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18. Letter to the Editor of the Quarterly power of Literature, sincere vešalion,

Review. By William Parnell, Esq. when Reviews are couducied almust M.P. 3d Edit. Dublin, pp. 32. crown solely upon Party principles, because 800.

they who ought to be the High Priests THIS Work gives us an oppor

of 'Truih, to whom the publick, desirtunity of expressing our opinions

ous of being informed upon poiuts freely conceroing thuse wicked onos,

out of their reach, wishes to look who sin both by commission and up with veneration, are thus made omission, our Brother Pedlars, all mere ingenious Automata, moving as the Reviewers who hawk their goods the spriage are touched; grey paronce a quarter. We are not so inseri rots aod green parrols, chattering sible of their just and high merits, as

aod squalling dictated sentences. Doc. to wish the excommunication of Irine is an abstract thing; an evlily then, if we had a prelatical privi- per se; and if, like lighting, it be lege. so to act; but we think that made a mere tool of conductors, it there is ground sufficient to move for

do longer answers the providential an lujunction in the Literary Court intention of purifying the atmosphere of Chancery. Before, however, we

by unlimited explosion. file our Bill, we shall speak bonestly The results of Party-reviewing and fearlessly; pot set down “aught wust, we conceive, be ihese: That in malice," but say those things Reviews so conducted inevitably luse which are necessary, however unplea- their oracular character ; that they sant, We thiok that the gentleman, act upon the immoral principle of and the man of principle, ought to deceiving others, to serve privale be conspicuous in the high literary friends ; and that they generate opcharacter; and we do not like men of positions, which terminate in mean seared consciences, who can coolly op- contests for custom, like that bepress rising merit; who (uolike well. twcen Blacking - maoufacturers, dinnering and riches-ruminating Col. term which, a punster might say, is Hege Tutors, aise men, proud of talents very applicable to Party-reviewers; in their pupils) discourage the growth and an idea very improveable, by of science, by acting more like Game. ingenious ways, into various illustrakeepers tban Philosophers': and it live and characteristic exbibitions. A is to their erroneous conduct in this moral and honourable use of Satire undignified avocation we more espe- only appertains to particular topicks; cially allude. They make no dis- and to force a load of hot unsavory tinction between the puppy-pointer, hasty. pudding into the mental sló. who is in training, and promises well; mach of unfortunate Author and the incorrigible old dog, who (whose book contains no politicul runs-i0 perpetually. It inust be the opinions) partakes more of the pracwhip, and nothing but the whip. tical jokes of the buffooo, than the

Dependence cannot be noble; and, benevoleut pleasantry of the gentleif it were'io our power, we would put man. Besides, it is an upjustifiable the question to the Prodigal Son infringement of the most sacred prihimself, in the extremity of his dis- vileges of private life. It does not tress, whether, as well-educated criticise, but stigmatises; it eslabman, he would not prefer the busks lishes inilitary over civil law; it does of the swine to intellectual degrada- out try, but execute. It is not geation. We think that, as he was put tlemanly, for good society ranks Samarried and had not a large family (at tirists among dangerous men; and it most only a few bastards, who migbt is mischievors, for it compels Aube left to shift any how) it is pro- thurs to become sycophants, or facbable that he would have still re tionists, in order to obtain favourable tained his conscience, and become a notices and the manner in which sturdy Pbilosoplier. We therefore many of them have already turned feel, from respect for the possible their cuals has astonished all their GENT. MAG. August, 1820.




