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[ 577 ]
TO VOLUME XC. PART II.
Embellished with Views of STAVELEY CHURCH, co. Derby;
and North MARSTON CHURCH, Bucks.
Mr. URBAN, Sheffield, Oct. 4. this (the surrender of Bolsover Cas
\TAVELEY is a peat village, very tle), they all marched to Staley House, miles midway between Chesterfield upon our armies advance to it, it and Bolsover, co. Derby. It contains was soon surrendered, upon articles within its parish the chapelry of Bar- of agreement; and in it we had low, the hamlets of Netherlhorp and twelve pieces of ordnance, two huïWoodthorp, with three of the pame dred and thirty muskets, and a hunof Handley; containing altogether dred and fifty pikes: and Mr. John about 408 bouses.
Fretchwell (who bad long held , the In Domesday Book, among the house fortified with strong works for lands of Ascuit Musard, it is said, the service of the King), being then that in the manor of “Stavelie, Hacon convinced of the goodness of our had four carucates of land to be cause, did very freely and voluntarily taxed ; land to four ploughs. Ascuit render to the Major-general all the has now there, in the demesne, three arms aforesaid, with much other am. ploughs, and twenty-one villanes ; munition." Thus the Historian, John and seven bordars have four ploughs. Freschville, Esq. however, who was There is a Priest and a Church; and also a Governor of York, during the one inill of five shillings and four civil wars, for his attachment to pence. There are sixty acres of mea. Charles I. was advanced by Charles II. dow; wood pasture one mile and a to the dignity of a Baron of the half long, and as much broad. Value realm, by the title of Lord Frescbin King Edward's time, and now, sixville, of Štaveley. He dying in 1682, pounds."
the manor of Staveley passed (by In the reigo of Edward I. the ma- marriage, I believe) into the Cavennor of Staveley belonged to John dish family, who having other seats, Musard t ; issue male failing in his resolved, about seventy years ago, to successor,
N. Musard, the eldest sis- pull down the Hall; but its total dilater of the latter conveyed it by mar- pidation was prevented, and the preriage to T. Freschville, a branch of sent mansion, a wing of a large quadthat family who were Barons of Crich rangle, suffered to remain, at the inin the reign of Henry Ill. and came stance of the Rev. James Gisborne, over with the Conqueror, from a then Rector of Staveley; who thus place of that name in Normandy. unconsciously preserved a residence
Staveley Hall was built by Sir Pe- for two of his daughters, who were ter Freschville, who died, according afterwards married, one to Mr. Foxto his inonument, in 1634. His 809, low, the other to the Rev. F. Dixon, John Freschville, during the troubles LL.D. all deceased; it is at present of Charles I. garrisoned his house at the residence of the Rev. F. Foxlow, Staveley for the King. 'John Vic- son of the preceding; kars, in his Parliamentary Chronicle, The Church, (see the Plate,) which page 337, says, “Immediately after is built in form of a parallelogram,
contains an ichnographical site of * Orig. Dom. Boc. 277. b. 2.—Bawd- about 45 yards by 12." It consists of wen's Trans. p. 322.
a nave, chancel, and one side-aile. + A name which implies, according to
The tower, which appears to bave Camden, doublers or delayers.
been built in 1681, contains eight exGent. Mag. Suppl. XC. Parr II.
ceedingly musical bells ; the tenor On a gilded board there is a memoweighing 18 cwt. 3 qrs. 22 lbs. was rial of a former wife of this Jobo, given by the present Rector; and the who was a daughter of Francis Nipeal were opened when the present colls, Esq. of Ampthill, co. Bedford. Duke of Devonshire attained the age She died 10 April, 1629, aged only 18 of twenty-one. His Grace is patron years. There are various other me. of the Church, which is dedicated to morials of the Freschvilles. St. John the Baptist; the body has A beautiful altar-tomb), with a relately been newly paved, a gallery cumbent figure of a lady and infant, built, and the whole interior beauti. is thus inscribed : fied, containing at present as neat “Here lyes the mortal part of Christian and comfortable accommodation for Lady St. John, late wife of Charles Lord public worship as any village church St. John, Baron of Bazinge, and daughter in the kingdom.
of John Freschville, Esq. who in memory The following Monuments and In
of his dearest childe, caused these stones scriptions are to be seen. In a niche
to be laid together. She died in childbed, in the North wall of the chancel, on
the 22d of July, 1653. Her infant, John a brass, with two large figures and 7 lyes here interred with her.”
