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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For OCTOBER, 1820.
Oct. 1. At these places Mr. Jowett distriAS S the extension of Christianity, buted copies with grateful acceptand the circulation of the Holy
“ in the former part of July Scriptures, are always interesting to che says) I quitted this populous cayour numerous Readers, allow me to pital of the most aptient of oations, submit the following brief abstract not without feelings of regret, hav. from the Rev. Mr. Jowett's late Re- ing experienced there so many acts port to the Bible Society at Malta on of kindness, miogled with gratitude his return from Egypt, and commu
to Him who had watched over ny nicated in correspondence with the path through the whole length of Society in London. It contains much ihe Land of Egypt.” He then speaks valuable information relative to the of having visited Mr. Lee, lhe Con. present state of Egypt, and other sul, and of his accurate and able serparts of Africa.
vices in this cause, and then proceeds After mentioning, his interview at to state the present condition of Egypt Cairo with Mr. Salt, he was intro- in the following terms: duced to a Prussian Nobleman, who “ Here we behold, though in ciris preparing himself by the study of cumstances of great depression and Arabic for a future journey into Syria ignorance, one body of professing and Persia, and has offered his ser- Christians more numerous than the vices gratuitously to distribute the rest, occupying a line of country not Scriptures. From the Coptic Patri- less than 500 miles in length, and exarch, he, Mr. Jowett, procured a tending their influence Southward becopy of the four Gospels, written in good the Deserts of Nubia and Seona, Coptic and Arabic, in parallel co
into a considerable part of Abyssinia, lumos, who informed him that at identified by name with Egypt, (fur Boosh, there was a Preparatory to hear a native Copt of the interior School, where about 20 youths are pronounce the nanie of his nation el trained for lhe Church ; afterwards Geptai, and compare the sound with removed to the Monastery of Mar oi Asyurtob, is sufficient to prove the Autopius, in the mountains, about identity,) and possessing much iofluthree days journey Eastward of the ence from their habits of business, Nile : here about 50 in number pre- and from their knowledge of the lanpare themselves for the higher sta. guage, long since imposed upon them tions in their Church: from this place by iheir Conquerors, the Copts may the Patriarch himself, the Coptic Bi- certainly be considered as the domishops in Egypt, and the present naut Christiau Church of those parts. Abune of Abyssinia proceeds. "While There are, however, many Greeks, in these Preparatory Studies of va. whose patriarch resides at Cairo: the rious Churches in the East, great at- iofluence of ihis Church is acknow. tention is paid to the recitation of ledged also in a part of Abyssinia ; prayers and liturgical offices, and the otherwise they have no Churches performance of extremely rigid mor- South of Cairo, but consider their tifications ; yet, in the lapse of ages, jurisdiction to reach to Alexandria, the original Word of God has fallen Rosella, Danielta, Suez, Candia, into comparative neglect, and does Tunis, and Tripoli in the West; at not receive that diligent, well-ground- all which places they have Convents, ed, and persevering study which it 80 though at that last mentioned they pre-eminently claims.
have not for many years bad a priest.
The Latips have also eight Convents, as a Christian Dation. That Christifour of which are considerably to the anily would not soon disappear from South of Cairo. The Armoians have the couotry may be inferred from the a Bishop at Cairo, and individuals of great attachment of the people to that nation are situated far to the their religion, ap altachment which South in all the principal towns of has been tried by numerous opposing Egypt, as Bankers to the Govern- circumstances for many centuries. ment.
But how much longer Christianily • Leaving out of our present con. might exist without a general knowsideration the ruling power of the ledge of the Scriptures would be a Turks, and the immensely and ex- bitter experiment to make ; ao extended population of the Arabs, the periment happily not suited to the number of whom is variously esti: benevolent genius of this age.” mated, from two and a half to four If from this brief view of Egypt millions, it is not possible to behold and Abyssinia, we turn our cyes lo without a livels interest, these seve- that vast Coolineot in which these ral Churches of Christians.