acquaintance. We will not say that they are men of high andeniable they have made them thread bare by pretensions, and the publick is much such frequent repetitious of the ope- indebted to them for very luminous ration, for the figure would not be and masterly exposés of difficult quessupported by supposing such a result; tions; but we also know that they but we would rather say that we have various literary dislocations of have seen the tint, ingeniously con- principle, which, though of long trived to display as many shifting va. standing, we shall, to the best of our riations of colour, as the gorged surgical knowledge, endeavour to pidgeon.-The Editors too (highly re-set. We conceive their duties, not respectable men of course) are ihus to be those of Advocates, but Judges; drawn in, by private misrepresenta. and, if the publick be the Jury, most tion, to permit actions absolutely ini. certainly the tenperate impartial dequitous.' We could name a learned cision of the Court ought to form and eminent Clergyman, who, lhough the substance of the Reports, not he had a large family, and was not the mere partial harangues of the rich, sustained injury in private life, Counsel. And what is more, such because it was represented that he Reviewing is suicidal as to its influwas a powerful Writer against Go. ence over any not connected with its vernment; and an excellent work of his party; while, on the contrary, the was consigned in a great Journal to dispassionate method of treating suban unjust Enemy, who doled out a jects, used by Adam Smith, Paley, Jittle grudged comnendation, as if Robertson, Kaimes, and other first. it had been aromatic vinegar, iu such class men, ivsure to the Writers rea jesuitical mapper, as tended to dowu and authority among persons lower the Writer below the rank of all sorts of politicks. In short, nowhich public opinion had already thing is more plain, than tbat it is assigned him. In the first instance, this not in the power of mene prejudice Clergyman was writing at the very to convince; that to win, is better time in support of Government; and than to rail; and that criticism found. purposely forfeited employ, because ed entirely upon party-principles is be would not take an opposite course; injurious to the Authors, as Authors, in the secoud, the malice origioated and to the weight which Literature in a mere boyish flirtation, near thir. might otherwise have in the public ty years ago, between the Author estimation. Thus far we have goneconand a Sister of the Reviewer, where cerning the severe literary grievances nothing dishonourable or injurious, of Party-reviewing, in which we Antioply much foolishness, passed between quaries, “ who only cry old cloaths," the amatory simpletons. These are will not presume to indulge; but facts ; and they show that Party- leave it to be monopolized by the reviewing is very much like French grim and grisly Rabbies, members of Espionage and Gendarmerie on one the Oracle clubs, who walk in quarside, and French Journallery and terly, procession, to the unspeak able Clubbists on the other, and French terror of all his Majesty's scribbling assasination on both sides, instead of subjects. manly English fighting it out.--Lite

Party-reviewing gave birth to the rary men, like the best Philosophers pamphlet before us. Mr. Parnell has of Greece, ought to have for their (no doubt, opon Party principles) object abstract public good, neither made free with Ministers in the bringing that grand Christian prin. House of Commons; and he has reciple, Loyalty, into contempt hy adu. ceived, in part payment, a severe Relation, or encouraging mobbism by view in the Quarterly. With both faction ; but take their models, not persons, the Honourable Member and from Parliamentary orations, but ihe Reviewer, candour was out of their valuable Committee Reports, the question : and we have nothing without their dry legal sand, picked to do with either upon this bead. out and coriched with gevius and sci All we have to say is, that the painphence, but adulterated,like modern teas, let contains many judicious sugwith poisottous copperas. We beg gestions, and (with only an exception Dot to be misunderstood. We know or two of great moment) worthy io who are the chief Writers in the prin. our opinion of serious allention ; cipal Critical Jouroals; we know that e.g. the followiog passage concern


Review of New Publications.

139 ing potatoe-diel, which is original and the well-fed English labourers, families are interesting.

on an average not numerous, and the “ No great improvement can be ex

female frequently ceases to breed early

in life. pected in the condition of the peasantry

But among the peasantry in of Ireland, till they abandon their pota

Ireland you scarcely see a family that'

reckons less than seven or eight children, toe diet, and make use of bread and meat to their food; for, that food is cheapest that there is scarcely an instance of in Eng.

and the women often breed at an age to the working classes, not which costs them least, but which enables them to

land. The late Mr. William Tighe told

me, that he took an account of the popu. earn most. Few men can stick to labo.

