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Pridiswide, St. first Prioress of the present Christ Church, Oxford (died 739).
Rosamond Clifford, warrior, Woodstock (died 1226). Losinga, Herbert, first Bp. of Norwich, and founder of its cathedral, Oxford (died 1119). Lydiat, Timothy, astronomer and mathematician, celebrated by Johnson, Alketon, 1572. Martin, Henry, regicide, Oxford, 1602. Martin, William, nonconformist divine and author, Witney, 1620. Needham, Marchmont, political writer, Burford, 1620. Norris, Sir John, general, Rycot (died 1597). Oglethorpe, Owen, Bp. of Carlisle, crowned Elizabeth (died 1559). Oidys, William, biographer and herald, Adderbury, 1686. Owen, John, independent, Cromwell's chaplain, Hadham, 1616. Oxford, John of, Bp. of Norwich, diplomatist and historian, Oxford (died 1200). Oxford, Robert of, writer against the Sorbonne, Oxford (flor. 1270). Page, Sir I'rancis, vulgar and inhuman judge, Bloxham, 1661. Parsons, John, Bp. of Peterborough, Oxford, 1761. Philips, John, poet, author of " Cyder” and “Splendid Shilling,” Bampton, 1676. Piers, William, Bp. of Bath and Wells, Oxford (died 1670). Pix, Mary, dramatic writer, Nettlebed (Died 1720). Plantagenet, Geoffrey, Abp. of York, second son of Henry II, and Rosamond, Wood
stock (died 1212). Pococke, EDWARD, orientalist, Oxford, 1604. Pole, John de la, Duke of Suffolk, husband of Elizabeth, sister of Edward IV. Ewelm. Pope, Sir Thomas, statesman, founder of Trinity College, Oxford, Deddington, 1508. Prince, Daniel, bookseller, antiquary, Oxford, 1711. Pullen, Robert, cardinal of St. Eusebius (died about 1150). Randolph, Thomas, divine and author (died 1788). RICHARD I. surnamed “Caur de Leon,” or “the Lion-hearted,” Oxford, 1158. Roberts, Charles, died in Berkley, county Virginia, 1796, aged 116, 1680. Rogers, John, divine, author on “the Visible and Invisible Church,” Ensham, 1670, Rose, Henry, author of “ Essay on Languages,” Pirton. Scroggs, Sir William, Lord Chief Justice, Deddington, 1623. Sibthorp, John, botanist and traveller, Oxford, 1758. Stamp, William, divine, Chaplain to the Queen of Bohemia (died 1653). Stonor, Sir Francis, founder of Assendon alms-house, Stonor (Alor. 1610). Stonor, Sir John, Lord Chief Justice, Stonor. (for. temp. Edw. II.) Tesdall, Thomas, founder of Pembroke College, Glympton, 1547. Town, Richard, first person executed for fraudulent bankruptcy, at Tyburn in 1712. Triplett, Thomas, divine, scholar and poet, Oxford (died 1670). Underbill, John, Bp. of Oxford, Oxford (died 1592). Ward, Edward, author of " London Spy,” about 1667. Wells, Samuel, nonconformist divine and author, Oxford, 1614. Whateley, William, divine, author of “ The Bride Bush,” Banbury, 1583.
White, John, puritan divine, "Patriarch of Dorchester,” Stanton St. Jobo's, 1575.
(To be continued.)
Dec. 4. Porler, Jones, and Favell, were seIN page. 40.5., Mo. Madona Chamber werabable. tutors for corroboration founded, and therefore certainly an refer M. C. to the aonual TRIPOS, on unjust statement, relative to a College which the Trinity bachelors came in in ihe University of Cambridge, that for their full share of Wranglers. If has ever been noted for its excellent M. C. be indeed a scholar from Cam. discipline, from the time of Dr. Ben- bridge, be will hardly think it proper tley; and then attempts taking the to deny the force of such a reference. meed of honour from the head of It is an axiom, confirmed by the pauDr. Postlethwaite's Statue to place it city of recorded exceplions, Mr. Ur. on the recent bust of his successor ban, that “ No Cambridge Honours Dr. Mansel. Mr. C. is no Logician. are disorderly.” The cause is clear. I doubt whether he be even a nern. Such coviable distinctions are upat. ber of any University: I doubt the tainable, but by regular habils of delalter, from the internal evidence of termined application and study, and his communication, from its want of those babits do almost imperceplibly documents and of facts: I doubt the controul the turbulence of the spirits, former, from the vague kind of un- and master the irregularities of the satisfactory proof attempted by him, most impetuous passions in youths in the blank verse of Cowper, and in elsewhere previously potorious for the prose of Knox, neither of which misrule : “cùm verò ad naturam eriauthors have written and printed one miam atque illustrem accesserit ralio single word about Dr. Postlethwaite, quædum confirmatioque doctrinæ ; or Dr. Mapsel, or about Trinity Col. ium illud nescio quid præclarum ac lege, Cambridge!!! When great Na- singulare solet existere."-Cic. pro tional Establishments in Church and Archid.
