal, with beer, wine, and all or the Conventicle in the Surrey. other things necessary.

There was road, dwindle into insignificance be spent yearly in the King's house, of fore it. With respect to the New grass meal, 1500 oxen ; 7000 sheep; Chapel in Waterloo-place, the iron 1200 veals; 300 porkers; 400 sturks, portico is certainly not without its or young beefs ; 6800 lambs; 300 merils, and has a noble and com. flitches of bacov, and 26 boars; also manding appearance, but until the 140 dozen of geese ; 250 dozen of ca. beholder glances his eyes up to the pons ; 470 dozen of bens ; 750 dozen insignificant lurret which stands upon of pulletts ; 1470 dozen of chickens : the roof, he will probably suppose it for bread, 3600 bushells of wheat : is the entrance to a Masquerade and for drink, 600 tun of wine, and room; The ox-sk ulls and pateras which 1700 tun of beer; of buller 40,640

pounds

the box"Tobby entrance of a plate Te magnificent Table kept by

1820.)
Tour through France, in 1818.

129 pounds used with fish and fowl, ve Buonaparte's favourite palace, five nison, fruit, and spices, in propor. miles from Paris, cominanding a fine tion. By special order of the King's view of that city. The rooms are house, some of his Majesties house- elegant, and the furniture magoifi. hold went directly to Westminster cent and shewy. In the principal hall, in Term time, between 1) and room are now placed iwo full-length 12 o'clock, to invite gentlemen to pictures of Louis XVI. avd his Queèo, eat of the King's acates or viands, which had been concealed during the and in Parliament time to jovite the troubles. The preseot King, comes Parliament-meo also.

W. R. here occasionally, but his wish is to

remove to Versailles, as soon as it is LETTERS FROM THE CONTINENT.

habitable. There is a handsome paiol

ing, the subject of which is the re. (Continued from p. 30.)

ceplion by the King of the Duchess LETTER VIII.

of Berry, from Naples, after her marRheims, Aug. 15, 1818. riage with the Duke. We walked I MUST give some account of our from St. Cloud 10 Sevres, distant

visit to Versailles, on Thursday. about half a mile, lo sce the Royal It is a large town, about ten miles Porcelain Manufactory, which beS. W. of Paris, said to contain 30,000 loogs to Government.

The price of inhabitants. We hired an open car. one of the largest Vases is 1,1251. riage, which conveyed our party of sterling. six. In going out of Paris, along the We arrived at Versailles about North side of the Seine, we passed the noon, but had no time to see any bridge of Jena, a very handsome flat thing of the town. When Louis XIV. bridge, built by Buonaparte. It leads buili the Palace of Versailles, he into the centre of the Champs de gave pieces of ground to the Cour. Mars, at the opposite end to the Mi. tiers and Officers connected with the litary School: on the North side of Court, and required them to build the Bridge, and intended to face the houses; and thus the town of Ver. School, Buonaparte had laid the foun. sailles attained its present dimendations of a palace for the King of sions, the Palace having always been Rome. This Bridge, and the Column the favourite residence of the Bour. in the Place de Vendome, seem the bons. But at the Revolution, the only buildings about Paris which Buo- furniture and tapestry were destroy. naparte has the credit of erecting. It ed by the mob, and the place has was this Bridge wbich old Blucher been ever since comparatively dewanted to blow up, on account of its seried. It is an immense and most name. The day proved delightful for magnificent pile of buildings, in conour excursions a clear transparent parison with which, Blenheim is quite sky, a defined outline in the horizon, iosignificant. Great progress has been and a cool North-east wind to tem• made in repairing and restoring the per the heat of the sun.

Palace ; several of the rooms are now At the Western end of the Champs in order, and fitted up with paintings d'Elysées, which is the barrier in a but there is yet no furniture, and the direct line with the Tuilleries, Buo- tapestry, which was destroyed, is not naparte had begun to build a grand yet restored ; 80 that I should supTriumpbal Arch, io commemoration pose half a million of money must be of his victories; the foundations, laid out to make the place what it which are on a very large scale, are was, and fit for the Royal Residence. visible from the Tuilleries, at the The Chapel, which is very splendid, end of an avenue of a mile in length. is completely put in order. It has The barrier is called the barrier a richly-painted roof.

