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the age.

• Sir,

PART 11.) Old Maid's Thermometer.- Preservers of Charles II. 607

83. Wonders how men can leave and have examined them. The preservers the society of sensible women to flirt of Kings in another nation are proscribed with chits.

characters. It is a pity, however, that in 34. Affects good humour in her

any kingdom those who have deserved so conversation with men.

well should be forgotten, or that their

seed should be neglected. Query, who 35. Jealous of the praises of other

last enjoyed this pension ?' I have taken 36. Quarrels with her friend who is neglect, as asserted by Mr. Green, was

some pains to enquire if this charge of lately married.

correct, and at length I am enabled to 37. Thinks herself slighted in 80 lay the following extracts before my Reaciety.

ders, the first of which is from the Wor-, 38. Likes talking of her acquaintance cester Journal :: On Friday, Dec. 26, who are unhappily married ; finds 1784, was married, at the Collegiate consolation from their misfortupes. Church, Wolverhampton, Geo. Richards, 39. Ill nature increases.

Esq. late of Poland-street, London, to the

relict of the late Mr. Shaw, and a descen. 40. Very meddling, and very officious.

dant of the family of the Pendrils, who 41. If rich, as a dernier resort, battle of Worcester, from which she now

preserved the life of Charles II. after the makes love to some young man who enjoys a handsome premium from his is without fortune.

Majesty *.' Add to this, I was at length 42. Not succeeding, rails against so fortunate as to obtain the following anthe male sex.

swer to a letter I was directed to send to 43. Partiality for cards increases, Birmingham; and for the ready manner and scandal commences.

in which it met my enquiry, I beg to 44. Severe against the manners of thank the communicator:

St. Martin's-place, Birmingham, 45. Strong predilection for a Me

Nov. 12, 1817. thodist Parson.

• In answer to your letter, I hereby in46. Enraged at his desertion. form you that I do receive an annuity of 47. Becomes desponding and takes

about 241. half yearly ; and there is also snuff.

a Mr. Hill, in this town, a descendant of

the Pendrells in a female line, who also 48. Turns all her sensibility to

receives an annuity on the same account, wards cats and dogs.

which is something more than mine; it 49. Adopts a dependant relation to

was originally granted to five brothers, attend upon her.

Pendrells; to two of them was granted 50. Becomes disgusted with the 1001. each per annum, and to the other world ; and vents als ber ill-humour three one hundred marks each per annum; on this unfortunate relation.

it is paid out of certain lands lying in the

several counties of Stafford, Salop, WorMr. URBAN,

Dec. 7. cester, Hereford, &c. which probably at

that time might belong to Government. [ the collection of Worcestershire

'I am, Sir, your humble servant,

• John PenDRILL. Biography*, that I think you will

• I believe I am the only descendant in agree with me, that the following ex

the male line.' tract relative to the Preservers of Charles the Second, will interest your rying on the business of a carpenter and

The contributor of this letter is now carReaders :

joiner at Birmingbam, and his son is a " Of the devoted attachment and ser

printer. vices of the family of the Penderills, Pen The christian name of Mr. Hill is Ria drells, or Penderells, to Charles II. some

cbard : he is engaged in a brewery at notice may be expected in a work profes- Birmingham, and is in the receipt of 35). sing to record the actions of every person half-yearly. worthy notice as connected with the county

The portrait of William Penderill, says of Worcester ; particularly as Mr. Green, Mr. Granger, which was done in the in his History, seems to convey an idea that the family was afterwards neglected * Among the descendants of the Penby a Government which it endeavoured to drils, we may also add, that in December, preserve.

Mr. Green's words are these : 1815, died, at Gresley Green, the resi- A descendant of the Pendrills, of the dence of the Rev. G. W. Kempson, near name of Jobn, is now (1796) living in Wolverhampton, in the 820 year of his

His pretensions to the inhe age, Mr. Thos. Pendrill Rock, of Bre. ritance of the royal grant have been ap wood, surgeon.

