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to the Manor, at present held by Mr. " In memory of Richard Purchas, late Lockhart, is a marble tablet in me. minister of this parish, who departed this mory of “ Sarah, wife of Richard life Aug. 29, 1742, aged 71." Saunders, of Aylesbury, Gent, who Against the South wall, on a simidied 26 Nov. 1749; aged 54 years: lar lozenge : and of Richard Sauoders, who died .“ In memory of Purchas Deuchfield, 6 Dec. 1751, aged 56.”
late minister of this parish, who departed A piece of land of about two acres, this life Dec. 11, 1774, aged 59.” in the contiguous parish of Oving, is On another : said to be annexed to the stipend of
« Rebecca relict of the Rev. Purchas the Minister of this parish, on condi- Deuchfeld, departed this life May 14, tion that the vault beneath be never
1784, aged 66." suffered to be opened; or, in default, the said land to be forfeited to the
On another, agaiost the South wall,
without the rails : lord of the manor.
The Chancel has its Western end “ In memory of the Rev. Richard fitted up in the manner of a choir, Deuchfield, who departed this life Sepwith three stalls on each side, of oak,
tember 29, 1805, aged 61 years." having folding seats very richly carved On a brass, inserted in a large blue and ornamented with foliage. Be- slab within the rails : fore these stalls, and also continued " Filia Richardi Sanders, legitima conjux on either hand against the side walls, Sanders et Cookson, Richardique Thoare desks with much carving, but of mæ,
[chardo; inferior design and execution to thal Quæ septem liberos peperit predicto Ri. of the seats. The cieling is of wainscot,
Tantum duo gerit Elizabetha, Thomæ, in compartments, and the pannels over
Quæ dedidit vitam Julii vicesimo quinto the East end, within the communion
Faucibus avaris postea sævi Lethi,
An. Dom. 1656." rails, have bosses or knobs in the centre of each. The beams rest on On a tablet of variegated marble, brackets, with figures of birds and affixed to the North wall, are notices angels bearing shields.
of the death of On the South side of the Altar are “ Eleanor Saunders, an iufant, 14 June, three stope seats or stalls, with Gothic 1696." pillars, canopies, and tracery, all of “ Thomas Saunders, an infant, 18 Nov. equal height. The canopies are vault- 1699.” ed, with eight ribs, terminated by a “ Thomas Saunders, Gent. 4 Jau, 1704, rose in the centre of each. They are
aged 44 years.” in good preservation, excepting that
“ Elizabeth, widow and relict of Tho. in front the ornaments above the
mas Saunders, 5 April, 1744, aged 84." niches have been disfigured by the Three large stones in the middle of erection of an ill-designed monumen- the floor appear to have been sepul. tal tablet, which destroys the symme. chral, but have no inscriptions retry of the arches, of which some of maining. In one of them are grooves, the carving and decorations have been in which a label, and probably coats even chipped off to make room for it. of arms were inserted. A long clumsy wooden desk has also In the centre of the North wall, on been fixed up within the pillars of the a plain brown stone, with the figure stalls, to which is chained the book of of a band in relief, at the bottom, Homilies, accompanied by some other poiuting to the floor, and encircled religious tracts; Erasmus's Colloquies, with the words “ He lise just downe the Works of Ursinus, translated by
thare." Hy. Parrie, fol. Oxon. 1587; Bishop “ Heare lieth the body of Mr. John Jewel's Works in English 1609; and a Virgin, mivister of North Maston, who large folio without à title, printed in deceased this life the 11th day of January, 1578. By whom placed there, is uu- 1694, aged 77 years." known.
On a large brass plate, also in the Close to the upper or easternmost North wall: stall is a piscina, under a sharp pointed arch, of the time of King Henry III. widow, who died Feb. 11, A. D. 1615,
“ In memory of Elizabeth Saunders, ornamented with foliage.
ætatis suæ 74." Agaiost the North wall, within the
Johan. Saunders, Dr. of Physick, rails, is a lozenge of white marble,
D. D. with the following:
This small monument
Though nor my skill nor prayers could save The Tower contains five bells, beThyself, grave matron, from the grave, sides the sermon-bell, and a clock. Yet He takes care thy virtues ly
The first bell has the motto “ Sonoro Engraven in brass, and never dy.
sono meo sono deo.” The second l'll tell the world, and ever must,
and third, the initials J. K. and date Thou wert pious, peaceful, good and just,
1627. The fourth has the words “Ri. That long thou liv’dst, and it appears As long in virtue as in yeares :
chard Chandler made me, 1699;" and That so thou learn'dlst to live and dy
the great bell (wbich was re-cast in That now thou liv'st eternally.”