Jation of a village belonging to him, and rious task-work on potatoe diet, and hence the common observation in Ireland, when

found the average of teu persons to each

house." a man works hard is, that he is killing

p. 23, sen bimself. Potatoes are cheaper than meat It is tritely known, from the forto a working-man apparently only. They mation of the human teeth, that man often cost more in Ireland per meal, than was intended for a mixed diet, animeat; but if you add the loss of the wo

mal and vegetable ; and, under the man's time in carrying them iwice a day presumption of accuracy in Mr. Par(for he must eat them hot) they are far nell's statement, we confess that from more expensive. In England the woman has no trouble, but to boil her pot within

the high authority of Adam Smith, doors : in Ireland this dirty crop is first

we have attributed a virtue to puto be clawed out of the ground by the tatoe-diet which it does not possess. women's hands; then when pitted, it must

One laughable circumstance we be perpetually turned and the shoots have omitted to notice : Mr. Parnell rubbed off to prevent spoiling; before jusinuates, that the Reviewer, wbu it is cooked, the

must take treats upon husbandry topicks, never the potatoes to some stream of water to lived out of the sound of Bow-bells, wash, po very short operation, as any one i. e. would take a shovel for a fryingthat has observed it knows; three times a day she has to cook, and often to collect pan; not knowing what else to call

it. See p. 8. the fuel from the hedges, and twice she must walk, through all weathers, to carry

19. Notices illustrative of the Drawings this sorry meal to the man, let him work

and Sketches of some of the most distinat ever so great a distance. But the evil

guished Masters in all the principal, does not end here--this unwholesome food

Schools of Design. By the late Henry produces a whole tribe of stomach com

Reveley, Esq. 8vo. pp. 278. Longplaints, besides the constant attendant on

man and Co. insufficient nourishment, scrophula ; and there probably does not exist in any part

MR. REVELEY has, by the pubof Europe, so sickly a peasantry as the lication of this elegant volume, conIrish. So easily is it to take things for ferred a singular favour on the adgravted, and pronounce, as has always mirer of Taste and Genius and on been done, that the potatoe is a very the publick in general. wholesome food for a labouring man." “To the Right Honourable John Free.

“ But there are frequently what are man Mitford, Baron Redesdale of Redescalled, wet years of potatoes,' through dale, in the county of Northumberland, the whole country, and always in parti a tribute of respect to his taste and cular fields and districts, and then this knowledge in the Five Arts, and ju pleasroot is in a watery immature state, that is ing recollection of the uninterrupted friend. fatal to the health of the poor people, ship that subsisted between his Lordship' who have to live upon it. The certain and the Editor's father, this Volume is, consequence is the low typhus or cabin

with sentiments of high regard, inscribed, fever, which at all times, and at this pre- by his very grateful and affectionate sent moment, exists in Ireland to a

friend and devoted servant, Hugh Revedegree, that in any other country would ley." create a serious alarm." “ The excessive over - population has

In the Preface, Mr. Reveley says, often been ascribed to the potatoe diet,

“ At the instance of several friends but in this respect it has no peculiar ef. whose judgment I respect, I have been fect; to breed more frequently and later induced to submit the following pages to in life is the natural result of all poor diet, the publick. My motive for having so in every description of animal. Any one long witbheld them, arose from the incor. conversant with stock kvows this; but it rect, as well as incomplete, state in which holds good also, with respect to the ha- my father's Work was unfortunately left. Among the upper raoks, or The objections on the first ground have




man race.



been, I trust, in some measure removed the illustrious Annibale, he rapidly acby the kind assistance of a gentleman, quired a proficiency, which makes every not entirely unknown to the literary, world, lover of the art deeply regret the short who, partly from a passion for the sub time he was allowed to exercise it.-His ject, and partly too (I Aatter myself) drawings are particularly scarce. The from a friendly feeling towards the Edie only one I have ever seen, is in the Duke tor, has devoted himself, with much zeal, to of Devonshire's collection : the subject, the revision of the MS. : those which weigh. is the Baptism of the Eunuch ; with many ed upon my mind from the defecrive state figures : it is of large dimensions; wasbed in which that Ms. was found, have yield. and heightened, on yellowishi paper; and ed to the suggestion, that any original has unquestionable merit." and authentic information on a subject so

Egbert Hemskerk, the Old, was baplittle touched, could scarcely fail to be

py in catching and expressing, with willingly and indulgently received. For myself í can only say, that if, in editing dent that fell in his way.

great air of truth, every humourous inci.

