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1820.] Baptism of Infants.--Dr. Greene vindicated. 307 sited in boxes, which are preserved in Church, who can only hope that such a bone-house attached to the Ceme- instances are rare. tery. The name of the deceased is And here I am led to advert to ap inscribed on each box in golden let inattention (to say the least of it) of ters, and some of those frail memo. which many Clergymen are, I bave rials of mortality--the boast of he reason to believe, guilty ; I mean that raldry, the pomp of power, are co of deferring the entry in the Regisvered with velvet, and studded with ter of private baptisms, until the pub. gold and silver nails. A. SInnoT. lic receiving into the Church of

children so baptized. A nument's Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 8. reflection must convince any person LLOW me to offer a few lines on that the Baptismi, though done pri

valely, is the thing to be registered, of your Correspondent“ C. S.” (Part not the public receiving into the i. p. 513.)

Church, os the baptism. Moreover, A worthy Dignitary of our Church, the late Register Act positively rein a lale extensive Visitation of quires that the Register of “

every Churches which he made, found that Baptisms, whether private or public,” common basins were the general sub shall be entered, “as soon as possistitutes, in the country villages at least, ble after the solemnization of it ;" instead of the actual Fonts, for the re but“ in po case, unless prevented by ceiving of the water in the office of sickness or unavoidable impediments, baptism. After he returned home, later than within seven days after it." he devised a remedy for what he I will only add my servent aspirathought an indecorous practice. He tion, that, with every brother of my made a drawing, or a model (I know order, not only a strict adherence to not which) of a vessel for the purpose, the Rubricks of our excellent Liturgy, with

sonie appropriate ornaments and a reverent and decent performupon it, to staod in any Font. A ance of all the offices belooging to it, mould has been cast for it, and sone but also a due obedience to the Acts specimens of it made by Spode the of Parliament that direct our conStaffordshire-ware manufacturer; and duct in any particular, may be consithey may be had, I am informed, at dered as matters of conscience ! Spode's, for a moderate price. The CLERICUS SURRIENSIS PRIMUS. first time I may be in towo, I shall certainly procure one of them for use in the parish where I live: and it will

Mr. URBAN, Oxford, Sept. 14. always been, to used for dotes” . this purpose) that it be kept clean,

and illiberal attack on the memory of and that the water put into it be pure.

the late Dr. Greene. The writer of I agree with " C. S.” most fulls, this insidious article commences with that " where the Rubrick is precise

ao allusion to the establishment of in its directions, no Minister is at li- discipline and good order at Christ berty to act contrary to it.” So it Church by the late Dean, and he has been invariably my practice to

states that similar regulations were refuse to administer baplisin, in the afterwards adopted in the other Col. Church, and at the Font: peilber leges and most of the Halls. The have l' ever administered it in the improved condition of Magdalen Hall private form, except in such cases is dated from the time that Dr. as are warranted by the Rubrick. Greene resigned the offices of ViceAnd the public receiving of the Principal and Tutor. Notwithstand. children, só baptised by me, “ inlo ing the “ nil nisi bonum," the Doctor the congregation of Christ's flock,” is charged with having confined the has always followed, if the child Greek studies of his junior pupils to lived, in the Church. The “irre the Gospel of St. John, and ine read. verent, slovenly, and indecent man. ing of the candidates for honours to ner” of performing the office of Bap the Anabasis of Xenophon. Zñte tism, in the instance alluded to by concludes with an anecdote which “C. S.” must shock every serious bears the most evident marks of Christian and true member of our falsehood as well as malevolence. A public form, ia any place but the pupil finding van inclination to read a


be my hare to see has indeed it bas Under the head of Oxford Anec

Greek author placed beyond lhe pale ral immortality of the soul bas gene. of Dr. G.'s recommendation, requests rally prevailed among the heatheus, his assistance in the study of the Tra- and even among barbarous and sagedies of Sophocles," the wining * vaye nations, upheld by traditionary Tutor replied-paltry book, paltry evidence, and by that native power book ; better take up the Offices at of reason and observation, which once.” A Tutor of more than 30 most men hare the gift of exercising years standing, is thus made to re for themselves. He has further en. commend bis pupil to take up, for deavoured to found the principle for bis Greek examination, the Offices of which he contends, on sound arguCicero-Credut Judæus !

