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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For NOVEMBER, 1820.
Nov. 1. illud per vicarium deserviri curaret; quo I Ni the book ofce Injunctions," pub quidemaljaceme e personente, tromasteria
by Queen in year 1559, I find the word “ Parson" Episcopis rursum impetrabant, per præused in such mapper as would seem to
stationem quandam, altarium redemp.
tionem vulgo nuncupatam, uti in hac voce designate some particular office or
docuimus." grade in the hierarchy: for example, Article 1, “All Deans, Archdeacons,
Du Cange, in defining the word Pursons, Vicars, and all other eccle
Personatus (Parsonage), observes, siastical persons.” And, in other
“ Personatum esse (ait Lindwodus) præplaces, “Parson, Vicar, or Curate," laturam, sive titulum ad Personam, sive &c. I request an explanation of
Rectorem Ecclesiæ pertinentem.- Scias the real meaning of the term “ Par.
tamen quod de Personatu doctores variè
scribunt. son,” as tbus used by good Queen presbyteri in Ecclesiis Cathedralibus di
Nam Archidiaconi & Archi. Bess.
cuntur habere Personalus. Cognoscitur
enim Personatus, quando aliquis habet In reply to QUIDAM, we have to
prærogativam in Choro vel in Capitulo, in state, that the antient and honour.
optionibus, in processionibus, in vocibus able appellation of Parson is synony- dandis, & bujusmodi præ aliis Canonicis mous with the modern term Rector ejusdem ordinis; non tamen sicut hi qui or Minister of a Parish. Johnson sunt in majoribus dignitatibus constituti; derives it from “persona, because the unde, ut dicit Cardi. Personatus & digparson omnium personam in eccle- nitas vere supponunt pro eodem, licet in siâ sustinet;' or from parochianus, aliquibus locis Reciores Ecclesiarum vo
centur Personæ, & sic habent personathe parish priest.” He is so called, because he represents the person of
tum, non tamen dignitatem.” the Church, and hath a right to sue
Skinner also produces a definition for whatever is due to it. A Parson,
of the word, similar to Johnson. Edit. or Rector, is entitled to the profits that arise from a certain district of
of Du Cange, in his “ Glossarium ad Scriptores Mediæ et lofinnæ Latini
honour, such as the shield, mantle, tatis,” gives a very minute definition
torce, helmet, spurs, and sword, as of the word personæ (parsons). We
well as banners; of which there are will introduce his own words :
several, to the families of the Gar.
rards, Baronets, &c. in the Church of “ Personæ, Clerici qui Beneficia Ecclesiastica obtinent; quod, ut quidam pu
Langford; it is remarked by Burton, lant, magnam propter officium personam
that a sword was hung up in the sustineant : sed maximè ii qui Beneficia,
Church at the funeral of a Knight, seu Ecclesias per Vicarios deserviri cu because, in former times, at their rant, dum ipsi porio i redituum parte first dubbing, they took an oath to fruuntur."
defend Religion and the Church; and, He further remarks,
as a testimony of this, the sword was “ Variè ab Episcopis altaria, uti vocan.
allowed to be hung up there. tur Ecclesiæ, concedebantur Monasteriis, Lady Wicke brought an action in the vel Capitulis Canonicorum, vel etiam Dig- King's Bench against the Parson in nitatibus Ecclesiasticis. Interduin enim
St. Margaret's, Lothbury, in London, ea conditione dabantur, ut iis liceret Per- for having laken away a coat armour, sonam constituere, Clericum scilicet qui and certaio pennons, with the arms of altaris titulo & proventibus sibi reservatis, Sir Hugb Wicke, ber busband, once
Lord Mayor of London, who died in visited triennially. In the large diothe 7th year of Edward IV. and a cese of Exeter this custom has always sword out of the Chapel where he prevailed till the time of the last was buried. The Parson pleaded that Bishop, who only visited in four these arms, &c. were matters of or. years. Another custom has crept in fering and oblation, and therefore, of lalė, of holding a Visitation and of right, did belong to him: but Jus. Confirmation on the same day. This tice Yelverton held it no plea, and expediting of business, if I may call it, that the arms were not inlended as in so hasty a manner, is surely inde. offerings or oblatious, but were hung cent in the big hest degree. Very up in honour of the deceased ; and frequently the afternoon has comtherefore do not belong to the Par- menced before the Morning Service sons': and if the Parson has not a of the Church begins, and the Clergy right to take these down in his chan- are obliged to cool their heels in the cel, when once hung up, no other churchyard, waiting for his Lordship's person can lay any pretence or claim summons, who has but time to deli. to them."