1763) the names of Lester and Pack
of London. On another large brass, affixed to the South wall, in capitals :
The Register commences in 1587
(29th Eliz.), and the baptisms appear “ The body of Richard Sanders, Gent. to have been regularly entered from who died A. D. 1602, ætatis 67.”
that time to the present day; but Then the engraved figure of a man, during Cromwell's usurpation, from in a long cloak, kneeling at a desk the year 1642 to 1646, no burial is with books (shut) before him; his inserted ; and po marriage from 1642 hands pressed together in a devotional to 1643. At the end of one of the attitude; near the portrait a shield of Register-books, is the following mearms. Party per chevron, Argent morandum : “ Jan. 29th, Ed. Ovïat, and Sable, three elephants' heads, an obstipate absentee, who would not erased, changed. Below, a skull en- be buried in ye Church-yard, bnt in circled with a garter, and the motto his orchard.” The year is not stated, “Sum quod eris, fuerimo quod es.” but the entry appears to have been The bones of a leg and foot, of a band made in the band-writing of the Rev. and arın, and two thigh bones, saltire. Purchas Deuch field, who became miwise. Underneath, the following lines: nister in 1742, and died in 1774 ; and "v Tis as you see, nought but the spoiles it is reported by persons still living, of death,
[taker; that they remember Oviat's widow God's bigh Controller and in partial having been buried in a similar manFreehold we had of land, but none of ner. The orchard adjoins the Churchbreath,
[maker. yard. All, one day, must resign unto their
The accompanying sketch of the I was the world's acquaintance in my time, parish Church (see the Plate) has Acquainted and no more, so should yebe.
been kindly supplied by a young I had my part, as thou perhaps hast thine, In wealth and friends, such as were fit
Gentleman residing at North Marston,
to whom, and to his respectable faI yielded up my reckoning, when I died mily, the writer respectfully acknowWhat wanted in the sum, Christ's blood ledges his obligations for many of the supplied !”
above particulars, and other useful On the North side of the Chancel,
VIATOR. is a door leading into a small square turret, divided into two apartments,
no cating by means of a flight of steps, part wood and part stone. In the LXXXVIII. i. p. 295), which was sent lower room is a piscina, on an octa
in answer to a request of Sir R. C. gon pedestal, under a canopy or arch
Hoare, I wish you to insert the fol. of stone, projecting from the South !owing, which appears on two tablets wall near the entrance. This is con
in front of one of the galleries in
Calne Church : jectured to have been a cell or confessional, belonging to the Monk, “ Benefactor.-Walter Hungerford, Esq. who had the care of the lights which did, in the year 1745, of his free bounty, were accustomed to be kept burning give 20 pounds per annum for ever, to the at shrines and altars; and the upper
poor, sick, and maimed of je parish of
Calne." room is supposed to have been his
“ The Hungerford Charity for the sick, dormitory; a square hole through the wall affording an opportunity of wounded, or maimed of this parish, hava looking into the Chancel. There is ing from non payment for 20 years, accu
mulated to 4001, the same was placed in also a fire-place in this apartment,
the 4 per cent. A. D. 1793; and the intewhich is at present converted into a rest, with the original charity, is now an. school-room for the children belong. nually distributed, agreeable to the gift of ing to the parochial sunday-school. the Donor."
one above the other, and communi. To the memoranda respecting the
COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY.
OXFORDSHIRE. (Concluded from p. 502.)
MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. ADDERBURY was the seat of John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, wit and poet; and of Joho Campbell, the great Duke of Argyle :
“ Argyle, the State's whole thunder born to wield,
And shake alike the Senate and the Field.”-Pope. In the churchyard is the monument of its Vicar William Bew, Bp. of Llaudaff, 1705.
At ALKERTON was buried its native and Rector Timothy Lydiat, astronomer and mathematician, 1646.
6. There, mark what ills the Scholar's life assail,
Hear Lydiat's life, and Galileo's end."-Johnson.
In Balden were buried John Brydges, Bp. of Oxford, 1618; and its rector Dr. Phanuel Bacon, punster and poet, author of “ The Snipe," 1783.
BANBURY was noted for the number of its Puritan inbabitants. Io Ben
“ Veni Banbury, O profanum ! " Come to Banbury, O profane one!
When I saw a puritane one
Hanging of his cat on Monday,
At Besselsleigh died Jobo Berkenhout, physician, naturalist and biographer, 1791.
In Black Bourton Church is the monument of the Hon. Sir Arthur Hopton, Charles I. Ambassador to Spain, 1649. In an adjoining chapel are several monuments of the Hungerfords.