ment, and examines closely that eviWhy should this anonymous writer device wbich may be marshalled in thus wantonly and uselessly wound support of the positions to which he the feelings of the friends of the de- inclines his creed. He at one time ceased? Can it be for the purpose of views the ills, the complexions, and lavishing praise on others at ihe ex. the changes, and draws an estimate pence of Dr. Greene's character ; of the pleasures which mark bu. This surely cannot be agreeable Aal man life; at another tries to alatery, even to the only gentleman lyze the secret aspirations which whom it can directly affect. Mayda. each individual feels concerning a fulen Hall is certainly a most respect. ture existence and consciousness. able house of education. It was so, The exceptions of certain philosolikewise, when the learned Professor phers to inis evidence and this light Ford presided, and Dr. Greene was are likewise touched upon, and desigVice-Principal and Tutor. Educa. nated as sophistical and fallacious. tion, inorals, and discipline, were then This great question, which forms the as much attended to as now; and, I subject of Browne's philosophical believe, the occurrences of Exami. Poem, likewise involves much lati. nates belonging to that Society tude of thought. And here, perhaps, shining in the Examination Lists, are if it be asserted ibat the surmises of not now more oumerous and striking untutored nature spon this recondite than they were seven or eight years question are faint and indistinct; it ago.

D. L. may be asked, on the other hand, are

the assurances which we receive froin Poems OF LUCRETIUS, Pope, &c. Scripture authority every way tendWITH CRITICAL REMARKS. iny to satisfy that curiosiiy and thirst

for new ideas which will sometimes (Continued from p. 209.)

agitate the well-exercised and aspiring F the subject which elevated or in. mind? The reality of such existence

voked the Muse of Pope, was ve with pious gratitude discover,not inferior to that which found so but the mode in which our intelleceminent a place in the lhoughts and tual energies are to expand, is still the poetry of Lucretius,--the rauk mysteriousis still unknown. and dignity of the theme upon If the aspiratious of human reason which Browne has expatialed, yields are destined to feel their native im. in degree to none,- from the deep becility, when endeavouring to dig emotions of personal interest which in this fathomless mine, the divine it involves, and its general concern and the theologian, when he wishes inent, it is, perhaps, of all others

to attain greater clearness on these which can come under the views of important matters, or to ascertain philosophy, accompanied with com

any thing beyond the simple assur. manding and digoified importance.

ance which ihe Scriptures reveal, Browne's couception and arrange will find his views clouded with an ment of the various parts of his sub. obscurity through which he is equally ject is peculiarly happy, and calcu unable to pierce.

Although the Jated to impart a proper effect to weakness which overshadows our naspeculations of an elevaled nature.

ture and circumscribes its intelligeoce He has, in the course of his Poem, for the most part to this single state pursued a series of enquiries, all tend of being, needs the consulatory asing to support and corroborale the

surances of Revelation, whose bright fact, that an impression of the natu- and full effulgence unquestionably * What does Zñta mean by wining? eclipses the twilight of our glimmer

1820.) Philosophical Poems of Lucretius, Pope, Browne, &c. 309 ing taper, yet reason and moral feel of the soul. Those among the Ining, which, originally implanted by a diaps, called Brachmans, we are likeBeneficent Creator in the human wise told by Strabo, Jooked forward breast, still glow with unabated to a stale of the bighest happin css warmth, are yet capable of antici which was to attend them after this pating and believing what may never life, which belief is also professed by iheless receive additional strength of most of the roving tribes of Tartars evidence from Divine Trutb.

who inhabit the central parts of Asia In the developement of his subject, at this day. Herodotus states it as a Browne has adduced extensive autho. current opinion among the Egyptians, rilies in support of this sentiment that the soul of man was immortal,which he adopts, but the catalogue the Sarmatians, the Scythians, and might have been considerably en. Gomerians, are thought to have prolarged and augmented. If, with this fessed, in the prinitive ages of the view, we consult those oracles of world, this doctrine ; and concerning Jearning and research Warburton and the Tbracians and Germans, Josephus, Cudworth, their testimony may serve Solinus, and others, although they to prove,- the one that among most affirm a diversity of opinions to have human establishments that existed in prevailed, relate that many favourthe antient world, this doctrine was ed the notion of the soul's surviving promulgated and enforced by the its corporeal machine, and being most eininent legislators,--and the translated into some happy stale, other, that with most of the sages of which had doubtless a reference to speculative reasoning it was favoured, one common immortality. Most of and sometimes openly maintained. the sects anjong the Hindoos in mo

