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when obedience is not compelled, there is no government.

Ditto, p. 77.

SELF-GOVERNMENT. No man, whose appetites are his masters, can perform the duties of his nature with strictness and regularity. He that would be superior to external influences, must first become superior to his own passions.

Idler, v. 1, p. 293.

UNIVERSAL GOOD. Allskill ought to be exerted for universal good. Every man has owed much to others, and ought to pay the kindness that he has received.

P. of Abyflinia, p. 416

H. HAPPINES S. We are long before we are convinced that happiness is never to be found ; and each believes it possessed by others, to keep alive the hope of obtaining it for himself.

Ditto, p. 108. Whether perfect happiness can be procured by perfect goodness, this world will never afford an opportunity of deciding. But this,

think the blow violent, only because we have made ourselves delicate and tender; we are, on every side, in danger of error and guilt, which we are certain to avoid only by spee. dy forgiveness.

Rambler, v. 4, p. 137.

FRU G A LIT Y. Frugality may be termed the daughter of prudence, the fifter of temperance, and the parent of liberty. He that is extravagant, will quickly become poor, and poverty will enforce dependence, and invite corruption. It will almost always produce a passive compliance with the wickedness of others, and there are few who do not learn by degrees to practise those crimes which they cease to censure.

Ditto, V. 2, p. 21. Without frugality none can be rich, and with it, very few would be poor.

Ditto, ditto, ditto. Though in every age there are some who, by bold adventures, or by favourable accidents, rise suddenly into riches; the bulk of mankind must owe their affluence to finall and gradual profits, below which their expence must be resolutely reduced.

Ditto, ditto, p.23.


The mercantile wisdom of “a penny faved is two-pence got,” may be accomodated to all conditions, by observing, that not only they who pursue any lucrative employ. ment will save time when they forbear expence, and that time may be employed to the increase of profit ; but that they, who are above such minute considerations, will find by every victory over appetite or passion, new strength added to the mind, will gain the power of refusing those solicitations by which the young and vivacious are hourly assaulted, and, in time, set themselves above the reach of extravagance and folly.

Ditto, ditto, p. 24. It may, perhaps, be enquired, by those who are willing rather to cavil than to learn, what is the just measure of frugality? To such no general answer can be given, since the liberty of spending, or necessity of parsimony, may be varied without end by different circumstances. These three rules, however, may be laid down as not to be departed from :

“A man's voluntary expences should not exceed his income.”

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“Let no man anticipate uncertain profits.”

“Let no man squander against his inclina


Ditto, ditto, ditto.


F A VO U R. Favours of every kind are doubled when they are speedily conferred.

Rambler, v. 4, p. 188.

FANCY. The fanciful sports of great minds, are never without some advantage to knowledge,

Life of Sir T. Browne, p. 267.

G. . . G E N I U S. True genius is a mind of large general powers, accidentally determined to some particular direction.

Life of Cowley. Genius is powerful when invested with the glitter of affluence. Men willingly pay to


fortune that regard which they owe to merit, and are pleased when they have an opportunity at once of gratifying their vanity, and practising their duty.

Life of Savage. Whoever is apt to hope good from others, is diligent to please thein; but he that believes his powers strong enough to force their own way, coinmonly tries only to please himself.

Life of Gay. Men have sometimes appeared of such transcendant abilities, that their Nightest and most cursory performances, excell all that labour and study can enable meaner intellects to compose. As there are regions of which the spontaneous products cannot be equalled in other foils, by care and culture. But it is no less dangerous for any man to place hiinself in this rank of understanding, and fancy that he is born to be illustrous without labour, than to omit the care of husbandry, and expect from his ground, the blotroms of A. rabia.

Rambler, vol. 4, p. 50. Misapplied genius most commonly proves ridiculous.

Idler, v. 2, p. 231.

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