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The Part of Make is likewise in all its Circumstances full of that Fire and Fury which distinguish this Spi ritfrom the rest of the fallen Angels. He is described in the sirst Book, as besmeared with the Blood of human Sacrisices, and delighted with the Tears of Parents and the Cries of Children. In the second Book he is marked out as the siercest Spirit that fcught in Heaven: And if we consider the Figure which he makes in the sixth Book where the Battle of the Angels is described, we find it every way answerable to the lame furious enraged Character.

. Where the might os Gabriel fought,

And •with force Enfigr.s piersd the deep array
Of Moloc, furious King, who him deffd,
And at his Chariot Wheels to drag him bound
Threaten'd, nor from the Hih One of Heaven
Refrain dhis Tongue blasphemous; but anon
Down cloven to the Waste, with flatter d-Ai-ms- \
And uncouth Pain fed bellowing, ,

It may be worth while to observe, that Milton ha» represented this violent impetuous" Spirit, who is hurried on by such precipitate Passions, as the first that rises in that Assembly, to give his Opinion upon their present Posture of Affairs. Accordingly he declares himself abruptly for War, and appearsincensed at his Companions, for losing so much Time as even to deliberate upon it. All his Sentiments are rasli, audacious and desperate. Such is that of arming themselves with their Tortures, and turning their Punishments upon him who inflicted them.

.No, let us- rather chuse,

Arntd with Hell Flames and Fury, all at once
O'er Heaven's high Tow'rs to force refistless way,
Turning our Tortures into horrid Arms
Against the Torsrer; when to meet the Noise
Of his ilmighty Engine he stall hear
Inftrnal Thunder, and for Lightning see
Black lire and Horror shot with equal Rage
Among his Angels; and his Throne it j elf
Mixt with Tartarean Sulphur, and strange Fire,
Sit own invented Torments-—*


H1 s preferring Annihilation to Shame or Milery, is also highly suitable to his Character; as the Comfort he draws from their disturbing the Peace of Heaven, that if it be not Victory it is Revenge, isa Sentiment truly Diabolical, and becoming the Bitterness of this implacable Spirit.

BELIAL is described in the sirst Book, as the Idol of the Lewd and Luxurious. He is in the second Book, pursuant to that Description, characterised as timorous and slothful; and if we look into the sixth Book, we find him celebrated in the Battle of Angels for nothing but that scoffing Speech which he makes to Satan, on their supposed Advantage over the Enemy. As his Appearance is uniform, and of a Piece, in these three several Views, we sind his Sentiments in the Infernal Assembly every way conformable to his Character. Such are his Apprehensions of a second Battle, his Horrors of Annihilation, his preferring to be miserable rather than not to be. I need not observe, that the Contrast of Thought in this Speech, and that which precedes ;it, gives an agreeable Variety to the Debate.

MAMMONS Character is so fully drawn in the sirst Book, that the Poet adds nothing to it in the second. We were before told, that he was the sirst who taught Mankind to ranfack the Earth for Gold and Silver, and that he was the Architect of Pandæmonium, or the Infernal Palace, where the Evii Spirits were to meet in Council. His Speech in this Book is every way suitable to so depraved a Character. How proper is that Reflection of their being unable to taste the Happiness of Heaven were they actually there, in the Mouth of one, who while he was in Heaven, is faid to have had his Mind dazled with the outward Pomps and Glories of the Place, and to hs ve been more intent on the Riches of the Pavement, than on the Beatisick Vision. I shall also leave the Reader to jud^e how agreeable the following Sentiments are to the fame Character.

-This deep World

Of Darkness do we dread? Hew oft amidst
Thick Cloud and dark doth Heanfus all-ruling Sire
Chuse to refide, his Glory unobscured,


j4nd with the Majesty of Darkness round
Covers his Throne; from whence deep Thunders roar
Mustering their Rage, and Heaven resembles Hell?
Jis he our Darkness, cannot we his Light
Imitate when toe please? This desart Soil
Wants not her hidden Lustre^ Gems and Gold;
Nor want weSkill or Art from whence to raise
Magnifcence; and what can Heav'n jhew more?

BEELZEBUB, who is reckoned the second in Dignity that fell, and is, in the First Book, the second that awakens out of the Trance, and confers with Satan upon the Situation of their Affairs, maintains his Rank in the Book now before us. There is a wonderful Majesty described in his rising up to speak. He acts as a Kind of Moderator between the two opposite Parties, and proposes a third Undertaking, which the whole Assembly gives into. The Motion he makes of detaching one of their Body in search of a new World is grounded upon a Project devised by Satan, and cursorily proposed by him in the following Lines of the first Book.

