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1820.] The Ungraduated Clergy vindicated.

21 that they would thereby be effectually four Gospels in Greek, a sham title and distinguished from those Clergy who have testimonial from persons wbo never heard not had an University education, often of him before, our candidate starts up termed Northern Lights, many of them completely equipped for the office of an having been born in the North parts of instructor of mankind; though for any England. I beg leave, therefore, to send essential qualification your Lordship might you the following quotation from a Letter as well ordain any boys out of our comto the late Bishop Watson, published in mon Charity Schools." 1783, by which the propriety of the abovementioned distinction will be further

Obow fine ! Now, from whence, Mr. evinced and illustrated.”

Urban, come these titles and testi

monials? The answer is one of the Though I highly respect the outward habiliments of these Graduates

severest lashes, which “ Oxoniensis" during the actual performance of could possibly throw upon the benetheir sacred fupctions; yet, I am

ficed Clergy. But the fact is, they clearly of opinion, that the exhibition are as common amongst Graduates, of these robes every day in a country

as these Northern Lights. I am also parish would only create gaping and of opinion, that few boys out of the staring in the lower orders, and ridi common Charity Scbools would be cule in the higher; for I must tell able to construe Grotius into good “ Oxoniensis” that there are many English, or the four Greek Gospels country gentlemen on whom it is not

into classical Latin ; because we havo so easy to pawn the shadow for the koown some of these Graduates, at substance. Besides, perhaps, this

an Ordination, not able to perform fondoess for outside show might oc

the task ! For the edification of casion a subject for a village song, or

“ Oxoniensis" (who sneers at petty for some coarse epigram; and, con.

ushers), I will relate an anecdote of sequently, might isolate the shepherd a petly usher of Appleby School, from his flock, instead of amalgaa

Westmoreland (though by the bye, mating him with his parishioners, a

there is never more than one in these consummation so devoutly to be wished Schools). When Mr. Usher Bracken in a Parish Priest. In the Church of was of age to take orders, he went to Rome mummery and exteroal splen

the Ordination at York. The Archdour have great influence, but I trust bishop perceiving from whence he we of the Church of England shall

came, seemed determined to try the always despise such flimsy expedients. literary powers of this young candi“ Oxoniensis" then proceeds:

dale ; for after he had gone through “ The Northern counties abound in

the usual exercises, he was required Free Schools, where the children of the

to translate one of the 39 Articles peasantry are instructed gratis in the dead into Greek, which he did so much to languages. It is a prospect flattering to

the satisfaction of tbe Archbishop, the vanity of a poor country-fellow 10 that his Grace sent a complimentary have his son provided for in an order, Letter to the Master of Appleby which seems" (O excellent!) “ to place School, on the occasion. him in the rank of a gentleman. One.son

To settle the spleen of “Oxonienis of course destined for the Ministry : the

sis,” I will, with your permission, youth is puffed up with this idea ; he has a right, or obtaius one, to be admitted into

Mr. Urban, relate an anecdote of a this Seminary: the attendance required young student of a minor School, there does not interrupt bis manual la.

that of Banton in Westporeland. bours : in the season when they are most

The Free School of Kirby Stephen, requisite, he attends alternately the school Westmoreland, becoming vacant by and the plough."

the death of Mr. Wilson, a Graduate Now, Mr. Urban, with respect to of Queen's College, Oxford, but the the three great Schools * in the North gift not being in any of the Colleges, of England, if the above assertion be ihere was an open competition: a day not a wilful, it is most certainly a was appointed for the examination of palpable, falsehood: but to proceed, candidates, and the Rev. Dr. Burn, “ And after a novitiate performed with

author of the “ Justice,” &c. the exa. the barefoot mortification of an antient miner. Two Graduates entered the pilgrimage,” (wanderings of the noddler) lists for fame, as did also the scholar * with the addition of a new coat and the from Banton. Homer, Horace, and perusal. of Grotius de Veritate and the Virgil, were first given into the hands * Appleby, St. Bees, and Sedbergh. of the Graduates, but their stumblings

and

and stoppings were manifest, whilst have been the bond of society.". This the Northern Light ainbled' over his applies to the liberal, as well as the ground as over a bowling.green. The useful, arts. The first poet and the Jast book given to the competitors first historian remain, to this day, was Clarke's latroduction.