VINDEX. State are brought under general consideration, every truly enlightened Mr. URBAN,
Dec. 5. mind will pause
before it condemns HEN I ventured a few remarks in a mass what it may blame partially (p. 115) on the account your in detail; and it will scorn, at any Correspondent E. I. C. had gives of rale, to attribute to one man or to the Repairs at St. Catharioe's, I cer. one contemporary set of mien (how. tainly expressed not inerely my own ever respectable) a DISCIPLINE exist. conviction, bul that of many vihers, ing before the birth of the individual that his picture of its condition before or individuals inteoded to be extolled. those repairs, was much too highly The act is ungenerous. The effect coloured ; and, of course, our regret is extensively pernicious. Thereby, at the losses of which he informed us the massive foundations of all orders proportionably diminished. and societies are shaken : inasmuch We are not, however, so far reas they are falsely represented to de- moved in opinion as he may perhaps pend for stability, support, and dura. imagine. I have no fellow.feeling tion, not upon well-digested statules with parish carpenters and plasterers, and rules gradually in proved by the or any other class of modern innosanction of years; bui, alas! upon vators (see p. 294)! have no objecthe " chunce,” shill, zeal, learning, tion whatever to ihe improvement he popularity, and personal conduct of suggests on the South side and East the short-lived rulers of the day. end ; though I doubtless was and am Under Dr. Postlethwaite, besides still struck with the iuconsistency of
this recommendation, with his anx. deed, so few instances are known of iety to preserve the very few re. the former, and the latter have been mains of the antient building ; day, so ably blended by Warton with further, with respect to the restora. Poetry in his elaborate History, that tion of the Church to its state in we were at first inclined to omit them Hollar's time, and the general prac. both, and to enter at once upon the tice recommended to professional Jest Books of the 16th century. Premen, my wishes are quite in unison vious, however, to these, the “Dictes with his own.
of Philosophers," and Gesta RomanoI am at the same time aware how ruin, claim consideration; the former different are the feelings of a warm as the first of the Apothegms to which and zealous Antiquary, having the we shall have occasion frequently to modern innovations before him to refer ; the latter as a curious collecheighten his indeterminate recollec- tion of tales which has engaged the tions of wbat is lost, and those of one attention of many learned Commenwhom an every day observance of tators. But to einbrace the nume. what was disappearing, and what was rous editions and dissertations to succeeding it, may perhaps have which that work has given rise, driven towards the opposite extreme. would require a greater length than To this and not to any uncandid or is consistent with our plan. unworthy motive, I attribute the probably form a subject for a future only difference between us.
article on the Anecdotal Literature With respect to the fragments of of the Continent. glass, he has certainly interpreted my The Minstrels, Joculators, or words correctly; and braving the dis- Gestours, were the descendants of grace of being classed among innova- the antient Troubadours in this coun. tors and defenders of innovation, I try: they were for the most part will in plain words declare my opi- itinerant, and supported themselves nion, that "they were not worth pre- by reciting poems and tales wherever servation.” But before he brings out they went. With the Monks (whose the ergo that would associate me seclusion prevented their mixing with the anticipated destruction of freely with the world) they were par. the Church itself, he should recollect ticular favourites; and amongst the what claims these fragments had to pobility they found several liberal the regard of the Antiquary: intriosic patrons. Many of them lived in beauty they certainly had none; as Warwickshire. Of what their recihistorical documents they possessed tations chiefly consisted, we learn no value whatever, since the most from some lines of William of Nagskilful Herald would have failed in syngton, Advocate of the Ecclesiasmaking out their bearings. In the tical Court of York ; present windows, far from being or- « I warne you firste at the begynnynge, damental, their appearance would be That I will make no vayne carpynge ridiculous; and if their date alone is Of dedes of armes, ne of amours, to protect them, your Correspondent As does Mynstrelles and Gestours."* will hardly be able cousistently to get Such stories were the last to recite rid of one among the numerous and within the walls of a convent, altbo' most barbarous ionovations (their they offered an easy relaxation from contemporaries), which have acquired the perplexities of scholastic theothe same prescriptive right to remain. logy. Butler, whose depth in antient Yours, &c.