Space may produce new Worlds, whereof so. rift
There went a Fame in Heav'n, that he ert-lon^
Intended to create, and therein plant
A Generation, whom his choice Regard
Should favour equal to the Sons of Hea'u'n;
Wither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps
Our first Eruption, thither or elsewhere;
For this Inftrnal Pit shall never hold
Celestial Spirits in Bondage, nor ttf Abyss
Long under Darkness cover. But these Thoughts
Full Counsel must mature: t .

It is on this Project that Beelzebub grounds his Pro* -pofal.

... What if we find

Some eajier Enterprise? There is a Place
(If ancient and prophetick Fame in Heais n
Err not) another World, the happy Seat
Of some new Race caWd Man, about this Time
%3 M created like to us, though less

In Pswer and Excellence, but favour'd more
Os him <wbo rules above; so was bis Will
Pronounc'd among the Gods, and by an Oath,
That shook Hea<vrfs whole Circumftrence, confirm'd.

The Reader may observe how just it was*, not to Omit in the First Book the Project upon which the whole Poem turns: As also that the Prince of the fallen Angels was the only proper Person to give it Birth, and that the sext to him in Dignity was the sittest to second and support it. ,

There is besides, I think, something wonderfully beautiful, and very apt to affect the Reader's Imagination in this ancient Prophecy or Report in Heaven, concerning the Creation of Man. Nothing could shew more the Dignity of the Species, than this Tradition which ran of them before their Existence. They are represented to have been the Talk of Heaven before they were created Virgil, in compliment to the Roman Commonwealth, makes the Heroes of it appear in their State of Pre-existence; but Milton does a far greater Honour to Mankind in general, as he gives us a Glimpse of them even before they are in Being.

The rising of this great Assembly is described in a very Sublime and Poetical Manner.

Their rising all at once toas as the Sound
Of Thunder heard remote

The Diversions of the fallen Angels., with the particular Account of their Place of Habitation, aredescribed with great Pregnancy of Thought, and Copiousness of Invention. The. Diversions are everyway suitable to Beings who had nothing left them but Strength and -Knowledge mifapplied. Such are their Contentions at the Race, and in Feats of Arms, with their Entertainment in the following Lines,

Others with <vast Typhann Rage more fell
Rend up Loth Rocks and Hills, and ride the Air
In. Whirlwind; Hell scarce holds- the wild Uproar.

Their Musick is employed in celebrating their own criminal Exploits, and their Discourse in sounding the unfathomable Depths of Fate, Free-will and Fore-knowledge.

The several Circumstances in the Description of Hell are very sinely imagined; as the four Rivers which disgorge themselves into the Sea of Fire, the Extreams of Cold and Heat, and the River of Oblivion. The monstrous Animals produced in that Infernal World are represented by a single Line, which gives us a more horrid Idea of them, than a much longer Description would have done.

. Nat are breeds,

Perverse, all monstrous, all -prodigious Things,
abominable, inutterable, and worse
Than Fables yet have feign'd, or Fear conceiv'd,
Gorgons, and Hydras, and Chimeras dire.

This Episode of the fallen Spirits, and their Place of Habitation, comes in very happily to unbend the Mind of the Reader from its Attention to the Debate. An ordinary Poet would indeed have spun out so many Circumstances to a great Length, and by that Means have weakned, instead of illustrated, the principal Fable.

The Flight of Satan to the Gates of Hell is sinely imagined.

I have already declared my Opinion of the Allegoryconcerning Sin and Death, which is however a very sinished Piece in its Kind, when it is not considered as a Part of an Epic Poem. The Genealogy of the several Persons is contrived with great Delicacy. Sin is the Daughter of Satan, and Death the Offspring of Sin. The incestuous Mixture between Sin and Death produces those Monsters and Hell-hounds which from Time to Time enter into their Mother, and tear the Bowels of her who gave them Birth. Thefe are the Terrors of an evil Conscience, and the proper Fruits of Sin, which naturally rife from the Apprehensions of Death. This last beautiful Moral is, I think, clearly intimated iff the Speech of Sin, where complaining of this her dreadfal {slue,, she adds,.


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