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1820.) Antiquarian and Philosophical Researches. 157 has ascertained that water is compressible ring, that the column of water which pressin a much greater degree than it appeared ed upon the piston, had sunk it so as to to be from the experiments of Canton and have compressed the water one hundredth Zimmerman. • Having filled a cylinder, part of its bulk. The same apparatus was three feet long and four inches diameter, placed in a cannon filled with water, and with water, into which a rod or piston was secured very tight, when a pressure equal passed through a stuffing-box, and baving to 500 fathoms, was forced in by means a sliding ring upon the rod, the whole was of the hydraulic press, and the same relowered 300 fathoms into the sea, when it sults as in the experiment in the ocean appeared, by the situation of the sliding took place.”
ANTIQUARIAN AND PHILOSOPHICAL RESEARCHES. DiscoveRY OF THE ORIGINAL Ossian's the above discovery, a statue of the same Poems.
priestess was found in perfect preservation. [Extract of a Letter from Belfast, dated
This statue far surpasses in grace, eleAugust 4.]
gance, and grandeur, all the works of “ On opening a vault where stood the art that had previously been dug from the cloisters of the old Catholic Abbey, at
ruins of Pompeii. Connor, founded by St. Patrick, the work.
ANTIENT LATIN MSS. men discovered an oaken chest, of curious
Baron Niebuhr, Prussian Ambassador and antient workmanship, whose contents, to the Holy See, has again discovered on being opened, proved to be a trans
and published several antient MSS. hitherlation of the Bible into the Irish character,
to unknown. They are chiefly fragments and several other manuscripts in that of Cicero's Orationes pro M. Fonteio, et language. The box was immediately taken
pro C. Rabirio ; a fragment of the 91st to the Minister of Connor, the Rev. Dr.
book of Livy; two works of Seneca, &c. Henry, who unfortunately did not under Baron Niebuhr has dedicated this edition stand the aboriginal language, and he to the Pope, by whose favour he was ensent it to Dr. Macdonald, of Belfast, who abled to discover these literary treasures soon discovered the MSS. to be the origi
in the library of the Vatican. nal of the Poems of Ossian, written at Connor, by an Irish Friar, named Terence Temple Of JUPITER AMMON. O'Neal, a branch of the now noble family M. Frediani, an Italian traveller, writes of the Earl of O'Neal, of Shane's Castle, from Egypt that he has succeeded, after in the year 1463,- The Translations by sixteen days of excessive fatigue across Macpherson, the Scotchman, appear to be the deserts of Libya and Marmorique, very imperfect; this is accounted for by jo reaching the famous temple of Jupiter the Scotch Gælic language having no cha Ammon, called the Great Temple, which racter in which to preserve the poem, no person appears to have visited since they had borrowed from the sister coun. the time of Alexander the Great. M. try. The Irish translation of the Poems, Frediani had with him an escort of 2,000 however, by Baron Harold, who dedicated men, and had to fight his way to this cethe work to Edıund Burke, are nearer
lebrated monument. the original, for the wily Scot, Macpherson,
ANTIENT CEMETERY. to give them a greater air of antiquity, omitted all allusions to the religious sub
A subterraneous cemetery of very rejects which the originals possess. The
mote antiquity, was lately discovered by fixing of the scenes of the poem at and
a farmer on the Carmichael estate near round Connor, by the antiquary Campbell,
Hyndford Bridge, between Douglas and who travelled here a few years ago, gave
Lanark. Several stone coffins have been rise to the digging and searching about
found. the old Abbey and Castle, which has thus
GEOLOGY. happily terminated in making, against his will, the Land of the Harp,' the birth
M. Pallissot de Beauvois has acquaintplace of the Author of the Poems of Ossian. ed the Royal Academy of Sciences at I conclude in the words of Smollett
Paris with a rather singular geological Mourn, hapless Caledonia, mourn !'" appearance, which he observed in the
county of Rowan in North Carolina. There EXCAVATIONS AT Pompeii.
is found, in the middle of a bill formed of The excavators have just discovered, very fine sand, mixed with small quartnear the forum of Pompeii, a public edi zose stones, and with numerous pieces fice which is supposed to be the Chalci of silver-coloured mica, a vein of stones dicum, and an inscription importing that so regularly placed, that the inhabitants, the edifice was built at the expence of who for a long time have noticed the apthe priestess Eumachia. A few days after pearance, gave it, the name of the natu
ral wall; and some naturalists have even needle, when properly estimated from the maintained that it was a true wall, which magnetic axis, is always the same, whemight have been constructed in very re ther the mass be placed at the North, or mote ages by some people now unknown. the South, or any other point of the comThe stones have generally four faces, are pass with respect to the needle. narrower at one of their ends, and have a The Leveu sailed recently from Portssmall potch below their top. They are mouth, having on board various instruranged horizontally. The kind of wall ments for Philosophical Experiments. which they form is about eighteen inches The most interesting of these relate to thick; its height, in the place where it is certaia magnetical discoveries, for which uncovered, is from six to nine feet; but, we are indebted to Mr. Barlow, one of upon digging into the ground it has been the Mathematical Professors in the Royal followed to twelve and eighteen feet deep, Military Academy. The leading facts are and it is already known to extend three these, viz. that in every ball or mass of hundred feet, and even more, in length. iron, if a plane be conceived to pass A kind of argillaceous cement fills the in from North to South, inclining, in these tervals between the stones, and coats them latitudes, at an angle of 1940 (or from the externally ; each of the stones is also co complement of the dip), and a compass vered with a layer of ochreous sandy be pointed any where in this plane, it earth.