The name of Pendrill proved by many who have enquired into was given to him as a descendant of the

loyal Staffordshire Miller, who preserved * This work is reviewed in p. 609,

Charles II.


reign of William III. represents him in tions that she visited him at Paris in Nothe 84th year of his age. Richard Pen- vember, 1651: [September 6th of this derill or Peuderell's portrait was painted year was the fatal Battle of Worcester.] by Zoust, and is engraved by Houston : In the European Mag, for October, 1794, these six brothers, continues Mr. G, rent is a copy of a letter from Charles II. reed little farms on the borders of Stafford. gretting that he cannot at present re. shire, and were frequently employed as ward Mrs. Lane according to his wishes labourers, in cutting down timber *. Ri and her deserts ;' this is dated during his chard died 8th February, 1671, and lies exile. Her sister, Mrs. Lettice Lane, was buried in the Church of St. Giles in the blind many years before she died in 1709. Fields, London, where a monument is She assisted ber sister Jane in polishing erected to his memory t : the author of his pebbles, by rubbing them one against epitaph styles him the great and unpa another. See Nash, vol. II. p. 168. ralleld Penderel.' Richard was the third Maoy particulars respecting Bosof these brothers, and he was commonly cobel House, and the Royal Oak, called Trusty Richard; he and his five

are to be found in your previous brothers lived at or near the White Ladies, volumes. In vol. LIV. p. 294; the in a little farm within the wood; they late David Wells, esq. (under the sig, were employed in cutting down timber,

nature of Observator) communicated and watching it to prevent its being stolen. They subsisted chiefly upon the profits of the original Latin Inscription as cut some cow grass.See Pepysian Miscel

in stone on the wall encircling the lany, published by Sir David Dalrymple. Royal Oak ; and in vol. LX. p. 35, The portrait of trusty Dick Penderell, the same intelligent Correspondent engraved by Lamborn, Mr. Granger does gave a full account of the state of Bos. not think genuine. At the Restoration, cobel House and the Royal Oak, as King Charles II. confirmed on Pendrel they existed in 1790.-Your exceland his heirs, for ever, the sum of 1007.

lent Correspondent Mr. Parkes has per annum.

also furnished you with two Views Of the other characters whom Charles

and an Account of Boscobel House, was obliged to for his escape. THOMAS WHITGreaves was of Moseley, and in the latter volume with a View

vol. LXII. 113; vol. LXXIX. 105. ; in Staffordshire. In the Worcester Journal for 1810, is inserted, 'On Friday se'n

of the Royal Oak, as it appeared in night died, at Moseley-ball, Staffordshire, 1809, with an Inscription on a Brass Thomas Whitgreaves, Esq. the worthy Plate, which had been put up in 1787, descendant of the faithful preserver of instead of the former in stone, which Charles II.'

had been destroyed. . This Brass Plate Jo. Ilurlston, or HUDDLESTON, was, at is also now removed, as well as the the time alluded to, Chaplain to Mr. brick wall that surrounded the Thomas : he was a Benedictine Mook. descendant of the Royal Oak ; which Wood, who gives some account of him, has been encircled with a very lofty says, he prevailed upon him to commit to writing the adventures of Boscobel Wood †;" account of a series of historical paint

handsome iron railing. A curious surely this could not be the account that bears the signature of Thos. Blount.

ings representing the priocipal perHuddlestone administered extreme unction

sons concerned in concealing the to Charles II. when on his death-bed, at Kiog at Boscobel, is given in vol. the request of James Duke of York. See LXXIX. p. 291. an account of the death of that Monarch, Mr. Parkes has also furnished you by Huddleston, in the memoirs of King with a view and account of the remains James, written by himself, vol. II. p. 748. of the Priory of White Ladies, vol. Mrs. § Jane Lane married Sir Clement

LXXIX. p. 809; and in vel. LV. p. Fisher, of Packington-hall, Warwickshire, 89, Mr. Wells communicated drawBart. Mr. Evelyn, in his Diary, men

ings of some tiles, &c. from the ruins * A female descendant of the Pendrells, of that Priory. whose maiden name was Simmons, (and who It will be gratifying to your Readers married the Rev. W. Lens, see vol. XC. i. to learn, that the estate of Boscobel 190.), received a pension, we believe of has fallen into hands who duly re1001. a-year. EDIT.

verence a spot so celebrated in the + Engraved in Snith's Views, to illus.

annals of Loyalty. It pów belongs to trate “ Pennant's London." Charles, after his restoration, gather: Derby; who has filted up the house

Mr. Evaps, the respeetable banker of ed some acorns from the Royal Oak at

in an extremely elegant and approBoscobel, set them in St. James's Park, and used to water them himself, Vide priate manner ; with all due attenTour through Britain, 1753.

tion to preserve every relique that may f Mrs. was at that time the title of interest the curious visitor. J.B.N. Spinsters.


