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chimiog, the four tenors kept repeat. tions for Tythes. 2 Informal Maring the same notes to which Handel riages. bas set the words " All flesh shall As to the first, Compositions for see it together."

Tythes, it appears that the agreement After an excellent dioner at the made between A. a Tythe proprietor, Croix d'Or, and a bottle of capital and B. a compounder, is personal ; white Champagne (the wine which and has no relation to the latter, in this part of France produces), we view of law, as occupier. So that, proceeded towards Rheins. Passed if B. leaves a farm, he may, if he through the village of Braine, where chooses, gather the Tythes from the there is an old ruined castle, and an incoming tenants, for a twelvemonth, old Gothic Church. We had beauti- and the latter must give six montbs fully wooded hills on both sides the notice, precisely from Lady Day road. It was striking ten at night (Tythes being an annual taking and by the Cathedral clock when we ar due at Michaelmas) to prevent the rived at Rheims, passing through an continuance of such a claim; which old street like Walmgate. Our lun, claim, by the way, continues just so the Post, is at the West end of the long as the Tythe proprietor withCathedral, and nearer to it, than the holds notice of the cessation of his Chapter Coffee House to York Min- agreement to compound, and so to sler. My lodging-roo in looks directly transfer it to the occupier of the land. to the Cathedral. The Ion was shut In some parishes it is customary to up, and all the innates, except iwo, put at the foot of the Tythe receipts were gone to bed. They have stirred the following memorandum : “No themselves to mako us supper. We person is to consider himself as hold. have, by great exertion, travelled 12 ing the Tythes any longer than be miles to-day

X. occupies the lands.” The legality, (To be continued.)

or at least the validity of such a

clause has been doubted; and FarmMr. URBAN,

Aug. 3. ers have said that if they engage their ITHIN the domestic part of Tythes for seven years, they present

your Miscellany, you include persons taking their farins over their business questions, which are more beads, by offering higher rents; and useful in nine instances out of ten, that the personal agreement is therethan elaborate displays of projects, fore most eligible of the two. It is which previously require, as to the further said, that six months notice ascertainment of their value, experi- for privy Tythes may be given at any ment, coincident circumstances, and one of the four quarter-days and be public discussion. Men, however, valid, because, unlike greai Tythes, live among things, as to their com. the products are not æstival or auforts, which have no manner of bear. tumnal, but perpetual. iog upon grand interests ; nor can The second point is the frequency there be a doubt but that chimneys of Informal Marriages, by which í are just as essential to the comforts mean weddings out of their parishes of private life, as courls of justice of various loving couples. I have are to the public well-being.

never heard that Constables or SheYou bave lately invited discussion riffi' officers were obliged to make concerning Church Pews, and though actual peregrinations, upon uncerit is a just opinion that we may legis. tainties, in search of unfortunate lale too much, I conceive that this Debtors, but I have heard that earthopinion has a particular relation to stopping is the duty of a Clergyman, points of personal liberty. Questions whereoo a he and she human fox of property cannot possibly be too choose to run from cover to cover. definitely exhibited. At least, it is To me it appears a defect of legislacertain ihat, voluminous as are our tivn. When there was a war against Laws, Magistrates can bear testi- covered buttons, it was usual for the mony that cases of perplexity perpe- Clergy to administer a sixpendy affi. tually occur, because every one here davil, that corpses were buried in expects exceptions to have the force woollen s and a similar provision, as of general rules.

to the actual residence of marryiog T'he two points upon which I now parties, upon putting up the baons, wish to address you, are, 1. Composi- would remove the evil in question. I



1820.) Antient Sculptures in the Royal Museum at Paris. 133 should be glad to have these subjects resemble the portrait oo coins of Caproperly discussed, and am

racalla, who had the foolish vavity Your constant Reader, of appearing terrible, and wished to A BUSINESSIAN. imitate Alexander the Great in his

manner of carrying his head. (VisAccount Of The Antient Sculp. conti, p. 21.) His portraits are com


Busts, Alexander's head and Cara

calla's back to back. FosBROOKE. No. VI.

LII. SEAT OF A BATH, ornament(Continued from Part i. p. 587.)

ed with Sculpture, io excellent taste. 'UTERPE,

. the pedestal are

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XLV. EThe figure

, to which the thought to represent schlies, seated

p. 22.

two flutes give the character of the with Patroclus and Automedon, who Muse who presides over Musicians, is bringing his war-chariot. Visconti, is remark able for the cast and uncommon adjustment of the drapery. LIII. DEDALUS AND PASIPHAE. (Visconti, p. 19.) She holds flutes A Bas-relief in three compartments ; upon the Sarcophagus of the Capitol 1. Pasiphae seated and melancholy, and the Villa Aibani, as well as in the with Cupid at her knees. The heroine Apotheosis of Homer.

