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She has often remarked, even at this distant period, useless as protectors. But Mrs. Adams proved that the recollection of those times will always be that calmness and presence of mind render many among the most agreeable associations of her varied { things practicable which at first appear insuper

able difficulties. She had the happiness of joining In 1801, Mrs. Adams accompanied her husband her husband in Paris on the 21st of March, 1815; to the United States. It was his intention to re- the memorable arrival of Napoleon and the flight of sume the practice of law in Boston, but he was very { the Bourbons having taken place only a few days soon elected Senator to Congress. Mrs. Adams, previous. always accompanying her husband, passed her The opportunity of seeing the French metropolis summers in Boston and winters in Washington. at such an exciting period was ever considered by In 1809, President Madison appointed Mr. Adams Mrs. Adams amongst the most fortunate events of the first accredited minister to the Russian court. } her life. Mrs. Adams, however, did not remain Mrs. Adams, having three children at this time, } long in France; she had ties in England which was induced to leave the two oldest with their caused her to leave France without regret. Mr. grandparents, and taking the youngest, then an Adams being appointed minister to England, their infant about two years old, with her, accompanied children were sent out from America to meet them her husband to Russia, the first American lady pre on their arrival in London ; the joy of such a meetsented at that court. Here also Mrs. Adams suc- } ing amply compensated for the absence of any ceeded in making a very favorable impression. She scenes however brilliant. was soon so much admired and esteemed as almost After a residence of two years at a beautiful to become a subject of envy among the other ladies village in the vicinity of London, Mr. Adams was who formed a part of that distinguished circle. appointed Secretary of State by Mr. Monroe, who

But her residence at St. Petersburg was far less had just been elected president. This, of course, agreeable than it had been at Berlin. The great { required his immediate return to America; and, in distance from America, the rigor of the climate, and { August, 1817, he, with his family, arrived in New the exclusion for so many months of anything like York, after an absence of eight years from his communication with home, caused this high mis- native country. sion to be felt little less than an honorable exile. { Mrs. Adams now took her leave of Europe, where Although the residence in Russia of Mr. and Mrs. she had spent the greater portion of her life, and at Adams was so disagreeable from the extraordinary { a period perhaps the most remarkable and exciting events that were daily occurring, their stay was that ever occurred in the memory of man. But her prolonged to nearly six years : not one of the subse- mind was too elevated to be contaminated by the quent incumbents has remained half that period. habits of a court, and too refined to be awed by Upon the eve of the departure of Mr. and Mrs. either civil or military monarchy. She returned, as Adams to their long wished for home, orders were she left, the daughter of our simple republic. received directing Mr. Adams to repair to Ghent, as The duties of Mr. Adams as Secretary of State one of the commissioners appointed to attempt a necessarily required his residence at Washington, reconciliation between the United States and Great } where his house became an agreeable resort to the Britain, the Emperor Alexander having offered him- } numerous strangers visiting the capital. After perself as a mediator between the two countries.

forming the duties of the above exalted station, Mr. This took place in April, 1814. The state of } Adams was elected President of the United States, Europe being so unsettled, it was considered most } and his estimable lady was again, and for the last prudent to allow Mrs. Adams to remain in Russia. tine, called to preside over the distinguished society Separation from her husband, and from all other that surrounded her. This was accomplished with a relatives or friends, with the exception of a few grace and refinement of manners still cherished by faithful domestics she had brought with her, was a those who were the happy recipients of her hostrial of no inconsiderable moment

pitality. In the spring of 1815, Mrs. Adams received the { At the close of the presidential term, Mr. Adams joyful news of the conclusion of the treaty, and of retired with his family to the old mansion at Quincy, peace between her beloved country and Great Bri- { Massachusetts ; but he was not suffered to remain tain. Upon the receipt of such cheerful tidings, she there long before his useful services were again concluded to proceed at once by an overland journey required. He was chosen a representative in Conto Paris to join her husband. Few females have gress from his native State, which necessarily undergono more extraordinary fatigue than this brought his family to Washington at each session, excellent woman, and very few would have had and where his lady, the subject of this sketch, recourage sufficient to take their departure in a car sided until her death. riage alone, at a season much too early for tra A relative of Mrs. Adams thus remarks: “ To the velling, with a son eight years of age to take care world, Mrs. Adams presents a fine example of the of, and a few servants whose alarm rendered them } possibility of retiring from the circles of fashion and

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the external fascinations of life, in time still to retain a taste for the more quiet, though less showy attractions of the domestic fireside. In the society of a few beloved friends and near relatives, and in the cultivation of the religious affections, without display, she now draws all the consolation that can in this world be afforded for her privations." Hay. ing a strong taste for literature, she has stored her mind with gems from the richest mines, which have often shone forth in composition both in prose and verse. We submit a few original lines, one of the resources of her leisure moments.

