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taining, either the vital or the of genius with whom, by accident, I deadly draught. Al that critical mo- lately became acquainted; hoping ment, the king presented the letter through the medium of a Publication to Philip with one hand, while, with 80 generally circulated and so adthe other, he took the bowl, and fear- mired as the Gentleman's Magazine, lessly quaffed its contents.-The event to attract the notice of the enlightenrewarded his generous confidence with ed towards one on wbom Nature has a speedy and effectual recovery. conferred such talents as ought not to Lib. 3, 8, 6 Extern.

be lost to society from want of enThe celebrated geometrician and couragement. astronomer, Archytas of Tarentum, During the last month, wbile redisplayed, on a trying occasion, an siding at Clifton, I frequented Mr. example of coolness and self-com. Lane's Library there, and found much mand, which might serve as a useful pleasure in conversing with the very lesson to those irascibie mortals who obliging and respectable Proprietor, are over-hasty to inflict punishment who ove day speaking of Paioling, for every slight offence.--Having been informed me that there was an unlong absent from home, while altend- taught Artist living next door to his ing the lectures of Pythagoras in a house, whose works had a considerdistant city - on his return, he found able share of merit ; and that he his land in a state of ruinous waste, wished me to see him, and some of through the culpable negligence of his performances. Soon after a young his steward.—That painful discovery man presented himself, and produced naturally excited a wrathful emotion a copy in oils, on wood, of a wellin his bosom: yet he repressed his known original Portrait of Mary, rising passion, and, turning to the Queen of Scots, executed by him guilty slave, simply said to him, “I chiefly by candle-light, and under tbe would severely punish you, were it further disadvantages of never havnot that I am angry. - Lib. 4, l, ing seen a picture painted, never 1 Extern.

been taught to draw, knowing doPittacus, one of the famed Seven thing of the art of mixing colours, Sages, had been billerly and scurri and being perpetually taken off from lously lampooned by the poet Al his pursuit by the duties of his humcæus, and was afterward, by the free ble station, that of footman to a lady choice of his fellow citizens, invested of distinction. His portrait of the with the absolute sovereignty of Mic lovely and luckless Mary (which is tylenè, his native city, which was also but copied from a copy) has been the birth-place and residence of the declared to evince great natural satirist. Thus exalted, the injured powers; and the same praise bas been sage had ample means of vengeance given by several who have seen them, against his enemy, and mighi bave to different productions of his pencil, taken his life, as the forfeit for his mostly likenesses, as large as life, of wanton attacks : but he contented individuals among his acquaintances. bimself with gently' hinting to him, The applause of the unskilful is how completely he now had him in worthless; I therefore withhold mine ; his power.--Lib. 4, 1, 6 Extern. but cannot help saying, that I wish

The Syrian monarch, Antiochus the the abilities and enthusiasm of this Great, after having been conquered man could meet with so much attenby Scipio Asiaticus, and stripped of a tion from a discerning and generous considerable portion of his dominions, Publick as might lead to his obtainwas often heard to acknowledge him. ing some lessons of instruction in the self much obliged to the Romans for delightful art, for the cultivation of that privation, as for an important which Nature seems to have designed service ; since, by narrowing the him. The name of the person who boundaries of his kiogdom, they had is the subject of this communication, relieved him from the laborious ma is somewhat remarkable ; and he is a nagement of too extensive an empire. native of a county to which Eogland -Lib. 4, 2, 9 Ext.

is already indebted for no less a man (To be continued.)

than the illustrious Jobo Opie. Han

NIBAL LYNE comes from Helstope in Mr. URBAN, Bath, Aug. 5. Corowall, where he was for some I

PRESUME to trouble you with a years an assistant gardener in a Clershort account of an obscure man gyman's family.

E. M.


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1820.] John Bowles, Esq.-- Account of Rio de Janeiro. 305 Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 1. by a lofty flight of stone steps. The N vol. LXXXIX. ii. p. 565, you Royal apartments are situated in the

have given a just Memoir of the wing fronting the water ; it is pleaJale John Bowles, Esq.; to which you saut for a commercial residence; but may adil, that he was adınitted to the for a Royal palace it is too near the degree of Bachelor of Laws in the noise and bustle of the town. The University of Douay, 25th March, drawing room leads through a range 1779; and to that of Licentiate in of apartments united by folding-doors, the same University, 11th May, 1781. the ceiling is richly stuccoed and gilt, A marble Tablet has atly been

and the es are hung with gobelin erected to his memory* in the South- tapestry and mirrors, with a few porwest aile of the Abbey Church, at traits of the Royal Family Adjoin. Bath ; of which I send you a correcting the Palace is the Chapel, attached Drawing. (See Plate II.)

to a square tower, in which there is Yours, &c.

