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culatiou from some modern Sibyl, sequent imprisonment. If this power who has taken this public way of be thought too great to jutrust to proclaiming ber profound koowledge Magistrate (which is necessarily inja, the Divine Art of Foretelling Fu. Trusted to every School-master, high lure Eveuts, and the cheap method aod low, in the Kiugdun) let him by which information of so much form a Jury of the by-standers (four consequence may be obtained. or five would be enough) and take
Mrs. $. W. respectfully begs leave their verdict before be passes senlo inform the Nobility and Geníry, that
teoce. If the Culprit be uoder sixshe practises the Art of Discovering Fu
teen years of age, let the pupishment Ture Events incidental to either Sex, in be inflicted in the same maoner, and a friendly way. Letrers, post paid, at- with the same implements, as are used
Hours from 10 in the morn- at our Public Schools ; and most of ing iill 9 at night. (We omit the Resi.
our Legislators, past, present, and to 'dence.] Fine Powder sold.”
come, Whigs, Tories, Rats, or Ra. It was not without astonishment dicals, will feelingly attest the effithat 1 perused ibis nupelty in Divi- cacy of it. If he be above sixteen, nation ; and I could not help re- let him, for decency sake, be honourverting in thought to those unen- ed with a cat upon his shoulders; and lightened ages, when, favoured by after the punishment, let him be rethe ignorance and blind superstition, stored to his parents or friends, if he of which they were the encouragers, has any that will receive him; and if and which swayed the miods of the not, let him be sent to some place of wisest of men ; with no other preten, refuge, to be provided by Goverasions to divide influence than a hor. meat for the purpose, till he can be rid, distortion of feature and body, placed in some way of getting an hotoo shocking even for modero prac. nest livelihood; the Magistrate should tisers to imitate, the primogenitors in such cases take the depositions of of this designing woman, by a few the witnesses in writing, as well for ambiguous answers, and incoherent as against the Prisoner, and should expressions, left for the interpreta transmit them, together with his judgtion of interest or artifice, could ment, to the Clerk of the Peace, lo strike terrors into hearts before in- be filed of record for his own justivincible, and make cowards, that fication. bowed to thein as slaves, exult over With respect to the Ladies, Mr. them as victors. I revolved this in Urbai), I hope I shall not shock you my miud, Mr. Urban, and returned or your Readers by professing the barmy grateful thanks for the abundant barous opinion, in opposition to the koowledge and truth enjoyed by the gállant, and let me add gáilant Gepresent race of men at this enlight- neral who advocated their cause so ened period, to that Being who alove successfully in the last Parliament, cau unveil the paths of futurity, and that a proper measure of the same in whose breast alone things past, discipline, applied discreetly, and not and to come, are together recorded. publicly, by persons of their own sex, Yours, &c.
Ja. G-s. to the very young and depraved part
of them, if it did not produce a reMr. URBAN,
June 5. formation in their morals, would at false philanthrophy which least be a check to some of those discomfortable Hotels, and that morbid we see in our streets, sometimes eveu seusibility which cannot bear to see at Quon-day.
CORRECTOR. or bear of the infliction of pain or ignominious punishment upon a cri- Mr. URBAN,
June 21. minal , are, I am satisfied, among the W
PILL some of your Correspondprime causes of the increase of petty
ents, learned in the Law, offenders. With respect to young take the trouble to afford me intorÇulprits, I am convinced that nothing mation upon a questivo arising out would so much diminish their num. of a statement, which was some time bers as severe corporal chastisement, ago made in the public newspapers, and that summarily inflicted, upon relative to a proceeding at a Country proof of the offence before a Magis. Quarter Sessions. The case alluded iale,, and without previous or subto is that of a depraved youth, who,
being convicted of picking pockets, and aflicted by it, as to be for the was sentenced to six inonths iinpri. time deprived of his proper sepses, sonment, and to be whipped. Upon aod of all command of hiniself. I bcaring his pupishment, the offender, can conceive that such an one might in a transport of rage, took off his be guilty of the utmost violatioo of shoe, which is related to have had an decency and decorum, indeed I reiron heel, and hurled it at the Chair- meruber a case in point : but ! pre. mnan, between whom and one of his sume that either due allowance should Brother Magistrate it passed, how- be made, as was done ju the instance ever, without striking either of them. to which I have just alluded, by a The report proceeds, that the Beach, very humane and nierciful Judge, now after a short consultation, made an no more; or that, if the circumstances alleration in their former sentence; of the affair were extremely atrocious, viz. that the party should be impri- they ought to be made a separate, soned two years, instead of six mooihs, distinct, and future cause for consi. and be whipped three times, iustead deration : - when all passion and all of ooce: the first flagellation being personal feelings might have subsidthereupon immediately in ficted. ed, and when it would be impossible
