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At Wood Eaton resided and died, io 1575, Sir Richard Taverner, fanatical Jay preacher.
Ai Woodstock, in 1649, the Parliamentarian commissioners were terrified by the tricks of Job Collins, “the merry Devil of Woodstock," wbich they considered supernatural, and which are narrated as such in a tract by Widdowes, the Clergyman of the place, quoted by Plott and Wood. William Lenthal, Speaker of the Long Parliameot, was M.P. for this borough.
Wormsley was the residence of Adrian Scroope, regicide, executed in 1660.
In Wroxton Church is a grave-stone over Francis Lord Guildford, Lord Keeper, 1685; a magnificent tomb for William Pope, first Earl of Downe ; a handsome monument for Francis, first Earl of Guildford, 1790, and his three wives ; and a memorial for Frederick, 2d Earl (the prime Minister, Lord North), 1792. In YARNton are many handsome monuments of the Spencer family.
Dec. 6. Church there remain Monuments of THE noble collection of ancient Noblemeo there buried to the pum
ber of eleren: eight of them are Church in the Temple, must have images of armed knights, five lying frequently attracted ihe attention of cross-legged, as men vowed to the your Antiquarian friends; but as Holy Land against the Infidels and great confusion prevails among the unbelievivg Jews; the other three several authors who have noticed this straight-legged. The rest are coped Church, not only in the appropria- stones, all of grey marble.”—This ac. tion, but in the number of these me- count is at variance entirely with morials, an attempt at au elucidation Mr. Carter's supposition of their remay not now be deemed unacceptable. moval from the choir. The round
Mr. Gough, in his elaborate work walk with more propriety refers to the (Sepulchral Monuments, vol. I.) de- aile than to the area, where they now scribes pine sepulchral effigies, and lie. When the alteration took place one stove coffio, lying in two groups,
I have not been able to ascertaio. It North apd South in the nave of the was certainly effected before the
year Circular Church, as they are at pre- 1671, when Sir William Dugdale sent. But I think it is evident they wrote his Origines Juridiciales. Speakare not in their original situations, ing of this Church, he says (p. 173), as a most intelligeut writer and valu- “ within a spacious grate of iron in able Correspondent of Mr. Urban's the round walk, under the sleeple, do (the late Mr. Carler) has remarked in Jie eight statues in military babits, your Magazine (vol. LXXVIII.p.998). &c. of which five are cross-legged. The reasons he gives for his opinion
There are also three other graveare briefly as follow : that statues stones lying about five inches above like these are seldom laid on the pave- the level ground, on one of which is ment, and in many respects so close a large escutcheon, with a lion ram. that the draperies of the one lie over pant graven thereon.”—The number that of the other ; that tbey are not is the same as in the last accouot, bot in chronological order, and some of the situations had been evidently them shew vestiges of ornamental changed, and the whole of the tombs slabs under them : be therefore sus- placed within an iron railing. Subpects that wben the Church was re. sequently to this period they have paired in the latter end of the 17th been again altered. No doubt ou accentury, they were remaining on their count of the enclosure being an obproper tombs in the choir similar struction to the passage from the to the Bishop's still to be seen here, West door to the choir ; being di. and were then removed to the situ- vided by the removal of the statues, ation they now occup.y. But as Mr. which were in the centre, to the sides, Carter has not explained the variance and the destruction of two of the jo other writers, my attempt will not grave-stones, inaking two groups as be superfluous. lo Strype's Stowe we now see them. But although the (vol. I. p. 745) they are thus noticed: Dumber of cross-legged figures cor" Jo the round walk of the Temple respond with the preceding extracts,
I cannot account for the increase of done to an antient window in that the number by the addition of ano- style, by depriving it of its mullions. ther statue, unless by supposing it from the perishable nature of the to have been brought from the choir soft stone, in which they are worked, to make the numbers in each group the decay is frequent; and the genevoiform. The remaining grave-stone, ral mode of repair is, by one or more attributed by Mr. Gough (vol.I. p. 49.) miserable uprights, which do not dito William Plantagenet, is now level verge at the curve of tbe arch, isto with the pavement, as are indeed all tracery, fan-work, or other of the the effigies, which shews some alter- ' ancient beautiful fashions of trefoils, ation must bave been made since Sir quatrefoils, rosettes, &c. These upWilliam Dugdale's time, it being very rights produce a non-descript geoimprobable they should have sunk metrical deformity, and unsightly upwards of five inches, which must insipidity. be the case if Dugdale speaks of the Our Churches, in many instances, present arrangement.