Countries lie, with what feelings shall “Among the Copts I found do dif- we rise from such contemplation ficulty in distributing the Arabic Bi- " To what extent have the sciences, bles, but, on the contrary, the greal- the study of barbarous tongues, the est willingness and readiness. Upon experience of travellers, commercial my first arrival at Cairo, on my re. enterprise, and actual converse with turo thither from the Upper Country, the natives, assisted to make Europe subsequently, on my release from acquainted with Abyssinia ! Rather quarantine, in the Consulate, and by should I say to make africa known letters since received from Egypt, to the inhabitants of that planet, in their desire to possess them has been whicb Africa exists! Even the Geomanifested. In endeavouring lo ex- grapher, whose task lies merely with plain to the Patriarch, the Bishops, the surface of the land and sca, con. ibe Lay head of tbeir nation, and to fesses that all he has to shew of Africa others, the objects of the Society- is but as the hem of the they shewed their ignorance of the Every one, however, may in some nature of a voluntary association, and, degree infer the state of Africa, familiarised to fear, they sbriok from partly from general moral principles, ostensible services,” &c.
and partly from a koowledge acquired Among the Jews he had little op- by means of a most demoralizing portunity of inquiry, from the con. traffick. From these too slender prefinement necessarily attendant on the mises, many are led to consider as dif. appearance of the plague both at ficulties nearly insuperable the hosAlexandria and Cairo. South of Cairo lile superstition, the barbarous custhere are none in Egypt. lo Gondar, toms, and savage horrors which reign the Capital of Abyssinia, there are there to an almost unlimited extent; about 1000, who were described by while at the same time, lost in inquiry Mr. Pearce as keeping much to them. concerning the best practical measelves, and being very tenacious of sures, the mind turos alternately from their religious books.
one project to another, and travels “How deeply Christianity," he adds, through all the plays that can be " must once have been seated in the devised, of research, of civilization, hearts of the people of that country, of education, until weary, spiritless, appears from a great variety of and desponding, it is ready to shriok proofs; but oow, nominally a Chris- from. altempting any." lian Empire, it is distracted by the After perusing this very interestfeuds of various chieftains, who as. ing Report, it is wholly unnecessary pire to supreme power, without even to speak of either the zeal and learoå hopeful prospect of peace being ing of Mr. Jowelt, or of the necessettled by the successful authority of sity of aiding him io his laudable exOne. Thus situated, composed of ertions. various Christian, Mahomedan, and The Testaments in Modero Greek Heathen tribes, all independant, fierce, are very acceptable at Smyroa and and warlike, and exposed to incur- the Islands, for Syria, Aleppo, and sions from similar tribes on every side, the Sea Coast of Egypt; but those Abyssinia may fear for ber existence for Mecca and Constantinople are
required in a more elevated and clas. surer, with a metal Box and Coins on a sical style.-The unremitted labour crimson velvet Cushion, and the Brass and cordial good will that animate Plate, thus inscribed : the great design, will accomplish “ This Stone was laid on the 12th day every difficulty, and render the Scrip- of October, A.D. 1820, by Field Marshal tures as familiar there as in ady part his Grace the Duke of Wellington, the of civilized Europe.
Hon. and Rev. G. V. Wellesley, Rector., Devoutly praying for their increase Richard Rattenbury and Richard Mann, and growing success, let
Chris. tian do his part, and then we may in- The Hon. and Rev. G. V. Wellesley, Recdulge the delightful hope that the
tor, supported by his two Churchwardens;
--the Curates and Lecturer of the Parish; time is not far distant, when the
and the Trustees, mighty design of these benevolent IRstitutions shall be accomplished, and
As the procession moved forward, when every buman beingsball be the Rector read the service used on enabled to read in his own tongue similar. occasions'; and, opon apthe wonderful works of God, and see proaching the East end of the Church, them more immediately extended to be deposited the Coins and Brass the establishment of universal righ- Plate, and spread the mortar on the leousness and peace!:.
