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These Fashions for Window Curtains are furnished us by Mr. W. H. CARRYL. Mr. Carryl's exquisitely tasteful assortment of ready-made Curtains, and inaterials for Curtains, which never fail to satisfy even those who are most fastidious, amply warrants us in directing the attention of our lady readers to his store, No 169 Chestnut Street, corner of Fifth. (For description, see back part of the Book.)

VOL. XLV.-10

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MUSIC COMPOSED EXPRESSLY FOR GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK, AND RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED TO

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Miss C. FH. & **** of Oswego,

BY CHARLIE C. CONVERSE.

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Fig. 1 is a reclining chair for an invalid. Thos may be made at a very trifling cost, as the wooden position of the back can be varied, and the project- part is nearly all covered with cloth. ing part in front elongated or adjusted to any slope. } Figs. 6 and 7 are drawing-room writing-tables Raising the back and lowering tho front alters it used by ladies. The top part, forming the desk, into a common easy-chair.

pulls forward for convenience in writing. A sliding Fig. 2 is a round stool in the Gothic style.

flap draws out on each side, to hold papers or a Fig. 3 is an ottoman for the centre of the room, candle. There are drawers at the side, a lid at the to accommodate several persons.

top, and a drawer which pulls out at the side and Figs. 4 and 5 are ottoman footstools covered with turns round, as in Fig. 7, to hold pens, ink, wafers, eloth, to correspond with the ottoman. These all &c.

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GODEY'S

LADY'S BOOK.

PHILADELPHIA, AUGUST, 1852.

EVERYDAY ACTUALITIES. – NO. III.

ILLUSTRATED WITH PEN AND GRA VER.

BY C. T. HINCKLEY.

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bring the mordant or the coloring matter into such CALICO-PRINTING (continued).

a state of consistency as to prevent it from spreadHAVING thus briefly described the chief mechani- ing beyond the proper limits of the design. This cal processes of calico-printing, we come now to is done by the use of thickener, the most useful of notice the chemical. The colors used in calico-} which is wheat starch, and flour ; but many others printing are derived from all the three kingdoms are used, such as gum Arabic, British gum, highof nature; but it seldom happens that solutions, in- } dried potato starch, gum Senegal, gum tragacanth, fusions, or decoctions of these colors admit of being applied at once to the cloth with out some previous preparation, either of the cloth itself or of the coloring material. It is often necessary to apply some substance to the cloth which will act as a bond of union, between it and the coloring matter. This substance is usually a metallic salt, which has an affinity for the tissue of the cloth as well as for the coloring matter when in a state of solution, and forms with the latter an insoluble compound. Such a substance is called a mordant (from the Latin mordere, to bite), a term given by the French dyers under the idea that it exerted a corrosive action on the fibre, expanding the pores, and allowing the color to be absorbed. The usual mordants are common alum and several salts of alumina, peroxide of iron, peroxide of tin, protoxide of tin, and oxide of chrome. These have an affi

WASHING AND DRTING. nity for coloring matters; but many of their salts have also a considerable attraction for the tis- jalap, pipe-clay, or China clay mixed with gum, sue of the cloth, wbich withdraws them to a certain dextrine, potato and rice starch, sulphate of lead extent from their solutions. Mordants are useful { mixed with gum, and many others. The choice of for all those vegetable and animal coloring matters {proper thickeners requires attention ; for two simiwhich are soluble in water, but have not a strong lar solutions of the same mordant equally thickened, affinity for tissues. The action of the mordant is but with different thickeners, may give different to withdraw them from solution, and to form with shades of color when used with the same coloring them, upon the cloth itself, certain compounds material. which are insoluble in water.

The colors, with the proper thickeners, &c., are In calico-printing, it is generally necessary to prepared in vessels furnished with steam-jackets (as

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