are national ornaments ; but they which, that author says, were on one would plainly be much more ornaof the grave-stones, it is remarkable mental as ruins, than when disfiare still to be seen on the shield of gured by trumpery and injudicious the Earl of Pembroke (the second restorations. I know a fine old effigy in the South group). This was Church in a market-town, roofed probably the monument of a mem- with stone tiles, which has recently ber of the Pembroke family, and been repaired with several square contradicts the appropriation of one feet of red pantiles ; as if an old of the two statues usually given to beggars drah jacket, patched with William and Gilbert Marshal (Gough, soldiers' clotb, had been a proper vol. I. pp. 43, 49).
pattern for such occasions. The ef. Whether I am correct in these con- fect is horrible, and I would suggest jectures or not, it is clear John Car- to Bishops and Chancellors the deliter is wroog in supposing these mo- very of a plan for inspection, and numents to have been removed from specification of the materials, before the choir in the latter end of the the reparation was commenced. 17th century, as it would undoubtedly It is well-known, that you cannot have been noticed by the accurale make a good thing of numerous old Dugdale, who must in that case have bouses, especially where these are remembered them in their former pentices, recesses, and gables, by stations ; and the oldest of the effi- sashing and Grecianizing; but we gies is that of Geoffrey de Magnaville, may Gothicize with success. I was 1148, who, after many vicissiiudes, once in this predicament on a small was buried before the West door of scale. I wanted a large window for the present Church, and seems always a study, and took a pattern from to have occupied a situation near
the Church. I found that to cut the where it now lies (Gough, vol. I. mullioos in stone, would be ex
ceedingly expensive, and I was reIt seems, therefore, most probable, commended by an ingenious carpenthat the tombs, or some of them, ter to have them in wood, cut in were originally erected in the Circus fac-simile and painted. For ChurchJar division of the Church, though work this would be too perishable ; not in the situation they now are.
I and I would recommeod tbe substihave endeavoured to account for their tute of Cast-iron; and, I venture to removal and change in numbers. Per. think, that if the fancy-manufacturers haps some of your Readers may pos of this article were to keep by tbem, sess information which may throw a not in Chinese Gothic, but in a pure better light on the subject, to obtain style, mullions, cast in moulds from wbich is the object of these remarks. Church patterns, complete for GoYours, &c.
E. I. C. thic windows of various size, and
advertise Chancellors of Dioceses, by
circular, of their making or baving Mr. URBAN,
such goods, a stop might be put to E VERY person, sensible of the the mutilation of our Churches.
religionizing effect of Gothic When put up, a coat of paint would Archilecture, must feel the injury only be necessary for a stone colour.
Many of our Churches owe their subsistence; and, excepting what the grand character to a rich East win- annals of the stage, and their own ludow, to rob them of which is a de- cubrations have handed down to us, terioration, little inferior to knock- we are acquainted with little to their ing off the pose of a statue, or, in credit. Their profession was disremore correct analogy, to cutting putable, and their lives were by no away a fine face into a skull; and means calculated to recommend it thus destroying every beautiful and as an example; they were indigent, discriminating feature-every vestige yet in their misery they retained • a of character and effect in the object. miserable conceit:' no misfortune
By means of Cast-iron, I also con- could damp their hilarity, and the ceive, that many of our, Churches
“ Æquam memento rebus in arduis might be preserved in their pristine Servare mentem,” character, at an expence comparatively trifling, the decays applying chiefly At this period Charles Chester held
was cheerfully observed by them. to minor parts ; if so, one prudent the situation of Fool in the Court of expence thus incurred, might reduce
Queen Elizabeth ; in his wit, as well subsequent repairs to the trifling periodical cost of a little paint, tiling,
as the application of it, he seems to
have resembled Scogan, and that reand glazing
semblance is a sufficient apology for P.S. The glass panes of Church windows should be lozenge-formed, has descended
not inserting the only anecdote which
has descended to us under his name*. uul squares. CONSERVATOR.
