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sleeves. Round their waist they roll a long piece is unlawful to wear this dress unless it is presented of silk, or cloth, which reaches to the feet, and some- } by the sovereign as a mark of favor to a subject. times trails on the ground.

The court wear red dresses, and the king a cap When women of distinction go abroad, they put } shaped like a sugar-loaf, surrounded by a circle of on a scarf, or shawl, made of silk, which they throw precious stones, and fastened under the chin. Offiaround them with much grace and elegance. WO cers of rank have coronets of gold or silver. In men in full dress stain the palms of their hands and travelling, hats are used, but in general no covering their nails of a red color, and rub their faces with

is worn on the head: the hair is very thick, and powder of sandal-wood, or of a bark called sunneka. both sexes cut it quite short to the ears; the women Both men and women tinge the edges of their eye make it stand up straight from the head. Beards lids and their teeth with black, which in the latter are never worn in Siam. case gives them a disagreeable appearance. The lower class of females often wear only a single garment, in the form of a sheet, which, wrapped round the body and tacked in under the arms, descends to

REAPING.-TO A. C. the ankle.

His harvest is not yet, who, long ago,
Went scattering broadcast the small seeds of truth;

And thou, bethink thee! faintest in thy youth,
Complaining that to suffer is to know!
What if thy cup with sorrows overflow,

As His did? What if, in extremest need,

The strong world passes o'er thee for a weed ?
Or, if thy feet are set on heights of snow?
For every prayer thou shalt have blessing sure;

For every deed wrought out in humble faith
Sweet answer, in a good that shall enduro-

Thou canst not be an idle, fruitless waif:
Build of the snow, if need be, pyramid;
Or—in the mines work there—thy deeds will not be hid !
And, if thy bands be soiled, it is not clay

That will pollute; stains that the eye can see

Are not the proofs wbich will dishonor thee;
Such broken cisterns yield, to wash away:
But, murmurings of sloth in face of day,

And plaints of pride, and wails of selfishness,

And words (the falsest tokens of distress), Men of the working classes also wear a very

Leave record difficult to wash away

Give pestilence to the air which circles round limited quantity of clothing; a mantle or vest is,

The feeble heart-give sorrow to the weakhowever, highly prized in the cold season.

And stumbling-blocks to youth; wouldst thou be found Their neighbors, the inhabitants of Siam, wear

Reaping such fruitage? Well! thou noedst not seek very little clothing, which may, perhaps, be ac Ilarvest of coming Harvest out from Thee; counted for by the excessive heat of the climate. What fruit thy heart bears now, thy Future's All will be! People of rank tie a piece of calico round the waist, and allow it to bang down to the knees. The lower classes wear a garment that resembles breeches.

SONNET.-THE COUNTRY. All have a muslin shirt without a collar, and open

BY WM. ALEXANDER, in front, with large loose sleeves, and no wristbands. When the weather is cold they throw a piece of

DELIGHTFUL is the peasant's peaceful lot,

Permitted o'er the fields to roam at dawn, painted linen over their shoulders, like a mantle,

When early dew-drops sparkle on the lawn and twist it round their arms.

Around his lowly, ever-happy cot: The women's dress is much the same. They wrap For him, Life's vale is ever decked with flowers; a cloth round the waist, and let the ends hang to the

A tuneful choir charms him in every shade; ground; they also cover the neck and shoulders, but

Birds sporting merrily in every glade

Make pass in love and harmony his hours. never wear any ornament on the head. They cover their fingers with rings, and wear numerous brace

Here let me dwell, from folly far away,

Till old age steal the roses from my cheek : lets and immense ear-rings. All classes have very

Here let me calmly live to show "I seek pointed shoes, but no stockings.

That upper country" where ne'er comes decay; The king is distinguished by a vest of rich bro Where golden clouds forever: deck the sky, caded satin, with tight sleeves to the wrist; and it And Heaven's fair flowers bloom everlastingly.




Thou didst not leave them, mighty God! Ś was mild, it had usually an expression of deep graThou wert with those that bore the truth of old

vity that many mistook for sadness; but now, in Into the desert from the oppressor's rod,

spite of his apparent efforts, a smile curled his lip, And made the caverns of the rock their fold,

and the spirit of mirth glistened in his eye, betrayAnd met when stars met, by their beams to hold

ing that the infantile comparison of Mr. Zechariah The free heart's communing with Thee and Thou Wert in the midst, felt, owned."