It was the best : while the Scripture, which opened at Bellum antiquissimum cujus preceded thein both, excels them in occurrit mentio : but in this war of the authenticity, the utility, and the Argonauts the College heroes beauty of its writings, in the same were entirely defeated; neither hoous, ratio,, that it does by its priority. scarfs, nor tippets, were, under Dr. Revelation, the first and most inte. Burn, even a dust upon the balance: resting truth, is also the simplest and nothing but sterling merit prepon. most rational. To obtain universal derated, and, consequently, the Gra. assent, it necds only to be-univerduates retired crest-fallen, whilst the sally proclaimed. Banton stripling, about 20 years of Taking, therefore, the widest basis age (Mr. Holmes), was declared vice for our speculation, we shall here tor, amidst the cheers and applanse enumerate the subjects of Taste, ils of an admiring assembly.

qualities, ils laws, and standard : and SUPERBIÆ CASTIGATOR, having succeeded in defining it, thence PROBITATISQUE VINDEX. arrive at its true principle, which

will appear to be, in every sense of

the word, historical. On the Extent of the Historic Rela. tion, in discovering and marshalling of taste and afterwards notice, cate

But let us enumerate the subjects the Subjects of Human Knowledge. gorically, its modes, qualities, and (Continued from Part i. p. 592.) circumstances in order to arrive at that all Science (which makes governing principle.

arche puhjects one of the three divisions in Lord are—the living models in real Nature, Bacon's scheme above mentioned) is corporeal and mental: Nature inanireducible to his first, an historical mate, and with it the sentient, though process; it remains to show that the irrational - these, I suppose, well. other division is the same :-to show formed or struck off ; also well prethat Poetry is, either literal history, served, and judiciously presented to or in the nature of history.

view. But of these models I should We take Poetry here in the most name as first and chiefest, the human extensive signification : as synonym formamihe human voice, where the mous to Composition, in all the fine organ is well framed-the tones of arts. In which sense it comprehends passion--tones of melody-and all

numerous prose-Music, and instrumental sounds, whether simple, picturesque gardening. Any har. or combined in their mathematical monious, and ordinate composition, proportions: the order of societyof human contrivance, whatever me ihe human character, rank, station, diums are employed, whether lan the symbols of power and dignityguage, colours, or wood, metals, or rituals, pomp, and ceremonies, the marble-- whether the things them. universals of costume-architecture, selves, or the imitation of them only: elegant forms of utensils-composipay, any thing lhat addresses itself to tion in all the works of art, but printhe faculty of Taste—not only where cipally language, the elements of man, but even Nature is the artist which are to be found in the antique : we shall here consider as Poetry. elegant conversation, propriety, con

It has been well observed that “ the gruity, sympathy (with reference ever writers among the ancients abounded to climate, manners, age, sex, sla. in matter—were rich in facts: and tion)-- harmony in the selection of that they have more seeming inven. the private social circles : urbanity, tion and originality, precisely be politeness, address, grace in Nianners cause they wrote first." They may (the mere genteel is but the stamp of be said to have had the gathering of condition): personal dignity as disthe first fruits of nature. “ All the tinguished from that of station---the ideas conducive to the advantage, art of pleasing (including, of course, pleasure, and real use, of man, were that of avoiding to give offence : the ihe first known: in all ages they tact bere depends on having sensi.

even

1820.) Extent of Historic Relation.--Philology or Criticism. 23 bility of heart, and a discreet mare pleasing to the greater number. But shalling of others) :---lastly, variety ihat there is a standard is implied in the plan of life, subject to uni- by the constant appeal to right and formity which mixture is not only wrong in these matters : of which the conducive to the happiness of the very persons are conscious, at the person concerned, but is also most

very instant of declaring that there agreeable lu the spectator.

is no disputing about tastes. The only We must separate from the exer. real question is, what makes that cise of this facully called taste, all standard ? The determinations are gratification of appetite ; confining it nice, and the expressions difficult and to the pleasures of the eye and ear uusatisfactory: ihat there is a stanonly. So the relation of utility dard is unquestionable. (called the beauty of utility) may Sometimes we mean by this maxim, coalesce with it, but is specifically that a thing is beyond all dispute ; as distinguishable from it. And with we say in matters of honourable feelregard to associations, national modes ing; upon which, if any inind enterand customs, the universals only tains the least doubt, or indecision, it of these can be admitted into our de- is useless to dispute. It cannot unfinition --- of which the Antique is derstand the appeal, for the want of, either the expression, or what ap or disease in, the appropriate organ. proaches nearest to it. The univer We have a common nature, invasals, or science, of any thing, we riable in all ages and countries; a have already in a former section en conception of what is pleasing in Nadeavoured to show, are purely an ture's models, of what is irregular, historical operation.