Among the Anecdotists who flou.
rished about this period, may be THE CENSOR. -No. III.
placed RICHARD EDWARDES, better An INQUIRY INTO THE PROGRESS OF
known as a Musician. He was born ANECDOTAL LITERATURE.
in Somersetshire, 1523, and became (Continued from p. 507.) a scholar of Corpus Christi College, E have now passed the period Oxford; but quitted the University
of “ Mery Tales,” and are for the Court, and received a musi. about to enter "upon a wider pros. cal education from Etheridge. He is pect. Till this time the Wit was well-known in Dramatic Literature, contented to have his jests hacknied as the author of Damon and Pythias, during his life, and then to live in which was performed at Court +; and ore omni populo;' or, if he was an au- of Palemon and Arcite, acted before thor, to collect and Anglicise the sto- Queen Elizabeth, in the the hall of ries of foreign countries; hence the Christ Church, who appointed him • Anatomie of Wit,' the · Paradise of Master of the Revels. These minor Dainty Devices,' and many other pub. poetical pieces are preserved in The lications of this kind. But now, the Paradise of Daintie Devices, 1567 ; Jester was not satisfied unless the consisting chiefly of songs and pretty whole volume was of his own crea- pamphlettes, addressed to the court tion, and the adventures of his own beauties. Meres praises him for his life furnished abundant matter for the excellent performance of comedy, Press : as the original Joculator was His death happened in 1566, an event sinking to decay, many persons, who which brought tears from the Graces lived by their wits, principally actors, as well as from the Muses : scarcely becanje noted for their words, for any poet has been so bewailed by the their actions have sunk into deserved ladies. oblivion; the lives of such men are Turbervile, in his Epitaphes, Songs, always replete with incident: the bad and Sonets, 1570, as well as Twype, company which they kept, and the (who assisted Phayre in his Translabad æconomy which they practised, tion of Virgil), has dedicated an Elegy drove them to various shifts for a to his memory #! * Harl. MSS. 6395.
+ Printed for William Howe, in Fleet-street, 1570. # An extract from their compositions may not be unacceptable to the reader ; we shall begin with Twyne :
" Whilst Church and Chappell dure), and
Whilst Court a Court shall be;
The late Mr. William Collins, of His chief dramatic composition is Chichester, possessed a collection of entitled, “The Seven Deadly Sins,' of short comic tales in prose, printed at which a plat or sketch may be found London, in black letter, about 1570, in Malone's Supplement to Shaks“ sett forth by Maister Richard Ed. peare, and from which Marloe prowardes, Mayster of her Maiesties Re- bably took one of his finest scenes in vels :” among which was a story con- • Faustus :' his · Farewell,' a ballad, cerning the Induction of the Tinker, was entered on the Stationers' Books since dramatised by Shakspeare in his in September, 1588; and a collection • Taming of a Shrew *.'
of his · Jests,' a work once in great RICHARD TARLETON +, one of the estimaliun, was published in 161). first persons who derived a subsistence of this rare and curious work there from their practical bon-nots, was is no copy in the British Museum, nor born of poor parents, at Condover, are we able to furnish our readers in Shropshire : a servant of Robert, with
any extracts from it, Earl of Leicester, found him in a field
“ Stat nominis umbra." keeping swine, and perceiving in him George Peele, another example of a propensity to wit, brought him to profligate humour, was a native of the metropolis, where he went on the Devon, whence he was eotered at Stage, and became a Member of the Broadgate Hall, Oxford, and about Company at the Bull, in Bishopsgale- 1573 elected Student of Christ street. Here, had it not been for bis Church: in 1579 he proceeded M. A. profligate habits, he might have ac- after which he removed to Londos, quired a decent competency. He was became the City Poet, and had the famous for his extempore jests in the ordering of the Pageants. Nash calls theatre, a treat, (po doubt) alluring bim the chief supporter of pleasure, to the audience who could be as- the Atlas of Poetrie, and primum versembled but by novelty : but his borum artifex:' bis celebrity, howprincipal scenic character was that ever, ended with his life, and when of the Clown, in the anonymous play that happened we are not told. Anof Henry V. (written before that of thony à Wood, the chronicler of Shakspeare, and printed in 1598), and poets, has not preserved the date of in the same drama he appeared also his death, but assigos a just reason as the “ Judge, who receives the box for the obscurity which clouds the on the ear." Sir Richard Baker says, memory of Peele ; “this person was that he never had his equal as a living (says he) in his middle age, clown, por ever will. He kept, at in the latter part of Queen Elizabeth's one time of his life, an Ordinary in reigo, but when or where he died I Paternoster-row, whence he removed cannot tell, for so it is, and always to the sign of the Tabor, in Grace- hath been, that most Poets die poor, church-street, and was chosen sca. and consequently obscurely, and a venger, but frequently incurred com. hard matter it is to trace them to plaints tbrough his negligence. He their graves.” How much less the died in 1589, and his memory was difficulty with respect to Wits is, we perpetuated by many publicans, who leave the reader to judge. He ceradopted his portrait for a sign, to tainly died before 1598. - The best of which Bishop Hall alludes iu bis sa- his dramas is King David and fair tires,
Bethshabe, a performance which may “ To sit with Tarleton on an ale-post's be regarded as an earnest of the fusigne.”
ture genius of Shakspeare. Turbervile speaks thus :
“ Ye learned Muses nine,
And sacred Sisters all;
And to lamenting fall
The chiefest of your traine,
By cruell death is slaine."