What I wish to know is, whether that an otherwise perhaps, lenient this sentence is to be considered as a sentence should be attributed to any punishinent of the offence of picking thing like resentment or irritation. pockels, or of his conduct in Court Every body knows that all Courts If the latter, whether the Court is of Justice must be constitutionally constitutionally empowered to inflict authorized to maintain and enforce such punishment summarily and with their own dignity, and to punish conout trial, and to what extent and de- tempts. But I think it may be fairly gree their authorily legally reaches ? questioned whether a sentence once I am aware that, in the case of a Li- pronounced should either be mili. beller, convicted and brought up for gated or aggravated in copsequence Judgment before the Court of King's of the after-conduct of the party senBench, the Attorney-General of the tenced. Would not such a practice day implored the Court to visit his be an infringement of the rights of conduct in Court (the bringing for. Jurors, and of course of the British ward watter, which, in the opinion subject ? Without the most distant of that officer, was an aggravation jotention to defend or extenuale the of his original offence) with an aug. atrocity of such an attack on the Mamentation of punishment: but I can. gistrates before alluded to, it inay not not believe that any attention was
be amiss to agitate the general quespaid to the request. The Libeller was tion, whether the proceedings were punished justly, and no doubt in due quite regular in the above instance, measure for the offence of which he in order to discover the grounds un had been tried and found guilty, by a which rests that great axiom of BriJury: but the Jury being the proper tish Jurisprudence, that proof is nejudges of the fact, and of the qun ani- cessary to constitute guili. I say we mo, it seeing (1 speak it with great have no proof at all that the man deference) as if their decision ought was not as inad as Peso Nicholson ; to precede the adjudicativo and ap- and I believe that nobody ever thought portionment of all panishments what. of proposoy a Aagellation for thai
lady, however shocking and delesiThe offeoce of insulting Magistrates able the attempt which brought ber in the discharge of their duly is un. into public notoriety. Perhaps there doubtedly very heinous; but let it be may have been soine error or misremembered, that the more heinous statement in the reporied account of an offence, the morc necessary il is the proceedings; and if so, your widely to establish proof of the fact, and of circulating pages will afford an opthe intention ueither of which, 1 portunity to the parties to correct it, presuine, can be legally done but by and to remove the doubts which have bringing the maller before a Jury in occasioned the present ipirasion of the usual manner. I can suppose a
A KNUTSFORD Man. Culprit standing at the bar of a Court P.S. Since writing the above, I of Justice, at the awful morient of re. have read in the ilewspapers an acceiving his sentence, so transported count of the sentence 'oi 18 months
Y este streay morning we mete
imprisonment, changed into that of men who murdered, Charles I. were seven years transportation, by a Judge, professedly saiots ; they had the Bi10) whoin an offender, after sentence, bles always in their pockets, were but before it was recorded, had been , seeking the Lord, and thought they impertinent. I forbear to make any were doing God service in killing the remark on this statement; of the cor- King; and hence for a whole century rectness or incorrectness of which I afterwards, any thing like serious reknow nothing but by the report of ligion fell under contempt; a very the press; but it induces me the more dead era succeeded, which continued earnestly to desire to know the law till about the iniddle of the last cene, on a subject so important to the righis tury. Now the actors in the French of an Englishman. To what extent Revolution were professed Atheists, might not such a discretion be some- and therefore pothing which they did times extended ?
could be considered out of character, however wicked. They proceeded to
such lengths as disgusted the rest of LETTERS FROM TRE CONTINENT. mankind. The same abhorrence of (Continued from p. 581.) the principles of the actors has been LETTER VII.
the result, which followed in the case
of Cromwell and the Puritans; and Paris, Aug. 13, 1818.
