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82 CLIFF STRE E T, NEW YORK.

18 5 2.

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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight

hundred and thirty-seven, by JARED SPARKS, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

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PREFACE.

The plan of this work, and the manner of executing it, are fully explained in the Introductions to the First and Second Parts. A few particulars only remain to be added.

The large mass of papers, which accumulated in the hands of Washington during the long period of his public life, as well as those of a private nature, were carefully preserved by him at Mount Vernon. By his will he left the estate at Mount Vernon and all his papers to his nephew, Bushrod Washington, who was for more than thirty years one of the associate justices of the Supreme Court of the · United States. Ten years ago these manuscripts were placed in my possession by Judge Washington, for the purpose of preparing for the press and publishing the work, which is now brought to a conclusion and submitted to the public. The original papers, including Washington's own letters and those received by him, and amounting to more than

two hundred folio volumes, have recently been purchased by Congress, and are deposited in the archives of the Department of State at the seat of government.

With these materials, it will readily be supposed, the work might have been extended to a much larger number of volumes. A limit was fixed, which it was believed would embrace all the most valuable parts of Washington's writings, and at the same time not trespass too much on the means of purchasers. The task of selection has not been without its difficulties. I feel bound to say, however, that any errors in this respect should be attributed to defects of judgment, and not to carelessness or negligence. Neither time, expense, nor labor in examination, has been spared.

In regard to the text, also, it is proper here to repeat what has been said in another place, that frequent embarrassments have occurred. It was Washington's custom, in all his letters of importance, first to write drafts, which he transcribed. In making the transcripts he sometimes deviated from the drafts, omitting, inserting, and altering parts of sentences; nor did he always correct the drafts, so as to make them accord with the letters

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