disorderly, imperfect, monstrous, riThe Theatre is not the tribunal of diculous, and absurd. A latitude is taste, any more than the hustings at allowed, and must be ; for we all difan election are the tribunal of public fer by excess, defect, or wrong divirtue and eloquence. Neither is it rection in some one respect or other, the palæstra of morals; but merely as to slature, features, proportions, of the exercise of an illusive syin. &c. But as these differences are pathy. To thir, Adam Smith would above, beside, or below, the stanreduce the principle of Morals: by dard, they thus preserve it by still wbich rule, NERO would turn out a ever referring, and pointing, to it, man of virlue. For he wept at a as a centre, though they miss their tragedy. If we wish to see, what, in aim. And those who persist in saymoderó Europe, expounds and pro- ing, “ that we inust not dispute about nounces the law in this matter, we lastes,” are still secretly (and some should read the Cortegiano of Castig times openly) aoxious to prove, to

The rule of manners, dress, themselves, as well as to others, that orthoepy, &c. are given by a virtuous they are conformable to that standard. and enlightened court, in a large, The aspect, and voice, of Nature, mixed, and, of course, free monarchy. are direcily pleasiog to man:

: -and The stage is but a feeble and very of course any inedium which excites faully echo of this.

the recollection, or ideal presence, Whenever we say, that “there is of them in our minds, is interesting. no dispuling about tastes,” we mean It unavoidably and instinctively is only that the laws leave this matter gratifying to our curiosity. We are to ourselves. What ethics are to not now speaking of it as a phenojurisprudence, taste is to ethics; and menon, or standing fact ; carrying of this latter there is much, that the the imagination to some event past Jaws do not intermeddle with in the

But the bare aspect of way of coercion, even by theoretical Nature, of its colours, forms, &c. are expression and prohibition. The ana- pleasing to us, antecedent to all assology of the divine and human govern. ciation or speculation. ment, do, besides, admit of a great and the only artist, of the original variety of taste. There is a good models, whether in the external or final cause for this. It is, however, human creation, is the Deity. We still a variety in the midst of uni can cultivate and preserve these mo. formnily that is desirable: and this dels, but we can do nothing more. serves the more to prove that what And we can no more account for his is inost beautiful in itself is ever must works thus affecting our taste, than

LIANO.

or to come.

The great

we

Nor is any

we can for any other historical phe. Iliad having been founded on a parnomenon, Iruth, or experience, af. ticular story, or matter of fact) forms fecting, as they do, our understand- the commanding interest of his work. ing, affectious, and appetites. We The same may be said of SAAKSare made so-is the amount of our PEARE and Milton. whole philosophy

poetry, novel, or romaunt, good, but By comparing, however, a number as it is history, or in the nature of of cases togetber, the mind classes history. The same principle runs them by some common principle of through not only painting and scuipagreement, difference, or contrast : ture with picturesque gardening, but these agaio, by a simpler common even architecture. All the fine arts principle, until it reaches the first are imitatiremeven music whether elements. Some of these we shall that of Haydn, in the oratorio of the notice presently-and these only are Creation-or any other. Nay, even the proper subject of philosophical" the mechanical and useful arts, are analysis. This process of the mind but collected systems of hints taken is nothing more than what it per- from some process in nalure, discoforms in putting together the arts

vered by historical observation. and sciences. The historical process Every one of the arts, liberal or nieit employs in discovering, and fram- chanical, every science, and every ing together, the objects of the me language, are notbing but parts il. chanical arts, superadds another no. lustrative of, or operations subsertion to taste, the beauty of utility : vient to, and after the inodel of reas that part of history (called the cir. ligious, moral, or natural history, cumstances of a fact) suggests the We are only successful imitalors beauty of association. The whole mere plagiarists, from the works of process is called the philosophy of the Deity. We can CREATE pothing. criticism-(that is, the judgments of

YORICK. taste as an art, reduced to first prin.

(To be continued.) ciples in the elements of science) while it is clearly nothing more than

Queen-square,

Mr. URBAN, à registered act: every step of it is

Blooomsbury, July 14. an historical observation. The har. THE following anecdotes of monious proportions of figure, colour, complexion, of movement, of Henry IV. of France, may deservé sound, are so maos coincidences, and insertion in your Miscellany. historical systems-invented by an Margaret de Valois, first wife of arithmetical, or mathematical pro Henry IV, was possessed of every

the result takes the name of noble and' endearing quality: beauty or harmony. And thus is our was,” says Mezeray, '“ a true de. taste informed, disciplined, and in. scendant of the Valois ; a liberal restructed, as any other faculty, art, fuge to men of letters, always had some or science.

