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1820.] Compendium of County History - Oxfordshire. 299
ORIEL COLLEGE was founded in 1324 by Edward II. at the instigation of Adam de Brom, Rector of Hanworth, in Middlesex, who was buried jo St. Mary's Church, Oxford, 1332. Its name is derived from a large messuage, called “ La Oroile,” given to the College by Edward III. in 1327, to which the Scholars soon removed. Hall 50 feet by 20. Library 83 feet long, 28, broad, and 20 high. Among the plate are two curious cups, one given by Edward II. (engraved in Geat's. Mag. for May, 1784); the other by Bp. Carpenter.-Of this College, Prelates, Arundel of Canterbury; Butler Of Durham; Pecock of Chichester ; Carpenter, donor of the cup ; and Lloyd (one of the Seveo Bishops) of Worcester. Roman Catholic, Cardinal Allen. Lawyers, the Republican Prynne ; Chief Justices Scroggs, and Holt. Embassador, Sir Henry Uoton.. Seaman, Sir Walter Raleigh. Satirists, Langland, author of * Pierce Plowman ;” and Barclay, of “Ship of Fools.". Divine, Berriman. Wit and Poet, Braithwaite, author of “ Druoken Barbaby." Schoolmaster und Critic, Dr. Joseph Warton.
PEMBROKE COLLEGE was founded in 1624, on the site of Broadgates-hall, by the bequest of Thomas Tesdale, esq. of Glympton, in this county, augmented by Richard Wightwick, Rector of East Ildesley in Berkshire. It was so named in compliment to William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, at that time Chancellor of the University:-0f Broadgates Hall and this College, Prelates, Moore of Canterbury; Newcome of Armagh ; Bonder of London ; and Cardinal Repingdon of Lincoln. Lawyers, Chief Justice Dyer; and Sir WILLIAM BLACKSTONE. Topographers, Camden, and Morant of Essex. Parliamentarian, Pym. Warrior, Carew Earl of Totness. Physician, Sir Thomas Browpe. Classical Scholar, Durell. Metaphysician and Mystic, Henderson. Calvinistic Methodist, Whitfield. Dramatist, Southern. Poets, Shenstope and Graves. Moralist, DR. SAMUEL JOHNsun.
Queen's COLLEGE was founded in 1340 by Robert Eglesfield, Rector of Burgh sultus Staomore in Cumberland, and Confessor to Pbilippa, Queen of Edward III. He was buried in the old chapel of this college in 1349. The present buildings form an oblong 300 feet by 220; and consist of two quadrangles ; the South, begun 1710, architect Hawksmoor, is 140 feet by 130 ; the North is 130 by 90. The Hall is 60 feet by 30: the Library 123 feet Joog. The old song at bringing in the Boar's head to dinoer on Christmasday is given in Gent's. Mag. vol. LII. The modern song is in “ The Oxford Sausage.”—Of this College was HenRY V. who when he appeared before his father Henry IV. on being suspected of an intention to disturb the peace of the realm, was “ apparelled in a gowne of blew sattiv, full of oilet holes, at every hole the needle hangiog bý a silk thred with which it was.sewed.” This dress, which Andrews says has puzzled antiquaries and critics to account for, was emblematical of his peaceful pursuits as an academician of this college, and is a rebus on the name of its founder, Eaglesfield, formed of aiguille needle, and fil thread ; and there is still a custom for the bursar to present at New Year's day to every member of the college a needle and thread, with the advice, “ Take this and be thrifty.”—of this College, the Reformer, WICLIFFE. Prelates, Cardinal Bainbridge of York; Nicholson of Cashel ; CARDINAL BEAUFORT and Langton of Winchester ; Comptop and Gibson of London; Poller of Carlisle ; Barlow of Lincolo ; Carleton of Chichester ; and Tanner of St. Asaph. Lawyers, Chief-Justice Sir John Banks; and Chief-Baron Sir Edward Turnour. Philosopher, Halley. Orientalist, Hyde. Saxonists, Rawlinson ; and Thwaites. Greek Scholars, Mill; and Milton. Biographer, Smith. Arithmetician, Wingale. Lexicographer, Holyoak. Physician, Floyer. Dramatist, Wycherley. Traveller, Shaw. Antiquaries, Burton, commentator on Antoninus, Hugh Todd, and Rowe Mores. Divines, the Northern Apostle, BERNARD GILPIN ; his descendant the amiable William Gilpin, author on the Picturesque ; Seed ; Horneck ; and Rotheram. Poels, ADDISON ; Tickell; Collins; and Dalton. The murdered Sir Thomas Overbury. Buro, author of “ Justice of the Peace.”
