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sleeves. Round their waist they roll a long pieee of frilk, or eloth, whieh reaehes to the feet, and sometimes trails on the ground.

When women of distinetion go abroad, they put on a searf, or shawl, made of silk, whieh they throw around them with mueh graee and eleganee. Women in full dress stain the palms of their hands and their nails of a red eolor, and rub their faees with powder of sandal-wood, or of a bark ealled tunneka. Iloth men and women tinge the edges of their eyelids and their teeth with blaek, whieh in the latter ease gives them a disagreeable appearanee. The lower elass of females often wear only a single garment, in the form of a sheet, whieh, wrapped round the body and tneked in under the arms, deseends to the ankle.


Men of the working elasses also wear a very limited quantity of elothing; a mantle or vest is, however, highly prized in the eold season.

Their neighbors, the inhahitants of Siam, wear very little elothing, whieh may, perhaps, be aeeounted for by the exeessive heat of the elimate. People of rank tie a pieee of ealieo round the waist, and allow it to hang down to the knees. The lower elasses wear a garment that resembles breeehes. AH have a muslin shirt without a eollar, and open in front, with large loose sleeves, and no wristhands. When the weather is eold they throw a pieee of painted linen over their shoulders, like a mantle, and twist it round their arms.

The women's dress is mueh the same. They wrap a eloth round the waist, and let the ends hang to the ground; they also eover the neek and shoulders, but never wear any ornament on the head. They eover their fingers with rings, and wear numerous braeelets and immenso ear-rings. All elasses have very pointed shoes, but no stoekings.

The Jting is distinguished by a vest of rieh broeaded satin, with tight sleeves to the wrist; and it

is unlawful to wear this dress unless it is presented by the sovereign as a mark of favor to a subjeet.

The eourt wear red dresses, and the king a eap shaped like a sugar-loaf, surrounded by a eirele of preeious stones, and fastened under the ehin. Offieers of rank have eoronets of gold or silver. In travelling, hats are used, but in general no eovering is worn on the head: the hair is very thiek, and both sexes eut it quite short to the ears; the women make it stand up straight from the head. Beards are never worn in Siam.

R E A P IN G. — T O A. C.


> Ilra harvest is not yet, who, long ago,

i Went seattering broadeast the small seeds of truth;

i And thou, bethink thee! faintest in thy youth,

\ Complaining that to suffer is to know I

i What if thy eup with sorrows overflow,

J As His did! What if, in extremest need,

The strong world passes o'er thee for a weed!

j Or, if thy feet are set on heights of snow?

j For every prayer thou shalt have blessing sure; S For every deed wrought out in hnmble faith

i Sweet answer, in a good that shall endure—

> Thou eanst not br an idle, fruitless waif: < Build of the snow, if need be, pyramid;

| Or—in the mines work there—thy deeds will not be hid!

\ And, if thy hands be soiled, it is not elay

\ That will pollute; stains that the eye ean see

Are not the proofs whieh will dishonor thee; i Sueh broken eisterns yield, to wash away: i But, murmurings of sloth in faee of day, S And plaints of pride, and wails of selfishness,

And words (Ae falsest tokens of distress), f Leave reeord diffieult to wash away— i Give pestilenee to the air whieh efreles round I The feeble heart—give sorrow to the weak— [ And stumbling-bloeks to youth; wouldst thou bo found

Reaping sueh fruitage? Well! thou needst not seek i Ilarvest of eoming Harvest out from Thee;

What fruit thy heart bears now, thy Future's All will be I



DixionTPCL is the peasant's peaeeful lot,
Permitted o'er the fields to roam at dawn,
When early dow-drops sparkle &n the lawn

Around his lowly, ever-happy eot:

For him, Life's vale is ever deeked with flowers; A tuneful ehoir eharms him in every shade; Birds sporting merrily in every glade

Make pass in love and harmony his hours.

