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8th.-Cast off three stitches, purl the row.

9th.—Make one, knit five, make one, knit one, This flower requires five petals to form it, two make one, knit four. violet and three yellow; one of the latter must be 10th.—Make one, purl the row. larger than the rest, and of a deeper color. All the 11th.—Make one, knit seven, make one, knit one, wool must be split.

make one, knit six. For the violet petals, cast on ten stitches on two 12th.—Make one, purl the row. needles, five on each; fold the two needles so as to 13th.– Fasten off three stitches, knit the rebring the last stitch behind the first, and double knit mainder. a piece of rather more than half an inch in length, 14th.–Fasten off three stitches, purl the rest. taking one stitch from one needle, and one from the 15th.-Knit six, make one, knit one, make one, other throughout each row. When you take the } knit six. needles out, run the wool through them with a rug 16th.-Purl the row. needle, and pass a piece of double wire through the } 17th.-Knit seven, make one, knit one, make one, little bag which the knitting has formed, catch it at knit six. the top and sides to keep it in form, draw up the 18th.-Purl the row. other end, and twist the wires together after having } 19th.—Fasten off three stitches, knit four, make shaped the wire to the form of the petal. The yel- one, knit one, make one, knit seven. low petals are knitted in the same way, the largest 20th.-Cast off three stitches, purl the row. requires twelve stitches, and the last four or six} 21st.-Knit six, make one, knit one, make one, rows must be done with violet wool, to form the dark knit five. spot at the top. The two smaller yellow petals only { 22d.-Purl the row. require eight stitches, with two or four rows of vio- { 23d.-Knit seven, make one, knit one, make one, let at the top; twist the wires of the five petals knit six. together, and cover the stem with green wool; a { 24th.—Purl the row. cross stitch, like herring-bone, should be made with 25th.-Cast off three stitches, knit remainder. green wool, where the petals join in the middle of 26th.-Cast off three stitches, purl remainder. the flower.

27th.—Knit row plain.

28th.—Purl the row plain. FOR THE CALYX,

29th.-Knit row plain. Thread a needle with whole green wool, fasten this

30th.—Purl row plain. on the stem, at the back of the flower, and take a

318t.--Cast off two, knit remainder. herring stitch at the back of each petal, making the

32d.—Cast off two, purl remainder. stitch rather long, and leaving the wool loose. The

33d.—Knit row plain. bud is formed by making a little tuft of yellow, vio

34th.-Purl row. let, and green wool, mixed together; fix it on a piece

35th.-Knit row plain. of wire by crossing the wool over, and twisting the

36th.-Purl row plain. wire very tight, turn the ends of the wool down the

37th.-Cast off two, knit remainder. wire, and fasten them at about a quarter of an inch

38th.-Cast off two, purl remainder.

Fasten off the two last stitches. down, by twisting some green split wool round, with which the little stem must be also covered.

It is on this principle that all kinds of indented leaves are made; by knitting more rows with in

crease between the castings off, they are made broadLEAVES.

er; by working more rows between the castings off, Cast on three stitches.

they are made longer; and by casting off more Knit one row, purl one row, then

stitches at a time, the indentations are made deeper; 1st row.—Make one, knit one throughout the row. } so that the endless variety of natural leaves may be 2d.---Make one, purl the row.

copied without difficulty. 3d.-Make one, knit three, make one, knit one, Having completed the leaves, some wire must be make one, knit two.

sewn neatly round, following the turnings of the 4th.-Make one, purl the row.

leaf exactly; and for the larger ones, it will be bet5th.-Make one, knit five, make one, knit one, ter to sew a double wire in the centre of the leaf at make one, knit six.

the back, which will conceal the openings left by 6th.- Make one, purl the row.

the increase of stitches. 7th.-Cast off, or fasten off, three stitches, knit One or two flowers, with a bud, and two or three three, make one, knit one.

leaves, are sufficient for a small branch.