will not be affected by the iron, but point
due North and South, the same as if no RED Snow.
iron were in its vicinity. This plane, Mr. The nature of this substance was ex.
B. has every reason to suppose, will plained in Mr. Bauer's paper read before
change its position with the dip, or latithe Royal Society on the 11th of May, as
tude, so as to become parallel to the honoticed in a former number. In the win
rizon at the pole, and perpendicular to ter he put some of the red globules form
it at the equator; and it is this fact which ing this substance into a phial with com
Capt. Bartholomew is charged to deterpressed snow, and placed the phial in the mine, as far as it can be done, in the
A thaw having melted the snow, parts he is about to visit, while Lieutenant he poured off the water and added fresh
Parry is supposed to be making correIn two days the mass of fungi was
sponding observations in Baffin's Bay. found raised in little heaps, which gra Mr. Barlow has also discovered that the dually rose higher, filling the cells of the
magnetic quality of the iron resides wholice. Another thaw came on, and the fungi ly resides in the surface, so that an iron fell to the bottom, but of about twice their
shell weighing only 3lbs. 14oz. will act as original bulk. They appeared capable powerfully on the needle as a solid ball of vegetating in water, but in this case of the same dimensions weighing upwards the globules produced were not red, but of 300lbs.—and by a judicious applicagreen. The author found that excessive
tion and combination of these two facts, cold killed the original fungi; but their be has projected an extremely easy meseeds still retained vitality, and if im
thod of counteracting the local attracmersed in snow produced new fungi, ge tion of vessels. nerally of a red colour. Snow, then, seems to be the proper soil of these fungi.
The Isle Of Ascension.
Mr. Rallier, a Frenchman of science A paper read at the Cambridge Philoso. and research, has written and published phical Society by Mr. Christie, “ On the an inquiry as to the origin of those colosLaws according to which Masses of Irou sal statues which are found in the Isle of influence the Magnetic Needles” states, Ascension. His hypothesis is, that this that instead of a mass of iron, disturbing island forms the summit of a mountain, a needle by becoming a magnet, having consecrated and set apart for national its North and South poles in the upper rites, religious or civic, in a continent and lower part respectively, he supposes
which has disappeared in consequence that the needle is guided in its horizontal of a deplacement of the earth's centre of direction by magnetic particles passing gravity. This catastrophe submerged, through its centre in the direction of its according to his idea, the Southern connatural dip; and the iron to act princi- tinents, while, in the North, a part of pally, if not wholly, on these particles, Europe, of Asia, and of Africa, rose from causing, by their deviation towards it, a out of the waters. The fact on which his corresponding deviation of the horizontal supposition rests is, that we find, in the peedle. In confirmation of this, be found Isle of Ascension, the customs, dress, and by experiment, that when the disturbing arms, which are found in the very distant mass is placed at the same distance from islands of Sonda, with the language of the magnetic axis and the centre of the Hayti, and even of New Zealand. needle, the deviation of the horizontal
1820.) Antiquarian and Philosophical Researches. 159
found the surface broken and the fresh METEORIC STONE PRESENTED TO THE
earth and sand thrown about to a consi. INDIA COMPANY's MUSEUM.
derable distance ; and at the depth of ra
ther more than five feet, in a soil of The following is an authentic ac mingled sand and loam, they found the count of a meteoric stone which was
stone, which they cannot doubt was what lately brought from India by Lieut.Co actually fell, being altogether unlike any lonel Pennington, and presented to the thing known in that part of the country, Hon. East India Company, who have
The Brahmins taking immediate charge of deposited it in their museum. It is the stone, conveyed it to the village, where an Extract of a Letter from Capt. G.
they commenced a Poosa, and covering Bird, first Assistant in the Political it with wreaths of Aowers, set on foot å Department, to Major General Sir D. subscription for the purpose of erecting a
small temple over it, not doubting from Ochterlony, bart. K. G. C. B. to Ma.
the respect paid to it by the Hiudoos, to jor Pennington.
turn it to a profitable account. As I said Lodiano, 5th April, 1815.