Pawlet, surviving his tnother seven dayes, boys, and as many girls, in a praying
A marble slab on the North wall atlitude, are these words :
records the death, virtues, and mar" Bancta Maria, ora pro nobis ;
riages, of his wives, and his own O mater Dei, memento mei.”
dealh ; of the Rev. James Gisborne, The Inscriplivo:
M.A. Prebendary of Durham, and 43 “Here under fote lieth the bodys of years Rector of this Church; he died Peprs firepchwell, and Maude his wpf, Sept. 7, 1759, aged 70. and sume time squier unto the noble On a mural tablet over the Conand ercellent prince king Henry the vi. munion Table : and Lord and Patron of this chirche, “ Within these rails is interred the body which Peprs deceasyd the prv dap of of James Gisborne, the oldest surviving Marche, the pere of our lord, .V.VI. son of the late Rev. James Gisborne, a on whose souls Th'u, have mercy. member of the Irish House of Commons, Amen."
Lieutenant-general and Governor of CharlOn a large decaying marble tomb, mont in Ireland. He married Mary Anne close by the above, containing the Boyd, daughter and co-heiress of Charles arms of Freschville, with various Boyd, Esq. of the kingdom of Ireland. He
left issue one son and three daughters, quarterings, and a brass plate on the
&c. &c.” top, representing an armed warrior, standing with his hands clasped in a
Adjacent there is a marble tablet prayiog posture, with the words,
to the “ memory of Catharine, wife
of the Rev. Fletcher Dixon, of Stave. « *** Trinitas un’ deus miserere nobis. ley Hall, and Vicar of Duffield, in this Deus mittere esto ** peccatum.”
county. She was daughter of the On a brass border there only re above James Gisborne. The Rev. mained the following:
F. Dixon, LL.D. died at Staveley Hall, « *** Amabus Petri Frechwell, d’ni.
Jan. 5, 1819, aged 75. He was a man *** Derb. Armig'i qui obiit (a space beloved and esteemed by all who never billed] die niensi [ditto] anno Do. knew him; and his death has left a mini Millmo CCCC. (ditto] et Matilde blank in the charitable distributious uxoris ejus. Quorum animabus propicie- of this village, which its inhabitants tur Deus. Amen."
will long regret. The writer, who On a massy marble monument the was indebted to him for personal fafollowing:
vours, could not forego the oppor" Here lieth the mortal parte of the tunity, when he last visited Staveley Right Honourable John Lord ffresche Church, of inscribing with his pencil ville, Baron of Staveley, Governor of York, on the tablett, the following lines : and descended from the antient and noble “No need of verse, nor monumental pride, ffamilies of the ffreschevilles, Barons of Reader! to tell thee Dixon lir'd and died. Crich, and of the Musards, Barons of Living, -his bounty did to all extend ;Staveley, who departed this life, Mar. 31, Dying, all mourn'd him as a common anno D'ni 1682, aged 76 years. Anne
friend. Charlotte, Lady ffreschevilie, in memory
Would'st thou thy memory as the just of her deerest lord and husband, caused
should sinine, this monument to be erected."
Go, bless the killage! and his praise be
PART 11.] Account of Staveley.-Rev. Francis Gisborne. 579
In the church-yard are the follow. regarded as a very bright example of ing epitaphs, among many others: primeval integrity of life. He gave by
his last will eighteen pounds a year to the On a young woman who died on the Hospital at Woodthorp; besides other eve of Marriage :
very considerable legacies; and died a “ She was courteous with sincerity, bachelor, May 21, 1777, in the 70th year humble without meanness, and fully pos
of his age.” sest of those virtues which speak the true
The present Rector is the Rev. Christian; she died sincerely lamented.
Francis Gisborne, M. A. son of the Rest, dearest Shade! secure from grief and before-mentioned J. Gisborne, late
Rector of Staveley ; and is, I believe, Amictive pains and every hurtful snare ;
cousin to the excellent and valuable Till that dread morn when God reveal'd shall come,
author, T. Gisborne, of Yoxall Lodge,
co. Stafford. His brother was the And trembling Nature meet' her final Then may the youth who dedicates this late Dr. Gisborne, of Romely Hall, in stone,
[gone, this county, and Physician to his MaWho lov'd thee living, and laments thee jesty. This venerable village ClergyTriumphảnt meet thee in the realms man is truly remarkable for his age, above,
his eccentricities, and his charity; alAnd sing the wonders of redeeming love." though in his 88th year, he conti
Another head-stone commemorates nues to fulfil all the functions of a the name and death of Robert Samp- village Rector, christening,, inarryson, the not altogether“ mute inglo- ing, and burying, all his parishioners; rious Milton,” and Laureate of the in the latter office, he never fails, be village; and although, Mr. Urban, the weather ever so unfavourable, to his fame may not have reached any meet the corpse at the church-gates, of your Readers, I can assure them and proceed before it to the church; and
you, that he really was “ famous and at the grave always refusing any once for verse," as various church- temporary shelter, be the season ever yards can testify, where his works so inclement. To mention the ec. may probably outlive those of many centricity of this Reverend Divine, who have figured more splendidly in may seem impertinent. It may be wire-wove paper, and gilt and let truly said, that tered binding. He was a wandering “E'en bis failings lean to virtue's side.” dealer in earthenware by his trade, of his charities numbers can testify, well known; and woe to the reputa- not only in the remission of his fees tion of the luckless wight who hap- to the poor, and the demand of pened to provoke the Jampooning merely nominal tythes; but in various propensity of our poet. Some bitter other cases, in which he dispenses bis tetrastic was sure to haunt him from bounty. He was born at Staveley, the mouths of the rustics wherever
and received the rudiments of his he went. I apologize for this trifling. education at Netherthorp. School, His epitaph is as follows:
under the before-mentioned R. Ro. “ Here lies a Poet famous once for verse, bioson, who left Mr. Gisborne the Now awful silence bids no more rehearse; bulk of his fortune ; from hence he Here let bis relicks undisturb'd rernain
went to Peler-house, Cambridge *, In peaceful dust, till they're restor'd again. when the collegians, by their mimicry Mortal ! behold an emblem of thy fate; Place thy affections on a future state ;
of Gray's effeminate manner, bad Revolving Time will leave thee breathless
driven him from his college. The Soon,
[ere noon." Bard readily gave up his rooms to Night takes us home, if not call'd bence
Mr. Gisbornet, wbo was always a On a blue slate at the East end of. grave man, and even then stood aloof the Church, is the following loscrip- nions.