Thou wert lovely in youth,

Thou art lovely in age,
As faultless as virtue can be:

With the annals of truth
I could fill the pure page,

And yet do not justice to thee.

When I fondly retrace

The bright years of the past,
I mourn that that time is no more;

But no time can efface,
While existence shall last,

The friendship that lives to threescore.


We refer again to the “home exercises" introduced in our last number, in the hope that sufficient interest has already been excited in the minds of parents and youthful readers to induce them to accompany us a step or two further in the investigation. A professional gentleman of considerable eminence, writing on this subject, gives it as his opinion, founded upon experience and practice, that by exercises alone can deformities connected with the spine, such as curvatures, high and narrow shoulders, hollow, contracted, or pigeonshaped chests, malformations, etc., be effectually removed. Weak and delicate youths, and others who are allowed to indulge in sedentary and enervating habits; ladies early inured to the fashionable practice of wearing stays tightly laced, all grow up more or less weak and semi-developed in body; and in some who are prone to disease, the muscles shrivel and the bones soften; deformity, as a natural consequence, gradually takes place, first of the spine-the keel of the framework—then of the chest; and, if not arrested in time by judicious EXERCISE and disuse of all impediments to the growth and development of the body, such as stiff or tightly-laced stays, disease will inevitably follow, , body is in its most active state of growth. The which will as certainly end in a miserable and pre- { most frequent cause of deformity at this most danmature death.

gerous period, is the over-exercise of the mind, to The most precarious period of life is said to vary the neglect of the body, augmented in the female from the ages of ten to twenty-one years, when the sex by the baneful use of stays. Many are the frame is most prone to deformity; but particularly children, says the physician referred to, who have from ten to fifteen, the pubescent stage, when the been born healthy and robust, the pride and hope


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of fond parents, having the rosy hue of health upon most without remission, to which is added a corre the cheek, the sparkling eye and laughing mouth; sponding number of tasks to be learnt at night; happiness and enjoyment, the certain attendants and, as a matter of course, that no time should be upon robust health, plainly marked upon their lost, a tutor comes in the evening, whose avocation countenancos; the voice-yea, the active romping is to urge on the languid brain that has already motion of the body-confirm it; but wait a little been worn out and exhausted; whilst the foolish while, until the approach of the insidious age, the parent flatters himself that he is doing all in bis period when the body is at its highest progress of power in order to cause his child to acquire the upward growth, the muscular fibres being still lax, greatest amount of mental education within the the bones comparatively soft, when the powers of shortest time, and presumes upon the fact that, as the system are so severely tried, nature requiring to he has always enjoyed good health since his inbe supported by the most careful watching and fancy, therefore no danger can accrue from a few utmost aid of science, in supplying and regulating } years' over-exertion. The result of all this oppresthe quality and quantity of air, food, and exercise, sion the author proceeds to describe, change after 80 requisite at this period : whereas, instead of such change, as they gradually creep over the laughing judicious attention, we often find that the too fond child, until he has grown into a peevish, morose parent, ever and wholly absorbed with the mental youth ; until the bright, sporting eye has become education of his offspring, to the entire neglect, and dull and sombre; the full, ruddy cheek hollow and even sacrifice of his bodily frame, at this most dan colorless; the laughing mouth, the rosy lip pale, gerous stage of his life, often fancies that it is the { heavy, and expressionless; his previously ravenous best age for mental training and activity ; conse appetite now requiring to be tempted and excited quently, taxes both the mind and body of the youth by numberless condiments; and his former robust to the utmost, by forcing him to employ all the health exchanged for headaches, dyspepsia, etc., hours of the day, by attending class upon class, al- until, finally, death closes his prolonged suffering.


