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screen. We have startled a dinner-party of six orm ust, of course, give a tone to the whole circle. We seven, who are taking advantage of the recess. Two could but fancy the intimacies and agreeable acmore are employed with basin and towel in washing quaintances which are no doubt frequently formed the delf from which they have just finished their among them meal.

A situation in the adjusting-room being, for these They smile very good-naturedly at the interrup various reasons, so eligible, it is no wonder that tion-we blushing a little, it may be, at our own constant applications are made ; but we were not curious inspection of the domestio arrangements of prepared to hear that the number of disappointed ladies every whit as well bred as ourselves—and applicants could not fall far short of six hundred, a point out the recess with its fitting of stove and

{ fact of the greatest weight in proving our proposiculinary utensils, where one of their number is just tion with regard to the necessity for female employnow brewing a most inviting cup of tea. The din ment. ing-room has a goodly row of shelves, with canis As we bid adieu to the cheerful room and its ters, china, etc. etc., like any other store-room; and, amiable directress, we will linger for a moment in a as each person or party play cook and waiter for division of the apartment below, in which we saw themselves, all is neatness and order.

the pieces prepared, where they are now undergoing Ten minutes have passed, and the recegs is not the last process before the certain touch of the die yet over. The pretty faces are gathered in groups stamps them the current coin of our country. It is around the room and dressing-room. Some in the not strictly german to the plan of our sketches; window-seats are watching us curiously, as we lin but our own curiosity was gratified in following the ger by the raised table of the directress, which com tempting pieces to their final embellishment, and we mands a view of the room; others are in knots of fancy, dear ladies, that this you share with us. threes and fives, discussing the fashion of a sleeve Here we are, then, in range with the glowing or the bright spring dresses displayed in the shop furnaces, in one of which we catch a glimpse of windows. A few, more studiously inclined, have apparent short, thick bars of iron, red with the drawn forth a fascinating volume, and are dispatch fervent heat. They are, in reality, iron boxes, coning page after page; even an industrious needle or taining a portion of the unfinished coin, which, after two have made their appearance, and a few busy the adjusting, has been milled, or passed through a stitches are set. How little there is here to mark simple machine, where, by systematic pressure bediscontent or suffering, overwork or overtaxed tween two grooves of steel, the narrow rim or edge strength! The employment, though monotonous, {has been made to encircle it. Formerly, it also requires constant thought and attention, so that the included the fine ridges, or border, which countermind is not wearied by habitual reverie, and the feiters have found so hard to imitate ; but this is cheerful hum of voices, or music of laughter, would now accomplished by the one stroke of the die. In satisfy the most exacting philanthropist. They are these iron boxes, then, the golden circles are placed, paid on an average, and not for the exact amount { still with the red and green stains upon them, each person executes : active or indolent, they re { which you may have noticed, caused by the action ceive four dollars and a half per week; but, in of the external air in some former annealing projustice, we must say that each seemed striving to cess. This is now to be cleansed; therefore the lid do her best.

of the box is luted fast with wet clay, and the We are struck with the ease and propriety of the } whole subjected to heat, until it has attained what employment, the neat and cheerful aspect of the the workmen call “cherry red.” Here it comes room ; so much pleasanter than if the same number} sliding down the iron bars, supported by the pincers of men and boys had been at work; and are remind of the workman on either side, to its bath, a weak ed to inquire whether this employment of women is infusion of sulphuric acid. A huge sieve is susunprecedented. Entirely so: the philanthropy and pended by a crane above it, the cover is removed, good taste of the suggestion are entirely due to tho} and the glowing metal thus retained is plunged into chief coiner, our attentive guide, Franklin Peale, the vat beneath. Now it appears once more changed Esq. It is nearly two years since the experiment in color, but the same in form. Another bath, more was commenced, and is found to answer admirably. cooling, of elear Schuylkill; and still a third, “Women are at once more easily taught, and quicker { warmer in temperature, for it must be dried in haste, in movement; and," adds Mr. Peale, “ we find them lest it should tarnish. Once more the huge sieve more conscientious," which truly noble compliment swings round, and now its contents, bright and burto our sex we could but acknowledge by a most { nished as we see the beautiful coin before it is dimrespectful bow.