She com

seems conversing concerning her famooly wears the dress of tragic actors, tal passion with one of the shepherds because they were always accompa- of her husband Minos. 2. A wooden nied by flutes.

Bull upon wheels, made by Dedalus XLVI. BACCHANTE. A Bust. Reand his workmen. 3. Cupid leads markable for an uncommon arrange- her towards the Bull, the interior of ment of the hair. Visconti, p. 20. which is accessible by a stool, of se

XLVII. MUSE. A Bust. Plumes veral steps. (Visconli, p. 22.) See torn from the Sirens ornament the too, Monum. Ined. No. 93.-Pasiphae head of this Muse, whose mouth is the name of one of the Pleiades, a seems to open in order to sing her groupe of stars upon the back of the victory. Visconti, p. 20. Gori (inscr. Bull, and hence, without doubt, came Elrur. 1. iii. pl. 33.) ascribes the the fable. Query, if this groupe is. pluies to the victory over the daugh- not formed from the basso-relievos iers of Pierus, who were changed in. of the Borghese and Spada Palaces to birds ; but the appropriation of united ? Visconti is beller supported, as it oc. LIV. VITELLIUS. A Bust, The curs in Pausanias; and the Muses en bon point seems to announce the rending off the wings of the Sirens in glullopous life of this Prince. It is punishinent, foris part of a bas-relief. duubtful whether this Bust, executed

XLVIII. EURIPIDES. A seated in a fine style, does not belong to Slatue, by a marble table. This is sume excellent Sculptor of the sixthe small Statue of the Villa Albani, teenth century. (Visconti, p. 23.) His published by Winckelman, Monum. Busts are very rare. That of the ined. No. 168. (Visconti, p. 21.) It Giustiniani Palace is modera. There is to be observed, that as the head of are two antient; one is at the CapiThis Statue could bot be found, Car. tol; the other at the Florentine Mu. dival Albaoi caused one to be sup. plied, a copy of the bust of Euri LV, A.Nymph. A Statue. She pides at the Farnesini.

is in the altitude of approaching a XLIX. UNKNOWN PORTRAIT OB spring to draw water from it. With A Woman. A Bust. Subject un her right hand she raises her tunick known, but once called a Plautilla, in order not to wet il, while her foot with little foundation. Visconti, p. 21. advanced towards the briok, appears

L. A GODDESS. A Bust. This to lean upon a bowl. The left arm Bust, d'un style grandiose, seems to elevated supports the uro, which she have been executed on purpose to is goiog to fill. Similar Statues exist represent a Goddess, who is charac. in many collections, and prove the terized by no attribute. Visconti, p.31. celebrity of their common original.

LI. CARACALLA. A Busl. The There is one of them in the villa fierce look, and the ioclination of the d'Este at Tivoli, which has writlen head towards the left side, perfectly on the pliuth the name of the Nymph



p. 23.

Ancirrhoe. The bowl in this French The fringes probably implied no more Statue is singular. It may be sup- than a fashion. posed to allude to the play of the LIX. MITHRAS. A Bas-relief. « Nymphs,” whom Greek Poetry al. This Mithriac bas-relief is the most ways represents sporting upon the considerable of all the monuments banks of rivers aad springs. Visconti, which remain to us of those supersti

Eckhel says, that the foot tious derived from the East. The placed upon any thing, denotes a Cave of Mithras is open in the middle property in it. This was certainly a of the composition. We see this Nymph of a spring or fountain. Genius of the Sun in a Persian habit,

LVI. Baccaus. A Statue. The perform the mystical sacrifice of the god half-reclined upon a panther's bull. According to the opinion of skin, and characterized by his crown many Literati, it is a cosinological of ivy, and a horn full of grapes, allegory. The immolated Bull is the which he holds in his left hand, seems symbol of the Moon. The wound to caress an infant, probably one of whence the blood flows, denotes the his Genii, if it does not rather repre influences of that planet. The Ser. sent the soul of the person whose pent is the emblem of Sabazius, a tomb had this groupe for its cour divinity, which Paganism has conronement. (Visconti, p. 24.) Bacchus founded with Bacchus, and who was osten leans upon his Genius Ampelus, thought to preside over what was as some writers denominate Acratus. called the moist element. This Ser.