from this indiscretion of his compation :
Few villages have been more for“To the memory of Mr. Richard Ro.
tupate in the charitable dispositions bioson, son of the Rev. James Robinson
of its opulent inhabitants than Staveof Knuttsford in Cheshire, and Schoolmaster at Netherthorpe, in this parish, * He is the person, I believe, who gave Endowed with uncommon abilities, he the munificent donation of 22,0001. as exerted them for fifty years in the duties mentioned in a late Number of your Maof his School, with a diligence and assi- gazine, to St. Peter's College. duity still more to be admired ;' and al + For a character of this worthy Divine, though in an humble station, might be see our Poetical Department.
ley, doles, alms, and eleemosynary Writer will only observe that it is an gifts, being constant and frequent. imperfect tribute to a village whose There are several tables of benefac. inhabitants and localities have been tions in the Church, which are a con- endeared to him by ties of kindred stant memorial and incentive to the and mental associations from his families of the benefactors to emulate earliest years, as the birth place of the charity of their predecessors. his maternal aucestors. It is alone
There is a brass plate in the body known to the disposer of all events, of the Church, of which the follow. whether bis latest visit was his last ing is a copy:
visit to this beloved village, or not; “ Memorie Sacrum. anno Dom. 1677. he would say, Vale, dulce vicus ! Whereas the right worshipful Sir Peter Yours, &c.
J. H. Freschville, Knt. and others of the parish of Staveley, in the county of Derby, did Historical and Topographical Account by their Deed indented, dated anno 1610, of NORTH-MARSTON, Bucks. out of their charitable disposicions give the (Concluded from page 492.) sum of forty pounds, the use whereof to be employed for the putting forth of poor
THE CHURCH, which is dedicated to children of the poor inhabitants of the said parish to be bound apprentices to honest
nence at the North-easteru extremity irades and occupacions: Therefore, we of the village, and consists of a nave whose names are inscribed, out of the like and side ailes, with a square tower charitable inclioation, have given the se at the West end, about sixty feet in veral sums here under written, as well for height; and at the East end a Chanan addition to the forementioned pious cel, handsomely built in the Gotbic purpose of binding apprentices to good stile, with arched windows, having trades, as for a yearly distribution of mo
stone mullions and tracery. The nies to be dealt amongst the poor inha- length of the whole edifice is 95 feet bitants of the said parislı, &c."
within the walls ; the belfry, at the Then follows the names of 64 donors, West end, measuring 17 feet, the Nave of various sums, to be applied as the 38, and the Chancel about 40: the preamble sets forth.