Long was not, even to his accustomed ear, wholly

divested of the ludicrous. Zechariah boasted that “How did you say the young man was named ?" he was the tallest man in the company's service, being inquired Mr. Zechariah Long, gently touching the six feet four inches in height-and seldom was the elbow of Governor Winthrop, and directing him by point disputed, as his upright and rigid air gave him a glance of the eye to the object of his curiosity. the appearance of being even taller than he asserted.

" His appellation is master Oliver Temple," re He was long-limbed, and large-jointed, with a spare, plied the governor.

sinewy frame, that looked as if it would have required A kinsman of Sir John Temple of Devonshire ?" } a ton of flesh before the sharp angles would havo pursued Zechariah Long, raising his forefinger to been rounded into any resemblance to the dimpled his nose.

beauty of an infant's form. Then his face, it was “I do not know his family," returned the gover long, lank, lean, and covered with a skin of the nor. “The young man was introduced to me by color and apparent toughness of parchment; bis the worthy Mr. Johnson, who said the youth had features were large, the nose in particular standing letters of recommendation from a pious friend of his, { out with a curve as bold as Cæsar's—and his eyeas one who wished to leave all for righteousness' brows thick, black, and overhanging, beneath which sake. And truly, since he hath been on board, his { his small gray eyes gleamed out with a brightness conduct hath been very seemly."

that gave animation, indeed somewhat of interest, "I saw he showed the courage of a true soldier to a face otherwise repelling. of the cross when we were preparing our ship to The smile of Governor Winthrop seemed checked give battle to the Dunkirkers,” observed Zechariah. involuntarily as he met the glance of Zechariah “I never noticed him before or since except he had Long's eye, and, with a tone of more deference than a book before his face, or was otherwise leaning on even Christian humility would seem to prescribe to the railing of the vessel as at this moment, and one so much inferior in station, he inquired what looking as if he was watching the clouds or counting might be his opinion of the person in question. the stars. But when the word was given that the “If you ask my opinion, governor, I am bound Dunkirkers were at hand, how he bestirred himself! to answer faithfully," responded Zechariah, drawing I think he must have been a soldier, governor. I himself up to his greatest altitude, and speaking marvel Mr. Johnson does not communicate to you very slowly—“I have observed the youth carefully who the young man is.”

ever since, as I told you, I noted his bold bearing "It may be such course would not be prudent, } when we prepared for the battle that by the goodness Mr. Long," said Governor Winthrop, calmly. “The of God was not to prove unto our hurt, but the rather young man may have reasons for not wishing to to our joy, inasmuch as we found friends where we have his family known. This is the time when a } expected enemies; but, had it fell out otherwise, I man's foes are often those of his own household; am persuaded the young man would have been of when great sacrifices must be made for conscience' great assistance, and therefore I would that he was sake. You know who hath said he that loveth truly as we are." father or mother more than me, is not worthy of “Wherefore would you cast suspicions on the

stranger ?" inquired the governor, regarding Zecha“Ah! governor," responded Mr. Zechariah Long, { riah rather sternly. again raising his finger to his nose, “you are a “I am not prone to evil-speaking, governor," relearned man-learned to expound the law spiritual plied the other in a tone so calm and assured that as well as the law temporal— but there are signs of Mr. Winthrop actually felt rebuked. “I am not one the times and signs of the heart which those who who watches for matters of accusation ; but I confess are, like myself, but as babes, and to be fed with the I have watched that young man, and this is my milk of knowledge, may nevertheless understand. judgment, that his motives for joining us were not Though the countenance of Governor Winthrop { all dictated by duty or conscience.”




“What then did induce him?-or perhaps your rable; nor was he, though he had endured, in his vision does not extend so far,” observed the go-} short career, more real distresses than a novel-writer vernor, rather dryly.

would invent, unless his imagination were very proZechariah's small quick eye shone with the lustre lific of horrors, to prove the fortitude of his hero. of a certain triumph as he replied: "His passions, The history of Oliver Temple was briefly this. governor, his earthly passions have prompted him He was the only son of a gentleman of ancient to go forth in search of a resting-place; but, verily, family, but small fortune. His father was a younger unless he does become more heavenly-minded, I fear brother, and the title and a large estate were exhe will be of little comfort to us, or enjoy little pected to descend to Oliver, as his uncle, a decrepit comfort himself.”