E. D. a ponderous bell suspended, which in

ringing projects out of the window; Account or R10 de JANEIRO. and produces a most dull and heavy (Continued from p. 197.)

sound. The facade of the Chapel, HE Aqueduct is a most useful and

towards the square, forms a pediment, THE laudable work. The oulline and

ornamented with pilasters, and the plan of this immense structure is

entrance from the square is by a flight grand, but the materials used in its

of steps over a wooden platform. coostruction are bad, the whole being

The interior of this Chapel dazzles the built with small stones, and faced wită sight, by the elaborate profusion of half-burnt bricks; and the mortar, carving and gilding with which it is from the sandy, quality of the male

ornamented ; the ceiling is stuccoed rials mixed with it, wants adhésion; and painted in fresco, and, ranged on therefore it requires continual repairs each side, there are twelve half-length to keep it in order, and preserve the portraits, representing the Apostles regular channel for the conveyance

with their attributes; the altar-piece of the water with which the whole is a picture of the Adoration of the town is supplied through this mediumthe King, with some of the Royal

Virgin, in which a strong likeness of from a distance of six miles. principal division of this pile is con

Kamily, are introduced,--the figures structed on the plan of the antient

are in the act of makiog genuflections Roman works of a similar descrip. the Virgin is pourtrayed with the

with clasped and uplifted bands, and tion; and it extends nearly 1200 paces child in her arms, surrounded by an, over a narrow valley, and unites two inountains: the water is thus convey

gels immerging from a radiant cloud ed in a direct line to the street oppo

of glory; this picture is allowed by site the entrance of the King's garden, alle merit. There is a lofty, organ in

the best judges to possess considera where a magoificent fountain of granite receives it, and from thence the the gallery opposite the aliar, richly

ornamented with cherubins and an. eleinent is cooveyed by pipes to the monastery of St. Anthony, and the gels, in sculpture and gilding. The Palace Square, and from thence distria establishment of this edifice is on a buted through the same medium to grand and most expensive scale.-the other quarters of the towu.

Amongst the vocal performers there The Palace Square, opposite to the

are three Italians (eunuchs), who are principal landing-place, is small; it cousidered to be first-rate singers, and contains the Palace Royal Chapel, retained at enormous salaries; the ayd Carmelite Church. The Palace instrumental performances are excel

lent. is a plain building of granite and free:

The Clergy attached to this stone, of three stories, with balconies; Chapel wear cocked hats with purple it is spacious. The principal entrance stockings, which gives them a singuleads to a guard-room, from which

lar appearance: the ascent to the upper apartments is

The Carmelite Church, which is

altached to the Chapel, is, like those * The Epitaph is so legible on the already described, profusely carved, Plate, that we need not repeat it here.- gilt, and painted; in fact, the interior

EDIT. has more the appearance of an opera Gent. Mag. Oclober, 1820.


house than a temple dedicated to the The Cemetery of this Church is in worship of the Deity, particularly the form of a square, iuclosed with a during the processions, which are the colonoade; under the arcades there most gaudy pageants that can be ima are niches elevated about six feet gined. Here they are got up, to make above the ground, they are numbered use of a theatrical expression, in a in progression, and each serves as a true pantomimical taste, and the place of interinent; it is decorated whole arranged in heraldic order. with flower-pots aud vases. In ........, 1819, we saw this splen. The mode of interment is to briog did religious exhibitions the first the corpse, dressed in the best apobject was a wooden image of the parel, on a bier into the Church, Crucifixion, as large as life, which where it is placed on a pedestal; thea was fixed on a pedestal, and carried a procession of Monks come out of out of the Church by four stout the sanctuary, each with a lighted Monks; the next in succession were taper in his hand, and the whole the twelve Apostles, conveyed in the chaunting the burial service, whilst same manner; the host then follow. making continual genuflections, sprined, carried under a canopy of satin, kling ihe body with holy water, and fringed with gold, and glittering with offering up smoking frankincense diamonds, and supported by four from a silver vase. When this part bishops, clad in splendid. pontifical of the funeral rites is performed, a robeg. On each side of the host silent tribute of devotion takes place twelve young girls appeared dressed to invocate the mercy of God to the as angels with wings affixed to their soul of the departed; when this is shoulders. After this part of the over, the body is removed to the seceremony passed, ifty Monks ap- pulchre attended by six Monks, the peared marshalled three deep, with relations following, dressed in black each an immense wax candle blazing robes, the whole carrying, lighted in his hand, to close the cavalcade, candles, when the body is deposited attended by a band of music, and in the niche, without a coffiu; then guarded by a company of soldiers the principal Monk takes a shovel of with fixed hayonets. During its pro- quick-lime from a bay, and strews it gress through the streets, several over the body, after which he sprinpieces of cannon were fired from the kles it with the holy water ; the Palace Square, discharges were heard other Priests and persons present from the forts and ships of war in proceed in the same manner; when the Bay, sky-rockets and fire. works the body being sufficiently covered were displayed from the tower and with lime, the niche is closed up roof of the Carmelite Church, the with brick and mortar, the candles bells of all the churches in the city are extinguished, and the funeral ob. continued to riog, all the houses were sequies end. This is the general illumioaled, the streets were covered manner of interment; there are no with bonfires, amidst the ratiling of burial grounds or church-yards approdrums and the sound of trumpets; in priated for interments, and the floor fact, this day was devoted to idleness; of every church is divided into comno business was transacted, all the partments which are numbered, and shops were shul, and the whole of the each is the separate property of a population, men, women, and chil- private family; -in fact, from the dren, turved out, dressed in their best heat of the climate, and the exploded habiliments, and paraded the streets and antiquated custom of burying in all night.

churches, it this mode of burging was The Church of St. Francisco de not adopted to destroy the bodies, Paulo, which stands in a square at pestilence and the most fatal coosethe entrance of the Rua de Ovidoro, quences resulting from contagion, is a modern building, and in its con. might ensue, to the manifest destrucstruction the most simple, chaste, tion of the lives of the surviving inha. and unadorned structure in the town; bitants. There are

some families the froot is a regular piece of archi. that preserve the bones of their antecture of the Ionic order; it is orna ceslors for this purpose. After the mented with two steeples, a lofty flesh is consumed by the corrodiog flight of steps, and a magnificent por- operation of the lime, the bones are tico.

gathered from the ground, and depo

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