11th.-Knit four stitches, turn back, decrease one, FUCHSIA.

purl two, and finish by slipping one, knitting two

together, turning the slipped stitch over, and putIr knitted in good size China silk, it does well to

ting the wool through the loop; bring the wool ornament caps or bonnets.

down the edge in the same way as for the calyx, and knit the second, third, and fourth divisions like

the first. Sew a bit of wire round the edge, followFour calyx are required for each flower; cast on { ing the sinuosities of the work, and sew the two eight stitches with crimson split wool.

edges together. 1st row.-Knit plain. 2d.-Purl.

The pistil and stamen can be made like the lily, 3d.-Knit plain. 4th.-Purl.

but very much finer and smaller ; but a simpler and 5th. Make one, knit two; repeat to the end of easier method is, to stiffen some pale green, or white row.

sewing cotton, with gum, and cut eight pieces of it, 6th.-Purl. I 7th.-Knit plain.

of about five or six inches long, for the stamen, and 8th.-Purl. 9th.-Knit plain.

one bit rather longer for the pistil; tie them to10th.-Purl. 11th.-Knit plain.

gether, and dip the longest in gum, and then in 12th.-Purl.

some green powder, or wool cut as fine as powder, 13th.- Make one, knit three; repeat to the end and the rest, first in gum, and then immediately in of tow.

yellow powder, or wool cut as fine, which will an14th.-Purl.

swer quite as well for the purpose. Mount your 15th.- Make one, knit four; repeat. ,

flower, by placing the stamens and pistil inside the 16th.-Purl.

corolla, and that too within the calyx, sufficiently 17th.-Make one, knit five to the end of row. { low to show the corolla slightly; sew the open sido

18th.-Knit six stitches, turn back and purl the { of the calyx, and twist all the stalks together, coversame (leaving the rest of the stitches on the needle). ing the little stem with green wool. Continuo knitting and purling the six stitches until you bave six small rows; then decrease one stitch,

BUDS. knit four; next row, decrease one, purl three, knit Cast on four stitches, knit one row plain, purl one a row plain; then decrease one, purl two; lastly row. slip one, knit two together, turn the slipped stitch 3d row.—Make one stitch, knit one throughout over, fasten the wool by putting it through the last the row. stitch. This completes one division of the calyx. 4th.-Purl. Break off the wool, leaving about a yard on the 5th.--Knit plain. work, in order neatly to carry down the wool to the 6th.-Purl. stitches, which are still on the needle. Then, with 7th.-Make one, knit two throughout the row. the same wool, knit six more stitches, which must 8th.—Purl. be done especially as the first, forming the second 9th.-Knit plain. division, and with the same wool knit the third and 10th.-Purl. fourth, which finishes the calyx.

Then gather all the stitches with a rug needle, Sew a bit of fine wire (with the same split wool) make a little ball of red wool, put a bit of wire round the end of each division, and the ends of the } across it, fold over, and twist the wire quite tight, wire must be sown two by two on the inside of the cover the little ball with the piece just knitted, sew flower before it is sown up.

{ the opening neatly, and gather up the stitches at

the stem, which must be covered with crimson wool. COROLLA. The corolla is small in the Fuchsia, and less ap

LEAF. parent than the calyx. The color of the wool must Cast on three stitches, knit, and purl alternate be either purple or dark puce.

rows, increasing one stitch at the beginning of each Cast on eight stitches.

row until the leaf is of the breadth desired (about 1st row.-Knit plain.

seven stitches for the smallest, and fourteen or six2d.-Purl.

teen stitches for the largest); then knit and purl 3d.—Make one, knit two; repeat throughout the four rows without increase, and begin to decrease in row.

every row, until you bave but three stitches left, 4th.-Purl.

which knit as one, and fasten off. Sew a fine wire 5th.-Knit plain.

round the leaves, leaving a small bit at the end as a 6th.-Purl.

stalk, and also a fine wire doubled, at the back of 7th.-Make one, knit three; throughout the row. the leaf, in the centre, which will keep it in shape. 8th.-Purl.

Several shades and sizes of leaves are required, as 9th.-Knit plain.

also several buds and flowers, to form a bandsome 10th.-Purl.



“Festivals, when duly observed, attach men to the civil and religious institutions of their country; it is an evil, therefore, when they fall into disuse. Who is there who does not recollect their effect upon himself in early life ?" — SOUTHEY.