LVII. THE NEREIDS. A Sarco. pent seems desirous of licking the phagus. The bas-reliefs of excellent wound of the Bull. The Dog is the sculpture which ornament the face symbol of the Dog-star; the Scorpion of this Sarcophagus, represent a Choir of Autumo; the Owl at the top of of four Nereids carried upon tritons the Grotto is consecrated to Minerva, and marine monsters, and escorting a divioity of whom the most pure air across the waves of the ocean Gepii, was the domain. The two figures in symbols of human souls, who are the same costuine, of whom one raises, taking their route towards the For the other inverts a torch, are the tunate Isles, the residence of the genii of Day and Night. Above the blessed. Tbis mouument is engraved Cave is the Earth, clothed with its in the Adiniranda, Montfaucon, and productions, and illuminaled by the the French Museum. - Visconti, p. 24. Sun and the Moon, ruuaing upon

LVIII. JULIA, daughter of Au. their opposite cars. This monument, gustus, represented as a Ceres. A which antique inscriptions render Statue. The Goddess of Agriculture, more remarkable, and has been enhaving upon her head a crown, and graved in many works, was found in in her hand a bouquet of those pre

the subterranean road which conpect. cious wheat-ears which she presented ed the Campus Martius with the Foto mankind, is here represented, rum, across the bill of the Capitol. draped in an ople cloak, adorned (Visconti, p. 26.) The mysterious with frioges, which entirely covers worship of Mithras did not take place her; an allusion, perhaps, lo the at Romc before the reign of Trajao, mysteries which they celebrated in about A.D. 101, and there are two her honour, and of which the secret explanations of the Mithriaca, one was impenetrable. The head appears astronomical, that of Dupius, &c. and to be the portrait of Julia, daughter that of Porphyry, which makes the of Augustus. (Visconti, p. 24.) It Meteinpsychosis or future state of is very dubious whether this Statue is souls, the real base. The former apcorrectly appropriated. It may be pears the most probable ; nor does an Isis or Spes, of the Roman kind. There appear one other satisfactory We know, from Pococke, that the result of much mythological nonsense Eleusinian Ceres bore upon her head of the oriental superstition, wbich the modius, or a round tower. The has simple mystical conjuration, and garment ornamented with fringes, was moostrous disgusting bizarreries, than an Egyptian vestment, and named that the mistakes of learned men show Guusupe. The Roman ladies used the folly of studying it. In the basil, as soon as it was known at Rome. reliefs and mythology of Greece, there (See Maillot, Costumes, &c. III. 31.) is often much of history, art, and the



1820.) Philosophical Poems of Lucretius, Pope, &c. 135 picturesque, but these and the Ab- the increase of light which bas broken raxas are the mere anoual Hierogly. in upon succeeding ages. Lucretius phicks of an old Almanack; unin. often argues his point well-he distelligible riddles without a key or plays acuteness of perception, and a point, or moral, or wit, or ingenuity. logical precision of reasoning and of The value of such marbles ought to inference in the progress of his surdepend upon the execution only; for vey :--but these high endowments of otherwise, they form a mere tomb. a philosophical poet cannot, on the stone collections and one half of other hand, be deemed a sufficient Roman monumental remains are of extenuation of the numerous and palpo higher character, and in bad taste; pable errors which certainly attach to having neither grace, correct draw. the Epicurean philosophy. ing, or dramatic attitude.

A learned and ingenious Com(To be continued.)

mentator of the present age has vin

dicated this philosophy with eloPoems OF LUCRETIUS, POPE,, &c.

quence, and occasionally with suc.

So far as his arguments go to WITH CRITICAL REMARKS.

refule the charge of Atheism (which (Continued from p. 20.) perhaps has been too hastily brought UCRETIUS bas been censured agaiust him, and which clearly, as it

for employing or adopting the regards him, only extended to the Epicurean philosophy as the basis of disowoment of the wretched system bis creed and bis argumentative dis. of cosmogony then in established be cussions."That such a genius should lief ).—not to the negation of an All. appear among the number of its powerful First Cause,-and to prove warmest converts and admirers,” says that, when Epicurus and after him Melmoth, “ is a remarkable instance Lucretius,-leaches that the highest that reason has sometimes proved the happiness to which mortals can attain dupe of imagination, even in the consists in the enjoyment of pleasure, finest understandiogs." « Indeed,” he-he means not the repletion of mere continues, " the wildest reveries of sensual enjoymente, but rather the funcy never conceived a inore absurd more elevated delights of mental and extravagant romance than that speculation, in rectitude of principle, great Poet has delivered as a sober and the contemplatiou and exercise system of physics, in one of the of virtue, he has accomplished his noblest didactic poems extant.” If design. But there are various other the system, however, promulgated points of speculation upon which his by this firm disciple and admirer of eulogist does not appear to bave sa the doctrines of Epicurus and Demo- successfully exoneraled him from critus, bas been since exploded in sliding tou easily into the monstrous many of its postulates, and wears, to errors and fables which defaced the modern eyes and apprehensions, a philosophical and theological creed very different aspect from what it of bis days. When, also, he asserte once did, this proscription seems too the eternity of matter, although he general aod sweeping.