J. B. ver his Charge, and then is obliged
to set off for some other place, withMr. URBAN,
Nov. 10. out only having just seen his Clergy, credit and prosperity of our ex. tuoity of cultivating that acquaintcellent Established Church, permit a ance with them which is so absolutely Correspoudent who has already called necessary and beneficial for both, your altention to the duty of Arche absolutely necessary, I may say, since deacons (see vol. LXXVIII. p. 1065), it is almost the only nieans he has to now to request it to some points re- koow his Clergy, or to be known by specling Episcopal Visitation, Con- them; since his residence in his dió. firmation, and Ordination ; observ. cese is perhaps but of short duration, ing, first, that it would be esteemed a and the old and hospitable method of favour if any of your Correspondents entertaining bis inferior Clergy, and would give iuformation how ofter it expecting to see them at his episcois the practice of Bishops in their se- pal residence, should they by chance veral dioceses, to perform these im. come rear it, is now alinust entirely portant rites.
The 60th Cauon of Jaid aside. Apother indecency has our Church says, “ Forasmuch as it likewise sometimes prevailed of late, hath been a solemn, constant, and in holding two Confirinations on one laudable custon in the Church of day. If, in the opiniou of the vene. God, continued from the Apostles' 'rable Bishop of Durham, the improtimes, that all Bishops should lay priety, indecency, and inefficacy, of a their hands upon children baptized poor Curate's serving many and dis. and instructed in the Catechism of iant Churches, tends to extirpale all the Christian Religion, praying over sense of Religion among the lower them, and blessivg them, which we ranks of life, and to diminish it among commonly call Confirmations and the higher, what can be said of a that this holy action bath been per. Bishop's hurrying from oue place to formed io ihe Bishop's Visitation another, and frequently at sine Cupevery third year; we will and ap- siderable distance, to perforo, his sopoint that every Bishop or his suf- leipn duties. fragan, in his accustomed Visitation, Before I finish, it will not, I trust, do, in his own person, carefully ob- be iinpertinent to point out another serve the said custom." It appears, evil, which is now tou common, of from the Charges which have been not holding Ordinatioiis at the line given to the world, of the most able of the ember weeks, as the Church and learned Bishop of Winchester, particularly directs, when frequently whose late translation to that see it is done a Sunday or two before or every well-wisher to our Church must after, but more particularly of holdapprove and applaud, that while he ing them in Londwu. It is much presided over the extensive diocese of easier for a Bishop to take a jourvey Lincolo, he held a Visitation every to hold an Ordination in his owu Ca. third year. The worthy Bishop of thedral, than to compel those who Chester has thought it advisable, he are to be ordained to wait ou him in tells us, to revive Triennial Visita- the Metropolis. lion. The Bishop of Salisbury bas
The parish of Stoke Newington
Nov. 1l. ance, which it retained until the year НЕ
1815, when it was pulled down, and a has been remarkable for three new house erected on its site, which Public-houses, having singular sigos, was eolarged and brought forward in namely, the Falcon, the Rose and a line with the adjoining houses ; Crown, and the Three Crowns :—The previous to which the old house stood Falcon, as emblematical of the fa. back some feet from the foot path. vourite diversion of Falconry among On the wall of one of the lower rooms the nobility and gentry, in the reign of this house, there is a rude paioting of Henry the Secund; the Rose and of it as it formerly was; but, upon Crono, as emblematical of the junc. enquiry, I find it was painted after tion of the houses of York and Lan. the house had undergone the alteracaster ; and the Three Crowns, of the tion, done priocipalls from recollecUnion of the Three kingdoms, Eng- tion, and by do ineans correct. The land, Scotland, and Ireland.
wood-cut angexed is a faithful repreThe Rose and Crowo was the last sentation of the house as it stood in to be divested of its ancient appear. the year 1806, aod is taken from a * This article is extracted from Mr. drawing made in that year by an
Artist, who took great pleasure in
and by whom I have been favoured annexed wood-cut.