St. John's COLLEGE was founded in 1555, and dedicated to “God, the Virgin Mary, and St. John Baptist,” by Sir Thomas Wbile, who was Lord Mayor of London in 1553, and was buried in the chapel of this college, 1566. In ihe Library is a valuable collection of books and MSS. given by Abp.
Laud, who gave also the two brazen statues of Charles I. and his queen by Fanelli, cost 4001. and built three sides of the principal quadrangle, architect, Inigo Jones. The fine East window of the chapel cost 15001. Of this Cola lege, Prelates, LAUD and Juxon of Canterbury (both Presidents of the College, and both buried in its chapel : Laud, who was beheaded, 1644-5, and whose body was removed here from All Hallows, Barking, London, in 1663 ; and Juxon io the same year); Dawes of York; and Mew of Wiochester. Stalesmen, Sir Bulstrude Whitelocke, the annalist ; and Sir William Trombull, friend of Pope. Lawyer, Chief Justice Sir James Whitelocke. Mathematicians and Astronomers, Blagrave; Briggs, first Savilian Professor ; and Edward Bernard (who was buried in this chapel, 1697). Chronologer, Sir Juho Marsham. Physicians, Levinz; JAMES; and Monro. Botanists, How ; Sherrard; and Dillenius. Antiquarics, Dr. Richard Rawlinson (whose heart is in an urn in this chapel, 1755); Dr. Ducarel; and Sir Joseph Ayloffe. Political Economist, Tucker, Dean of Gloucester. Political Party-writer, Amherst. Schoolmasters, Bonwicke; and Bishop the poet. Jesuit, Campian. Dramatists, Shirley; and Higgons. Dramatic Commentator, Whalley.
TRINITY COLLEGE was founded in 1554-5, and dedicated to "the Holy and Undigided Trinity,” by Sir Thomas Pope, Privy Counsellor to Henry VII. and Mary I. He died in 1558-9, and was buried in St. Stephen's, Walbrook, London, whence his body was removed to this chapel in 1567. The altarpiece is beautifully carved by Grivling Gibbons. Among the plate is ao exquisitely engraved silver chalice, given by Sir Thomas Pope, which belonged to the Abbey of St. Alban's.—of this College, Prelates, SHELDON of Canterbury; Cobbe of Dublin ; WARD of Salisbury; Ironside and Ralph Bathurst (monument in this chapel, 1704) of Bristol. Slatesmen, Calvert first Lord Baltimore ; Montague Earl of Halifax; Pitt EARL or Chatham; and Lord North, afterwards Second Earl of Guildford. Lawyers; Selden and Lord Chancellor SOMERS. Divines, CHILLINGWORTH; Derhain ; and Whitby. Naturalist, Evelyn, author of “Sylva.” Republican Generals, Ireton ; and Ludlow. Traveller, Sir Henry Blount. Mathematicians, Allen ; Gillibrand, and Potter. Poets, Sir John Denham ; Settle ; Merrick ; Thomas Warlon (monument in the chapel, 1790); and Headley. Founder of the Poetry Lec-' ture, Birkinhead, Political Writer, Harrison), author of “Oceana.” Anti. quaries, Aubrey; Wise; and Lethuellier. Heraldic Writer, Sir Edward Bysche. Collector, Coxeter. Hydraulist, Sir John Ford.
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE was founded in 1280 by the University, with the money bequeathed by William of Durham, who died at Rouen 1849. Front 260 feet. The West quadrangle is 100 feet square. The East Court has only three sides, each about 80 feet long.–Of this College, Prelates, Abbot and Potter of Canterbury ; Matthew of York; RIDLEY of London ; Skirlaw, Cardinal Langley: and Sherwood of Durham; Flemming of Lincolo ; aud Lyttelton of Carlisle. Lawyers, Sir Dudley Digges; Chief Justice Sir George Cooke; and Sir Robert Chambers. General, Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia. Mathematicians, Leonard' and Thomas Digges. Saxonist, Elstob. Orientalists, Loftus ; and SIR WILLIAM JONES (cenotaph by Flaxman in the chapel, he died 1794). Historians, LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY ; and CARTE. Poets, Stanghurst; and Jago. Dramatic Biographer, Langbaine. Physician, RADCLIFJE. Divine, Bingham. Roman Catholic, Walker. Nonconformist, Flavel.