Here let me dwell, from folly far away,
Till old age steal the roses from my eheek:
Hero let me ealmly live to show "I seek

That upper eountry" where ne'er eomes deeay;

Where golden elouds forever deck the sky,

And Heaven's fair flowers bloom everlastingly.

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"Thou didst not leave them, mighty God!
Thou wert with those that bore the truth of old
Into the desert from the oppressor's rod,
And made the eaverns of the roek their fold,
And met when stars met, by their beams to hold
The free heart's eommuning with Thee—and Thou
Wert in the midst, felt, owned."

** How did you say the young man was named?" inquired Mr. Zeehariah Long, gently touehing the elbow of Governor Winthrop, and direeting him by a glanee of the eye to the objeet of his euriosity.

"His appellation is master Oliver Temple,'' re- j plied the governor.

"A kinsman of Sir John Temple of Devonshire V pursued Zeehariah Long, raising his forefinger to his nose.

"I do not know his family," returned the governor. "The young man was introdueed to me by the worthy Mr. Johnson, who said the youth had letters of reeommendation from a pious friend of his, as one who wished to leave all for righteousness' sake. And truly, sinee ho hath been on board, his eonduet hath been very seemly."

"I saw he showed the eourage of a true soldier of the eross when we were preparing our ship to give hattle to the Dunkirkers," observed Zeehariah. "I never notieed him before or sinee exeept he had a book before his faee, or was otherwise leaning on the railing of the vessel as at this moment, and looking as if he was watehing the elouds or eounting the stars. But when the word was given that the Dunkirkers were at hand, how he bestirred himself! I think he must have been a soldier, governor. I marvel Mr. Johnson does not eommunieate to you who the young man is."

"It may bo sueh eourse would not be prudent, Mr. Long," said Governor Winthrop, ealmly. "The young man may have reasons for not wishing to have his family known. This is the time when a man's foes are often those of his own household; when great saerifiees must be made for eonseienee' sake. Yon know who hath said—' he that loveth father or mother more than me, is not worthy of me.'"

"Ah! governor," responded Mr. Zeehariah Long, again raising his finger to his nose, "you are a learned man—learned to expound the law spiritual as well as the law temporal—but there are signs of the times and signs of the heart whieh those who are, like myself, but as habes, and to bo fed with the milk of knowledge, may nevertheless understand.

Though the eountenanee of Governor Winthrop

was mild, it had usually an expression of deep gravity that many mistook for sadness; but new, in spite of his apparent efforts, a smile eurled his lip, and the spirit of mirth glistened in his eye, betraying that the infantile eomparison of Mr. Zeehariah Long was not, even to his aeeustomed ear, wholly divested of the ludierous. Zeehariah boasted that be was the tallest man in the eompany's serviee, being six feet four inehes in height—and seldom was the point disputed, as his upright and rigid air gave him the appearanee of being even taller than he asserted. He was long-limbed, and large-jointed, with a spare, sinowy frame, that looked as if it would have required a ton of flesh before the sharp angles would havo been rounded into any resemblanee to the dimpled beauty of an infant's form. Then his faoe, it was long, lank, lean, and eovered with a skin of the eolor and apparent toughness of parehment; hi* features were large, the nose in partieular standing out with a eurve as bold as Ca>sar's—and his eyebrows thiek, blaek, and overhanging, beneath whieh his small gray eyes gleamed out with a brightness that gave animation, indeed somowhat of interest, to a faee otherwiso repelling.

The smile of Governor Winthrop seemed eheeked involuntarily as he met the glanee of Zeehariah Long's eye, and, with a tone of more deferenee than even Christian humility would seem to preseribe to one so mueh inferior in station, ho inquired what might be his opinion of the person in question.