S. 1. A. Jore exceeded that of many subtle
Doctors, speaks of an old philosoTHE CENSOR.-No. II.
pher, who AN INQUIRY INTO THE PROGRESS OF " Swore the world, as he cou'd prove, ANECDOTAL LITERATURE. Was made of fighting and of love;
Just so romances are, for what else (Continued from p. 411.)
Is in them all, but love and battles ?” + HILE we have spoken at length of tbe Court Buffooos, we have
* Prologue to his Translation of a said nothing concerning those of pri- Theological Tract, by John de Waldenby, vate eslablishments; or of the itine- against Wicliffe, preserved in MS. in Lin.' rapt Gestours who flourished duriog cola Cathedral. -Warton. the prevaleuce of Monachisin. In- + Hudibras, Parti, Canto 2.
One instance occurs to the contrary. capacity, having caused two students In 1432, on the Feast of Epiphany, to be banged for murder, contrary to six Minstrels went from Buckingham the Statutes of the University, he was to the Priory of Bicester in Oxford- compelled to have their bodies taken shire, in order to sing in the Refec- down, to kiss their lips, and to attend tory a legend called “ The Martyr. their funeral in the cloisters belong. dom of the Seven Sleepers," who, ing to the Convent of the Mathurins. having been thrown into a cave at He translated and arrauged a MiscelEphesus, by order of the Emperor lany in Latin, well known amongst Decius, in the 4th century, are said the Literati of that age (and to which to have been found alive and sleeping Gower refers), under the title of 372 years after! for which they re- “ Les Dictes moraux des Philosoceived the sum of four shillings. phres, les dictes des sages, et les sé
When this order of inen began to crets d'Aristote;" for the use of bis decline it is not certain ; but it is not Sovereign Charles VI. who laboured to our purpose to follow them any under an upfortunate delirium. In further. The private Jesters of whom the British Museum is preserved the we have now to speak, were first English translation of this work, of quick parts, lively and sarcastic. as follows: Though they were licensed to say any “ This boke byfore wretyn is called in thing, it was still necessary, to prevent French Letris, Ditz de Philosophibus, and giving offence, that every thing they in Englyshe, for to say, the Doctryne and said should have a playful air t." the Wysedome of the Wyse, Auocyent Cardinal Wolsey maintained a fool, Philosophers, as Arystotle, Plato, Socrates, of the name of Sexton, but more Tholome, and such other. Translated out commonly known by the name of of Laten into Frenche, to Kyog Charles Patch. One of his sayings is preserv
the Syxte of Fraunse, by Wyllyam de ed in these lines by Heywood:
Tynynovylle, Koygbt, late Provoste of
the Cyte of Parys : and sythe now transA saying of Patche, my Lord Cardinale's latyd out of Frenshe tung in to Englyshe, Foole."
the yeare of our Loid 1450, to John Fos. “Maister Sexton, a person of knowen wit,
talfe, Knyghte, for his contemplacion and As be at my Lord Cardinale's boord did solas, by Stevyn Scrope, Squyer, sonne in sit,
law to the saide Fostalle. Deo Gracias." Greedily raught at a goblet of wine ;
To the industry and erudition of Drink none, sayd my lord, for that sore
Anthony Widville, Earl Rivers, we leg of thyne. I warrant your Grace, saith Sexton, I pro
owe the printed translation. He was
a native of Grafton in Northampton. vide For my leg: I drinke on the tother sideg.” shire, and brother to Elizabeth, Queen
to Edward IV. Brave, gallavi, and Henry Patenson (or Patison), be- devout, he fell a victim to the ambifore mentioned, was fool to Sir Tho. tion of Richard, Duke of Gloucester, mas More; who gave him to the for his attachment to the Crown, at Lo. Mayor of London, upon this con
Pontefract, in 1483. His anecdotal dition, that he should everie yeare work is entitled “The Dictes and Say. wayte upon him, that sbould have inges of Philosophres. Whiche Boke that office."
is translated out of Frenshe into Eng. The earliest printed collection of lyssh by the noble and puissant Lord sayiogs is from ihe press of Caxton, Antoine Erle of Ryuyers Lord of and a translation from the French;
Scales and of the Isle of Wyght, deas, therefore, it is not of English fendour and directour of the Siege composition, we shall briefly touch Apostolique. Emprynted by me upon the original.
William Caxton al' Westmestre the Willium de Thignoville (a name
year of our Lord M.CCCC.LXXVIJ.” dear to Anecdotists), was Provost of Folio. Paris, about the year 1408; ip which
Caxton, in his Postscript, complains
that the Apothegins of Socrates are * Warton, vol. II, p. 175, from the
omitted by the noble author, aod Accompt-roll of Bicester Priory.