At BLANDFORD PARK, then called Corobury, died Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, favourite of Elizabeth, 1588. It was the seat of the excellent Lord Chancellor Clarendon.
BLENHEIM, a magnificent memorial of the Nation's gratitude, was founded in 1705, in pursuance of an Act of Parliament, granting 500,0001. for its erection. Architect, Sir Joha Vanburgh. . Principal front, 348 feet long. The Hall, supported by pillars, is 67 feet high ; the Library, 183 feet long. In the Chapel is the monument, by Rysbrach, of John CHURCHILL, the great Duke of Marlborough, 1722. In the house is an observatory; a theatre ; a superb collection of paintings, particularly by Rubens and Tilian; and some fine tapestry, representing the principal battles of the Duke. In the Park, which, including the gardens, contains 2700 acres, and is more than 12 miles in circumference, is a fine expanse of water, of which “ Capability" Brown, its designer, said, “The Thames will never forgive me for what I have done at Blenheim !" Bridge of three arches, central arch 101 feet span; Temple of Diana, architect Sir William Chambers ; Column, 130 feet. high, with a colossal statue of the great Duke on the top, and an inscription of his principal achievements on the pedestal ; Triumphal Arch; Aviary; China Gallery, containing some most antient and curious specimeus; Fountain, with statues of the Nile, Danube, Plata, and Ganges, the last work of Bernini, celebrated by Prior; the High Lodge, in which died remarkably penitent, John Wilmot, the witty and profligate Earl of Rochester, 1680. This noble demesne is held by presenting at Windsor Castle, on Aug. 2, the anniversary of the Battle of Blenheim, a standard with 3 fleurs de lis painted thereon, “as an acquillance for all manner of rents, suits, and services; due to the Crown.”
BRIGHTWELL was the rectory of William Paul, Bp. of Oxford.
In BURFORD Church is a finely-carved monument of Sir Lawrence Tanfield, Lord Chief Baron, who resided at the Priory, and died in 1625. It is believed to be the last instance of the representation of an emaciated figure, not uncommon on antient monuments. The Priory was also the seat of the Speaker Lenthal.
CHALGROVE Church Steeple was blown down by a tempest, and the five bells therein broken, Jan, 5, 1727.
CLANFIELD was the vicarage of John Collinson, historian of Somerset. In Cuddesdon Church were buried John Bancroft, Bp. of Oxford, founder of its palace, 1640; and Mary, daughter of Bp. Lowth (exquisitely beautiful epitaph by her father), 1768.
CULHAM was the vicarage of Dr. Benjamin Kepnicolt, Hebrician, who died at Oxford, 1783.
lo DITCHLEY House (architect, Gibbs) is a fine collection of paintings.
At ELLESFIELD died its Vicar Thomas Wise, Antiquary, editor of Asser, 1767. Here resided George Pudsey, the industrious improver of land.
In Ensham Church is the monument of its native Dr. Jobn Rogers, divine, author, on the Visible and Io visible Church, 1720.
Ewelm was the rectory of Joho Prideaux, afterwards Bp. of Worcester.
At Forest Hill Milton married his first wife, Mary, daughter of Richard Powell.
In GLYMPTON Church is the monument of its native Thomas Tesdale, founder of Pembroke College, Oxford, 1610.
GREAT Milton was the residence of John TUURLOW, Secretary to Cromwell.
At Great Tew resided the amiable LuciUS CARY, Viscount Falkland.
At HANBOROUGH was buried its Rector Joba Holymnan, Bp. of Bristol, writer against Luther, 1558.
Hasely was the rectory of John Lelanj, first and last Antiquary Royal.
HENLEY-upon-Thames was the rectory of Henry Aldrich, Dean of Christ Church, elegant Scholar, who bequeathed his library to this town. Here were buried, Elizabeth, relict of Sir William Periam, Lord Chief Baron, sister of the great Lord Chancellor Bacon, and a principal benefactress to Baliol College ; Richard Jennings, master builder of St. Paul's Cathedral, who resided at Badgmoor, near this town; and William Hayward, architect of the bridge here, died 1782. At the Red Lion Shenstone wrote his little poem on an lun.
HEYTHORP House, architect Archer; Conservatory, 248 feet long.
KIDDINGTON has had its History excellently written by its amiable and learned Rector, Thomas Warton, Poet Laureat.
MAPLEDURHAM was the vicarage of Dr. John Burton, author of " Opuscula Miscellanea."
MINSTER Lovel was the seat of Thomas Viscount Lovell, Lord ChamberJain to Richard II).
Nettlebed is pleasantly noticed by the German traveller Moritz.