med by the touch of traffic, is emptied into the long In making selections from the crowd of appli. gawdust-filled trough that occupies the centre of the cants, the most intelligent and well-educated bave { room; and here the drying process is completed by been chosen, and we doubt if fifty pleasanter-looking the quick manipulation of the workmen. faces could be gathered together. The manners of There is so much to see! There is a fascination many mark them as educated and refined, which in the noiseless, regular working of the steam-engine



in the next apartment. It is an apt illustration of gather the counters of a backgammon board, and, those quiet, forcible characters who accomplish so when thus evenly adjusted, they are much sooner ranch without jar or tumult. But we must not } told. But for those bright coppers, silver, and linger; the opening door displays the rapid ma- { smaller gold pieces, there is a triumph of mechanichinery for which it supplies the motive power; and cal ingenuity, and yet so simple in its application were again we find piles of the burnished golden you wonder it was not thought of long ago. The circles. They are receiving the final mark of their { workman sits, with a wooden frame beforo bim, lined perfection : the quick, sure stroke of the die con { with copper, however, to save the constant attrition veys the rapid impression, and fast as the workmen that would soon wear away the wood. This frame can feed the insatiate engine, the pieces, one by one, is divided into compartments the width of the pieces, are passed beneath the powerful force, and fall, in and is carelessly heaped with bright new coppers. all their glowing and finished beauty, into the re- A few slow movements backwards and forwards, and ceptacle beneath.

the coins have arranged themselves between the Did you ever wonder how all this coin is to be } grooves. The practised eye scans the board to see counted ?—the dull, tiresome process of telling the that the layers are not double; a hinged section half million adjusted in a day? For the larger gold falling, precipitates all over the sum required into a pieces the original process is still retained, separat- trough below, and the board has measured its five ing the pile by fives, and gathering them into hundred pieces in much less time than the descriprouleaux of ten each. Or there is the cutting, a tion has been written. wooden bar, at right angles, like a wide and thick {' Thus ends our morning's investigations, with carpenter's rule, notched at regular intervals; the grateful acknowledgments to our courteous guide. piles are placed within the angle, as you sometimes {




“ How to command, and how to obey, was the education of a Spartan.”—PLUTARCA.

The mingled waters of the Syrian and Phoenician the hand and pointed all around, as far as I could seas beat high and angrily against the shores of the } gee, saying: 'Your namesake gained this fort by Holy Land, cooling with spray the low white build bargaining for as much of the ground as an ox's hido ings of Tripolis, which at a league's distance resem would cover. Malek Shah, a prince to whom the bled those birds of the air and of the water, as they country belonged, readily consented, thinking Hásan hover and dip, disappear and rise again in the ever Sábáh very modest, or very poor. He even said: “I sounding waters of the main.

will give you as much again, and you can raise vineg A boat of Oriental structure floated before the port; sufficiently to supply a part of the market at Kazbut so distant was it that it might have been easily veen;" but he shook his head, thanked him, and mistaken for a dark cloud merging above the disk insisted that he wanted no more than what an ox's of the horizon, with an occasional mezzotint touch { hide would surround. “Well," said the prince, “you from the sun: its deck was ornamented by a gmall { are an odd fellow, or half witted." pavilion, beneath which sat a Saracen Agsassin, and "Hásan bought the hide, and, sitting down, took a Frank, or Western Christian.

such a dagger as this'-pointing to the one at his “I will relate," said the former, “according to side- and commenced shredding the hide into your request, somo circumstances which may be of thongs and joining them until they multiplied suffiinterest to you. Yes, friend of my soul, what would ciently to cover as much of the ground as he desired. not Hásan do either to benefit or amuse you!

“We guard the tenets of our religion with jea"The founder of the sect of Assassing* was Hágan lousy, and its mysticisms are carried by us to an Sabah. My father gave me his name in consequences extreme. of his admiration of him. It is said he obtained “Mohammed's religion was called Islam-resigour bill fort of Allahmout,' or the “Eagles' Nest," { nation, or religion of salvation--and those who ad. by the same stratagem which Dido practised in

hered to it were by the Arabs denominated Moslems, gaining Carthage.

and by the Persians Mussulmans. The head of the “As soon as I could understand, he took me by empire, both temporally and theologically, is the

khalif, or successor of the Prophet. The Fatimites • So called from their peculiar dngger, and derived, it is { or Ismaelites, from Ismael, a descendant of Fatima, sald, from the Sanscrit or Persian language.

daughter of Mohammed's successors, established a dynasty in the north of Africa, on the coast, making in due time heard the muezzin; after which the peoa conquest of Egypt and of Syria, while they reigned šple assembled, and with them Fakir Razee. He was at Cairo. They were the enemies of the Khalif of remarkably corpulent and very short, with a laughBagdad, each regarding the other as heretics. Mo. ing eye, which was forever twinkling; so much so Bwiah, a descendant of the uncle of Mohammed, as to produce an incongruity when he undertook a claimed the khalifate after the death of Ali, and grave subject. reigned for ninety years at Damascus. From his } “While he abused us, I was one of his most attenfamily one called Abbas sprang from another of the tive auditors, and after be dismissed the crowd and uncles of the Prophet, wrested the khalifate, and returned to put on his slippers and lay aside his reigned at Bagdad; while one of Moawiah's descend. robe, I quietly followed him, and will never forget ants, also claiming the khalifate, escaped to Spain the ludicrous expression of his frightoned counteand reigned at Cordova.