+ Sir Joshua Reynolds, edit. Shaksp. subjoins several of them, chiefly 1803, vol. XVII. 365.
against women, of which (as we do Reached.
not quite agree with the sentiments) First Century of Epigrams, No. 44. a short specimen may sufice:
" Socrates said, That women be the in shorte space bat a myle from Stretapparailles to catch men, but they take forde, there mette with him dyvers marnone but them that will be poor, or else chauntemen which wolde have masse, them that know them not. And he said, and desyred hym to synge masse and whosomever will acquire and get science, he shud have a grote, which answered let him never put him in the governance
them and sayd. Syrs, I wyll say masse of a woman.”
no more this day, but I will say you two It is now time to return to the pe. Gospels for one grote, and that is dogge riod from which we have made so
chepe a masse in any place in Englande.”
-"By this tale a man may see that they long a digression. The first collection of Anecdotes lytell the meryte and goodness of holy
that be rude and unlerned regarde but that comes within our design, is
prayer.” • Shakspeare's Jest Book,' an ele. gant reprint by Samuel Weller Sio- The Colophon is as follows, ger, Esq. of three tracts, dedicated " Here endeth the booke of a C. Merry to Mr. Douce, and containing,
Talys. Imprinted at London at the sygne 1, • The Hundred Merry Tales,'
of the Meremayde, at Powlys gate, uexte a translation from Les Cent Nou.
to Chepesyde.” velles, printed at Paris before 1500, 2. “ Tales and Quicke Answeres, and said to bave been written by very mery, and pleasant to rede."
of the Royal Family of A small quarto volume of great raFrance: Warton believes it to be a rity, containing 44 leaves. It is printcompilation from the Italian *. Ited,' says Mr. Singer, .in a semi-gothic was licensed to be printed by John letter, which is common to must Waly in 1557, under the title of “A. of the earlier productions of BertheC. Merry Tayles, together with the let.' It contains 114 tales, of which freere and the boye, stans puer ad the following is the 35th, mensam, and youthe, charite, and “ Of Thales the astronomer that fell into humilite." To us they seem to be a ditch. - Laertius wryteth that Thales of English manufacture, although Milesius went oute of his house upon a some erudite editor may perhaps dis- tyme to beholde the starres of a certayn cover them to be of foreign material. cause : and so longe he went backeward, It is to this book that Beatrice alludes that he fell plumpe into a ditche over the when sbe asks Benedict t,
Wherfore an olde woman that he
kept in his house laughed, and say de to “ Will you tell me who told you * * * that I was disdainful
him in derision ; 0 Thales, how shuldest
and that I had my good wit out of the Hundred Merry above, and knowest nat what is here be
thou have knowledge in hevenly things Tales
nethe thy feet?" This little volume is said to have issued from the Press wf John Ras
Imprinted at London, in Flete-strete,
in the house of Thomas Berthelet, nere to tell I (who died in 1536 ) about 1520; to which ioformation we know not
the Cundite, at the sygue of Lucrece,”
[about 1556]. what authority to assign. Rastell was a zealous Catholic, as was his
3. “ Mery Tales, Willie Questions, son William, an eminent lawyer, and
and Quické Answeres, very pleasant nephew to Sir Thomas More : nor
to be Readde." 1567. Warton cites are we willing to accuse bim of pub- from the Stationers' Books a licence lishing stories which were certainly
to Henry Bynoeman, in 1576, to print, intended to impair the credit of the
“ Mery Tales, Wittie Questions, and Religion which he professed.
The Quicke Aosweres,” which appear to following tale is the first on the list :
relate to the same work, notwith“Of the Preste that would say two standing the difference of title. This Gospels for a grole. Sometime there
collection is printed in 12mo, b.l. dwelled a preest in Stretforde upon
and is alluded to by Sir John HarAuyue ll of small lerning, which un- rioglon in his • Ulysses upon Ajax,' devoutly sang masse, and oftentymes where he says, Lege the boke of twyse on one day; so it happened on a Mery Tales.' The general desigo of tyme after his seconde masse was done the book is to expose the Friars who * Hist. Eng. Poet.
preached against Erasmus as an he. to ·Much Ado about Nothing, act ii. s. 1.
retic, including, however, some of no # Ex inform. R. Triphook.
particular bent, such as of the husŚ Dibdin, Typog. Autiq.
bandman that caused the judge to li Stratford upon Avon.
geve sentence agaynst himselfe,' of Gent. Mag. December, 1820.