"If you ask my opinion, governor, I am bound to answer faithfully," responded Zeehariah. drawing himself up to his greatest altitude, and speaking very slowly—"I have observed the youth earefully ever smee, as I told you, I noted his bold bearing when we prepared for the hattle that by the goodness of God was not to prove unto our hurt, but the rather to our joy, inasmueh as we found friends where we expeeted enemies; but, had it fell out otherwise, I am persuaded the young man would have been of great assistanee, aud therefore I would that he was truly as we are."

MVherefore would you east suspieions on the stranger ?" inquired tho governor, regarding Zeehariah rather sternly.

"I am not prone to evil-speaking, governor," replied tho other in a tone so ealm and assured that Mr. Winthrop aetually felt rebuked. "I am not one who watehes for matters of aeeusation; but I eonfess I have watehed that young man, and this is my judgment, that his motives for joining us were not all dietated by duty or eonseienee."



"What then did induee him?—or perhaps your vision does not extend so far," observed the governor, rather dryly.

Zeehariah's small quiek eye shono with the lustre of a eertain trinmph as he replied: '* His passions, governor, his earthly passions have prompted him to go forth in seareh of a resting-plaee; but, verily, unless he does beeome more heavenly-minded, I fear he will be of little eomfort to us, or enjoy little eomfort himself."

Zeehariah then walked slowly away towards the steerage, and soon the deep peeuliar twang of his voiee was heard joining in a hymn whieh some of the passengers were singing. Governor Winthrop was left alone standing on the larboard side of the deek, nearly opposite the young man who had been the objeet of the eolloquy; and who was, by the eonelusion thereof, represented as obuoxious to those suspieions whieh are not the less foreible for being indefinite. The longer he pondered on the eireumstanees that had hitherto eome under his observation respeeting the said Oliver Temple, the more mysterious they appeared. And yet the sagaeious governor eould not believe that the young man would be found a deeeiver. There is eomething in the eountenanee of an ingenuous youth that so ill aeeords with the subtlety of the erafty manager intent on stratagems or erimes, that the heart of a good man will be slow to tax sueh an one with enormous guilt. Folly may be predieated of the young, but viee seems too gross to be harbored in the soul so simple as to reeeive pleasure from the thought of a flower, or the sight of a hird. And Governor Winthrop had seen young Temple smilo, and it was the only time ho had seen him smile, while assisting the Lady Arabella in arranging some flower-pots eontaining speeimens she was earefully transporting to the Now World, but whieh had been nearly destroyed in the preparations made to give hattle to the Dunkirkers. And he had heard him, too, remonstrating with a passenger who wished to shoot some of the hirds that were eontinually flitting around the vessel.

"He showed a mereiful spirit, and sueh shall obtain merey," thought the governor. "And yet I wish I know his history. The Lady Arabella ean perehanee inform me. She onee observed that she thought I would like him, and that she thought he looked like me. He is not a wieked youth. Zeehariah Long is a zealous saint, but he is sometimes prone to be suspieions—a fault for whieh he must be reprimanded. I will seek the Lady Arabella, and endeavor to learn who Olivor Temple may be."

Thus resolving, he deseended to the eahin appropriated to the ladies, purposely passing in his way thither near the plaee where Olivor was loaning on the railing of the deek, his gaze steadily fixed on the setting sun. There was a ealmness on his eountenanee that seemed more like resignation than happiness; yet no one would have ealled him mise

rable; nor was he, though he had endured, in hia short eareer, more real distresses than a novel-writer would invent, unless his imagination were very prolifie of horrors, to prove the fortitude of his hero.