now we see a general spirit stirred up
of spreading the Bible, and of educat. the street
We ing the rising generation in Christian walked along with them to the Pan. principles: this is the case as to edutheon. The Pont Neuf, which we cation at least in France, as well as crossed in our way, is not new, but in England. A large church in Paris is the oldest bridge in Paris ; on this is open twice every Sunday, in which bridge, before the Revolution, stood the service of the Church of England, the statue of Henry IV. who laid the and Sermons are given in English; it first stone of it; this statue, which is very near the Louvre; the 'Rev. had stood 200 years, was pulled down Mr. Forster is the Minister. A Bible in 1792, and entirely demolished ; a Society is about to be established in new one in place of it has been pre- Paris, with the consent of the Governpared by public subscription, and this ment. The Church of St. Geneviere was the day which the news-papers was built by Louis XV.: it is an unihad announced for the fixing it, when form Grecian building with a large there was to be a grand military pro. dome; and the vanity of the French cession : the statue was to be drawn leads them to compare it to St. Peter's by oxen with gilded horos, &c. but at Rome, though not half the size ; unfortunately for us, it is not quite it is, however, handsome. The Reready, and the ceremony is postponed volutionists converted this into a Panfor a few days. In the Place Louis THEON, a place of sepulture and moXV. which I mentioned before, there numental 'fame for their clau. If I was a statue of that King, which was had expected any gratification from also destroyed in Sept. 1792, and in seeing their mouuments, I should have its place the Goddess of Liberty was been disappointed; the whole interior set up, and in front of her a guillo.. is emply, not a stalue or monument, tine; and this was the chief scene of or furniture of any kind is to be seen. the butchery which attended the Re. You are then conducted into the vaults volution. Here Louis XVI. was be- below, where they shew two_ugly headed. This statue, as well as the wooden tombs of ýoltaire and Rousa other, is to be restored. After all seau, a statue of the former, and the that has been said, and truly, of the burial places of some of Buonaparte's horrors of the French Revolution Generals, who are not honoured even and its pernicious consequences, 1 ge- with monuments. Over the entrance riously think that its ultimate con- into the Panth on, the following resequences are already proving less volutionary inscriptions are still sufperuicious than we could ever have fered to remain uneffaced, - Unité expected ; and greatly less so than et Indivisibilité de la Republique.” those of our English Revolution in “Liberté, Egalilé, ou la Mort.” “La the 17th cenlury, which apparently Loi est l'expression de la volonté gé. was not half so horrible. But the uérale.” The Commissary, who shews
the building, altributed the unfinished the general rumwage which took state of the Papthean to the poverty place at the Revolution in 1792, it of the French King, but the Freoch was found that both these institutions King will know better how to em- were in a wretched state of misploy his inoney than in garnishing management: there was no classifiihe sepulchres of Rousseau and Vol. cation, no employment, no attention taire. From the Pantheon we proceed. to Jorals, none to cleanliness or ed to the Luxemburg Palace, wbich health ; the different cases were then is large and handsome, and bas very classed, order and regularity introextensive gardens in excellent order, duced, an attention to the wholethough open to the public. In the someness of the diet begau to be paid, palace we found some good statues, and all, of whatever sex, in both esbut all the valuable paintings which tablishments who were able to work composed the Luxemburg Gallery were compelled to do so.
There are have been taken to the Louvre. lo about 6000 women and girls in the this palace is the Chamber of Peers, Salpetriere, and between 2 and 3000 a handsome room, though small com- men in the Bicêtre. What is the expared to our House of Lords ; bere act proportion of male lunatics in the Marshal Ney was tried: adjoining it latter I have not ascertained, but the is the Royal Chamber of Audience, female lunatics in the former are with the King's throne, on which he about 600 ; Dr. Pinel is the Physireceives the homage of the Peers. 10 cian. The male lunatics in the Bireluroing through the front of the cêtre are said to be in a damp unThuilleries Palace, I noticed a sube wholesome part of that building, and terranean passage from the Palace, only 100 of them have separate beds. which emerges into one of the walks Not having much time left, I thought at some distance; this, it seems, was it more material, instead of visiting made by Buonaparte, who did not either of these Institutions, to make choose to pass through the thorough- inquiry after another upon a differfare in the immediate froot of the Pa- ent plan, appropriated entirely for lace, and made this road for privacy. lunatics, and in which no paupers are The walk to which it leads is sur. admitted. This is the Royal House rounded by pallisadoes, and capable of Health at Charenton, a village of excluding the public when desired, about three miles from the barriers which of course was done when the of Paris, and about six from the midEmperor chose to walk. When he dle of the town. Immediately on reissued from the subterranean passage, turning from the Luxemburg Palace the Parisians used to say that ihe Lion yesterday afternoon, I took