The American people have two peculiar festivals, each connected with their history, and therefore of great importance in giving power and distinctness to their nationality.

THE FOURTH OF JULY is the exponent of independence and civil freedom. THANKSGIVING DAY is the national pledge of Christian faith in God, acknowledging him as the dispenser of blessings. These two festivals should be joyfully and universally observed throughout our wbole country, and thus incorporated in our habits of thought as inseparable from American life.

Our Independence Day is thus celebratod. Wherever an American is found, the Fourth of July is a festival; and those nations who sit in chains and darkness feel that there is bope even for them, when the American flag is raised in the triumph of freedom. Would not the light of liberty be dimmed were this observance to cease?

Thanksgiving Day is a festival of ancient date in New England, being established there soon after the settlement of Boston. The observance has been gradually extending; and, for a few years past, efforts have been made to have a fixed day, which shall be universally observed throughout our whole country. The “Lady's Book" was the pioneer in this endeavor to give unity to the idea of Thanksgiving Day, and thus inake it a national observance.

The last Thursday in November was selected as the day, on the whole, most appropriate. Last year, twenty-nine States, and all the Territories, united in the festival. This year, we trust that Virginia and Vermont will come into this arrangement, and that the Governors of each and all the States and Territories will appoint Thursday, the 25th of November, as the Day of Thanksgiving.

The year 1852 would thus be an era from which to date the establishment of this national festival; and henceforth, wherever an American is found, the last Thursday in November would be the Thanksgiving Day. Families may be separated so widely that personal reunion would be impossible; still this festival, like the Fourth of July, will bring every American heart into harmony with his home and his country. The influence of such an American festival } on foreigners would also be salutary, by showing them that our people acknowledge the Lord as our God. In our own wide land, from the St. John's to the Rio Grande, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, every heart would, on one day in each year, beat in unison of enjoyment and thaakfulness.

Therefore, we hope to witness this year the first of these national festivals.

vel than any the mediums have pretended to set forth. But there is one consolation. The folly and wickedness of these delusions are harmless and weak compared with those that resulted from the witchcraft manis of 1692.

During that sad year, the delusion had its beginning and ending, so far as the tragic drama was enacted. It opened in the following manner: Near the close of the month of February, 1692, two little girls in the family of the Rer. Mr. Parris, Elizabeth, his daughter, aged nine, and Abigail Williams, his niece, about twelve years of age, together with a young girl of the neighborhood, named Ann Putnam, began to act in a strange and unaccountable manner. They would creep into holes, and under benches and chairs, and put themselves into odd postures, make antic gestures, and utter loud outcries, and ridiculous, incoherent, and unintelligible expressions. The attention of the family was arrested. No account or explanation of the conduct of the children could be given, and so physicians were called in and consulted. One of these sapient men gave it as his opinion that the children were bewitched! From this encouragement, the delusion went on gathering strength and power in its frightful course, till the lives of twenty innocent persons, accused of witchcraft, bad been sacrificed, a number of others condemned, and over three hundred had suffered, more or less severely, from imprisonment, or by fleeing from their homes.

Such scenes cannot be re-enacted. The rappers may take money from their dupes; they cannot touch those who refuse to be deluded by their mummeries. Thus we find our people have made sensible progress during the last one hundred and sixty years. Still the tendency of mind, which puts faith in marvels of human invention, while rejecting God's Word as the only rule of moral and spiritual enlightenment, is still witnessed ; and the selfishness which uses this weakness for its own wicked purposes of gaining power and money is now manifested in a most disgusting form. The following is taken from the “Boston Courier, ** a paper of high repute in that city :

“ A CONVENTION OF “SPIRITUALISTS. -A convention of prom fessed believers in spiritual manifestations'-men and women-assembled in Washingtonian Hall, Bromfield Street, yesterday morning (August 6th). It was a singular collection of dupes and fanatics, resembling more a congre gation of lunatics than a company of rational creatures, In fact, we have never seen the like outside the walls of a mad-house."