His touch is these · Notices,' I should fortunately be considered as instruinental in affording lent, his colouring transparent, and a

free and spirited, his expression excel. either gratification or instruction to the

fine harmony and effect prevail through Lovers of the Art, and, at the same time,

most of his paintings. His drawings, in worthily commemorating my father's which are scarce in this country, taste in one of his favourile pursuits, my

usually very slight. - In Mr. Barnard's parmest wishes on the occasion will be

collection are two Cooversations in red fully accomplished.”

chalk, which are masterly:-- and I have In an Introduction by the Author, a representation of Boors playing at Cards it is well observed that,

and carousing, which though executed “ Different publications by Mr. Pii

with nothing more than a bit of paper kington, Mr. Strutt, the Hon. Horace

rolled up, dipped in tallow, and burned, Walpole, and Mr. Gilpin, may justly be

has great merit in point of expression, considered as having furnished invalu. grouping, and spirited handling." able aids to admirers and collectors in two Carlo Dolci, a Florentine, excelled of ihe grand divisions of the Art of De. both in history and portrait painting : sign-those of Painting and Engraving , but his pictures in general are so elabobut I am aware of no general and popu- rately finished, that his carnations, though lar work which professedly treats of the seductive, exhibit rather the lubricity of third--the Drawings and Sketches of the polished ivory, than the real softness and great Masters : yet they well merit a dis suppleness of Resh.-His drawings are tinct consideration. Less costly and very scarce. The few we meet with, are magnificent, but more coinmodious and usually Heads of Madonnas; highly fi. accessible than Pictures, less various and nished in red chalk. In Mr. Barnard's abundant, but more select and approprio collection is a head in this style, which ate thap Prints, they have specific re is extremely fine.” commendations in their favour, which can

· Sir Jumes Thornhill, a native of Dor. rarely be claimed by either of the two

seisbire, displayed talents for the art, o her species of productions."

which, had they been cultivated by a study, Mr. Reveley's Notices extend to

of the great masters of Italy, would have nearly 300 Artists of eminence; of raised him, there is little question, lo all of whom, and of their known ex

first-rate eminence in his professions as

it is, and without this advantage, bis isting performances, a brief but satisfactory accouut is given ; scienti

paintings, particularly those in Green

wich Hospital, the Dome of St. Paul's, tically classed under the several heads

aod Hampton Court, abound with merit; of “Masters in History;"

“ Masters

and justly entitle him to high distinction in Portraits, not previously noticed in the Englisb school of design.- He has as Historical Artists;" “ Artists in left many drawings. Most of these were Animal Life ;" “ Masters in Land. studies for his pictures, and are slighily, seape, not previously noticed under penoed. The more finished ones, which other heads;" and Masters of Sea are scarce, are penned, shaded with InPieces." Each class is chronologi

dian-ink or bistre, and heightened. In cally arranged; and an alphabetical this style are some in Greenwich Hospital, iudex conoects the whole,

framed, which are extremely fine : and

in various collections we neet with others, We have very great pleasure in

on historical and allegorical subjects, transcribing a few short specimens :

which furnish striking proofs of his talents ** Antonio Caracci, called D Gobbo, as an artist. I lave a slight sketeb of was the natural son of Agostino, under the Twelve Signs of the Zodiac, which en. whose instructions, assisted by those of circle his portraits of King William and


Review of New Publications.

141 Queen Mary on the ceiling of the Great His drawings are usually beads, handled Hall, at Greenwich Hospital: and some in Indian ink: but extremely mannered; landscapes and views from nature, and with that general resemblance in the handled in a more finished manner, but airs and casts of countenance, which afo very inferior in excellence to his histori. fords the most conclusive proof that he cal compositions.- A few imitations have must have very imperfectly seized the been engraved from his finished drawings characteristic lineaments of the originals." for the Dome of St. Paul's.”