WADAAN COLLEGE was founded in 1610, from the bequest of Nicholas Wadham, esq. of Edge, in Somersetshire, and by Dorothy, his widow, the daughter of Sir William Petre. Cost 10,8161. 78. 8d. The Hall is 70 feet by 35. Library 55 by 30. Chapel 70 by 30. Anti-chapel 80 by 35. The East window finely painted by Van Linge. The origin of the Royal Society was in the philosophical meetings held over the gateway in this college under its warden, Dr. Johu Wilkins (afterwards Bp. of Chester), from 1652 to 1659, when be was made Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. - Of Wadbam, Prelates, WILKINS of Chester ; Gauden of Worcester ; Ward of Salisbury ; Sprat of Rochester; and Ironside of Bristol. Lawyer, Chief Justice Prait. Physicians, Mayow and Austen. Astronomer, Costard. Speaker of the House of Commons, Onslow. Pocts, Wilmot Earl of Rochester ; Sir Charles
301 Sedley ; Dr. Trapp; and Walsh. Translators, Creech, and Sydenbam. Hebrician, Kennicott. Persian Lexicographer, Richardson. Classical Scholar, BENTLEY. Philologist, Harris. Divine, Dr. Humphrey Hody (buried in the · Chapel, 1706). Admiral, BLAKE. Architect, Sir CHRISTOPHER WREN. Botanist, Warner.
WÓRCESTER COLLEGE was founded in 1714, from the bequest of Sir Thomas Cookes, Bart. of Bentley Pauocefort in the county of Worcester, whence its nāme. It was erected on the site of Gloucester Hall, so called from the title of Richard de Clare, 3d Earl of Gloucester, who resided there in 1260, and was converted into a Seminary for Mooks in 1283, in which were educated the Historians of Walsiogham and Winchcombe, and Whethamstede, Abbot of St. Alban’s. The Hall and Chapel are each 60 feet by 30. The Library, which is rich in architectural books and MSS. is 100 feet long.-Of Gloucester Hall, Traveller, Coryate. Mathematician, Allen. Poet, Lovelace. Philosopher, Sir KENELM DỊGBY. First Historical Professor, Weare. Of Worcester College, Comedian, Foote. Physician, Wall. Hebrician, Blayney.
(To be continued.)
Mr. Urban, Under Salisbury Plain. to be seen, is a sort of subterraneous UCHA [PHANT or Urcbfont House is cavern, reported to have been a depot
the residence of Mrs. Compton, for the plunder, and hiding-place of a a short distance from Devizes, in the notorious robber by the name of county of Wilts. It was built by Sir Wapley, alias Quabb, who was after. Win. Pynsint, who gave this and his wards tried and executed. other property to the late Lord Chat Yours, &c.