We cannot enter into the details of this revolting spectacle, where men and women seemed striving to outdo each other in fanatical fooleries. But though the rap pings, like the witchcraft delusion, were originated by females, we find the deception encouraged and systematized by men for their own adrantage, in a far greater de gree than by our sex. The officers and chief actors in this “ Spiritualists' Convention" were men.

Our readers have no sympathy with these insane more ments, and our only reason for noticing the subject is that, when our “Book," a century hence, is referred to as a specimen of the literature of the nineteenth century, it may be apparent we did not, even by silence, assent to the humbug-to use a vulgar, but for this folly a most appro priate pame-of "spirit rappers."

DELUSIONS.—It is a mortifying fact that people love to be deceived. Many choose to live in darkness when the light 3 is all around them: it would seem impossible they should be thus blind, did we not have the evidence of their folly before us. How any sane person can put faith in spirit rappings, and the manifestations made by the cunning speculators in this new way of divination, is a greater mar.

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WOMEN NEED EMPLOYMENT.—Yes, women need & wider words of women move the human being more than those sphere of employments for their tastes, talents, and the of men.' In the sixteenth century, it is well known how affections. Then they would not invent delusions. Give Robert von der Mark, Prince of Sedan in the Netherlands, them something to do which men consider important, and, revived the institution of Protestant Sisters of Charity, if the education of the women has been at all judicious, and, instead of appropriating the revenues of the supsee if their work be not well done. The Institution of pressed monasteries in his domains, devoted them to this Kaiserswerth, on the Rhine, has been alluded to in our purpose. In the first General Synod of the Evangelical pages both by Mrs. Hill and Miss Bremer. We have now Church of the Lower Rhine and the Netherlands, at Wesel, before us a pamphlet, published in London, giving a full 1568, we find the office of Deaconesses recommended, and, description of the manner in which the good Pastor Flied in the Classical Synod, of 1580, expressly established. In per has succeeded in training female students to take England, they were not wanting. Among the Non-Concharge of the sick and the poor, and superintend hospitals, formists, under Elizabeth, 1576, Deaconesses were instituted infant and industrial schools, and, in short, to be the edu during divine service, and received amidst the general cators and preservers of humanity. He gives to those he prayer of the community. The Pilgrim Fathers of 1602sends out the title of Deacomesses. The English writer thus 1625, who were driven first to Amsterdam and Leyden, urges the revival of that order of women in every Protest then to North America, carried their Deaconesses with ant country :

them. In Amsterdam, we read how the Deaconess sat in “The want of necessary occupation among English girls her place at church with a little birchen rod in her hand, must have struck every one. How usual it is to see fami- } to correct the children, and how she called upon the lies of five or six daughters at home, in the higher ranks, young maidens for their services, when there were sick,' with no other occupation in life but a class in a Sunday and how “she was obeyed like a mother in Israel.' school. And what is that? A chapter of the Bible is " It thus appears that, long previous to the establishopened at random, and the spiritual doctor, with no more ment of the Order of Sisters of Mercy, by S. Vincent de idea of her patient's spiritual anatomy than she has plan Paule, in 1633, the importance of the office of Deaconess for improving it, explains at random.

had been recognized by all divisions of Christians; and "In the middle classes, how many there are who feel they accordingly existed. themselves burdensome to their fathers, or brothers, but “We see, therefore, that God has not implanted an imwho, not finding husbands, and not having the education pulse in the hearts of women, without preparing a way for to be governesses, do not know what to do with themselves. them to obey it.

"Intellectual education is, however, as before said, not “Why did not the institution spread and flourish fur. what we want to supply. Is intellect enough for the being ther? Perhaps this may be sufficiently explained by the who was sent here, like her great Master, to 'finish' her fact that there were no nursery-grounds — preparatory Father's work?' There was a woman once, who said that schools for Deaconesses, so that fitness for their office was, she was the handmaid of the Lord.' She was not the first, so to speak, accidental. This want is now supplied. nor will she be the last, who has felt that this was really “In Prussia, the system for the practical training of woman's only business on earth.