chief stone, which had been prepared for the purpose; the upper stone was
thea lowered down and secured : and Mr. URBAN, Chelsea, Oct. 12. the ceremony being thus ended, &
N the month of November, 1812, signal was given, and the air rethe Ceremonial of Consecrating the assembled multitude. New Burial Groupd in this Parish by On the next morning the Churchthe Lord Bishop of London : and I wardens received the following Lethave now the pleasure to announce
ter from bis Grace the Duke of Wel. that the first stone of the beautiful lington, slating the reasons of bis nonnew Gothic Church to be built in the attendance. above-mentioned cemetery, which is
“ London, Oct. 13, 1820, generally allowed to be the largest in “GENTLEMEN,—The Rev. Dr. Wellesley the vicinity of London, was laid this will have informed you of the circumstance day, by the Hon. and Rev. G. V. which prevented me from attending ýesWellesley, Rector, as proxy for his terday, according to appointment, the cebrother, his Grace Field Marshal the remony of. Jayiog the first stone of your Duke of Wellington, who was pre
Churcii. I had received his Majesty's comveated from attending, to the great informed Dr. Wellerley, that I could at
mands to attend bis Majesty; and baving regret of all present, by receiving his Majesty's commands to attend his Ma- fore half past five, I was not dismissed till
tend you if dismissed by his Majesty bejesty at his Palace in Pall Mall. Tic
a quarter before six; and I could not hare kets had been issued for the admis- reached Chelsea vilí long after dark. I sion of the parishioners and their then went to the Ordnance; and did not friends, the female part of whom return home till balf past six, when I rewere accommodated in a spacious ceived Dr. Wellesley's note expressing amphitheatre erected at the East end your intention to wait for me till I could of the Church. The fipeness of the come, and your wish that I should attend day, and the brilliancy of so many
you, however late. It was then, however, elegautly-dressed ladies sealed one
quite dark, and I concluded that if I had above another, formed altogether one
gone to Chelsea I should have found noof the most gratifying spectacles that body. I hope that under these circum
stances you will excuse my not having can possibly be conceived. About
attended according to appointment. half-past five o'clock the procession I have the honour to be, Gentlemen, for laying the first Stove moved for your most obedient hunible servant, wards in the following order :
WELLINGTON." His Royal Highness the Duke of York's
The New Church is to be completBand ;-Beadles two and two; -- the Archi- ed in two years, and is calculated to tect, Mr. James Savage, with his Plans;
hold two thousand persoós. ibe Master Builder, with a Silver Trowell, on a crimson velvet Cusbion ;--the Trea.
Oct. 3. I recommended the application of TAE following Leiter, the inno- the cement to the choir, because it graph of the King of Prussia, to work, and it would undoubtedly be the memorable Rousseau, is the pro. improved by any alteration that could duction of the late celebrated Ho- be made; at least on the South aod race Walpole, Lord Orford. It was Eastern parts of it, to which “S.I.A.” the theme of every tongue of the surely canoot object, because a few Literati at Paris and London at the feet of masonry are left at the basetime it was written.
ment of the buttresses: the North “ Le Roi de PRUSSE A MONSR, ROUSSEAU."
side being almost secluded from the public
eye would not require any “ Mon cher Jean JAQUÉS,
ornamental application ; ihe small “ Vous avez renoncé à Genève votre
remains of antiquity on that side Patrie; vous vous ê'es fait chasser de la Suisse Pays tant vanıé dans vos ecrits; la
seem as if left as a guide to the enFrance vous a decreté; venez donc chez quiring Antiquary, with the “mind's moi. J'admire vos talents; je m'amuse de eye” to look beyond the modern invos reveries qui (soit dit en passant) vous
sertions and alterations (I will not occupent trop et trop long tems. Il faut à offend your Correspondent by add. la fin être sage et heureux. Vous avez fait ing of parish carpenters and plasassez parler de vous par des singularités peu terers) and to see this once elegant convenables à un véritable grand homme. structure in the state it was when Demontrez à vos ennemis que vous pou- drawn by the accurate pencil of vez avoir quelquefois le sens commun ; Hollar. cela les fachera sans vous faire tort. Mes
The reason “S. I. A.” gives for Etats vous offrent une retraite paisable. Je vous veux du bien, et je vous en ferai,
removing the arms from the windows si vous le trouvez bon ; mais si vous vous
is such, as any innovator, or defender obstinez à rejetter mon sécours, attendez
of innovations, could be expected to vous que je ne le dirai à personne; si vous ·
adduce, and is in plain words this, persistez à vous creuser l'esprit pour
“ that they are not worth the pretrouver de nouveaux malheurs-choissez servation." The antiept Church itles tels que vous voudrez. Je suis Roi; je self may at some future period meet puis vous en procurer au gré de vos sou- with no better fate.
"A crazy old haits, et ce qui surement ne vous arrivera fabric! a rempant of Popery! pull pas vis-à-vis de vos enuemis. Je cesserai
it down, Mr. Architect, and build a de vous persécuter, quand vous cesserez de modern Church in its place more mettre votre gloire à l'étre,
commodious and comfortable." “ Votre bon Ami, Frederic."