[ 609 ]




108. Biographical Illustrations of Wor. be as correct, and to contain as much va

cestershire: including Lives of Persons, laable matter, as any similar one of such
Natives or Residents, eminent either for magnitude, the production of an indivi-
Piety or Talent: to which is added, a dual. There is a gentleman in this county
List of Living Authors of the County. By every way fitted for the task of writing its
John Chambers, Esq. Author of

* The history, who has for many years been Histories of Malvern, and Worcester.” making a collection which shall super8vo. pp. 612. Longman and Co.

sede Dr. Nash's book. I trust it will be ORE than once we have com

published, and in such a style as the pre

sent public encouragement of such works, mended Mr. Chambers as

and the great perfection of English art, Local Historian. He now appears in will allow. Perhaps I may be permitted a still more appropriate character, to hint that the manner in which Ormerod's as an iogenious Artist, commemo Cheshire is given to the publick, partirating the worth and talents of such cularly in the decorative part, reflects as of the « Natives or Residents" in high credit on the Author and on the SubWorcestershire, as have distinguished scribers, as it does on the period and themselves either by their actions or the country that produced it.” their writings:

We shall here stop to notice two We quote the following sentiments slight errors in this article : as congenial to our own:

P. 463. for

« Mr. Montague “ The local Biographer,” says Mr. C. Brown” read “Mr. Montagu Bacon.” “ has many opportunities of correcting P. 466. Mr. Rose did not trapsmistakes of the Author distant from the late the Worcestershire Domesday, scene of action, and thus preventing the

but furnished the “ Dissertation” perpetuity of error, and I am not con

which accompanies it. scious of leaving a point uncertain through

In another capital article, Mr. fear of trouble or a feeling of iodifference."

Chambers has gone out of his way, “ If I shall be considered by some to have fallen into the same errors as the

if not to commit an error, to create conductors of the Biographia Britannica, a doubt,-“ Bp. Hurd. in 1765 was who are so wittily reproved by Cowper, I

made Preacher of Lincoln's Inn.” So offer in extenuation that the history of mi. stands (and rightly stands) the text; nor characters often involves dates and but (adds Mr. C. in a pote) “ 1775, circumstances of considerable importance.. according to Dyer's Camb."--With -In recording the lives of persons of ge all due submission to the learned Hisneral notoriety, I have usually been very

torian of Cambridge, the date given concise, confining myself principally to

by Mr. Nichols, and confirmed by such mater as is not generally known, or

the good Bishop himself, is correci. lies scattered in many books; but of such

Dr. Hurd was made Bp. of Lichfield as have been natives of the county, I have

in 1775. copied from every source of information to prevent reference to any other work.” These, however, are trifles light as The Memoirs are of various lengths,

air in a work of general utility.

We have seen a copy of this elegant according to the information ob

work illustrated by upwards of 50 tained; but none of them so long as

beautiful drawings of the portraits of to be tedious or so short as to be unsatisfactory. One of the most im

eminent men whose lives are given in

the volume. portant is that of Dr. Nash, the venerable bistorian of the county, from which we shall extract the conclusion: 109. Three Months passed in the Moun

tains East of Rome, during the “ It seems uniformly the custom with

By Maria Graham, Author of Jourthe topographers of Worcester to abuse nal of a Residence in India.8vo. pp. each preceding collector, from whose ma.