Pherecydes, Pyinagoras, and Thales, dero India have, it is well known, if they did not support the opinion of some faint indistinct reference to a the soul's immortality in its purer future existence, and a state of resense, taught its transmigration, and wards and punishments,—and the saconsequently its incorporeality, and, by vage and migratory tribes which bora pretly plaio inference, its imperish- der upon Canada and the Great Lakes, ability. If Plato and Socrates, by an have one wuiforin tradition of the tasy and reprehensible acquiescence soul's surviving the body, and its sein the pagan rites of their country, parate and eternal consciousness in which we feel at a loss to reconcile The world of spirits. with their philosophical dignity of Such are the testimonies, and such mind, professed and even publicly the flow of speculation, which spontaught ihe worship of heathen gods, taneously offer themselves whilst they certainly, and especially the lat. viewing the subject of the De Immor. ter, through The light and exercise of talitate Animi; in the course of which their Owo reason,

had attained to its author examines the various temuch purer ideas of the soul's fu Dels which his design brings before ture existence than attached to the him with calmness and intelligence, gross and sensual creed of their con and may be said to be prompt in distemporaries.

tinguishing truth, and firm io reject. Cicero, it is well known (to saying error. nothing of the faiot surmises, all tend. Among productions in our laning to the same end, of Seneca, Plu- guage, which have beeu thought to tarch, and others), has, in his “De come under the denomination of pbiSenectute," unequivocally declared his losophical, the “ Night Thoughts” of sentiments in favour of this hypothesis, Dr. Young, and the “ Pleasures of in several beautiful and elevated pas. Imagination” of Dr. Akenside, may sages,-his occasionalindecision when, perhaps, be not improperly ranked. on other occasions, he contemplates These well-known and well-establishthe possibility of its perishing with ed Poems, however, although occa. the body, may have arisen from the sionally in their matter and style refew means he had of obtaining a per. sembling those whose subjects and manent assurance.

merits have been peculiarly the obWe learn from Strabo and Cæsar ject of the present Essay,--are clearly, that the Druids of aptient Gaul and neither in the design of their whole, Britain maintained and disseminated nor the division of their various parts, the belief of the incorruptible nature of the same class or description.


The first of ihese compositions has which have elicited the present suc. ever been esteemed of a mixed kind. cession of thoughts, we peruse with Partaking alternately of the Descrip: ideas of a mixed nature,--and although tive, the Pathetic, the Devotional, and the postulates and corollaries of phithe Preceptive casts, these extraor. losophy are susceptible, as we perdinary efforts of a vigorous mind and ceive, of the brightening energy of fipe imagination, often exhibit noble the Poet, these lighter susceptibili. specimens of various and distinct ties of mind are, whilst we read, less walks in poetry, and give repeated in requisition perhaps than a close indications of the richest treasures of aod profound exercise of the under. knowledge being blended and asso- 'standing. ciated with the wild flighls of nature A few further remarks on tbe lanand of genius; which, although they guage

which characterizes these do not, from their peculiar coni Poems, may not, perhaps, in closing plexion, occupy a first-rate place in these speculations, be impertinent. ihe annals of our Literature, are yet In point of style and beauty of well worthy of the countenance and composition, all good judges have attention of the most intelligent, allowed that they rank high,-a dis. whose estimate must be highly ho- tinction which they must ever connourable to their rank as powerful tinue to receive at the hands of Cri. writings. The grand and indefinitely ticism. The dignity, weight, and remote scenes,--scenes passing mor. importance of their respective sub. tal bounds,-to which he often al- jects we have attempted to illustrate; tempts to rise, redeem his finest the flow of their numbers bas offered thoughts from the character of fic. Bo upworthy medium for their adetion, and give them the form of quate expression and force. The purealities; and the high and sage-like rity, harmony, and occasional eleva. morality of his preceptial axioms, tion, which is acknowledged to chainiparts to his performances an ab racterize Lucretius, have found po stract and philosophic air of argu- . unworthy parallels in the “ Essay on mentative discussion.

Map." if the dignity of thougbi and The beauties which often attract in expression to which the one some. the “ Pleasures of Imagination," con times attaios, be a characleristic ex. sist rather, it will be said, in the warm cellency, the energy and enthucolourings of fancy, than in a rigid siasın which sometimes altepds whole congruity to matter of reality. The passages of the last, may be thought irregular excursions of the author's to be seldom exceeded by the most Muse, which have, without much pro. established classical productions in priety, been termed rhapsodies, doubt our language. Few instances occur, less please and exhilarate, as though (pot perhaps even a solitary one), in all were the pictures of fiction ;-but discussions of this kind, in which this Poem is in truth what the author rhimes have been made the successful meant it to be, a philosophical ana. vehicles of so much energy and ani. lysis of tbis endowment or lacully of mation of sentiment, the power of the mind, termed Imagivation, un which each one who reads must acfolded in all the pomp of epic strains, koowledge, in which the harmony, charming with the novelty and variety correctness, and polish of a series of of its speculations, without, how. verses should be conspicuous, and ever, taking for its enquiry matters often vie with the bigher charac. which are professedly the objects of teristics of sublimity. « Arl," as a' science.