old bachelor, seemed as unlikely to seek for a partZechariah then walked slowly away towards the ner as the man in the moon. So his nephew was steerage, and soon the deep peculiar twang of his { bred with the expectation of becoming in due time voice was heard joining in a hymn which some of Sir Oliver Temple. He was a gay youth, but neverthe passengers were singing. Governor Winthrop theless possessing a good deal of that decision of was left alone standing on the larboard side of the character which is imparted by a consciousness of deck, nearly opposite the young man who had been integrity of purpose. He was also an excellent the object of the colloquy; and who was, by the scholar, fond of poetry, and, as his father often conclusion thereof, represented as obnoxious to those boasted, an adept in history, particularly in what suspicions which are not the less forcible for being related to ecclesiastical polity. This mood of mind indefinite. The longer he pondered on the circum was no doubt fostered, if not engendered by the stances that had hitherto come under his observa- } character of the times, as religious opinions were tion respecting the said Oliver Temple, the more then, and had been for many years, the grand lever mysterious they appeared. And yet the sagacious by which the whole Christian world was moved and governor could not believe that the young man agitated with a power that shook the foundations of would be found a deceiver. There is something in civil society, and threatened to overturn or alter many the countenance of an ingenuous youth that so ill of the most important forms of the existing govern. accords with the subtlety of the crafty manager in- ments. Oliver's relations were all loyal and orthotent on stratagems or crimes, that the heart of a good dox defenders of the kingly prerogative and priestly man will be slow to tax such an one with enormous habiliment. Yet Oliver sometimes, in his own mind, guilt. Folly may be predicated of the young, but { doubted the expediency of punishing men because vice seems too gross to be harbored in the soul so they did not wish to wear a square cap, a scholar's simple as to receive pleasure from the thought of a gown, a tippet, and a linen surplice. And as Oliver flower, or the sight of a bird. And Governor Win grew in stature and reason, he doubted still more, throp had seen young Temple smile, and it was the } and all the arguments and invectives he heard urged only time he had seen him smile, while assisting against non-conformity only confirmed him the more the Lady Arabella in arranging some flower-pots in thinking the Puritans a very unfortunate, if not containing specimens she was carefully transporting injured people. to the New World, but which had been nearly de Till he was eighteen, he had never heard them stroyed in the preparations made to give battle to mentioned except with contempt or execration. At the Dunkirkers. And he had heard him, too, re eighteen he saw Rebecca Welden. The seeming monstrating with a passenger who wished to shoot } chance that first introduced them to each other was some of the birds that were continually flitting one of those events which, appearing casual, perhaps around the vessel.

trifling, have yet an influence on the fate of the in“He showed a merciful spirit, and such shall ob dividuals concerned, which in those days was retain mercy,” thought the governor. “And yet I corded as providential. wish I knew his history. The Lady Arabella can The parents of Rebecca Welden were non-conperchance inform me. She once observed that she formists, and had died martyrs to their religious thought I would like him, and that she thought he belief. They were not literally burnt or beheaded; looked like me. He is not a wicked youth. Zecha- but fell victims to the thousand tortures which a riah Long is a zealous saint, but he is sometimes persecuting spirit, when armed with arbitrary power, prone to be suspicious—a fault for which he must has the means of inflicting. Fines, stripes, impribe reprimanded. I will seek the Lady Arabella, and sonment, and the confiscation of their once ample endeavor to learn who Oliver Temple may be." estate they suffered, till finally their hearts were

Thus resolving, he descended to the cabin appro- } broken, and they both died within a few days of priated to the ladies, purposely passing in his way each other, leaving two children, Robert and Rethither near the place where Oliver was leaning on becca, who had been for some time under the care the railing of the deck, his gaze steadily fixed on} of an aunt. This lady, though a Puritan, was a very the setting sun. There was a calmness on bis } prudent woman, and she managed to compromise countenance that seemed more like resignation than the matter between her creed and her conscience by happiness; yet no one would have called him mise- reflecting that if she boldly avowed her principles, and suffered in consequence, the poor orphans would his home and his friends, who were anxious to see lose their only stay. So she attended a regular him. church on the Sabbath, and spent the week in pray To the poor youth who had so long been detained ing that her sin of lip worship might be forgiven from all intercourse with the world, the privilege of her. But, as if to atone still further for her own returning to his family appeared such a favor that lax observation of the tenets she believed, she la for a time all the resentment he had felt for the bored to instil them, in their most severe and un wrongs he had endured was nearly obliterated. He compromising spirit, into the souls of hor nephew almost resolved to take the oath his father had preand niece. She succeeded, and when Oliver Temple scribed, and probably would have voluntarily offered first became acquainted with Rebecca Welden, and such a pledge of obedience to his parent—so much her brother, they were as strict and stern Puritans more easily is a generous mind subdued by human as the Rev. John Robinson would have desired. kindness than by threats of human vengeance—had