before, it fell on the 18th of February, “My dear Major- I lost no time, after
about mid-day, in a field near the village
of Dooralla, which lies about lat. 308, 23, my receipt of your letter, to take the
76, 4, long. within the territory belongmeasures for obtaining the information you desire relative to the meteorolite, ing to the Pattialah Rajah, sixteen or se.
venteen miles from Umbellah, and eighty which lately fell uear the village of Doo.
from Lodiana. The day was very clear ralla. Accounts of this extraordinary
and serene, and as usual at that season phenomonon had spread over the whole
of the year, not a cloud was to be seeo, of the Seik country; and for more than
nor was there in the temperature of the air a month before your letter reached me,
any thing to engage their attention; the the account of its fall, connected with a
thermometer, of course, may be stated at great number of wonders, had been re
about 68 in shade. The report was heard ported to me, and that the people from
in all the circumjacent towns and villages, all the neighbouring villages had assem
to the distance of 20 coss, or 25 miles, bled at Dooralla to pay their devotions to
from Dooralla. The Pattialah Rajah's it, but now, after a very full inquiry, I feel quite satisfied that you may rest confident Vakeel, being in attendance here when in the accuracy of the following statement.
your letter reached me, I desired him On the 18th February last, about noon,
to express my wish to the Rajah to have
this stone; and as it appears that he had some people who were at work in a field
been led to consider it rather as a mes. about half a mile distant from the village of Dooralla, were suddenly alarmed by orders for its conveyance to Lodiana, but
senger of ill omen, he gave immediate the explosion of what they conceived to
with positive injunctions, that it should be a large cannon, • the report being louder than that of any other gun they
not approach Pattialah, his place of re
sidence. It arrived here yesterday, eshad ever heard,' which report was a rush
corted by a party of Brahmins and some ing noise, like that of a cannon ball in its
Seik Horse. It weighs rather more than greatest force. When looking towards the quarter whence the noise proceeded, thinner than a wafer, of a black sulphu
25 pounds, and is covered with a pellicle, they perceived a large black body in the
reous crust, though it emits no smell of air, apparently moving directly towards
sulphur, that I can discover ; but, having them, but passing with inconceivable ve.
been wreathed with flowers while in poslocity, buried itself in the earth, at the
session of the Brahmins, the odour origi. distance of about sixty paces from the spot where they stood. As soon as they
nally emitted, may by these be concealed.
It is an ill-shapen triangle, and from one could recover from the terror with which this terrific vision had appalled them, they
of the corners a piece has been broken off,
either in its fall, or by the instruments ran towards the village, where they found
when takiog it out of the ground. This the people no less terrified than them.
fracture discloses a view of the interior, selves, though not having seen the stone, imagining that a marauding party was ap
in which iron pyrites and nickel are disproaching, and as but too frequently hap- Brabmins in the neighbourhood have as
tinctly visible. Since its arrival all the pens, would sack their village. When the Brahmins of the village were told what
sembled at my tents, to pay their adora
tion to it; and no Hindoo ventures to had really happened, they determined to proceed, and were followed by all the approach, but with closed hands in appeople, to the spot where the stone fell, parent devotion, so awful a matter is it. in having with them instruments for digging first escort that leaves Lodiana, to for
their eyes. I shall avail myself of the it out. On their arrival at the place, they ward it to you."
Pure was the source from whence her vir. On the Death of FREDERICA CHARLOTTA
tues flow'd, ULRICA, late Duchess of York.
Religion's fount supplied the living
stream; YES, o'er thy tomb, sweet Princess, long Aud Faith's bright flame that in her boshall flow,
som glow'd, The anguish'd tear by Want's pale vic
Shed o’er each moral grace its radiant tims shed,
beam. Tears the sole refuge of their heartselt woe, When thought connects thee with the But hush, thou mourner! ask thy throbbing silent dead.
Shall love, shall virtue, sball affection In thee the sympathetic friend they
die? mourn ;
The hope there fix'd the answer shall im. Who o'er thy sorrows threw soft Pity's
They're destined all for immortality! Who pluck'd from Misery's breast the rankling thorn,
To join the seraph's song Ulrica soars, And bade the agitated soul be calm.
From life's unnumbered woes for ever
freed; Who stretch'd the liberal hand with prompt With soul unfetter'd Heav'nly love adores, relief,
And tastes the pleasures to the just From Sorrow's plaintive tale ne'er turn'd
decreed ! aside ;
M. A. H. Bid Hope relume the eye bedimm'd by
grief, And prais'd of honest Industry the pride.