In NUNEHAM COURTENAY House is a good collection of paintings and many valuable portraits, among which is one of Vandermyn the painter, the face executed by Aune, Princess of Orange. In the tapestry room are three large maps of the counties of Oxford, Warwick, and Worcester, the earliest specimens of tapestry-weavivg in England, which was introduced by William Sheldon in the reigo of Henry Vill. In the house are busts of the English Poels. The garden was formed by Mason the Poet, author of “The English Garden.” The Park, contaiving nearly 1200 acres, is ornamented by temples, &c. and has been celebrated by Mason, Jerningbam, William Whitehead, and Horace Walpole.
At OXFORD, in St. Aldate's Church, was buried Dr. John Budden, biograpber of Bp. Waynfleet, 1620 ; in St. Giles's Church, Dr. Richard Rawlinson, Antiquary, 1755; in Holywell Cbapel, Samuel Clarke, orientalist, the first Gus. Mae, Suppl. XC. PART II.
archetypographer, 1669; in St. Mary's Church, John Wallis, decypherer and geometrician, 1703 ; in St. Peter's churchyard, Thomas HEARNE, Antiquary, 1735. The High Street is said to be the finest street in Europe. The Mayor and Burgesses assist the Lord Mayor of London as Bullers at the Coronation of the Kivg.
At Pyrton was married John Hampden, the patriot, to Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Edward Symeon, June 24, 1619.
At Road ENSTONE are some curious water-works, which were visited by Charles I. and his Queen in 1636.
lo ROTHERFIELD GRAYS Church is an elaborate monument for its native and resident (at Grey's Court) Sir Francis Knollys, K. G. treasurer of the household to Elizabeth, 1596.
In RollwRIGHT Church was buried Sir Fleetwood Shepheard, friend of Prior, 1698.
In SAERBORNE CASTLE is a portrait of Queen Katharine Parr, and in its frame is a piece of her hair, cut off when her coffin was opened at Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire, in 1799. In the church was buried Thomas Parker, first Earl of Macclesfield, Lord Chancellor, 1732.
In SHIPLAKE Church is a mural tablet for its amiable Vicar James Granger, author of “ The Biographical History of England,” which he wrote at bis vicarage house here, and died of apoplexy, whilst administering the Sacrament, April 15, 1776.
At Sæotover resided William Julius Mickle, translator of Camoen's ri Lusiad.”
SOMERTON was the rectory of WILLIAM JUxon, afterwards Abp. of Canterbury, who attended Charles I. on the scaffold. At STANTON HARCOURT, in 1718, Pope wrote the fifth volume of his Ho
In the church, among many monuments of the Harcourts, are those of Sir Robert Harcourt, standard bearer to the Earl of Richmond at the battle of. Bosworth Field; and of Simon, oply son of the first Viscount Harcourt, with an epitaph in Latin by Dr. Freind, and in English verse by Pope. Here is also a mural monument for Robert Huntingdon and his son, with a poetical epitaph by Congreve ; and on the outside wall a tablet to the memory of John Hewit and Sarah Drew, killed by lightning, July 1718, with an epitaph by Pope. The event is pathetically described in a letter by Gay.
In Steeple Ashton Church was buried Dr. Samuel Radcliffe, Principal of Brazenose College, and founder of the School and Alms-houses in this place, died in 1649.
In STOKEN CHURCH is a mural monument for Bartholomew Tipping, founder of the Free-school bere, died in 1680.
At SWINBROOK, Hugh Curwen, who exchanged the Archbishoprick of Dublin for the Bishoprick of Oxford, died in 1568.
In Tackley Church is a monument, by Bacon, of the Hon. John Morton, Chief Justice of Chester, 1780.
At THAME John Hampden died of his wound received at Chalgrove Field, 1643. In Thame Park Chapel is a monument, by Westmacott, of the last Viscount Wenman, 1800.
At WATLINGTON, in 1675, Eleanor, wife of Henry Devon, produced four children at a birth.
At Wheatley died and was buried William Julius Mickle, poet, translator of Camoens' “ Lusiad," 1788.
WHICHURCH was the residence of Dr. John Wallis, mathematician and grammarian.
In WITNEY, Feb. 3, 1652, five persons were killed by the falling-in of the floor of the White Hart Inn, during the performance of a comedy ; this event is commemorated in a puritanical Pamphlet by John Rowe. In 1730, 30 houses burnt down. The church is the burial-place of the Freind family, of whom Dr. Robert Freind and his son William, Dean of Canterbury, were Rectors here; as was also the poet Richard Duke. Here are monuments for Sir Francis Wenman, friend of the amiable Lord Falkland, 1640; and Henry Box, who founded the Free-school in this town.