nance when I seized him by the beard, and, point“«The Ismaelites or Assassins were in the Abbaside ing to my dagger, asked him if he knew who I dominions the disguised advocates of the Fatimite was?' succession, but their religion will ever remain hidden { "Indeed I do not,' said he, almost fainting with and mysterious. Our chief's face is ever veiled; his

horror. power is unlimited; he has but to signify his wish, { ""You abused the Ismailee sect,' said I. and it is obeyed. “Strike thyself to the heart; throw “I was wrong: I will never do so again: I repent thyself from yonder tower;" and it is no sooner ex- { from the bottom of my heart!' was his reply. pressed than executed.'"

“Swear by the Holy Prophet to what you have Hásan was silent for a short time, when he again just said. . called the attention of his Christian friend to the “I swear,' replied the Imaum, gasping for breath. pavilion above them. It was lined with azure silk, } “Very well,' said I, quitting my hold; “I have upon which was wrought in silver a crescent, with { orders not to slay you, or my poniard should before some of the planets and satellites. They were de- } this have been crimsoned with the blood of your lineated as accurately as if traced upon a celestial } heart. The lord of the Assassins, Allah-u-deen, globe, and so artfully contrived as to represent a desires his respects to you, and inquires if you ar semi-sphere.

well informed of the tenets of that sect which you “See,” said he, “the type of the crescent; of an have dared to abuse? He advises you to be careful increasing glory and power which ends, you know, of your future conduct; and as he has a respect for in a perfect circle, and that, we all know, is typical } your character, he sends you this bag, which conof eternity. This recalls to my remembrance an tains three hundred and sixty gold mohurs,* and event connected with my history.

bere is an order for a similar sum, to be paid annu"Sultan Sanjar, of Persia, was the son of Malek ally by one of his agents.' Shah. He is most justly regarded as the best and “Fakir Razee took the money, and continued for greatest of the Seljookian monarchy. Seven years many years to receive his pension. He never menago, he was importuned, by some whose names I need tioned to his pupils, or even in lectures, the Ismailee not now recur to, to undertake the overthrow of our sect. Whenever asked why he abstained from the race. We were soon apprised of the circumstance, { expression of such opinions, he was wont to observe and our chief called upon mo to set forth with a that he had some sharp and weighty arguments warning for the Sultan and for Fakir Razee, a doc- { which induced him to waive all discussion on the tor of laws, who was styled The Imaum of Rhe.' subject.' This grave fakir was suspected of leaning towards { "I had now a more difficult task to achieve, in my the Ismailee sect, and, fearing that it would be noised warning to the Sultan. After remaining four days abroad, he undertook to express his horror of our at Meshed without seeing him, except when surtenets in a severe homily while attending the ser. { rounded by a strong guard, I bethought me of an vices of the mosque.

expedient. “The Sultan reigned at Khorassan. His dominions “In Persia, students need but a slight acquaintextended from beyond the Indus in one direction to ance with astronomy to be regarded as adepts in the the Jaxartes in another. Disguising myself as a mysteries of judicial astrology. To take an altitudo merchant, I repaired to a caravansary in Meshed, with an astrolabe; to know the position of the plathe capital of Khorassan, and offered in the bazaar nets, stars, and satellites, with a perfect knowledge a few silks from Ghilen. While bartering for a cou of astrological almanacs—which are published anple of Cashmere shawls of the finest goat hair, I }nually-is sufficient, particularly when a few techheard a crier proclaiming that the 'worshipful nical phrases are added. Imaum of Rhe would at sunset pronounce again his "The chief physician of the Sultan was in the dai. homily in the mosque.' This was precisely what I ly habit of taking an evening walk. I managed, as desired most, and, setting forth quite early, I exa- he entered the shade of some date-trees, to attract mined the mosque, and seated myself near a place called the 'Imaum's pulpit,' to await the homily, and

* Equal to two dollars.

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his attention by exclaiming—Alas for Sultan Sanjar, should he take the antelope hunt on to-morrow, as I have heard he designed doing. Oh that a poor astrologer like myself could influence him: I read his horoscope, and now that his —

«« « Hold there!' said the physician, stepping to the spot where I was seated—what is that, friend, that I heard thee lamenting?'