confesses that it received its first Lucretius, like a faithful follower, fashion and impulse from the hand of has embodied the opinions of his Onnipotence,--and denies the immormaster in nervous and sublime verse, tality of the soul and a future exist. -and here it must be observed, that ence, although he is countenanced in bis ideas in many instances, especially the first by the Stagyrite himself, and when connected with the moral con. he only perpetuates in the latter the dition of man-bis aims and end, doctrines of the sect of which he is and the proportion of happiness which a professed follower,-be sometimes, he seeks and positively enjoysmap- it must be owned, deals more libepear elevated and just and it seems, rally in assertion than in argument. on the other band, somewhat uofair If, then, upou a proper and fair estito affix the epithet of extravagant, mate of the subjects which Lucretius and rhapsodyto a system of opi- selected for speculation and song, pions conceived after a cool and delithey must be admitted to be univer: berate research into the nature of sally momentous and great,-it inay things, because many of its postulates perbaps with truth be said, that as þave been proved to be fallacious by far as light and knowledge could,


from the period of his existence and The Essay on Man, it is well of his writing, be afforded bim, be known amongst other topics of disbas executed his play with that com. quisitions, expatiates much upon the pass, vigour, and dignity, wbich may blindness and weakness of man in his on the whole be deemed not uowor intellectual capacities when contemthy of its origioal conception. plating some things in relation to

Nor are the subjects upon which himself or those about him. Pope_has employed his thoughts in “Presumptuous man! the reason would'st the Essay on Man subordinate in

thou find, their range or importance to those Why form'd so weak, so little, and so which caught the attention and invi blind," &c. gorated the sentiments and the num This has appeared to some critics bers of Lucretius. Although the pre- to be only the repetition of an uniyailing sentiment with the best judges versally received axiom, and if indeed has been that the acquirements and it be considered with reference alone the thipking of this eminent and well. to a comparison with his Creator, the known Puet were of too superficial sentiment becomes so trite and oban order to yield much that can be vious that it is bardly worthy of a termed new, original, or singularly place among precepts taught from striking in Metaphysics, and the the lips of Philosophy, It assuredly higher branches of Morals, in Physics, argues no depth of thinking, and, as or in Theology,-still it must be ever Johoson says, bespeaks the commaintained that, for the points of monest and most superficial and puespeculation in which he has pro- rile views. But if the latitude in fessedly engaged, if he has not intrin. which this idea may be thought to sically added digoity and weight to expand, be considered in its innumethem, he has not, by his method of rable and possible relations-relations disposition and general treatment, or in which no evidence appears to prove the introduction of mean or unwor. that such was not the intention of its thy views, contributed to throw from author,-the sentiment rises to a their bigh sphere those investigations beautiful and indefinitely grand idea. which iovolve in their discussiop the It inust be then understood as conhigher energies of mankind.-His sub- templating man, in all his varieties jects bave a comprehensive relation and characters as they prevail under to man in his various conditions and the general name and form of hucontingencies,--and he views the earth manity; as race isolated in one which he inhabits with the whole particular sphere of the universe, scene of nature as particular links in surrounded by immeasurable regions the vast, universal, and indefinite of space, where all objects beyond plan, which under one Great Cause, are utterly inacessible to his knowrules and pervades all being. The ledge and ardent aspirings. It recogoutlines here obscurely traced.-ob. nizes the station we occupy amidst $curely from the amazing extent of myriads of intellectual beings of anothe grouod to which it bas a refer- ther and a probably far higher order ence, involves, it is true, abilities of intelligence, and opens regions of of very superior philosophical acute- legitimate speculation which the Poet ness and capacity, such as it may be might greatly have amplified. contended Pope was not master of 3 The field of enquiry which busy but it will be admitted, that even if thought suggests, "ascends the gra. his postulates and his conclusions are duated scale which, according to the often trite and hackneyed,--and who beautiful theory of the Poet, prevails is there, whilst reasoniog on knowo through all the subordioate modes subjects, that does not often incur and degrees of animate existence; and this charge,-the expansive energy admires with him, the consummate which marks the progress of his en. wisdomn, contrivance, and skill, which quiries, and the animation and swell seems, even if not philosophically deof his numbers, speak to the breast of monstrated, to follow a chain of the individual who studies, and car- being from the lowest rank of aniries him insensibly into the regions of malculi or creatures which are found Philosophy, although he had been to discover signs of sensation, up to before too careless or even tvo super- the standard of a rational soul. ficial to search these matters.

(To be continued.)


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