George Smith, of Chichester, was the " William

Hogarth gained immortal best painter, of the three brothers, His credit to himself, and reflected lustre on pictures are generally finished with great the English school of design, by the dex. care, and the subjects, in most instances, terous application of a happy and ori. well selected froni nature ; but the greens ginal idea-that of converting the pencil are too often disagreeably predominant. into a vehicle of moral censure and in The few drawings we meet with by this struction, by the representation of inci. artist, are masterly. The best are in the dents, humourous or affecting, bearing an taste of Rembrandt; freely executed with immediate relation to real life and man bistre. I have a small one of Ibis de. ners; and conducted, in several instances, scription, which I had of the artist him. like a regular fable, through different self, of considerable merit." progressive stages, in the very spirit, and

There is an excellent account of with all the effect, of a drama. -The few drawings we meet with by this master,

Thomas Gainsborough; an article are usually very slight, and executed in

which was left entirely vacant in the a great variety of manners. The detached original MS. but has been 'obligingly figures of which they in many instances supplied by the gentleman who un. consist, were evidently sketched from life, dertook the revision of ihe work ;" and designed as hints for some fuiure but we have now only room for the exertion of his pencil.–At Mr. Millington's conclusion of it: exhibition of drawings in the Haymarket, “ Amongst the most considerable posin 1784, were three historical pieces by sessors of Gainsborough's drawings, may This artist ; a Satirical Sketch on the Arts,

be noticed, his surviving daughter, Mrs. another on the Theatre, and the Lon.

M. Gainsborough of Acton, Middlesex; don Apprentice: the first, consisted of George Nassau, esq.; Dr. Monroe; aud many figures, with much humourous ex.

the Rev. Dr. Kilderbee of Great Glembam, pression; and, though slight, was most

Suffolk, son of Samuel Kilderbee, esq. of spiritedly handled with a brush and lodian

Ipswich, an old friend and companion of ink : the second was executed with black

the artist. Mr. George Frost, of Ipswich, chalk upon blue paper ; but what cha.

has also a pleasing collection of valuable racters the figures were designed to re

specimens, execated in different ways, present, was by no meaus easy to be de

but principally with black chalk and lead termined: the third was handled with

pencil, iu the neat style of his earlier black lead, and exbibited the Apprentice

manner :-an inestimable treasure to one, fastened to a cross."

who, in his owu admirable sketches from « Sir Peler Lely, a native of Soest, in nature, decisively evinces, with what a Westphalia, was State Painter to Charles congenial ardour, and how keen a relish, Il.; and, from a bappy knack of embel. he has imbibed the genius and spirit of fishing the charms of his ladies, acquired his adopted master. Numerous imitaa degree of practice as a portrait-painter, tions of Gainsborough's style of handling which no artist in this country had ever have been executed by Laporte, Wells, before enjoyed. -His drawings generally and other artists." consist of heads, handled with black and

Gainsborough, (it is well observed) white chalk upon coloured paper.

He left a capital collection of drawings by the tioll, as the most distinguished Ar

“ justly merits particular considera. best old masters, in twenty-one portfolius ; which, in 1681, sold for upwards

list we can claim, of a character truly of eighteen hundred pounds. Each of

and exclusively English.” these drawings was stamped with his ini.

One of his early productions, a beautials P. L."

tiful View of Felixstow Cottage, may Sir Godfrey Kneller, on the death of be seen in vol. LXXXVI. ij. 105. Sir Peler Lely, being left without a competitor, engrossed all the principal busi 20. The Heraldic Origin of Gothic Arness of the day, and unquestionably sur chitecture. In Anstoer to all foregoing passed his predecessor in the profusion of

Systems on this Subject. On occasion of bis portraits; which have now, however,

the approaching Ceremonial of the Corolillie to recommend them, but the like.

nation at Westininster Abbey. By Row. nesses they are supposed to transmit. - Jey Lascelles, Esq. Barrister of the


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