CLERICUS. ham, on account of his political character. Lord Chatham afterwards sold it to the Duke of Queensbury,
TOUR IN YORKSHIRE. who leased it out on lives. It is held
(Continued from p. 228.) Bowmnder.me Salmenes South The situation ff the town of Pouna field in this parish, adjoining to Wick- spacious and well built, and its marham Green, the property of Wm. ket (on Saturday) is considerable, and Tinker, Esq. of Littleton, in this well supplied. There are many good county, are three graves, of John, shops ; and an air of cheerful nealJacob, and Humphry Giddons, who ness seems generally to prevail. Beare said to have died of the plague. sides the Church there are places of Il appears, indeed, from the Parish divine worship appropriated to Me Register, that this disorder, raged in thodists, Quakers, and Independents. the parish in the year 1644, and it is There is also a Free Grammar School natural to conclude that the above- founded by Queen Elizabeth, a Chamestioned persons were buried at that rity School supported by subscription, time, though there is no mention of and several alms-houses, endowed by their names in the Register. There Dr. Watkinson. The civil jurisdicis also a very remarkable circum- tion of the Borough is vested in the stance handed down to posterity, of Mayor and twelve Aldermen, who the Minister of the Parish of Urch are all Justices of the Peace ; and foot (Mr. Peter Glassbrook), his son, their Towo Hall, which is a large and four grandchildren, having died and not inelegant building, besides in the plague, and that they were bu- being used for the meetings of the ried by the bands of a maid seryant, Corporation, has holden ip it the the only one who survived, in the Easter Quarter Sessions for the whole Vicarage house. A few years since, West Riding of Yorkshire. the Rev. Mr. Smith, late Vicar of this The Borough has sent two memParish, wishing to add to the height bers to Parliament ever since the 23d of bis rooms, suok the floor; in doing of Edw. I., the right of election bewhich, a number of human bones ing in the resident bouseholders, cal. were found, which in a great mea culated at about 620. sure substantiates this traditionary There was formerly a market cross, account. In the same field where called St. Oswald's Cross, which was the tbree graves above-mentioned are taken down in the year 1735, and on
the place of its site, a bandsone dome of both sexes belonging to their pererected, which is supported by Doric suasion. pillars. This appears to be a fashion This establishment having been rein Yorkshire, as a similar building is peatedly described in pript*, there is observable at Beverley.
the less necessity for enlarging upon Contiguous to the town is the park, the particulars of its plan, which, a common pasture, on which every however, may be said with great housekeeper has a right to feed a cow truth to reflect the bighest credit or horse by day, upon the payment of upon those to whom the community a small acknowledgment to the Cor. is indebted for its original design, and poration. On this ground there are for the laudable and exemplary manannual Races, often well attended, ner in which it. bas been uniformly and a commodious stand has been conducted. The edifice itself occubuilt for the use of the company. pies a rising ground, and consists of a
Thepursery grounds, which prettily centre and two wings connected to border the town of Pontefracl op the the main building by colonnades: the South-West, are said to be the oldest whole of white stone dug near the as well as the most extensive of the spot, and strongly and durably erectkind, in the North of England. ed, without ornament or decorativn.
About a mile and half from Ponte of the internal economy of the fract once stood a Castle belonging to School, the highest character is given the Dukes of Lancaster, and the bill by the inhabitants of the neighbour, there is still denominated Castle Syke hood, not only those who are conor Site. In a park on the right hand nected with the Quakers, but by all (when passing towards Ackworth) is of every denomination and descrip& mansion, during many years the tiop: and from the remarkable cirresidence of the Countess Dowager of cumstance of there never haviog yet Mexborough. It commands fine rich occurred a single instance of gross views, and a distant prospect of the or highly reprehensible misconduct magnificent seat of the Winns, for- amongst the persons who are conmerly the great Priory of Nostell. cerned in the Institution, or the
Descending into Ackworth, the ap- youth under their care, it may be pearance of the Church on a beauti. fairly inferred that no ordinary deful hill, and the voble edifice which gree of merit and of discretion are has been converted into a school for and have been united to produce so the children of Quakers, as well as remarkable an instance of the judimany other buildings, are remarkably cious and faithful' appropriation of a striking.
charitable fuod. The name of Ackworth is said to The parish church appears, from be derived from the abundance of its style of architecture, to have been oak trees in the neighbourhood. erected about the thirteenth century, Oak is still pronounced yack io some
and in the church are several monuparts of Yorkshire.
ments : amongst them one in memory This village is supposed to be one of a branch of the Lowthers of Lowof the most healthy in the whole ther in Westmoreland. Agaiost the island, at least if credit may be given wall is a tablet, under two Gothic to the tables published by the learned arches, erected in memory of Frances, and ingenious Dr. Percival of Man. daughter of Jobo Saville, Earl of chester, who calculated the average Pomfret, and wife of the Rev. Dr. number of deaths at a remarkably Bradley, Rector of Ackworth, and low rate. It was probably on that Chaplain to Charles I., who in that account selected for building an ap- capacity attended the unfortunato pendant nursery to the Fouudliny Monarch in his last moments. Hospital in London, which lostilu- the death of the King, Dr. Bradley tion, however, having after some was deprived of his benefice, but reyears declined, afforded by the sale of stored to it after the return of the premises at Ackworth, an oppor. Charles II. There is also a tunity which was eagerly embraced ment in memory of Edward Watkinby some benevolent Quakers, of converting it to its present highly-useful soin's " Hints to promote Beneficence,"
* See particularly vol. III: of Dr. Lettand beneficial purpose,
that of a
&c. in which work is given an elevation of School for the education of children the House at Ackworth.