The grand D'Etoile.

gallery, which is considered one of Near St. Cloud we crossed a Bridge ihe largest and most magnificent over the Seine, and saw about 100 rooms in the world, is adorned with washer-women standing in the river a ceiling painted by Le Brun; reat their employments. They never presenting the various battles and use hot water, but beat the clothes triumphs of Louis XIV. Fortunately in the river, with large clubs, till the this was out of the reach of the mob, dirt is expelled. We stopped to see when they destroyed the tapestry, GENT. MAG, August, 1820.

and

very bad,

and it is now in a perfect state of however, would not venture to say so repair, though the gallery is yet un much-but only that it was a presept tinished. Two things migbt prevent to “tbe Government." Buonaparte from makiog Versailles We returned to Paris to a late din his residepce—the immense expense per, and at a Restaurateur's we had necessary to put it in order, and the good beef steaks, bottled porter, and circumstance that it is calculated to Cheshire cheeses and we afterwards remind France of the glory and mag bought at the Gourmaud, a shop in pificence of the Bourbon family. A the Palais Royal, a good slice of the sew of the rooms escaped injury; cheese, to take along with us on our some of these are lined with curious journey.-- the French cheese being mirrors, which multiply and invert the coinpany in the room. On the

I one day shewed my watch, which grand staircase, the Swiss Guards cost 18 guineas, at Baley's, in Wig: were cut in pieces in altempting to more - street, Cavendish-square, to defend the Palace against the popu. Mr. Le Rbi, watchmaker to the King, lace. In the Queen's lodging-room in the Palais Royal. His foreman We were shewa the private door be- guessed the price at 801. ; and Mr, þiod the tapestry, through which Le Roi could not believe it possible she escaped just as the mob was en to be less than 35l. Only one person tering, her apartment. There is a makes Chronometers in Paris. Mr. large Theatre belonging to the Palace. Le Roi deals chiefly in Geneva After going through the Palace, we watches. He acknowledged the suproceeded to the Gardens; these are periority of English workmanships on a large scale, laid out in straight nothing can be more foolish than for lipes, with sheets of water, and foun English men to buy watcbes on the tains, in the old stile, which corres Continent, unless merely as toys. We ponds very well with the Palace. have met with great civility every

We proceeded 10 the Great Tria where--sometimes the people say as pon, a Chateau built by Louis XIV.

we pass,

“ Voila les Anglais ;” and for his Mistresses, and in which Ma. occasionally children call out " gode dame Maintenon, Mademoiselle Fone dam ;" but on the whole there is notanges, Madame Lavallier, and Ma- thing to complain of. The Exchange dame Montespan resided, The walls is more in favour of England than within and without are of the finest when we set off. At Amiens we remarble. There are pictures of Mae ceived 234 fr. for a one pound note, dame Maintenon and Miss Fontanges. On our arrival at Paris, 24 fr. which The former is a well-looking matron, is par; and yesterday, at Perigaux's, pear 50 ; the latter a beautiful young above 24 fr. One of the common in

scriptious on signs is, “ Ici on donne We proceeded to the Petit Trianon, à boire et manger.” Here they give built by Louis XIV. for Madame to eat and drink, Pompadour and Madaine Du Barre. Friday, Aug. 14, we have hired ą This was the favourite residence of Cabriolet for 240 francs, which we Louis XVlth's Queer, who formed are to leave at Brussels in three an English garden near it, in which weeks. We ordered our horses for she took great delight. Here we saw half-past nine, About eight, a bare portrails of Louis XV. and of Ma- ber came to cut my hair, who in. dame Victoire, his sister, a venera formed us the Statue of King Henry ble old Lady, who, at the Revolu was to be set up at eleven: we there tion, fed to Naples, and died there. fore postponed our journey till twelve, Our guide was an old sailor, who was and called on the party to accompany takeo prisoner by an "English ship, us to the Tuillerie Gardens to see the and confined in prison in America. grand spectacle. Mrs. 's fair He knew Louis XV. and his Misc maid Beity, from the Pateley Bridge tresses, and was full of talk. He Moors, accompanied us. said, that of 30 guides who shewed dens and avenues were crowded with Versailles, he himself was the best, people. All Paris seemed to have for that he knew every thing. At turned out, and all eyes were direct, the Great Trianon there is a granded towards the barrier D'Etoile, the Amalekilc Vase presented by Alex. road by which the Statue was to pass. ander to Buopaparle. Our guide, It was to be drawn by forly oxen, in

blue

woman.