305. Longman and Co.
terials they have gained their earlier in.
formation; this applies to Habingdon, ham informs the Reader,

Of this amusing Volume Mrs. Gra-
Thomas Hopkins, and Lyttelton. Dr.
Nash, must, however, be omitted in this “ Her object is, to describe the present
charge ; and his work will be found, by state of the near neighbours of Rome ;
those who have perused it throughout, to to show the peasants of the hills as they
Gent. Mag. Suppl. XC. PART II.

are, E


year 1819.

are, and as they probably have been, Polese. They are taught reading, writwith little change, since Ilome was at ing, and Latin, and Italian grammar, but her height;' to give such an account of no arithmetic. Their Latin studies contheir actual mappers as may enable others sist of sentences from Cicero, part of Corto form a judgment of their moral and nelius Nepos, the Testament, and certain political condition, and to account for religious tracts. Formerly this was a some of those irregularities which we do kind of preparation for the priesthood, not easily imagine to be consistent with but the profession is out of fashion at Poli the civilized state of Europe, but which since the reduction of the monasteries. for centuries have existed in the patrimony The Italian Authors they read are entirely of the church.”

religious. A short catechism, the Chris. To avoid the great heat of Rome

tian doctrine of Belarmine, a history of duriog the summer of 1819, Mrs.

the Bible, but not a chapter unprepared,

and the lives of the saints, complete the Graham, and two other persons, determined to go to some of the neigh- those of most of the free schools in Italy.

studies of the school of Poli, and probably bouring villages to spend a few days. The charity of the foundress of the Accident determined in favour of boys school also supports a school-mistress Poli, by some antiquaries believed to teach the girls to read, to sew, to spin, to be the antient Empulium, by others and to knit.- Education, imperfect as it the aptient Bola. It was certainly a is here, displays its advantages in the contown of the Æqui. It is 26 miles dis duct and sentiments of some of the pea. tant from Rome; and here the tra sants. We met with one remarkable invellers fixed their head-quarters, and stance of its influence in a young man made froin it several pleasant excur

who was usually our guide in our little sions.

expeditions. His powers of reasoning This is alınost a new field of en.

were acute, and his observations, wherequiry, and the result is very interest. far above any thing we had expected in

ever his religious faith did not interfere, ing. Though so near to the great this rude and remote place. If by chance city, Literature and the Fine Arts are

he got near the doubtful grounds of faith, in a very low ebb.

he always checked himself, sayiog, ‘These “ A few of the better sort of women,

subjects are better not touched upon. 1 and there are eight or ten who have left

do not think the worse of you for differing off their country costume and adopted the

in your belief from me; but believe it French style of dress, make parties into

would be mortal sin in me, upenlightened the country and walk together in the even.

as I am, to attempt to examine the ing, and sometimes play at cards. These, grounds of my own, and thereby expose iostead of spinning, or knitting, embroić myself to the perils of heresy or disconder flounces and frills; but books never

tent.' On all other subjects he was very enter into their amusements or occupa

frank and intelligent, and exceedingly tions; and even music is only cultivated

curious about the productions of our coun. by the priests. Of these there are only try, and the customs of our country peofive in Poli, including the village school. ple. We had the curiosity to borrow the master; and a friar or a monk is almost common schoolbooks from Agabitto, for as much stared at by the children here, as so our friend was called, and could not he would be in a country town in England. help being struck with the extreme care Their parents, indeed, remember two well which the Church of Rome has watched peopled monasteries belonging to Poli, to effect its own purposes in the instrucbut these were among the first to sink at

tion of even the youngest child.

The the Revolution.

Italian Santa Croce, or Christ's-cross-row, A very fine house, now belonging to

contains, besides the letters and syllables, the chief proprietor here, was about the some prayers in Italian, others in Latin, year 1790 Aourishing as a convent of

which the little children are instructed to Breton monks, but Brittany being involv repeat, without, however, understanding ed in the general fate of France, the funds

them. The creed, a short catechism, and for the support of the convent failed, and

a manufactured copy of the Decalogue. the community sold their house and land,

In this last, the second coinmandment is and dispersed. San Stefano, close to the completely omitted, to accommodate the great gate at Poli, is little better. A pictures and images of the Romish wor. single monk, who is the schoolmaster, and ship, and the 10th is split, to make up a lay-brother who cooks for him, are all

the number. Indeed we do not see how the remaining inhabitants of the once

the commandment against idolatry could richly-endowed Spanish monastry of San

be retained where the practice is so preStefano. The school was founded some

valent. The women wear a Madonna and centuries ago by the lady Giacinta of the

child in their rings, the men sew a crucifix Conti family, and is free to all the young

into their jackets; these are caressed and



Review of New Publications.