a back, was coming out of his deo. This ney coach, wbich in something less made him very angry.- All the Cha- than an hour and a half brought me rities in Paris, if they may be so to the place. Charenton is a pleasant called, are Institutions maintained village, situated on the river Marne, and directed by Government: there pear its confluence with the Seine. is no voluntary subscription from The situation reminded me a little private individuals, nor have they of that of the Asylum at Nottingany controul. As there are no poor ham. The house stands near the foot Jaws, there are several hospitals in of a hill, with a large garden bebind which the old, infirm, sick, mad, va. it, extending nearly to the summit, gabonds, and others who are in day. The house is a very irregular pile of ger of perishing, are placed but building, and seems to have been add. whether ihey are sufficiently spacious ed to at different times; it was orior numerous for receiving all objects, ginally a small lunatic institution I should doubt. The principal of founded by monks, but in 1797 the these hodge-pot hospitals (or hospices Government put it on its present as the French call them, for they con- footing. I was introduced to Mr. fine the word hospital to a place for Goven, pupil to the second Physithe sick) is the Bicêtre, a sort of cian, wbo is employed as an assisthouse of correctiou for men, and the ant; he has not yet graduated; he Salpetriere, a similar place for wo- is an intelligent young man, and has men : the Bicêtre stands about two translated into French a medical miles from Paris, the Salpetriere at work by Dr. Thomas, of Salisbury : the S. W. extremity of the town. In he told me I could not possibly be
allowed to see the patients, there tients are never for a moment left to being a rule that prohibited it, as it themselves. The males and females was considered that the friends of are brought out at different parts of patients, or themselves, if restored the day. A Priest lives in the house to sanity, might dislike their being and performs religious offices to the shewn ; in fact, that it was a private convalescent patients, and others ca. miad-house, though under the ma- pable of attending; the number of nagement of goveroment. We walk- these is about 60. The rules prohied into the garden, which is extremely bit the servants from punishing or pleasant, and he gave me the follow- ill-treating patients. The Physicians ing particulars : there are 430 pa- take no fees from the patients' friends, tients ; 280 men, and 150 women, but there is no rule agaiust it. Visj. who are in distinct parts of the build- tors appointed by government cowe ing; they are admitted at the rate of four times a year, at fixed periods. payment adequate to their circum- The other two Lunatic Establishstances; persons who can pay no. ments, Mr. Goven believes are thing are sent to the Bicêtre or Sal- visited at all. The number of serpetriere. The establishment costs vants in proportion to patients in government nothing; the payments those is fewer, but Mr. Goven has of the patients being adequate to the not heard of any want of attention salaries and expences. The highest to cleanliness. At the Maison de payments of patients is 1300 francs Sante, escapes seldom happen, as the or 541. sterling; the lowest is half patients are always under the eye of that sum.
The 1st physician, Mr. the servants; yet the walls of the Roger Collard, has a salary of 6000 building and garden are not high, and francs or 2501, a year; he resides in it does not present the appearance of Paris. The 2nd physician lives in a place of confinement. There have the house, and has a salary of 2500 been no suicides amongst the patienis, francs or 105). There is a Superiu- but four or five deaths by suffocation tendant or Director whom I saw; I jo eating ; one was choked by a inut. did not inquire his salary, but should ton bone, and when Mr. Goven opensuppose it oot more than half that of ed the body he found another bove the 2nd physician : there is also an had entered the lungs of the same Apothecary. I saw two or three man. Mr. Goven had not heard of Clerks in the Director's Office who the Quaker's Retreat, or of the exseemed fully employed in keeping istevce of such a religious Society as accounts, making out bills, &c. The Quakers. He was extremely atlenestablishment provides servants : tive, and spoke English as well as he there are 40 at present: they reckon could, in order to assist in giving me one to ten patients. A patient may information. On my, road to Cha. have his own servant by paying ex. renton, I passed within about a mile tra. Each sex of patients is attended of the famous old gothic Castle and by servants of the same. The rules Tower or Dunjon of St. Vincennes, are voluminous, but are not in print; the place where Buonaparle murderthey are approved by the Minister of ed the Duke D’Enghien ; I had a the Interior. The patients are class. distinct and full view of it; I had ed as their cases may be; the furious, not, however, time to visit it, for I the composed, and the convalescent, had engaged to dine with at five are kept separate; all have separate at a Restaurateurs, and when I got beds. "Chains have not been used in back from Charenton it was past any of the three Lunatic Establish- seven, and they begav to think me ments of Paris for 20 years; the pa- Jost. Having been prevailed on to tients are confined by strait waist- postpone our departure to-day, and coats and straps. Patients play at to accompany
in a visit to Ver. cards and otber games; some of them sailles, 1 am just returned from are employed in different kinds of thence.
X. work. They are taken into the gar
(To be continued.) den daily, and take exercise ; there are po airing Courts; and only one Mr. URBAN, gardep, which is laid out with shrubs THE Regalia of Scotland are:and flowers, and is in such a stile of neatness, that it is evident the pa. these were constantly kept by the