The gar:

131

1820.]

Tour through France, in 1818. blue drapery, with gilded horns. thic front, which is now used as a Twelve o'clock arrived, but no Sta: baro, having been ruined at the Retue. The roads were lined with En- volution. After dioner we had a pleaglish carriages. We asked a centi- sant walk on the ramparts. The nel the cause of the delay, who re- couotry round Senlis has all the 'applied, “ Beefs don't travel fast.” At pearance of a park. There are some length, at half past twelve, we came beautiful openings into the distant away, tired of waiting, and deter- country. The town itself is very mined to proceed on our journey. poor. At eight, the bells announced On arriving at our lodgings, we were the approaching 'feast of the Assump. informed by M. Blondeau, that after tion. **At dioper we had a bottle of the car wish the Statue had proceed- Old Tavel, at six francs. It is a rich ed a very little way, a wheel broke, syrupy red wine. and occasioned the delay : but he be Saturday, Aug. 15, we breakfasted lieved it was never intended to set it at Compeigne, an old town, with two up till the feast of St. Louis (the 25th good Gothic churches. We had a inst.)

beautiful prospect on the road, on We left Paris very well satisfied descending the hills near Verbery, with the civility and attention of Mr. into the vale of the rivers Oise and and Mrs. Blondeau, our hosts. The Aisne. There is a Palace at Coin. former was born in England, and peigne belonging to the King; and speaks the larguage. The servants the town is surrounded by 27,000 are civil and respectable. The charge acres of wood. The Palace is a mofor a week for a suite, consisting of dern building, and handsome.: two bed-rooms and sitting-room, was The road from Compeigne to Sois80 francs-about 31. 68.

sons was along the rich vale of the In travelling to Senlis, we had an river Aisne. The width of the valley iostance of honesty in a postilion. I between four and five miles. The had paid, in the lump, for the horses hills finely wooded. The town of and "himself, without specification. Soissons is surrounded by rich land. After we had proceeded a mile and On approaching it, we were struck a half, he came galloping aflor the by the appearance of two very magcarriage to return five francs, which nificent Churches. The one with he said I had over-paid him : I am only one tower—the other with two sorry that after he was gone, and on towers and a grand West front, simia deliberate computation, I was quite lar to Lichfield. The building with satisfied the mistake was his, and that two towers proved to be the remains he had taken all the trouble lo wrong of the Abbey of St. Joho, which was himself of the money ; but I mention destroyed at the Revolution, and noit, because, if I had paid ever so much thing left except the West front and more than was usual, most postilions part of the cloisters. The towers are in England would have thought them- elaborate, and in the same stile as selves honestly entitled to keep it. Our Lichfield Cathedral, but of more eleEnglish Book, in some particular gant workmanship. The stone is a parts of this road, describes “ Chains beautiful light grey stone, in perfect of Mountains" and the passage of preservation. As a ruin, this is even “Rivers.” The mountains are about more striking and elegant than St. as high as the Mount without Mic. Bertin's at St. Omer. The cloisters klegate Bar at York, and the rivers are equal, if not superior to those are between two and three ioches at Gloucester. The Cathedral is a deep. This comes of translatioy from venerable Gothic building, in neat tbe French.

order. Only one West tower has Seolis, where we slept, is an old been built. The other, as usual bere, decayed town, with a Bishop's See. left unfinished. There is a fine openThe old Gothic Cathedral, at which ing round ihe Church. There are we heard Vespers, has one lofty West good statues both within and withtower--what should have been the out, but some of the latter have been other tower has never been built. decapitated. The finest peal of bells Our lon was the Hotel de Flandres. I ever heard was suminoning the peoBesides the Cathedral, there are the ple to Vespers; it being the Assumpremains of another venerable old tion. The tenor bell was ip the key church, with a beautiful modern Go of G. and whilst the treblc bells were

chiming,

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