611 invoked in every peril, and we had more them are unpardonably vulgar(but not than one occasion to observe that these indelicate) in their language, others images were considered as something

are extremely pathetic, and some more than mere symbols."

of them possess even fine writing. The manners and habits of life of

We copy a few lines from The the banditti who infest this and the Bridal of Polmood.” adjacent country, are well described ; “ Last autumn on my return from the and the wbole work is bigbly inte Lakes of Cumberland to Edinburgh, I resting

fell in with an old gentleman at the village

of Moffat, whose manners and conversa110. An Historical Sketch of the Progress tion deeply interested me. He was cheer

of Knowledge in England, from the Con- ful, unaffected, aud loquacious, to a deversion of the Anglo-Saxons, to the end gree which I have not often witnessed; of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth. With but his loquacity was divested of egotism Notices of Learned men, and Specimens of his good humour communicated itself to the Antient Language and Poetry. By all present, and his narratives were fraught James George Barlace. 4to. Pp. 358.

with traditionary kuowledge, the inforArch.

mation to which, of all others, my heart THIS “ Sketch” was begun when in the course of our conversation, that he

is most fondly attached. Having learned, the Author was only 14 years of age, was bound for Edinburgh, and that he for his own amusement and informa- had already been twice disappointed of tion, at a time of confinement, from obtaining a passage by the Dumfries suffering the amputation of his right mail, my friend offered to accommodate

bim with a seat in our carriage; telling ". The work is divided into eight pe. him that we had a spare one, and that riods, each beginning with an “ Intro instead of incommoding us, he would obduciory Sketch,” the chief intention of lige us by his company. He accepted which is, to give some idea of the state of of our proposal, not only with apparent Religion and Government during each satisfaction, but with an easy and cheerperiod.-The subjects of Divinity and ful grace which seened peculiar to bimHistory, the elegant and useful Arts, the self; and early next morning we proceedSciences, Literary Foundations, Com ed on our journey. merce, Language, &c. are severally no “ As we ascended the lofty green mounticed, and Specimens of Language given tains which overlook the vale of Annan. at the conclusion of every period.”

dale, the sun arose, and the scene became “ The Specimens of old poetry shew the inconceivably beautiful and variegated. genius of our countrymen, and also are The dazzling brightoess of the distant good examples of the state of our lan- Solway it was almost impossible to look guage.”

upon--the high mountains of Queensberry “ A short Glossary is added, to explain and Lowther, on the West, were all one the obsolete words used in these Speci- sheet of burning gold; while the still mens.”

higher ones to the Eastward were wrapt When the melancholy circumstan

in a solemn shade. In almost any other ces, under which it was composed, are

circumstances I could have contemplated considered, it is really a singular work, delight, and gazed upon it without satiety

the scene with the highest sensations of and highly creditable to its juvenile and without weariness. The shades of Author.

the mountains were still lessening as the

sun advanced, and those shadows, along 111. Winter Evening Tales, collected the whole of their fantastical outline, seem

among the Cottagers in the South of Scot ed to be fringed with a delicate rainbow. land. By James Hogg, Author of This phenomena I pointed out to our tra" The Queen's Wake,&c. &c. 2 vols. veller, who said it was common, and occa12mo. Whittaker.

sioned by the first slanting rays of the THE Author of these Tales, a man of sun being reflected from the morning dew. nocommon celebrity in his own Coun- On looking more narrowly to the surface of try, where he is usually designated the mountains, I perceived it was sprink“ The Ettrick Shepherd,” is the Au

led with a garnish of silver globules, thor of a whimsical superstition call- brighter and more transparent ihan the ed, “ Brownie of Bodspah;" and in purest gem; yet so tiny, that the weight

of a thousand scarcely caused the smallest the present work be may claim a blade of grass to stoop, or bent the web higher degree of excellence.

His of the gossamer." “ Tales,” which are all founded on popular traditions, have various de To give a matter of fact quogrees of merit, and though some of tation, we shall extract from “ The


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