The history of Oliver Temple was briefly this. Ho was the only son of a gentleman of aneient family, but small fortune. His father was a younger brother, and the title and a large estate were expeeted to deseend to Oliver, as his unele, a deerepit old haehelor, seemed as unlikely to seek for a partner as the man in the moon. So his nephow was bred with the expeetation of beeoming in due time Sir Oliver Temple. He was a gay youth, but nevertheless possessing a good deal of that deeision of eharaeter whieh is imparted by a eonseiousness of integrity of purpose. Ho was also an exeollent seholar, fond of poetry, and, as his father often boasted, an adept in history, partieularly in what related to eeelesiastieal polity. This mood of mind was no doubt fostered, if not engendered by the eharaeter of the times, as religious opinions were then, and had been for many years, the grand lever by whieh the whole Christian world was moved and agitated with a power that shook the foundations of eivil soeiety, and threatened to overturn or alter many of the most important forms of tho existing govern, ments. Oliver's relations were all loyal and orthodox defenders of the kingly prerogative and priestly hahiliment . Yet Oliver sometimes, in his own mind, doubted the expedieney of punishing men beeause they did not wish to wear a square eap, a seholar's gown, a tippet, and a linen surpliee. And as Oliver grow in stature and reason, he doubted still more, and all the arguments and inveetives he heard urged againstfion-eonformity only eonfirmed him the more in thinking the Puritans a very unfortunate, if not injured people.

Till he was eighteen, he had never heard them mentioned exeept with eontempt or exeeration. At eighteen he saw Rebeeea Welden. The seeming ehanee that first introdueed them to eaeh other was one of those events whieh, appearing easual, perhaps trifling, have yet an influenee on the fato of the individuals eoneerned, whieh in those days was reeorded as providential.

The parents of Rebeeea Welden were non-eonformists, and had died martyrs to their religious belief. They were not literally burnt or beheaded; but fell vietims to the thousand tortures whieh a perseeuting spirit, when armed with arhitrary power, has the means of inflieting. Fines, stripes, imprisonment, and the eonfiseation of their onee ample estate they suffered, till finally their hearts were broken, and they both died within a fow days of eaeh other, leaving two ehildren, Robert and Rebeeea, who had been for some time under the eare of an aunt. This lady, though a Puritan, was a very prudent woman, and she managed to eompromise the matter between her ereed and her eonseienee by refleeting that if she boldly avowed her prineiples, and suffered in eonsequenee, the poor orphans would lose their only stay. So she attended a regular ehureh on the Sabhath, and spent the week in praying that her sin of lip worship might be forgiven her. But, as if to atone still further for her own lax observation of the tenets she believed, she labored to instil them, in thoir most severe and uneompromising spirit, into the souls of her nephow and nieee. Sho sueeeeded, and when Oliver Temple first beeame aequainted with Rebeeea Weldon, and her brother, they were as striet and stern Puritans as the Rev. John Rohinson would have desired.

With a young man of Oliver Temple's feelings and temperament, the perseeutions these young people had endured in the persons of their parents would make nn impression favorable to their eause; and Robert Welden was, like most of his seet, well versed in the theory of his religious opinions, and above all well aequainted with the history of the eorruptions and oppressions of the hierarehy.

It would be impossible, without more speeulations than we have time to pursue, even to guess whether Rebeeea's virtues and beauty, or Robert's zeal and eloquenee, had the most effeet on Oliver Temple. Be that as it may, ho soon beeamo a thorough eonvert to the peeuliar ereed of the non-eonformists, and what would of eourse be foreseen, a suitor for Rebeeea's hand. An applieation to his father for eonsent to the union revealed to his parents not only the state of his heart, but his faith. The quotation that" the eourse of true love never did run smooth," would but poorly portray the storm, the tempest, the whirlwind that seemed loosened to work its fury on the devoted heads of these young sufferers. This result is all that ean be told. They wero separated. Oliver was sent into Northamptonshire, there to ahide with a friend of his father's, as was reported. But he was earried to a eastle and kept in the elose eonfinement of a prisoner, not being permitted to see or speak with any one exeept his higoted jailer, who thought the erime of daring to differ from the established form of ehureh government was the most heinous and impious a subjeet eould eommit, exeept to question the divine right of his king.