Į tached to it. From the state of the snow, the guides CHAPTER III.

avowed that it was impossible to tell whether we AFTERNOON ON THE GLACIERS.

should find firm standing on any arch wo arrived at, Ar one o'clock in the afternoon, we got back to

or go through it at once into some frightful chasm. our old bivouac on the Grands Mulets. We had

They sounded every bridge we came to with their intended to have remained here some little time,

poles, and a shake of the head was always the sig. but the boat on the rock was so stifling, that we

nal for a detour. One or two of the tracks by which could scarcely support it; and Tairraz announced

we had marched up yesterday had now disappeared

altogether, and fresh ones had to be cautiously sethat the glacier was becoming so dangerous to tra

lected. We had one tolerably narrow escape. verse, from the melting of the snow, that even now it would be a matter of some risk to cross it. So we

Tairraz, who preceded me, had jumped over a hastily finished our scraps of refreshment, and

crevice, and upon the other side alighted on a drank our last bottle of wine-out of a stew-pan, by

mere bracket of snow, which directly gave way bethe way, for we had lost our leathern cups in our

{ neath him. With the squirrel-like, rapid activity evolutions on the ice—and then, making up our

of the Chamouni guides, he whirled his baton round packs, bade good by to the Grands Mulets, most

so as to cross the crevice, which was not very broad,

but of unknown depth, transversely. This sared probably for ever. In five minutes, we found that, {

him, but the shock pulled me off my legs. Had he after all, the greatest danger of the undertaking was to come. The whole surface of the Glacier des }

fallen, I must have followed him-since we were Bossons had melted into perfect sludge; the ice

tied together and the guide would have been dragcliffs were dripping in the sun, like the well at

ged after me. I was more startled by this little

accident than by any other occurrence during the Knaresborough; every minute the bridges over the

journey.-Albert Smith's Ascent of “Mont Blanc." erevice were falling in; and we sank almost to our

-Blackwood's Magazine. waists in the thawing snow at every step we took. I could see that the guides were uneasy. All the ropes came out again, and we were tied together in

FLEURS DE LYS. parties of three, about ten feet distant from one another. And now all the work of yesterday had Next to the origin of heraldry itself, perhaps to be gone over again, with much more danger at- nothing connected with it has given rise to such

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controversy as the origin of this celebrated charge. of suffering; and though the attacks had afterwards It has been grarely asserted that it was brought { returned, they never failed to yield to this singular down from heaven by an angel, and presented to remedy. The solution of the mystery (of which the Clovis, King of the Franks. Upton calls it "flos village doctor was quite ignorant) Dr. C. found at gladioli ;" and his translator, Dame Juliana Barnes, { once. Electricity, it appears, is the great aggravatells us that the arms of the King of France “were tor of all such maladies; and of this force, glass is certainli sende by an Aungell from Heaven, that is a non-conductor. If, then, the electric current is to say, iij. flouris in manner of swordis in a field } cut off from contact with the patient, immediate reof azure, the which certain armys were giuen to the lief is the consequence. Profiting by the hint, Dr. aforesaid Kyng of Fraunce in sygne of euerlasting} C. has since, in all such cases, caused thick glass trowbull, and that he, and his successors always with } cylinders to be put under the feet of the malades' battle and swords should be punished.” It has been bed, and with success the most complete. Another also called a toad, and the head of a spear, and Dal case was a cure where consumption had actually laway and Lower incline to the latter belief. I am commenced, and had made some progress, by passing not going to record all the arguments which have five or six hours a day in a butcher's shop. A third, been from time to time brought forward in support where what was considered a fatal affection of the of this or that theory. My province is to state facts, spinal marrow in a young girl, completely yielded and leave you to draw your own deductions. As an to a process of sun burning, the patient being stripornament, the Fleur de Lys is seen on Roman monu ped to the waist, and placed facing a south wall ments, and as the top of a sceptre or sword-hilt during the hottest part of the day.—Letters from from the earliest periods of the French monarchy. Paris. As a badge or cognizance, it first appears on the seals of Louis VII. of France, called Le Jeune, and also surnamed Fleury, from the Abbey of that name, the favorite retreat of the French kings, and where

WORSTED WORK. Philip I. was buried. By Philip II., surnamed } Have you seen yet a new material which has just Augustus, the contemporary of our Richard I. and been invented here for tapestry work? It is sure John, it was borne both singly and repeated "sans to have an immense success, as it saves all the tenombre;" and analogy supports the conclusion which dious process of grounding. It is a woollen stuff, one of the most intelligent of French writers on this made in all colors, with the grain sufficiently marked subject came to long ago--that the Fleur de Lys, or to enable you to work upon it, and count the stitches Flower de Luce, was merely a rebus, signifying as easily as in canvass : and the effect of the patFleur de Louis or Flower of Lewis.-J. Planche. tern, when worked, is eren better, as the compara

tive thickness and closeness of the stuff make it look much richer and more raised. The time and trouble

it saves are of course prodigious, and there is no NEW MEDICAL TREATMENT.