The MERRY DEVILL of EDMONTON, The victim of Despair with secret aid,
A BALLAD *. Rous'd to exertion, and to conscious power;
Shewing how Maister Peter Fabell de. Sought out the wand'rer who from peace
ceived the Devill with a Candle's End; had stray'd,
and how he deceived the Devill againe : Pointed to Heav'n, and bade her “ sin together with the Manner of his Death, no more."
attempted from the Old History of that
renowned person, as written by Tho. But not confin'd to Misery alone,
Brewer, and printed in the Black Letter The tears Ulrica's grave that now bedew,
in 1631. By JOHN ABRAHAM HERAUD, Each anguish'd drop shall soft affection
Author of “ Tottenham,” a Poem.
And fair and free was son, Say, whoin her friendship, comforted and And for his pleasant pranks, was called blest,
The Devill of Edmonton. Who shar'd her converse, knew her soul But for my metre, I had said refin'd;
The Merry Devill--for so
His History will shew.
** This Ballad, with respect to the second Deception which the hero practised on the Devil, is very similar to that of Tinvelly, which is to be found iu Rose's Court of Beasts, in which Notrodamus uses the same cheat. The Quarterly Review for last February, mentious another stoty of the same mould, relating to one Jack of Kent.In Weever's Funeral Monuments, the following mention is made of the tradition on which the present production is founded—“ Here (i.e. at Edmonton) lieth interred under a seemelie tombe, without inscription, the body of Peter Fabell (as the report goes) upon whom this Fable was fathered, that he by his wittie devises beguiled the Devill: belike he was some ingenious conceited Geutn who did use some fleightie tricks for his own disporte,"
A play of this 'Title (“ The Merry Devil of Edmonton”) was in much estimation in the days of Shakspeare, and has been ascribed to bim, but to his gevius, though of considerable merit, it most assuredly possesses no pretensions.-J. A. H.
+ So called in the History, “ Mad Maister Peter, and my red-faced Host," &e.
To strangers courteous, affable,
161 A wiser wight ne'er woman bore,
“ Come !” (quoth the Devil) " and be Since Eve and Adam's fall,
brief ! And he was deeply skilled in
For burning Lucifer Strange mysteries witball
Looks for that forfeit soul of thineNature her science ve'er bad shewn
Bestir thee, Sir, bestir !" More fully than in him ;
“Is there no remedy? Will ge For he was excellently wrought
No time to me allow, In spirit and in limb.
To bid my friends farewell, and make Pleasant, free-hearted, kind, was he
My will before I go?";
"Why, how long timne desirest thou ?".
." 'Faith, but this little while And very liberall.
As this same candle's inch-long end Replete with charity and ruth
May on my study smile." To the needy and the poor;
Though scarce a minute I dare stay, Ay from his purse abroad, and eke,
So long I'll pause for theeHis table, and his door.
Instant about thy business then
-Or light the blame on me!”
“ Yet, once more-'tis the last request,
That must thou grant to me
Confirm thy promise with an oath-
I'm loth to trust in thee; How this same Merry Devill
“ For all the world reputes thee, knave". Cozened that black and fiery One,
By Lucifer, and his, The Author of all Evil.
As with a thousand souls, I hope Now, Peter was initiate in
To cram the great abyss !"The art of magic lore,
He scarce had sworn, when Maister Peter And he by incantations--spells
The candle's end put out, And charms, and such glamour
And in his pocket locked it up
The Devil stared about,
But Peter laughed aloud-quoth he,
“ Thou hast no soul of mine! In thought, and word, and act.
I'll take good heed this candle's end
Shall never more decline !"And at the last, when all was done,
And so the Devil was deceived Lo, Peter's soul should be
With execration fell, The guerdon for his services,
From Maister Peter Fabell he
Went grumbling back to hell.
There, brooding with infernal spite,
He soon conceiv'd a plan, His Maister to him gave.
And, sleeping sound, the Fiend, he found
His Master, and his Man. 'Till this officious Demon thought
And from his pocket, lo, he took He had served sufficieot term
The inch-long candle's end, (Having no period limited,
And, on the shoulder tapping him, When the contract was made firm) Cried, “ Wake, my merry friend !-Importunately be required
“ Look herehere's that which thou didst His guerdon's falal fee :“ I've sery'd thee well. I've serv'd thee
To keep from me my right, Thy soul resign to me !"
And soon thy soul must burn with minem
Tip but this rush with light.” Why, have I not a promise made Peter sore gazed upon thé Fiend, That thou shalt have it 2-yea,
As roused from sleep he saw
Within his cursed claw,
Spare me a little longer !"" NO!".
And bitterly he sworeFierce gesture put the Demon on,
« Thou hast deceived me once, but, no, And horribly he grinned.
Shalt ne'er deceive me more ! “ Set thee a time of payment, quick !” 'Tis a good world when men have learned With terror and affright,
The art of guile so well, The Maisier knew vot how or what
As to deceive the Devil bimself To answer in such plight.
The readier thou for hell!" GENT. MAG. August, 1820.