Young Temple was eonfined in his apartment, whieh might very properly be styled a dungeon, nearly a year, as ho eould not eseape, and would not purehase his freedom by the only alternative offered, whieh was that of taking a solemn oath to ahjuro forever the abominable heresy of non-eonformity and Puritanism in all their forms. This oath he was resolute in rejeeting, although threatened with a worse punishment than imprisonment . But at last his father, as if eonvineed that severe measures were of no avail, wrote to him very kindly, and after telling him of the illness of his unele, who was not expeeted to eontinue long, and hoping that the time he had spent in solitary refleetion had eonvineed him of his errors, Ae., informed him that a earriage had been sent, in whieh he might return to

his home and his friends, who were anxious to see him.

To the poor youth who had so long been detained from all intereourse with the world, the privilege of returning to his family appeared sueh a favor that for a time all the resentment he had felt for the wrongs ho had endured was nearly obliterated. He almost resolved to take the oath his father had preseribed, and prohably would have voluntarily offered sueh a pledge of obedienee to his parent—so mueh more easily is a generous mind subdued by human kindness than by threats of human vengeanee—had not the reeolleetion of Rebeeea, and the hope that they might meet, and he one day united, operated to make him resolve still to hold fast the faith whieh was dear to her.

His parents reeeived him with every demonstration of gladness, and no allusion was permitted to be made to the unhappy subjeet of his hanishment . But Oliver was not long in diseovering that, though ho was ostensibly at liberty, yet a striet wateh was kept to prevent him from holding any eommunieation with the obuoxious party he was supposed to favor. His solitude had not been idly or uoprofitably spent . He had been furnished with hooks and writing matorials, and then the daring plans he had formed, and onee or twiee nearly exeeuted, to obtain his freedom, had given him the hahit of depending on himself, whieh his father eonsidered as a very dangerous sentiment for a young gentleman to entertain. So he took him up to London that he might aequire the tone of flattery and obsequiousness so neeessary to those who would shine at eourt.

Oliver had mado repeated inquiries eoneerning Rebeeea Welden ana> her brother; but had never been able to find a person who eould give any information respeeting them. Ho learned their aunt was dead, before ho left his eonfinement; but what had beeome of her heretie nephow and nieee, none of tho loyal and true believers eould be supposed interested to know.

In London, Oliver Temple passed several months, oeeupied with the usual pursuits and reereations of his age and station, apparently seeking happiness in soeiety, but in reality searehing for some elue whereby ho might diseover the plaee where Robert Welden and his sister had retreated. He did not dream that retreat was the grave! This troth was at last revealed to him. Ho saw aeeidentally, in London, a gentleman whom ho know was aequainted with the Weldens. After several unsueeessful efforts, he at length obtained an interviow with the man, who told him that Robert Welden, in a desperato attempt to eseape from a prison whero he had been thrown for his religion, had wounded his jailer, as it was thought dangerously, and that, to avoid an ingnominions denth, whieh he know awaited him, he eommitted suieide.

"And Rebeeea, what beeame of Rebeeea?" ex elaimed Oliver, elenehing his hands and drawing in 21


his breath with the deep gargling sound of a drowning man.

"She died the day after her brother."

"A self-murderer was she?"

The gentleman looked at Oliver; the reins of his neek and, temples were swelling with the tide of passionate emotions whieh he eould seareely restrain from bursting into the violent paroxysm of insanity. He went to him, took his hand, and said in a soothing tone, "Mr. Temple, this is a sorrowful business; but to the Lord we must resign ourselves and all that we hold dear. Remember, the Lord doth not willingly affliet."

"Then she did not kill herself?"

"No, no—she died of a fever, eolmly as an infant falls asleep, and is now an angel in heaven."

Oliver's joints relaxed, his eountenanee lost its ster n expression of passionate grief, his lip quivered, his eyelids drooped—one moment he struggled to suppress the outhreaking of his sorrow—but it might not be; nature triumphed over manly pride, he sank into a ehair, and, eovering his faee, wept and sobbed as audibly as a ehild.