With a young man of Oliver Temple's feelings not the recollection of Rebecca, and the hope that and temperament, the persecutions these young they might meet, and be one day united, operated people bad endured in the persons of their parents to make him resolve still to hold fast the faith which would make an impression favorable to their cause; { was dear to her. and Robert Welden was, like most of his sect, well His parents received him with every demonstraversed in the theory of his religious opinions, and } tion of gladness, and no allusion was permitted to above all well acquainted with the history of the { be made to the unhappy subject of his banishment. corruptions and oppressions of the hierarchy.

But Oliver was not long in discovering that, though It would be impossible, without more speculations he was ostensibly at liberty, yet a strict watch was than we have time to pursue, even to guess whether į kept to prevent him from holding any communicaRebecca's virtues and beauty, or Robert's zeal and tion with the obnoxious party he was supposed to eloquence, bad the most effect on Oliver Temple. favor. His solitude had not been idly or unprofitBe that as it may, he soon became a thorough con ably spent. He had been furnished with books and vert to the peculiar creed of the non-conformists, writing materials, and then the daring plans he had and what would of course be foreseen, a suitor for formed, and once or twice nearly executed, to obtain Rebecca's hand. An application to his father for his freedom, had given him the habit of depending consent to the union revealed to his parents not only on himself, which his father considered as a very the state of his heart, but his faith. The quotation dangerous sentiment for a young gentleman to enthat“ the course of true love never did run smooth,” tertain. So he took him up to London that he would but poorly portray the storm, the tempest, might acquire the tone of flattery and obsequiousthe whiriwind that seemed loosened to work its fury ness so necessary to those who would shine at court. on the devoted heads of these young sufferers. This Oliver had made repeated inquiries concerning result is all that can be told. They were separated. Rebecca Welden and her brother; but had never Oliver was sent into Northamptonshire, there to been able to find a person who could give any inabide with a friend of his father's, as was reported. formation respecting them. He learned their aunt But he was carried to a castle and kept in the close was dead, before he left his confinement; but what confinement of a prisoner, not being permitted to had becomo of her heretic nephew and niece, none see or speak with any one except his bigoted jailer, of the loyal and true believers could be supposed who thought the crime of daring to differ from the interested to know. established form of church government was the most { In London, Oliver Temple passed several months, heinous and impious a subject could commit, except occupied with the usual pursuits and recreations of to question the divine right of his king.

his age and station, apparently seeking happiness Young Temple was confined in his apartment, in society, but in reality searching for some clue which might very properly be styled a dungeon, whereby he might discover the place where Robert hearly a year, as he could not escape, and would not } Welden and his sister had retreated. He did not purchase his freedom by the only alternative offered, dream that retreat was the grave! This truth was which was that of taking a solemn oath to abjure at last revealed to him. He saw accidentally, in forever the abominable heresy of non-conformity London, a gentleman whom he knew was acquainted and Puritanism in all their forms. This oath he with the Weldens. After several unsuccessful efforts, was resolute in rejecting, although threatened with

he at length obtained an interview with the man, a worse punishment than imprisonment. But who told him that Robert Welden, in a desperato at last his father, as if convinced that severe mea attempt to escape from a prison where he had been sures were of no avail, wrote to him very kindly, thrown for his religion, had wounded bis jailer, as and after telling him of the illness of his uncle, who it was thought dangerously, and that, to avoid an was not expected to continue long, and hoping that ingnominious death, which he knew awaited him, the time he had spent in solitary reflection had con he committed suicide. vinced him of his errors, &c., informed him that a { And Rebecca, what became of Rebecca ?" ex carriage had been sent, in which he might return to claimed Oliver, clenching his hands and drawing in



his breath with the deep gurgling sound of a drown me, is not worthy of me," was a favorite text with ing man.

the Puritans. “ She died the day after her brother."