“I tore my beard and beat my breast, in silence, until he promised to send for me on the following morning while the Sultan was breakfasting, so as to enable me to explain in person my apprehensions for his safety. I now rose from my seat, standing erectly, and crossing my hands until he repeated

“You shall be welcome; where shall I send for you?'

“I prostrated myself as I said, 'Most worshipful follower of Jalenous* and Bocrat, † at the caravansary of Mohammed Ali Khan, if it pleases your worship.'

“As the religion of the Sultan exacted his rising early, and his popularity in his dominions depended upon his strict observance of the Koran, I had not long after sunrise to await the summons. The chief steward, or nauzee of the Sultan, a man of remarkably ugly, and indeed almost deformed appearance, presented himself as my guide to the palace. As he stood before me but four feet high, and nearly as broad, his carroty hair hanging in strings beneath his lamb's-wool cap, a foot and a half high, his eyes large, and with the color and expression of a tiger's, I feared lest I should wound his feelings by the gaze of curiosity my face expressed: but whether he had become accustomed to such expressions of surprise or not, remains to be ascertained: certain it is, he did not notice me. We walked in silence for some time, until Illiz called to me, saying, “Hark ye.' I turned as he pointed to a slave-merchant, who in an audible voice was saying to a richly-dressed Persian

“Thirty-nine, only thirty-nine.'
What do you say?' replied the merchant.
«"Only thirty-nine.'

" " That number,' continued Illiz, 'is deeply wrought in the tapestry of my life.'

“How, brother?' said I.

“Why, but four years since, standing in that very place with thirty-nine Turks, carried with myself to market, all of which the vizier bought for his royal master excepting myself, and when about to depart with them, I called to the minister—“Oh! vizier, if you have purchased thirty-nine slaves for the Sultan's sake, buy me, for God's sake!" The minister was pleased, and I was included with the others. From my wretched inferior appearance, I was thought worthy only of a scullion's place in the king's kitchen. I am not too humble to say that there I made so many improvements and friends,

that I was gradually promoted until I arrived at the { place of steward, which I now hold.'

“We arrived at the palace, and found that the Sultan was awaiting his breakfast hour in one of his private halls. The nauzee now left me at the vestibule, and summoned the physician, after which the door was opened; and as we entered two officers raised their gold-enamelled wands, and we twice made obeisance. The Sultan was seated upon a divan of blue satin ornamented heavily with fringe of gold thread strung with pearls, and festooned with cords and tassels of the same: four square pillars of porphyry supported the divan, and upon each rested a golden peacock set with precious stones, and bearing costly pearls in their beaks. He was a remarkably fine-looking man, with eyes more lustrous than the diamonds and other precious stones which looped his turban, notwithstanding, when there was the least inflexion of his body, they flashed and sparkled most refulgently: his beard was black, and in the form of a fan: his dress the catebee or robe, composed of cloth of gold and brocade, clasped with diamonds. There were on each side of him pages splendidly dressed, who refreshed him by burning perfumes in vases, and fanning him with the feathers of the ostrich and bird of paradise. But these are the mere externals of eastern habits. The Sultan

possessed the three great traits which Xenophon { enumerates as the national character of the ancient

Persians: riding, shooting with the bow, and speak

e truth.

“I listened with pleasure at the history given by his lieutenant of the country of Egypt. The Sultan

had never visited the Nile, and was curious to hear } a description from an eye-witness of his own court,

and had just seated the lieutenant a few feet below him and commanded him to proceed. When I ontered, I had consequently to fold my arms across my breast and stand respectfully aside, while he detailed the following narrative:

*“Oh, commander of the faithful, Egypt is a country of black earth and green plants, between a pulverized mountain and red sand. The distance from Syene to the sea is a month's journey for a horseman. Along the valley descends a river, on which the blessing of the Most High reposes, both in the evening and the morning, and which rises and falls with the revolutions of the sun and moon. When the annual dispensations of Providence unlock the springs and fountains that nourish the earth, the Nile rolls his swelling and sounding waters through the realms of Egypt; the fields are overspread by the salutary flood, and the villages communicate with each other in their painted barks. The retreat of the inundation deposits a fertilizing mud, for the reception of the various seeds. Tho

* Translated from an Arabian manuscript in the possession of Cardinal Mazarin, in a volume published in the year 1666.

