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WITH CRITICAL REMARKS.
June 3. ticularly in the old Hall; and some THE Parish off somington, in the parts of the original building, bave ated at nearly equal distances (about (sec Plate II.) shews the principal or four miles) from the Towos of Yeo- South'front, as it appeared in 1817. vil and Ilchester, in a fioely-wooded Yours, &c.
C. S. B. and fertile country, rising gently from
(To be continued.) the River Yew, which bounds it on the East and North; and, looking over a rich and exiensive vale, at POEMS OF LUCRETIUS, POPE, &c. unequal distances is terminated by a bold and beautiful range of hills from Mr. URBAN,
July 15. the South-east to the North-west. N a former Essay the attention was
The Manor was one of the many, which William the Conqueror be- Poems. It may now not be unintestowed upon Roger de Curcelle; it resting perhaps to advance a few speis written in Domesday Essentone, .culations upon the subjects of perand in modern records Astington, formances of a nature somewhat difAshenden, and Ashington. Soon af. ferent in their Literary preteusions, terwards the Estate was in the pos-' ranking, in many respects, equal session of the family of Fitzwilliam high in the view of Criticism, as works for Robert of that name died seised of of genius, but possessing characterisit 82 Benry II. ; from which family, in lics which, in their form and aspect, the reign of King John, it passed by are referable to another species of jnheritance to that of de Furoellis, writing. or Furneaux; and from the latter In the extended and variegated to the St. Barbes * about the year fields of poetry, the diversity of ge1400. The last possessor of that pamè, nius and of taste, which is always Sir Johu St. Barbe, bart. who died in more or less conspicuous, has fre1723, bequeathed it to Humphrey quently been the subject of conjec. Sydenham, esq. of Combe, in this tures on the nature and causes of this county, and it is now the property variety of talents, of tastes, and of of Lewis Dgmoke Grosvenor Tre- dispositions. It is evident that in algonwell, esq. of Craoborne Lodge, most every civilized age, poetical enin Dorsetshire, by his marriage with dowinent and capacity has shone forth Catherine, daughter and sole heiress in a thousand forms, all connected, in of the lale St. Barbe Sydenham, esq. some shape or other, with the power of Priory, Devou, and Combe, Somer- of administering pleasure to the huset, by whom he had issue, St. Barbe man mind, and all, sooner or later, Tregoowell, born Aug. 6, 1782 ; he finding their proportion of readers, len Ellery, born Dec. 1, 1783, mar- who can enjoy and appreciate the varied to Capt. John Duff Marklaod, rying features and dispositions which R.N. March 18, 1914; Catherine, boro give birth to those respectively peJune 11, 1786, died Jan. 1788. culiar productions which designate
The Manor House, situate near the the æras of poetry. Church, is an antient stope edifice, Streogth of mind, vigour, and comerected by the St. Barbes, apparently prehensiveness of thought, have, we in the sixteenth century; their ar. find; been occasionally made the morial crest, a Wyvern, remaios on powerful instruments of pleasure, and one of the shields over the porch, have been known to create astonishand also upon the buttress at the ment in the breast of every reader, Western end, as shewn in the plate ; by the singular boldness and granbut the House having been long ap. deur in which their scenes of imagi. propriated to the use of the tenant nation have been conceived. It has, renting the estate, various internal however, been far more common to alterations have been made in it, par witness these endowments or emanaCharles St. Barbe, esq. of Lyming
tions of mind assuming a milder form, ton, in Hampshire, is the representative of wit, and clothed in all the graces
exhibiting the pungency
and brilliancy of the family, being the tenth in lireal descent from Richard St. Barbe, the first and decorations ofstyle and expression, possessor of Ashington ; a record of which As, therefore, the award of Criticism is to be found at the College of Arms. has assigned to the latter an inferior Gent. Mag. July, 1820.
rank in the lucubrations of genius, so scenes of pathos and tenderness. The experience has proved that periods of last have comparatively little lo do associated intellectual life, and bright with linagination, but are treatises ening in every liberal accomplishment, or dissertations of a poetical kind, seem almost spontaneously to gene- equally capable, perhaps, of receiving rale the one, whereas the former, the polish of taste, the decorations of proudly pre-eminent in the range and thought and of language, and the flow of iis conceptions, marshalled incorrections of judgment, but occa. the dignity of Epic numbers, and in- sioually soaring to speculations, and, spiring the mind with seotiments of a wideoing to a comprehensive range, more ihan usually sublime tone and of thought and of ideas which may character, press upon our police only be said to be seldom, if ever altaiu. at comparatively long intervals from ed, even in the regions of Epic or each other,-are, in point of number, Tragic poetry. The former, by the the scant productions of Nalure, as distinctions which obtain in litera. though she designed that mankind, . ture and the rules by which genius is from their infrequency, should pay bounded and regulated, exbibit all, their peculiar homage at their aclual the inachinery of great personages appearance.