“Oliver Temple is willing to leave father and “A self-murderer was she ?"

mother, yea, and houses and lands and title, for The gentleman looked at Oliver; the veins of his } Christ's sake: shall I discourage this zeal, or throw neck and temples were swelling with the tide of} obstacles in the way of its immediate accomplishpassionate emotions which he could scarcely restrain

ment, which may in the end prove a stumbling-block from bursting into the violent paroxysm of insanity. to this young Christian, even to the peril of his He went to him, took his hand, and said in a sooth soul ?" said Mr. Johnson to his wife. ing tone, “Mr. Temple, this is a sorrowful business; } She agreed with him that such would be sin for but to the Lord we must resign ourselves and all those who professed to be willing to endure every that we hold dear. Remember, the Lord doth not cross rather than disobey God. willingly afflict."

Oliver Temple was accordingly admitted secretly “ Then she did not kill herself ?"

on board the ship, in which Mr. Johnson and his “No, no-she died of a fever, calmly as an infant wife, with Governor Winthrop and others of the falls asleep, and is now an angel in heaven."

most important members of the emigrating company, Oliver's joints relaxed, his countenance lost its sailed in the spring of 1630. stern expression of passionate grief, his lip quivered, }

There was no point of faith in which our ancestors his eyelids drooped-one moment he struggled to

were more fully established than in the firm belief suppress the outbreaking of his sorrow--but it might of an overruling providence, which watched in a not be; nature triumphed over manly pride, he sank

nature triumphed over manly pride, he sank particular manner over them. In all their converinto a chair, and, covering his face, wept and sobbed

sation, this belief was apparent. Neither was it, as audibly as a child.

as some may suppose, the language of cant, or mere From that time, Oliver Temple was a changed

form of words. The faith that enabled them to enman. There was a solemn severity in his counte

dure unrepiningly the terrors and hardships of the nance that announced, without the form of words,

wilderness, was that of the soul. The thought that the Puritan in spirit. He considered himself as dead

God demanded the sacrifice of every selfish considto the pleasures and hopes of this life, and the in eration animated them to endure privations; and tensity of his thoughts and affections was directed

though now, in these days of peace and plenty, lib. how to secure the heavenly inheritance. To advance erty and liberal principles, we may sometimes feel the cause for which Robert and Rebecca Welden

{ inclined to smile at what we are pleased to term the had suffered was, as he believed, the only motive credulity of those primitive Christians, yet the enthat induced him to wish to survive them. But in

ergy and consistency of their conduct, and the glohis own family he could hardly hope his efforts

rious results that have followed those labors they would be of any avail. He heard of the expedition

endured for their faith, should awe us from ridicule. to the New World, that was to be undertaken by

Indeed, if we would but call up the scene when godly men who went forth in the faith and strength

those self-exiled men bade adieu to their homes in of the Lord of hosts, to found a nation where man that pleasant land where their fathers had dwelt, should be free to worship according to the commands

and severing the ties of soul, which seem the sinews of Scripture and the dictates of conscience.

} of our life, embarked on a wide and gloomy ocean In the mood of mind Oliver Temple then cher } in search of a resting-place in a new and almost ished, the expedition of the Puritan colony was just } unknown world, we should feel that they needed the the one he would have chosen to join, rather than high and holy excitement of a “faith that could have been proclaimed ruler of the whole earth. He remove mountains." They were not driven forth wrote to Mr. Johnson, of whom he had heard much ļ by the necessities of temporal want. They moved good, and communicating the most important events

in obedience to the dictates of what they felt assured of his life, besought his aid to enable him to escape

was the Spirit of God; and no wonder, therefore, from the temptations by which he was surrounded. that their language should be imbued with those In short, he wished to join the expedition unknown

thoughts which filled their hearts. Hence arose to his father or family. Mr. Johnson, though he

their frequent inference that Providence, in a parwould not have advised this step, did not think it }

ticular and especial manner, directed their path ; a his duty to oppose it. The young man was, by the

sentiment which, if it cannot be deduced from philocivil law, of age to act for himself; and though the

sophical principles, was, in their opinion, far more parental authority was highly venerated by our an

conclusively proved than mere human reason could cestors, among themselves, yet, like all who have a

have established it was taught in the Bible. particular creed to support, involving what they

“ All things shall work together for good to them consider the eternal welfare of its believers, they

that love God!" was pronounced in a triumphant were sometimes too intent on advancing their Mas

tone by Governor Winthrop when he would animate ter's kingdom to attend to the minor point of earthly

the ship's crew for the battle which was expected claims. “He that loveth father or mother more than 1 momentarily to begin. The odds were fearfully

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