Deaconesses has spread in all directions. “If, then, there are many women who live unmarried, “In Paris, Strasburg, Echallens (in Switzerland), Utrecht, and many more who pass the third of the usual term of and England, the institution exists. Whether the blessing life unmarried, and if intellectual occupation is not meant be greater to the class from which the laborers are taken, to be their end in life, what are they to do with that thirst or to that among which they labor, it is hard to say." for action, useful action, which every woman feels who is In our next number, we will give the history of the Innot diseased in mind or body? God planted it there. God, <stitution of Kaiserswerth. who bas created nothing in vain. What were His intentions with regard to unmarried women and widows? How did He mean to employ them, to satisfy them?

TO CORRESPONDENTS.—The following articles are accepted: * For every want we can always find a divine supply. “To my Mother,” “The Zephyr's Message,” and “The And accordingly, we see, in the very first times of Christ. Periwinkle.” ianity, an apostolical institution for the employment of $ Not accepted: “The Tide of Life." women's powers directly in the service of God. We find

We have a mass of manuscripts on hand not yet read. them engaged as servants of the Church. We read, in The warm weather has induced the editress to take a trip. the Epistle to the Romans, of a Deaconess,' as in the Acts Upon her return, she will give immediate attention to the of the Apostles, of Deacons. Not only men were employed contributions. in the service of the sick and poor, but also women. In “ Lines to Mrs. Hale” have been received. They are the fourth century, St. Chrysostom speaks of forty Deacon

gratefully acknowledged by the publisher, and will be subesses at Constantinople. We find them in the Western mitted with the manuscripts. Church as late as the eighth, in the Eastern, as the twelfth In answer to our correspondent from Cleveland, Ohio, century. When the Waldenses, and the Bohemian and

we do not know a writer by that name. Moravian brothers began to arise out of the night of the «Mary," Salem, Mass., is informed that she must make Middle Ages, we find in these communities, formed after a new mesh for the instep. We have a work on knitting the model of the apostolical institutions, the office of Dea for the nursery. We will also give instructions for knitconesses, who were called Presbyteræ, established in 1457. ting several other kinds of fruit. Many chose,' it is said, 'the single state, not because they ş “Anna.” We have destroyed the MSS. agreeably to your expected thereby to reach a supereminent degree of holi request. We published, in the August number, for 1850, ness, but that they might be the better able to care for the under the title of“ A Gleam of Moonshine," an article very sick and the young.'

similar. “Luther complains how few, in his neighborhood, are Persons asking advice, or writing upon business of their found to fill the office of Deacons, saying that he must wait ? own, where an answer is required, must inclose a post-office

till our Lord God makes Christians,' and further adds, stamp, or we shall neglect paying postage on the answer. that women have especial grace to alleviate woe, and the

VOL. XLV.-34

Literary Notices.

strangely mistaken his own powers and the patience of his friends in presuming to leave his native element, the ocean, and his original business of harpooping whales, for

the mysteries and “ambiguities" of metaphysics, love, From LIPPINCOTT, GRAMBO & Co. (successors to Grigg &

and romance. It may be, however, that the heretofore in. Elliot), No. 14 North Fourth Street, Philadelphia S

telligible and popular author has merely assumed his preTALES OF MY LANDLORD. Second Series. “The sent transcendental metamorphosis, in order that he may Heart of Mid-Lothian" and “ The Bride of Lammermoor." have range and scope enough to satirize the ridiculous preVols. 3 and 4. We would appear somewhat ridiculous in tensions of some of our modern literati. Under the suppo the eyes of our readers, were we, at this late day, to, at

sition that such has been his intention, we submit the foltempt to eulogize the “ Waverley Novels.” But we may be lowing notice of his book, as the very best off-hand effort permitted, in all truthfulness, to call their attention to the we could make in imitation of his style: Melodiously Leautiful edition now in progress through the press of

breathing an inane mysteriousness, into the impalpable Lippincott, Gram bo & Co., of this city. This edition em- }

airiness of our unsearchable sanctum, this wonderful creabraces the author's latest corrections, notes, &c. It is

tion of its ineffable author's sublime-winging imagination printed upon fine paper, new and beautiful type, with

has been fluttering its snow-like-invested pinions upon our illustrations, and neatly bound in cloth, for twelve dollars;

multitudinous table. Mysteriously breathing an inane or, if taken in parts, in paper, fifty cents volume. It will melody, it has been beautifying the innermost recesses of be comprised in twelve volumes, each volume, or part, to

our visual organs with the luscious purpleness and superb contain a complete novel. The best edition now publishing.