doubt that it will quite supersede the common canA LADY who had formerly been a patient of Dr. C., vass for most purposes; though whether it will wear but whom, in consequence of her removal from Paris, as well for chair seats, and such articles of furniture he had not seen for some time, came to him lately to as are exposed to hard usage, yet remains to be say that her daughter was afflicted with violent proved; it will at least outlast the freshness of the rheumatic pains. As she still resided in the country, work.--Ibid. however, Dr. C. could not do more than give her some general counsel, deferring the actual treatment till she should bring her daughter to Paris. In a few days she returned, telling him that her suffer

WOMAN'S SPHERE IN MODERN LIFE. ings were completely removed, in the following A Woman's true sphere is in her family, in her singular manner: One night, being seized with an home duties, which furnish the best and most apattack, the violence of which was intolerable, the propriate training for her faculties, pointed out by mother, in despair, sent to the only medical prac- } nature itself. titioner of which the village boasted—a man who, And for those duties, some of the very highest by the help of a little self-taught lore, and a certain and noblest that are entrusted to human agency, knowledge of simples and old-woman's remedies, } the fine machinery that is to perform them should treated the peasants satisfactorily enough. No be wrought to its last point of perfectness. The sooner did our Galen arrive, than he directed that wealth of a woman's mind, instead of lying in the all the empty bottles that could be collected should { rough, should be richly brought out and fashioned be placed on the floor, the mattresses laid over them, for its various ends, while yet those ends are in the and the sufferer extended thereon. The effect was future, or it will never meet the demand. And for magical ; in a few minutes the patient experienced her own happiness, all the more because her sphere the greatest relief, and finally a complete cessation is at home, her home stores should be exhaustless, the stores she cannot go abroad to seek. I would emanate from every twig. Its tallness and size look add to strength beauty, and to beauty grace in the consciou, snajesty; roaring in the wind, its moveintellectual proportions, 80 far as possible. It were ments express tremendous emotion. In sunshine or ungenerous in man to condemn the best half of soft showers it carries a gay, a tender, or a pensive human intellect to insignificance merely because it { character; it frowns in winter on a gloomy day. is not his own.

If you observe a man of this order, though his body The man knows little of his own interest, who be a small thing, invested completely with a little would leave that ground waste, or would cultivate { cloth, he expands his being in a grand circle all it only in the narrow spirit of a utilitarian. He around him. He feels as if he grew in the grass, needs an influence in his family not more refreshing and flowers, and groves; as if he stood on yonder than rectifying; and no man will seek that in one distant mountain top, conversing with clouds, or greatly bis inferior. He is to be pitied who cannot sublimely sporting among their imaged precipices, fall back upon his home with the assurance that he caverns, and ruins. He flows in that river, chafes has there something better than himself.- Queechy, in its cascades, smiles in the aqueous flowers, frisks vol. ii.

in the fishes. He is sympathetic with every bird, and seems to feel the sentiment that prompts the

song of each. (This, in one sense, is "inheriting PHYSIOPATHY.

all things.")Life and Letters of John Foster, vol. i.

p. 141. MADE in conversation, but cannot recollect sufficiently to write, a vivid and happy display of what may be called physiopathy, a faculty of pervading all Nature with one's oron being, so as to have a {

CHILDREN'S BALL. perception, a life, and an agency in all things. A CHILDREN'S BALL, a detestable vanity. Mamma person of such a mind stands and gazes at a tree, solicitously busy for several weeks previously, with for instance, till the object becomes all wonderful, all the assistance too of milliners and tasteful and is transfigured into something visionary and friends, with lengthened dissertations, for the sole ideal. He is amazed what a tree is, how it could, purpose of equipping two or three children to appear from a little stem which a worm might crop, rise up in one of these miserable exhibitions. The whole into that majestic size, and how it could ramify into business seems a contrivance, expressly intended to such multitudinous extent of boughs, twigs, and concentrate to a focus of preternatural heat and leaves. Fancy climbs up from its root like ivy, and stimulus every vanity and frivolity of the time, in twines round and round it, and extends to its re- } order to blast for ever the simplicity of the little motest shoots and trembling foliage. But this is souls, and kindle their vain propensities into a not all; the tree soon becomes to your imagination { thousand times the force that mere nature could ever a conscious being, and looks at you, and communes have supplied.-Ibid., p. 123. with you; ideas cluster on each braneb, meanings {

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