Nov. 12. Raskelf in Easingwold, in the county IF P the following short notices of of York.
men who bave filled high official In this Church, as Dr. Whitaker situations in, and connected with, the says of some others, “ the muoifi. CITY OF. LONDON, are such as you cence of a former age is much more may deem worthy to occupy a corner conspicuous than the attention of the in your valuable Miscellang, I shall present.” Though the effects of time have much pleasure in occasionally and neglect are visible in every part giving you ao account of other coun- of it, yet it bears evident marks of Lies similar to the present, which is great pains and cost being originally more particularly confined to that of bestowed upon it. It has two ailes: Norfolk;, but it will, I fear, be but a the North appears to have been built small addition to your excellent Com- later than the other, as it is not pendium already given.
bound in the course of the stone.
work. At the Western eod is a large SIR EDWARD COKE, born at Mile- wooden tower, built subsequently to ham, died. Sept. 3, 1634, at Stoke the rest of the edifice, but now in so Pogis, in Buckinghamshire, Lord decayed a stale, that though it supChief Justice of the King's Bench, ports three bells, it is considered unsome time Recorder of London. His safe to ring them altogether. last words were,." Thy kingdom From what remains, we may infer come, thy will be done." Buried at that most of the windows were for. Tittleshale, where a sumptuous altar merly “ richly dight” with all the monument records his acquirements, boast of Heraldry. honours, and virtues.
The East window of the Choir ex. SIR EDWARD. BARKHAM, Lord hibits, in very rich paioted glass, the Mayor of London, A. D. 1621, son of Arms of Nevil: Edward Barkham, Esq. of Southacre, 1. Gules, a saltire Argent. Nevil. was buried in the Chapel of South- 2. Gules, 3 escallops Argent. Lord acre Church, where a rich and stately Dacre, who married a daughter of altar monument of inarble and ala. the Earl of Westmoreland. baster is erected at the East end of 3. Azure, a bend Or, over all a the Chapel.
file of 5 points. Scrope of Masham. ISAAC PENNINGTON, Alderman of 4. Barrè, Azure and Argent, with London, one of the regicides that sat a sort of Argent garland upon the upon the trial of Charles I.; his es- bars. To this I can assigo no pame. tates, among which was the seat of 5. A cross engrailed Or. The field the Shardlows, called the Place, appears to be Argent; but this, I were seized at the Restoration, and suppose,' according to the rules of given by. Charles II. to the Duke of blazov, cannot be the case. Grafton.