who have their various parts allotted But though the Epic, which, with them, “ their exits and their enibe Critics, is always allowed, in trances,” incidents, passions, sentipoint of rank, and perhaps justly, to ment, and characteristic manners, iake precedence of all other descrip- the latter cannot, from their nature, tions of poetry, aod, when possessing possess any thing of all this, but dethe high and adequate stamp of ge- livers abstract moral, or metaphysi, nius, is certaivly noble in its struc- cal arguments in a pure and elevated lure, and eogeoders the finest passions form of debale; it seems, so to speak, which are implanted and folded up to be exalted above the reach of ficin our nature, there is another class tion, to look down upon all meaner which perhaps has not, in its literary things, as at a distance,- to preserve pretensious, been sufficieolly defined a calin and equable diguity of discurso and appropriated. This may be term- sion, which fills and exalis the iniud, ed the Philosophical,--and if the not by the arts of fiction, but by the Epopee, in order to be generally and powers and the force of reasoni ad. permanently admired, should exhibit, dressed to the understanding. ihrough its various parts, great sen. It has been but comparatively rare timents, unbounded imagination, that subjects of this nature have found clothed in sonurous diction, and mea- a place among the ornamental and sured by an uninterrupled dignity of well-wrought discussions of the poet. numbers as essential requisites-the It bas, on the other hand, been Philosophical, in an equally high de thought, and with some appearance gree, involves a requisition of great of reason, by the Crities, that abstract and uncommon poetical powers in disquisitions on the various departtheir authors, in order to add dignity, menls of human science neither beanimation, and interest, to discussious long lo metrical composition, or are which we are at first sight ready to capable by any stretch or ingenuity conclude are utterly opposed to any of resource, of being made generally thing which can please in such a pleasing to the great miscellaneous shape,-aod to sustain its high cha- class of readers. It is thought that racter in poetry, while it iuculcales when the poet, wlivse proper sphere the principles of philosophy. Their seems to lie in the passions, the foj. characteristics are, however, totally bles, or the sentiments which diverdifferent in species. The basis of the sily and distinguish human life,ếin first is Imagioativn and Invention, agreeable fictions of laney, or wellwhich dresses out the facts, or the delinealed images of things-enters supposed facts, upon which the fable the rigid precincts of abstract dis. is constructed, in all the fascination of cussion, be steps beyond the bouu. elevated manners, diction, aod senti. daries which mature prescribes to his ment, and imparts to it the fervid art. That he altempts to blend things glow of feeling or of description which are naturally opposed, and if which distends lhe reader with suh. they have no intrinsic repugnancy to limo emotions, or recreates bim with each other, yel demand a quite dit.
ferent exerlion of the mevtal or per- fancy fils a man for adorning liis subceptive powers,-to transplant ihe jeci. A penetrating mind emils the Muses, with all their glowing and rc- rays by which truth is discovered, duodant fires, into regions too cold to a bright fancy supplies the colours by cherish and support, or to suffer them which beauty is produced. to expand in nalive vigour and beauty. The elevalions of Genius, by which,
Thal this theory does not exactly whilst reading poetry, our suscepti. square with experience, will, how- bilities are wont to be irresistibly ever, sometimes appear, and the lu- caught, and hurried forwards, doubi. cubrator of ordinary research will be less, eminently associate the powers sensible that specimens eminently of invention, inemory and imaginasuccessful have not been wanting, tion, -- but penetration of intellect, either among the antients or the mo- a mental endowment involving other derns, which prove that the impas- and quite different associations, may sioned strains of the poet are not ab- not be supposed capable of materisolutely incompatible with subjects ally aiding our poetical enjoyments which have pureig a relation to the. or perceptions of pleasure ; indeed it truths of science; ihat the graces, and is not saying too much to affirm that, even the imaginative excursions of with most critical authorities, this fathis noble art, may occasionally illus- cully, although essential to discovery, trate the force of metaphysical argu- and equally constituting genius and ment with striking effect.