From that time, Oliver Temple was a ehanged man. There was a solemn severity in his eountenanee that announeed, without the form of words, the Puritan in spirit. He eonsidered himself as dead to the pleasures and hopes of this life, and the intensity of his thoughts and affeetions was direeted how to seeure the heavenly inheritanee. To advanee the eause for whieh Robert and Rebeeea Welden had suffered was, as he believed, the only motive that indueed him to wish to survive them. But in his own family he eould hardly hope his efforts would be of any avail. He heard of the expedition to the Now World, that was to be undertaken by godly men who went forth in the faith and strength of the Lord of hosts, to found a nation where man should be free to worship aeeording to the eommands of Seripture and the dietates of eonseienee.

In the mood of mind Oliver Temple then eherished, the expedition of the Puritan eolony was just the one he would hare ehosen to join, rather than have been proelaimed ruler of the whole earth. He wrote to Mr. Johnson, of whom he had heard mueh good, and eommunieating the most important events of bis life, besought his aid to enable him to eseape from the temptations by whieh he was surrounded. In short, he wished to join the expedition unknown to his father or family. Mr. Johnson, though he would not have advised this step, did not think it his duty to oppose it. The young man was, by the eivil law, of age to aet for himself; and though the parental authority was highly venerated by our aneestors, among themselves, yet, like all who have a partieular ereed to support, involving what they eonsider the eternal welfare of its believers, they were sometimes too intent on advaneing their Master's kingdom to attend to the minor point of earthly elaims. "He that loveth father or mother more than

me, is not worthy of me," was a favorite text with the Puritans.

"Oliver Temple is willing to leave father and mother, yea, and houses and lands and title, for Christ's sake: shall I diseourage this zeal, or throw obstaeles in the way of its immediate aeeomplishment, whieh may in the end prove a stumbling-bloek to this young Christian, even to the peril of his soul?" said Mr. Johnson to his wife.

She agreed with him that sueh would be sin for those who professed to be willing to endure every eross rather than disobey God.

Oliver Temple was aeeordingly admitted seeretly on board tho ship, in whieh Mr. Johnson and his wife, with Governor Winthrop and others of the most important members of the emigrating eompany, sailed in the spring of 1630.

There was no point of faith in whieh our aneestors were more fully established than in the firm belief of an overruling providenee, whieh watehed in a partieular manner over them. In all their eonversation, this belief was apparent. Neither was it, as some may suppose, the language of eant, or mere form of words. The faith that enabled them to endure uurepiningly the terrors and hardships of the wilderness, was that of the soul. The thought that God demanded the saerifiee of every selfish eonsideration animated them to endure privations; and though now, in these days of peaee and plenty, lib. erty and liberal prineiples, we may sometimes feel inelined to smile at what wo are pleased to term the eredulity of those primitive Christians, yet the energy and eonsisteney of their eonduet, and the glorious results that have followed those labors they endured for their faith, should awe us from ridieule.

Indeed, if we would but eall up the seene when those self-exiled men hade adieu to their homes in that pleasant land where their fathers had dwelt, and severing the ties of soul, whieh seem the sinows of our life, emharked on a wide and gloomy oeean in seareh of a resting-plaee in a now and almost unknown world, we should feel that they needed the high and holy exeitement of a "faith that eould removo mountains." They were not driven forth by the neeessities of temporal want. They moved in obedienee to the dietates of what they felt assured was the Spirit of God; and no wonder, therefore, that their language should be imbued with those thoughts whieh filled their hearts. Henee arose their frequent inferenee that Providenee, in a partieular and espeeial manner, direeted their path; a sentiment whieh, if it eannot be dedueed from philosophieal prineiples, was, in their opinion, far more eonelusively proved than mere human reason eould have established—it was taught in the Bible.

"All things shall work together for good to them that love God!" was pronouneed in a trinmphant tone by Governor Winthrop when he would animate the ship's erow for the hattlo whieh was expeeted momentarily to begin. The odds wero fearfully

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