Notwithstanding his celebrity, and “ How George helped his friend to a Supabilities better regulated than those per. - George was invited one night by of Marloe, Peele was totally devoid
certaine of his friends to supper, at the of principle, and bis life presents lit- White Horse, in Friday-street; and in the tle better than a catalogue of disho- evening as he was going, he met with an
old friend of his, who was so ill at the nesties, varied according to circumstances. While a student at Oxford, good cheere he went to, himselfe being
stomacke, hearing George tel him of the he appears to have passed much of
unprovided both of meat and money, that his time in Buckinghamshire, and to
he swore he had rather have gone a mile have made frequent excursions to than have met him at that instant. And, Wycombe, Stoke, &c. where he play- beleeve me, quoth George, I am hartily ed his 'merrie prankes ;' and on one sorry that I cannot take thee along with occasion passing himself off for a Phy- me, my selfe being but an invited guest; sician, effected a cure which had baf. besides, thou art out of cloathes, unfitting fled the Faculty of that neighbour- for such a company : Marry this Ile doe, hood, by relieving an elderly Gentle- if thou wilt follow my advice, Ile help thee man from a consumption, with no
to thy supper. Any way, quoth he to other medicine than a decoction of George, doe thou but devise the means,
and lle execute it. George presently told herbs : the whole narrative of that
him what he should doe; so they parted. adventure is worth the reading.
George [being] well entertained, with exPeele was married; but of his wife traordinary welcome, and seated at the we know nothing further, than that upper end of the table, supper being he treated her with the indifference brought up, H. M. watched his time beof a wedded poet; nor could other low; and when he saw that the meat was wise be expected of a man as worth- carried up, up he follows, (as George had less as he was poor, and whose pro
directed bim), who when George saw, mises were those of a wit : once, we
• You whorson Rascal' (quoth George) are told, he took up a petticoat on
what make you here?' • Sir,' quoth be,
I am come from the party you wot of." trust for five shillings, which he
• You Rogue,' (quoth George) have I gave to his honest wife, one of the
not forewarned you of this ?' 'I pray best deeds he ever did to her.' His
you, Sir,' quoth he, 'heare my errand. adventures were published in 1627 *, Doe
you prate, you slave,' quoth George, when they appeared under the title and with that tooke a rabbet out of the of “ Merrie conceited Jests, of George dish, and threw it at him.' • Quoth he, Peele, Gentleman, sometimes Student you use me very hardly'
• You Dunga in Oxford. Wherein is shewed the hill,' quoth George, doe you out-lace course of his life, how he lived: a me? and with that tooke the other rab. man very well known in the City of bet, and threw it at his head; after that London, and elsewhere.
a loafe; then drawing his dagger, making
an offer to throw it, the Gentlemen staid “Buy, reade, and judge,
him : : meane while H. M. got the loafe The price doe not grudge :
and the two rabbets, and away he went : It will doe thee more pleasure, which when George saw he was gone, Than twice so much treasure.
after a little fretting, he sate quietly. So “ London, Printed for Henry Bell, dwell
by that honest shift he helped his friend ing in the Little Old Baily in Eliot's-court.”
to his supper, and was never suspected Notwithstanding the assertion of for it of the company.” pp. 14, 15. the Editor, the purchaser will have not only reason to grudge the price,
The egotistical anecdotes are perbut will not derive from his bargain haps preferable, independent of their that double portion of pleasure which antiquity, to the modern collections; he is led to expect. The rarity of and as this work is nearly the only this tract was so great, joined to its
one of the kiod that we shall have immense price, that Mr. S. W. Singer
to notice, are therefore more was induced to reprint it, and for that prolix than usual in our remarks on
it. purpose made use of a copy which
“Wit,”(says Sir Egerton Brydges) had formerly belonged to the Rev.J. like family plaie, appears new modelBrand. It is neaily executed, with a
led for each succeeding generation;" Biographical Memoir of Peele (from and the truth of this position may be ours is principally taken), con
readily allowed : our readers have, taining 31 pages, 4lo.
without doubt, perceived what changes
have taken place in Anecdotal Lite* At Oxford, 4to. 1657. rature, down to the period of Peele.