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against him who professes to fuperintend the conduct of others, especially if he feats himself uncalled in the chair of judicature, and exercises authority by his own commission.

Idler, V. 3. p. 977

Μ Α Ν. MAN's study of himself, and the knowledge of his own station in the ranks of being, and his various relations to the innumerable multitudes which surround him, and with which his Maker has ordained him to be united, for the reception and communication of happiness, should begin with the first glimpse of reason, and only. end with life itself. Other acquisitions are merely temporary benefits, except as they contribute to illustrate the knowledge, and confirm the practice, of moralityand piety, which extend their influence beyond the grave, and encrease our happiness through endless duration.

Preface to the Preceptor, p. 75,

MANN ER S.

THE manners of a people are not to be found in the schools of learning, or the palaces

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of greatness, where the national character is obscured, or obliterated by travel, or instruction, by philosophy, or vanity; nor is public happiness to be estimated by the assemblies of the gay, or the banquets of the rich. The great mass of nations is neither rich nor gay. They whose aggregate constitutes the people, are found in the streets and the villages; in the Shops and farms'; and from them, collectively considered, must the measure of general profperity be taken. As they approach to delicacy, a nation is refined; as their conveniencies are multiplied, a nation, at least a commercial nation, must be denominated wealthy.

Western Islands, p. 45. Such manners as depend upon ftanding relations and general passions are co-extended with the race of man; but those modifications of life, and peculiarities of practice, which are the progeny of error and perverseness, or at best of some accidental influence, or tranfient persua= . fion, muft perish with their parents.

Life of Butler.

cider: MEANNESS.

AN infallible characteristic of meanness is cruelty,. *volt.!!

False alarm, p. 49.

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MERCHANT.. · NO mercantile man, or mercantile nation, has any friendship but for money; and alliance between them will last no longer than their common safety, or common profit is endangered; no longer than they have an enemy who threatens to take from each more than either can steal from the other. Political state of Great Britain, p. 50.

A merchant's desire is not of glory, but of gain; not of public wealth, but of private emolument; he is therefore rarely to be confulted about war and peace; or any designs of wide extent and distant consequence... . .

Taxation no Tyranny, p. 9.

MIR TH. · MERRIMENT is always the effect of a fudden impression ; the jest which is expected is already destroyed. : Idler, voł 2. p. 32.

Any passion, too strongly agitatéd, puts an .end to that tranquillity which is necessary to mirth. Whatever we ardently wish to gain, we must, in the same degree, be afraid to lose ; and fear and pleasure cannot dwell together.

Rambler, vol. 4. p. 244.
M 2 MINUTE-

MINUTEN ES S. THE parts of the greatest things are little; what is little can be but pretty, and by claiming dignity, becomes ridiculous. .

Life of Cowley:

M IS ER Y... sas

. miri IF misery be the effect of virtue, it ought to be reverenced; if of ill fortune, it ought to be pitied; and if of vice, not to be insulted; because it is, perhaps, itself a punishment adequate to the crime by which it was produced ; and the humanity of that man can deserve no panegyric, who is capable of reproaching a criminal in the hands of the exécutioner.'.', 1,' :

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Ditto of Savage: The misery of man proceeds not from any fingle crush of overwhelming evill but from small vexations continually repeated.

i nspirii Ditto of Pope.. That misery does not make all virtuous, experience too certainly informs us; but it is no less certain, that of what virtue there is, misery produces' far the greater part. Physical evil inay be therefore endured with patience, fince it is the cause of moral good; and patience itself is one virtue by which we are prepared for that state in which evil shall be no more.

L ' inci : Idler, vol., 2, p. 212,

MEMORY. WE füffer equal pain from the pertinacious adhesion of unwelcome images, as from the evanescence of those which are pleasing and usefül; and it may be doubted, whether we should be more benefited by the art of memory, or the art of forgetfulness. Ditto, ditto, p. 110. Forgetfulness is neceffary to remembrance.

. .s Ditto, ditto. To forget, or to remember at pleasure, are equally beyond the power of man, Yet, as, memory may be assisted by method, and the decays of knowledge repaired by stated times of recollection, so the power of forgetting is capable of improvement. Reason will, by a resolute contest, prevail over imagination-;; and the power may be obtained of transferring the attention as judgment shall direct.

on : Ditto, ditto, p. 112. Memory is like all other human powers, with which no man can be satisfied who measures

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