6. South window of the Choir I SIR THOMAS GRESHAM, born at take to be Ferrers, 7 mascles adjunct, Holl, 1507. lolwood Hall, where Sir Gules and Or. Joan, the 2d wife of Thomas entertained the great Earl of Ralph Neville, Earl of WestmoreWarwick, is now the property of the land, the daughter of John of Gaunt, Earl of Buckinghamshire. J. B. was the widow of Sir Win. Ferrers, of
Oversley. Mr. URBAN,
In the East window of the side Ashe appears to me that one of Chancel are,
7. Gules, a saltire Argent, over all interesting and valuable Miscellany, a file of 3 points. is the facility which it offers for the 8. Azure, a bend Or. Scrope of preservation of certain parts of Topo. Bolton. graphical History, which are fast 9. Or, a lion rampant, Azure. hastening to decay, beyond the power Percy. In the 9th of John, Henry of recovery; I am anxious to secure de Nevill, as appears by Dugdale's in your pages the memory of some Barovage, had livery of three Knights' Armorial Bearings, which the depre. Fees in Raskelf and Sution of the dalions of time and external injury inheritance of Emna his mother. In have spared, and which my imperfect the 5th of Richard II. John de Nevil, knowledge of Heraldry has enabled who married the daughter of Henry me to decypher in the Cburch of Percy, cognomine Hotspur, obtained
a Licence to castellate his house at lion is risen to six shillings and five pence Sheriff Hutton in this neighbourhood, an ounce." to which, in a few years afterwards, Mr. Lowodes again mistakes value his sop Ralph, the first Earl of West- for price: he does not propose to moreland, succeeded. In the 9th of alter the weight, and therefore canRichard II. he had leave to enclose not alter the value ; he
says the bula his woods at Raskelf, adjoining the lion has riseur in price, and he proforest of Galtres, and was in the same poses to raise the price (for be canyear constituted Warden of the King's not raise the value unless he increases Forests beyond Trent. To biin pro- the weight) of a crown piece. bably the Church at Raskelf owes its Mr.Locke, io answer to Mr. Lowndes, origin, as the Armorial Bearings re- who had said that silver has a price, maining in the windows seem to be asserted that “ sterling silver, comthose of his immediate alliances. pared with sterling silver, being alYours, &c.
SCRUTATOR. ways of equal value, quantity for
quantity, can have no variation in Mr. URBAN,
Nov. 11. price.” THE assertion in my last letter, Yet in another place Mr. Locke
hither to employed by writers and
“The cause of the high or low price of reasoners on the subject of Bullion, silver bullion is merely owing to the curMoney, &c. rendered them contra
rent coin being more or less near the dictory and unintelligible, will be standard.” supported by the followiug proofs, Mr. Locke at first states, that bula found in the most emioeot writers, lion can have no variation in price, successively, from an early to a late but afterwards gives the cause of a period.
high or low price. This contradic. The Council of Trade to King tion must have arisen from considerCharles II. thus expressed themselves ing silver as commodity, though in in tbe year 1660.
other parts of Mr. Locke's works, sil“ The present course of trade and traf- ver is not considered as commodity. fic throughout the world, hath enforced at Mr. Jobo Conduitt, wbo was a Memlast money (which in former times was only ber of Parliament, and Master of bis used as the measure to valve all commo
Majesty's Mint, left a manuscript, dities by) to become now itself a commodity dated 1730, which was afterwards pub. subject to rising and falling in price and lished. Its style is, in general, exvalue as any other merchandize."
tremely plain and intelligible ; yet The Council admit that in former even Mr. Conduitt continues the contimes, money was only used as a mea- tradiction that silver is both the measure, and that it is only by enforcing sure and thing measured. it to be a commodity, that it becomes
He says, “ Necessity and convenience subject to rising and falling.
will make that coin the measure which is Mr. Lowndes in his Report to the in greatest plenty : it was for this reason Lords Commissioners of bis Majesty's that silver, and not gold, was the first Treasury, in the reign of King Wil. measure." liam III. has these words.
“ Whenever the silver coin of any coun" It seems necessary for me to assert
try is bought at a premium, with the gold
coin of the same country, there gold is the and prove an hypothesis, which is this, namely, that making the pieces less, or or
measure, and silver is the merchandize; daining the respective pieces of the present certain rate, it is as much a measure as
and wherever gold is a legal tender, at a weight to be current at a higher rate,
silver." may equally raise the value of the silver in our cuin."
" Gold in France is as much a measure
as silver; and, whatever it was formerly, It is impossible for Mr. Lowndes is at present as much a measure as silver to mean, that making the pieces less, is here, and as legal a tender.” could raise their vulue: he must cer
“ Whilst an ounce of standard silver tainly have put value instead of price. sells as marked bere for 5s. 4£d. and
will In another place Mr. Lowndes says, vain to expect silver should come to the
produce but 5s. 2d. at the mint; it is in "The value of the silver in the coin mint, or the coin not be melted down and ought to be raised to the foot of six shil. exported. This is clear in reason, and is lings and three pence in every crown, be- confirmed by the fatal experience of many cause the price of standard silver ip bul. years. There may be variety of opinions