at her table, and so improved by their The models of beauty are all in conversation, as to write and speak Nalure : in artificial compositions, better than any woman in her time. the productions of all taste aod ge Part of the day she used to spend in nius–the very journal of their pro her bed, on each side of which stood gress, is the degree in which they beautiful singing-boys.” “When she stand conformable to truth and na. was at Toulouse,” says President Lature are inuitative in other roche," she received the Parlia. words-historical. It is to the over ment's compliments in a very rich looking this obvious truth, we may white damask bed, at the feet of attribute that loog-agitated question : which stood little choristers, singing “ Is poetry an imitative art?” It is, and playing on the lute. Don John cumulatively, so: it is imitative in of Aumis, Governor of the Low its materials, medium, process, pro. Countries, rode post, incognilo, from totype, and subject or iheme. "The Brussels to Paris, purely to be prethree unities of time, place, and ac sent at a ball where she was to tion, are, obviously, historical. The dance." historical truth of Homer (besides Her conjugal obsequiousness and that there is interual evidence of the

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1820.] 2. Margaret of France. - Mussucre at Paris. 25 relates in her Memoirs concerning My Nurse, thinking it was the King one of her Husband's Mistresses : my husband, bastened to the door; “ She lay in the Maids of Honours' it was a gentleman named De Tejun, Chainber ; and her pains coming 01, bleeding very much, being wounded at day-break, she sent for my phy. in two places, and with four Yeomen sician, and begged of him imoedis of the Guard at his heels, who forced ately to acquaint the King, my hus- their way after him into my bedband, with her condition, which he

He ran to my bed, as a sancdid. It was our custom to lie in tuary: 1 leaped out and he after me, different beds, though in the same clasping me round the body by the

This news made him very bed-side. We both cried out, one uneasy, being at a loss what to do; being no less frightened than the at length he determined to own the other. At length ine Captain of the whole malter to me, and to beg of Guards came, and finding me in such me to assist her, being pretty sure a condition, though there was no call that, notwithsianding what had hap. for pity, fell a laughing, as at somepened, he would always find ine ready thing droll. - In the Louvre, in the to comply with any thing that was King's sister's chambers, even on her agreeable to him. He.drew my cur very bed, gentlemen are butchered, lain, and said to me, 'Honey, I have contrary to oaths and treaties! and concealed something from you, which Naniac, who had the character of bow I must acquaint you with; ex. one of the worlhiest men at Court, cuse me, I desire you, and forget laughs at the sight! He laughs in this whatever I have said to you on this horrible juncture! on this so exccrahead; but oblige me so far as to get ble day he could laugh! up immediately to assist Fosseuse, “ Having shifted my linen (adds who is very ill. You know the love the Princess) because I was all over I have for her; I beg you would blood, and throwing a night-gown oblige me.' I answered, that I would; over me, I went to the apartment of and take as much care of her as if Madame de Lorraine. I was no sooner she was my own daughter; in the in ber ante-chamber, than a gentlemean time, it would be advisable for man, iyiog from the Yevmen of the him to go a hunting, and take all his Guard, was struck dead with a halallendaots with bim, that it might be bert close by me. Five or six days the better hushed up.'

after, the authors of these doings hav. “I had her quickly put into a bye. ing failed in their principal scope, room, recommending to my Physi- they went another way to work, per: cian, and some women, to be very suading the Queen, my mother, to careful of her. The child proved a get me uomarried, who first made me daugliter, and that still-born.

swear to speak the truth; then asked “The King, finding, on his relurn, me some extraordinary questions rethat I was gone to bed again, as in- lating to the King, and then said, deed I was extremely tired with ris. there was a way to unmarry me.'. ! ing so early, and the pains I had begged of her to believe that I did taken about Fosseuse, desired me to not understand what she asked me; get up again, and go and see her : ! bul, as she had married me, I was for told him all was happily over; and continuing sv." that if I went to her, it would rather Henry IV. having no children by tend to discover than to conceal the her, an overture was made to her, in matter.' He seemed extremely angry; bis name, for annulling the marriage; and this also vexed me not a little, she assented to it in a manner equally as what I had done in the moruing noble, modest, and disinterested ; reseemed to deserve a very different quiring only the discharge of her retorn."

debts, and a decent allowance. Another passage in the Princess's Yours, &c.

W.R. Memoirs gives a lively description of the horrors attending the Massacre

Mr. URBAN,

May 12. ale Paris a las When in a very sound FoRithe entertain olent of fiber.com awakened by a knocking at the door, your more serious Readers, I send and calling out Navarre! Navarre ! you a copy of a Card, now in cirGENT. MAG, July, 1820.

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