1820.] Ackworth. --Mr. John Simpson.--Antient Anecdotes. 303 son, son of Dr. W. Watkioson, of mounted with a richly-carved frieze ; whom a very curious but correct ac round the whole runs a guillochi, count was inserted in the St. James's charged with roses, and inclosing Chronicle in October or November, above the table a circular-headed 1804.
niche, containing a fine bust of the The rectory of Ackworth is in the deceased, by Chantrey. The whole is gift of the King as Duke of Lancas executed in beautiful statuary marler, and the parsonage house adjoin. ble. The Inscription is in Roman ing the churchyard is remarkably capitals. pleasant, the grounds belonging to it
“ John Simpson, born at Stenhouse in being laid out with taste, and diversi
Midlothian, 1755, died in this parish, June fied by a lawn, shrubbery, groves, 15th, 1815. As a man, he was inoral, water, and a grotto.
gentle, social, and friendly; in his proOpposite to the Church is an alms. fessional capacity, diligence, accuracy, house, built and endowed by Marg and irreproachable integrity, insured him Lowther, about the year 1741, for esteem and coufidence wherever he was school-master and six poor widows, employed,
And lasting monuments of with a stipend to each.
his skill and ability will be found in the
building of this Church, which he superThere are many pretty neat residences in and near the town, and a
intended; the Bridges of Bewdley, Dun
keld, Craig Ellacbie, and Bonar; the Aquechalybeate spring of coosiderable
ducts of Pontcysylie, and Chirk, and the strength, has long been occasionally Locks and Basins of the Caledonian Canal, resorted to by invalids, but without The strength and maturity of his Chrishaving arisen to any great degree of tian faith and hope were seen conspicuous celebrity.
in his last illness. To bis exemplary conBefore I close my remarks, it may
duct as a husband and a father, his af. not be impertinent to add, that the
flicted widow and daughters erect this Jate celebrated Dr. Buchan once re
memorial of affection and regret." sided at Ackworth, and here com Yours, &c.
D. PARKES. posed some of his medical works : that Dr. Watkinson here wrote a
Ancient Anecdotes, &c. Treatise on Economy; and Dr. Jona from VALERIUS MAXIMUS, than Bions, the able and indefatigable
by Dr. Carey, West Square. physician and superintendant of the Quakers' School, produced a very
(Continued from p. 34.) useful preliminary work, entitled "A N the course of his victorious ca. Introduction to English Grammar.” reer, Alexander the Great, having
The village of Ackworth is popu. violently heated himself by a forced lous, the neighbouring lands fruitful march on a sultry day, had the imand productive, and the estates con prudence to plunge into the river sequently valuable. The manor is Cydnus, whose waters were remarkheld in the name of seven persons able for their extreme coldvess. The chosen out of the body of freeholders, consequence of this rash act was such but is properly vested in them all as might naturally have been expectcollectively; and the seven trustees ed:
l: a universal chill and torpor seized are denominated the Lords. Ack. his whole frame; and be was taken worth Park is a separate and distinct out senseless, and, to all appearance, manor, not, as I understand, in any nearly dead. He recovered his senses, respect dependent upon the greater, however, but still lay dangerously ill; which, if I am correctly informed, is when, in a consultation of his medis not called a paramount manor.
cal attendants, it was determined that Yours, &c.
VIATOR. a certain potion should be adminis
tered to him, which was accordingly Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, July 25. prepared by his chief physician, Phi. N addition to the account of the lip. Meantime, a letter had arrived
from Parmenio, one of his generals, vol. LXXXV. i. 572, 1 inclose you cautioning the king against that same the Inscription ou a Monument' re. Philip, as bribed by the Persian mo. ceotly erected in the Church of St. narch Darius, to poison his master. Chad. The Monument consists of a Alexander read the lelter, but did not table deeply panelled, flanked with a communicate it to any person, uptil fluted pilaster on each side, and sur Philip entered with the bowl con.
I Made diSimpson of this town, in