I am sorry that the doorways your David Huine, D'Alembert, Diderot, Correspondent saw should have been and all the wits of the era, lauded closed up, but what else could have this Letter and the Author ad astra. been expected from such restorers,
as he volunteers to defeud? I only Mr. URBAN,
Oct. 5. “ lamented" the loss of such anti.
were visible. It would (p. 113), or any one, could ima- have been presumption to have exgine from my language that I stated pected any others to be brought to ihe West front of St. Katherine's light: at the same time I cannot Church to have remained uninjured; agree with “S. 1. A.” that the traas I well knew it had been cruellycery of the windows was inelegant. innovated upon in a former repair ; It was of that description wbich neither did I represent the North marked the Edwardiao æra, before side of the Nave as remaining un. the introduction of the formal upinjured in all the boary majesty of right divisions, which were in use four hundred years ;” as if such had till the loss of the style. But adbeen the case I could not with any mitting it was even worse thao that propriety have applied the term ve- gentleman asserts, nothing is gained nerable to its appearance. But even by the clumsy garbled imitation a mouldering wall, the work of our which now appears in the windows. ancestors, is more agreeable to the Before I conclude, I should wish, eyes of an Antiquary than the mo- Mr. Urban, to be understood, that dern appearance which the covering neither a spirit of false criticism, nor of ceinent gives this antieot building. I hope aa “ uncandid judgment,"
guides me in my " lamentations,” is customary for professional men to as “S. 1. A.” bas pleasantly styled present (with a very few exceptions) them. If I could see those profes- any desigos but Grecian for Churches. sional men who imitate or restore Such are the majority exhibited at our aotient architecture condescend Somerset House, and in the last exto be guided by the principles which bibition there were three designs for directed their antient predecessors, a Church at Chelsea, all in that style. rather than any modern fancy of I feel confident if the profession ge. their own, I would be the first to re- nerally would submit designs in the cord their praise.
Pointed style, they would in mang Mr. Walters seems greatly to have instances meet with acceptance, in misunderstood my meaning ; the ob- preference to others, except when a ject of my Letter (Aug. Mag. p. 127) spirit of bigoted fanaticism rejected was to shew the superiority of Point them on the ground of their monased Architecture for Churches over tic appearance.
E. 1. C. the Grecian or Roman styles. It Dot my intention to censure
Sept. 15. @conomy; for my remarks as well
THE Origin of names seenis to applied to buildings of stone as brick. have been hitherto rather On the contrary, laudable economy perficially treated ; and there is not is always praiseworthy. But when I wanting reason to lier that from spoke of Churches having plain bo- the surname may be drawn very prodies and equivocal appearances, I bable conclusions respecting not only meant, that if they had been built in the trade or profession of the family's the former style, such remarks could founders, but also their bodily pecunot have been applicable; and if, in- liarities, qualities, accomplishments, stead of the windows I objected to, or defects, and the degree of respec: Pointed arches, embellished with the tability in which they were held ; remullions and tracery so justly ad- markable accidents which have hap, mired in our antieni Churches, had pened to particular persons, are also occupied their situations, little doubt frequently recorded in their surnames. could be entertained of the destina. Those resulting from personal detion of the erection ; and the adop- scription, are probably niuch older tion of any material in their con- than those from trades or professions, struction to save expense, would have these not having been regularly ex: received praise rather than censure. ercised by particular persons, until Mr. Walters must be aware that nations were considerably advanced structures of the Pointed style, as in civilization ; for before that pewell as any other, may be built to riod, every man was his own smith, meet a limited expense; and as he carpenter, mason, &c. and every man allows its superiority for ecclesias- inade his own clothes and shoes. But tical edifices, I cannot agree with from the earliest times, it was peces. him in retaining ihe Grecian and sary to distinguish one man from ano. Roman styles for the reason he meo- ther, which could only be done by ticos ; as sufficient variety may be pointing out personal qualities, or always found in the successive æras places of residence. For John, the of the Pointed style, which are as son of John, or William, would suit essentially different as any of the more than one; but John Crook. five orders.
shanks, the son of John, could only If the Dissenters make it an article of suit a band y-legged many and thus conscience to assemble in plain meet- Mr. Lightfoot, Mr. Golightly, Mr. ing houses, they certainly adoro their Swift, År. Hopper, Mr. Ambler, and pulpits with greater profusion than Mr. Jumper, drew their names from those in the Established Church. The the bodily agility of the first bearers ; reason is obvious ; the pulpit is their and Mr. Heavysides, Messrs. Saunter, altar, and to that their principal at. Onslow, and Waddle, from the contention is directed.
trary quality. The Pains, Akinbeads, How far Parish Committees are Akiosides, Anguishes, and Headacres, guided by their architects, I have as owed their appellations to the doloyet heard nothing to make me aller rous sensations of their ancestors ; my former opinion. But on this while the Wilds, the Sang wines, the head I ask Mr. Walters whether it Joys, the Merrys, and the Bucks, an