great Poet has finely observed, “ is These, then, and various other ouly a prudent and wise steward, who Poems extant, inay be thought to lives ou managing the riches of da. diverge into subjects which have a ture.” It has always been allowed, close affinity with Philosophy;--al- by the first authorities, that Pope though, in common with other pro was an admirable artist, that is, he ductions of a poetical nature, they had so thorough a knowledge of what please, perhaps, by gratifying the was calculated to strike upon the iaste, and administering to tbe sympa sympathies and feelings of his readthies and passions. But the Poems ers, that, even rating the exuberaot of Browne, Pope, aod Lucretius, stores of his mind coniparatively low,


1820.) Philosophical Poems of Lucretius, Pope, Browne, &c. 311 he employed his stock of ideas, his arranged his plan, and disciplined his faculty of invention, to the highest language to the fine expression of advantage.

his sentiments. It has also been no less finely It may finally be said, with regard said, by an eminent philosopher, that to poems which we have here term“ words are the nioney of fools, but ed Philosophical, that they peculiarly the counters of wise men.” Without perhaps furoish forth malier of io. centering his fame in the beauties of iellectual interest to cerlain readers, composition or of style, - without who have too much philosophy and displaying a useless fondness for the too little of the poet's ardour to reuse of “great and sonorous words," lish the fables of traditionary lore, Pope has used them, both in this, or the inventions of truant genius, and all his other performances, to even if those inventions display ungive body and shape to the concep- usual comprehension, grandeur, and lions of his mind, and has se adapted sublimity of idea. They partake not of the felicities of his language to the the high-sounding pomp, and heroic exigencies of his purpose, that the character of the Epic, - Ibey have importation of mauerism has ofien nol the various ingredients of unity hung on the measured flow of his of fable, plots, machinery, and acperiods, when his higher beauties lors,--they are not founded on deeds have been neglected.

of arnis, vieither do they sing the The merils of HAWKINS BROWNE, great achievements of inore than in the fine conception of his style, mortal prowess, or more than morare not perhaps second to those of tal personages. They enter with Lucretius and Pope. If the dignity, calm and elevated dignity upon ques. and classical selection of language lions of recondite, but bigh philohas, in the first of these, been often sophical interest and imporlance. the theme of panegyrick among critics Although, then, they are not caland commentators, the purity and culated to usurp that sort of influgrace which characterized his num, ence over the mind and human pasbers, was, in the last, enhanced by sions which any well-delinealed pro. a dignity .peculiar to his own ge. duction of the Epic or Tragic school nius, and to the grandeur and mo- is wont to oblain, their dominion is mentous nature of his subject. If in of another kind. The last, by the precision and closeness of argument help of occasional fiction, directed Browne is sometimes superior to the by the inspiration of genius, or by Roman poet, in luminousness, dis- masterly displays of the greater pas. tinctness, and propriety of illustra. sions which are elicited among man. tion, he stands without a rival.

kind under certain circumstances, car. Although in description and ani. ries away the imagination, and by mated apostrophe he never strikes some secret power often thrills the his reader with such powerful effect, soul with emotions, though it be at he preserves, through his whole poem, the expense of his judgment. The a uniform elevation of thought and first preserves a calm and elevated expression which sorts well with the march in its progress,-occasionally august and recondite nature of his animales and distends the soul with disquisitions, and is calculated to feelings of sublimity more vast than heighten that expansion of mind usually attends the inages or the exwhich they are apt to generale. travagance of fiction, -and while it

“ Elevated sentiments," says Lord delights, through the bright medium Kaimes, "require elevated language,” of poetry, is usually addressed to the -the enquiries in which Browne suc bobler powers of understanding. cessively embarks, flow from his pen Melkskam.

E. P. with an voaltered dignity of pace;his language never rises to unusual passion, nor do his numbers, in any


Cape Town, particular, sink beneath the weight

March 15. of his conceptions.


URING a short residence at Port The singular beauty and felicity Louis, in the Isle of France, in with which he has adorned and am the year 1813, I am enabled to give plified these enquiries, shews at once you a slight description of that place, ibe circumspection with which be which, if you think worth insertion in


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