width of the Nave and Ailes being 424 There is an Hospital at Woodthorp feet, and of the Chancel 224. for four poor aged men and the same It is said, tbat the Chancel was number of poor women, and a reader, built out of the offerings at the shrive which was built by Sir Peter Fresch- of Sir John Schorne; which, accordville, and endowed by his last will; ing to the account preserved in the each of the said nine persons to re- History of Windsor, and cited by Mr. ceive 41. per annuin, at quarterly pay. Lysons, in “Magna Britannia," vol. I. ments, chargeable on lands in Nether. p. 603, amounted to no less an average thorp and Woodthorp. In. 1777, sum than five hundred pounds per Richard Robinson, Schoolmaster, unn. (equal, as the last-nained writer gave 181. a year to this foundation, observes, to 50001. according to the which, with other additions, produces present value of money); and, there81. per annum for each person. fore, affords some degree of probabi
There is a free Grammar-school at lily in support of such a tradition. Netberthorp, which has been endowed It may with greater certaioty be af. at several times. In 1572, Margaret firmed, that this part of the building Freschville gave 8l. per annum; in bears a near resemblance to the archi1599, Francis Sitwell of Netherthorp, tecture of the tower of St. Mary Mag. Gent. gave 6l. per annum; in 1742, dalen College *, and other works of Lord James Cavendish gave 61. per the same period, and affords a beautiannum : these sums, with augmenta. ful specimen of the improved Gothic. tious, produce a competent salary for Ortheshrine above alluded to, Browne a classical master. The abilities of Willis mentions that it was so famous, the before-mentioned Mr. Robinson that direction.posts had been standing drew him many pupils, for whose be in the life-time of bis informants, nefit he exerted himself with uore. which pointed out the roads leadiog mitting zeal, and realized a consider. toitt.' able fortune. There is, I believe, at The principal entrance to the present, one scholar on the founda
* Engraved in vol. LXXXVII. i. p. 9. tion !
f Collections in the bodleian Library, In concluding this brief sketch, the Oxford.
PART 11.] Account of North Marston Church, Bucks. 581 Church, is by a porch on the South Prayer, are also painted on the wall, side, which projects about ten feet; and the Royal arms above an open the door-way being a Gothic arch. screen, once painted and gilt, which There is also a door at the West end, separates the Nave from the Chancel. another on the North side, and a third Ai the East end of the South Aile, on on the South side of the Chancel. each side of the window, is a lofty The windows of the Church are square- niche; and under a pointed arch close headed, with mullions, excepting one to it, in the East wall, is a pisaina, at the East end of the South aile, or holy water pot, in good preservawhich has a Gothic arch with tracery, tion. Near the window, on the wall the weather-ledge terminaling with a below, on the North side, are two cacarved head on one side, the other vities, probably designed to hold the hidden by the projection of one of furniture or decorations belonging to the buttresses of the Chancel. The an altar which once stood here. But whole roof is covered with lead, and whether this were the shrine of the the parapet is surmounted with coped Saint before mentioned, may be disbattlements, to which are affixed small puted. The Font stands on a square pinpacles, three on each side of the basement, raised above the floor, in Church, to correspond with the richly the North-west corner of the Church; figured decorations of the buttresses and is supported by a pedestal, to of the Chancel. Of the latter there which are attached four large shields are ten, besides a pinnacle on the borne by angels, which being formed centre of the East end, beneath which of very soft stone, are worn or rubbed is a beautiful canopied niche, contain- almost plain. The Font itself is octaing a pedestal, supported by an angel, gonal, cach face or compartment bewith wings expanded, immediately ing ornamented with carving :-one over the great East window, which is of them contains a rose, others four elegantly storied, although but few vine-leaves with their tendrils intervestiges remain of the coloured glass twining in the centre; another a rose with which all the Chancel windows and fasces, a shield with three chalices at least, were once adorned. The ef. or cups, and another, two ragged or fect of the elegant architecture of the knotted staves sallirewise. Chapcel, when viewed from the North There are two arches on each side, east, is considerably heightened by between the Nave and Ailes,' snpporttwo octagonal pillars, ranged with the ed by four pillars : those on the North pinnacles, and a delicately formed and side, each composed of four circular embattled turret, on the North side, columns clustered together. And of above the roof of a small vestry-room, those on the South side, one of them which with an apartment over it, are octagon, with each of its sides conattached to the Chancel.
cave or grooved ; and the other fanA richly-ornamented frieze is car. cifully cut, so that the several angles ried round the Chancel, charged with of an octagon are made to resemble heads of monstrous animals and gro. tesque figures of men, with asses ears: The door which formerly led to thelatterin various dresses, some eccle- the roof-loft still remains behind the siastical and evidently designed as ca- palpit. The covering of the latter is ricature resemblances of monks. There of blue , are twelve on the South side, six at date 1706 embroidered in silver. the East end, and nineteen on the In the floor of the North Aile, near North side, the latter being chiefly the font, and partly covered by a the heads of quadrupeds.
pew, is a large blue slab, in which are Io the interior, the ceiling of the the marks where brasses have been Church is of wainscot, divided into formerly inserted, either of coats of compartments, the beams resting on arms or small figures: and a fillet of brackets adorned with figures of an
brass still retains the following ingels holding musical instrumenis. scription : The walls have painted on them nu “ Hic jacet Jones Dirgine olim Balmerous texts of scripture; as also the livus istius ville, qui obiit ... front of a gallery at the West end. d’mn. mill.
ICC gessim. Over the Souih door are the words nono. “ Remember the poor.” The Deca Near the East end of the North aile, logue, the Creed, and the Lord's immediately over the pew belonging
the 0. g.