bespeaking invention, is of so cold, The De Rerun Naturâ of Lucre- naked, and ungenial a complexion, tius, the Essay on Man of our Pope, that when conjointly lending its inand the De Immorlalitale Animi' of fluences in the empire of the Muses, Hawkins Browne, although poems it damps the ardour, and paralyzes possessing their respective, perhaps those fine and glowing impressions dissimilar, characteristics, may be which brightness of fancy was cal. styled among the most eminent in culated to create. this species of composition; as the In what may properly be denomipoem on Astronomy of Manilius in nated Philosophical Poems, however, ihe antient world, and the Night and especially in the Essay on Man,
Thoughts, and Pleasures of linagi. the De Rerum Naturâ, and the De 'nation (which last, although writ- Immortalitatc Animi, the cast len under different auspices, and with complexion which governs and perdifferent designs, yet comes under the vades the whole is strictly, and progeneral class of Philosophical,) do fessedly argumentative, designed to not su strictly and absolutely come discuss abstract truths in science, and under this description. An intellic through the medium of fair argugent and judicious Crilic on the first ment, to arrive at certain conclusions, principles of genius, and the various or elicit discoveries before unknown. shades by which it is diversified,~ The flights of imagination, and the whilst analytically defining ils laws creations of fancy, therefore, are eviand its indications,-pronounces that dently foreign to the requisites and species which animates the effusions general character of this species of of the poet, and raises his ideas to composition. Partaking neither of enthusiasm, to consist in brightness the characteristics of Epic, Tragic, or exuberance of fancy. He has, on Lyric, Moral, or Descriptive departthe other hand, denominated that ments jo poetry, the delightful maspecies by which the discoveries in chinery which, in the Epic, adds such philosophy are effected, by which dignity, splendour, and proportion to right illations are discerned and ab. its various parts, would be utterly in. stract truths developed, penetration congruous and out of place, if brought of intellect. They each, according to illustrate the postulates of science, to bim, imply a great extent and or the recondite truths which it is the compass of imagination, or great vi. province of Philosophy to discuss and gour of the associating principles, clear from that obscurity which, unbut they imply different sorts of com- til removed by some luminous ar. pass and vigour. Penetration im- rangement, is apt to shade them. plies such a force of imagination as At the same time it may be perleads to the comprehension and ex. ceived that the glow, aoimation, and plication of a subject. Brightness of ardour which must always more or
less distinguish him wben employed tainly in each struck out from the upon subjects congenial with his tem- kindling sparks of their genius, a ge, per and capacity, diversify and ele- perous flame which sometimes bevate the subjects and the speculations speaks enthusiasm and tenderness, of cach of the eminent poets whom mingled and tempered with close. we bave bere quoted, accompanies ness of argument, and patience of them often into the recesses of those investigation. abstruse questions on which Lucre- The subject of Lucretius was great, tius especially has adventured his no less than a general comprehenMuse; and proclaims them to have sive enquiry into the whole system, possessed a gepius peculiarly adapted Moral and Physiological, of Nálure's io the spbere of poetical lucubration laws, - which afforded him ample in wbich they adventured,
scope and opportunity to relieve the In the selection, order, and proper various parts of his poem, and to division of their respective poems, diversify his thoughts so each of the eminent writers we have eminently to add iv terest and beauty named, have evinced a propriety and to the whole. He may be said to be felicity of judgment which argue them the first wbo sung in polished, graceto baye well viewed and digested the ful, and dignified numbers, things inyarious great questions in philosophy trinsically of this high compass and which can, in any shape, be brougbt philosophical importance. Hesiod under buman investigation. Animated and Theocritus had before his time by the enthusiasm of poets who have uofolded, in glowing language, the arranged their ideas, imbibed a tone of charms of rural scenery, and the ocihinking, and flow of ideas, through cupations of a country life. Euri. a medium which peculiarly attaches pides bad written performances, of to minds of this stamp and texture ; which it has been said, that every they disdained the subordinate details line formed a moral precept, but of scientific investigation, and com- their subjects, taken generally, ofprehended within their plan quer- fered nothing analogous to those tioos of the highest importance, which awakened and invigorated the wbich involve the common curiosity genius of the Roman poet. He emiof mankind, and have given rise in the nently struck out a channel of poegreat speculative theatre in which tical speculation exclusively bis own, ihey have been introduced, to the and the originality, greatness, and most subtle exercise of thought, majestic nature of the topics upon
As the weight and momentous na- which he expatiates, demands, and ture of the topics which they respec- has generally obtained, a high tritively chose as the vehicle, at once bute of respect from the reader. for their display of eloquence, their That he treated these topics on dignity of sentiment, and their force all occasions with profound and peof argument, is prominently a feature netrating sagacity will not be assertin the ineed of their fame as Didac. ed,-as when the boldness of his astic or Philosophical Poets, the sub pirations would fain expatiale upon jects, (not the fable,) upon which points in philosophy, round which they embarked their adventurous darkness as yet held her profound Muse, to sing, not in strains of Mil. empire, he discovers that obscurity tooic pomp, and grandeur, the prow. of idea, and that imbecility which ess or individual adventures of great characterized the philosophers of his personages, or the scenes of well. own, and all other sects in those inwrought fiction, but the high, fixed, fant days of science. and universal laws which rule this Melksham.
E. P. world and all created beings, may
(To be continued.) not improperly be made the source of some further animadversion and Mr. URBAN, Greenhithe, Feb. 24. illustration. That intense severity of N vol. LXXXIX. p. 313, “ Oxothought, which is generally supposed niensis” begins thus: to characterize the mind that makes
“Your Correspondents Sigismund, S.T.B. discoveries in the abstract regions of &c. have clearly shown that the graduated science, though they may be judged Clergy ought to wear silk tippets or scarfs, in unequal ralios, tó have guided the and also their respective hoods. One of thinking of the present writers, cero the reasons assigned for their so doing is,