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crowds of husbandmen who blacken the land may accompany the party for the purpose of reminding be compared to a swarm of ants, and their native } the Sultan to keep his head in a proper direction, indolence is quickened by taskmasters, who punish, so as to avoid the constellation. When the cavalcade or promise the flowers and fruits of a plentiful in- } drew up in front of the palace, it resembled much crease. Their hope is seldom deceived, but the } moro a caravan fitted out with merchandise for riches which they extract from the wheat, the bar Bagdad, than a party of pleasure. There were ten ley, and the rice, the legumens, the fruit-trees, and camels laden with tents, furniture, and provisions; the cattle, are equally shared between those who forty horses, and sixteen mules: two of the former labor and those who possess. According to tho bore rich saddles, plated with gold, and set with vicissitudes of the season, the face of the country is? zubies and turquoise or ferouzah, one of which was adorned with a silver wave, a verdant emerald, and led for, and the other ridden by the Sultan. The the deep yellow of a golden harvest.'

remainder of the horses were variously caparisoned, “It was my time next to speak, and I had com- } some with silver-mounted saddles, others with emmenced approaching the Sultan in the usual formula, broidered velvet and gilding. Spears were fastened by stepping towards him, then stopping, and hesi to the saddles, and each man carried in his hand a tating as if dazzled by his appearance, then advanc bow, and in his sach a quiver full of arrows. The ing again, when the nauzee Illiz announced thó { Sultan and vizier bore each a hawk upon his glove, king's breakfast. It was borne upon a tray covered and there were ten or fifteen dogs led in leashes. by a rich shawl, which was removed, and laid upon “We vaulted into our saddles and filed off through an elegantly embroidered cloth spread before the Sul the city, uniting again in the suburbs. I rode by tan, who left the divan for a seat on a carpet, which the Sultan, and the vizier on the opposite side. I need only describe as from the looms of the Iliats. There were twenty-four archers as a body-guard, The nauzee then proceeded to break the seal and twelve in the van and twelve in the rear: then folunlock the tray. It contained dishes of very fine lowed many of the nobles, the gentry, and menials. China, with silver covers. They being also removed We had travelled five or six leagues, when an outand the dishes of viands placed before the Sultan, rider, who occupied the place of scout, returned for the physician stepped forward and remained stand- the purpose of informing the Sultan that he had ing by him until he had breakfasted and for an hour discovered the tracks of a stag. The monarch was afterwards. During the latter period, I was called an excellent horseman as well as marksman, and, upon for proofs of my skill in judicial astrology. I spurring his horse, he dashed forward, forgetting went through the usual forms and calculations, point- Sukez yeldoz. When within a hundred yards of the ing out to him that the invisible but baneful constel animal, he dismounted and advanced fifty steps, fitlation Sukez yeldoz was exactly opposite the chief ting at the same time an arrow to his bow; but the and only gateway leading towards the forest, and picturesque appearance of the scene before him armust consequently shed its dangerous influence in rested its flight. In a deep valley through which a that direction. The Sultan was convinced that I stream bubbled and glided over pebbles as white as had interposed between himself and somo impending snow, lay sleeping one of the noblest stags I ever danger, and, drawing a ring from his finger, he saw. So perfect was his rest, and so harmonious to placed it here'-pointing to the third finger of his repose the surrounding scenery, that it appeared a right hand-saying:

violation of nature to disturb him. An arrow flew “Should the black clouds of sorrow ever lower from the monarch's bow, and a shower of dewy over you, and Sultan Sanjar be possessed of the } flowers fell from the shrubbery above, and carpeted power to dispel them, even in a slight degree, send the spot so lately occupied by the now bounding and this to him.'”

almost invisible stag. I had followed the Sultan The Assassin paused for some time while he gazed closely, and now for the first time addressed him. on his monarch's gift, and, as he raised his jewelled ««Sword of Persia, commander of the faithful, hand to his turban in respectful remembrance of and noble Sultan, have you forgotten the baneful him who was now a captive, a tear dropped upon constellation? his silken vestments, and spangled into a thousand “He quietly surrendered his head into my keeping, brilliant particles. Thus in a few moments the in and we journeyed on, until the hawks were flown. cidents of many years glided before him in a mul. Away they went, rising higher and higher, now titude of sorrowful yet brilliant reminiscences, and, { wheeling, now poising upon outstretched wings, and to use the language of his own country, were “full now darting until lost in the vapory clouds which of the waters of the eye."

sailed in fragments below the summits of the moun. “We managed that the Sultan should not be dis- taing. A sudden descent of the hawks, with a cry appointed in his hunting expedition; and on the from the scout, informed us that the stag had been following morning, after returning from the mosque, } discovered, and that his rapid flight was now imhe agreed to pass through the city in the opposite peded by their attacking his head. Presently four direction of the constellation, and continue a route dogs were unleashed, now four more, and so on, Or ten or eleven leagues towards Killaat. I was to until the animal was almost fainting with fatigue,

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