goldness of its exterior adornment. We have listened to TIIE MORMONS, OR LATTER-DAY SAINTS, in the Val

its outbreathing of sweet-swarming sounds, and their meloley of the Great Salt Lake. A History of their Rise and Pro dious, mournful, wonderful, and unintelligible melodious(ress, Peculiar Doctrines, Present Condition, and Prospects. Dess has "dropped like pendulous, glittering icicles," with derived from Personal Observation, during a Residence

soft-ringing silveriness, upon our never-to-be-delighted-suffiamong them. By Lieutenant J. Gunnison, of the Topo- }

ciently organs of hearing; and, in the insignificant signifigraphical Engineers. As this politico-religious sect is

cancies of that deftly-stealing and wonderfully-serpentining daily growing in numbers and importance, in a moral as

melodiousness, we have found an infinite, unbounded, inwell as in a national view, we conceive that the author of

expressible mysteriousness of nothingness. this work has performed a high public duty in presenting

MYSTERIES, AND GLIMPSES OF THE SUPERNAus with an impartial account of their faith and its tenden

TURAL: containing Accounts of the Salem Witchcraft, the cies. IIis object has not been to ridicule the folly or the

Cocklane Ghost, the Rochester Rappings, the Stratford Mysklaring absurdities of their faith, but merely to state what teries, Oracles, Astrology, Dreams, Demons, Ghosts, Spectres, it is, leaving his readers to infer, from the facts stated,

etc. etc. By Charles Wyllys Elliott. The author of this its irrational and unscriptural pretensions. Ile tells us

book deserves great credit for the pains he has taken to that their priests are the civil officers, and they go so far as

{ arm the credulous with arguments and facts against the to say that our Saviour had three wives, Mary and Martha,

impositions which are continually practised upon them by and the other Mary, whom Jesus loved, all married at the

impious pretenders to divine and supernatural powers. wedding in Canaan of Galilee. That a people, formed into

If there are any features in the mental developments of a State under such a civil and religious code, can be tole

the present age which lead us to doubt its superiority over rated even under the liberal constitution of the United

the past, it is the evidences which are daily brought under States, is a question which remains to be decided. It is

our consideration of the ready submission paid to a class one which involves the existence and the force, not only

of pretenders, such as would not have been tolerated even of our country's nationality, but of those principles of the

in the dark ages. To enlighten the ignorant, and to surcommon law which have heretofore been considered of

tain the weak-minded, who are now, as they were in former universal application.

periods, the unresisting dupes of knaves and hypocrites, is

a work of humanity which deserves the approbation and From A. IIART (late Carey & Hart), corner of Fourth and encouragement of every member of society. And this apChestnut Street, Philadelphia :

probation, without endorsing all his sentiments, we willThe third and fourth volumes of Hart's cheap edition of ingly extend to the author of " Mysteries," for his efforts the WAVERLEY NOVELS. Embracing the “ Antiquary” in behalf of truth, and in opposition to superstition, falseand “Rob Roy," each complete in one volume. Price 25 hood, and folly. cents. This is a very beautiful edition of the favorite TIIE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMEauthor's works.

RICA, from the Adoption of the Federal Constitution to the LECTURES ON THE RESULTS OF THE EXHIBITION, end of the Sixteenth Cingress. By Richard IIildreth. Vol. Delivered before the Society of Arts, and Manufuctures, and ume 3. Madison and Monroe. We have favorably noCommerce, at the suggestion of II. R. H. Prince Albert, Pre- } ticed the preceding volumes of this able national work. sident of the Society. These lectures are twelve in number, We are aware that there is much in the volume before ux, and embrace every branch of the sciences and arts, manu as happened to be the case in the two former volumes, factures and mechanics, specimens of which were produced which will not prove to be entirely palatable, either in re at the late exhibition of art and industry in London. A g ard to men or measures, to the surviving party politicians most desirable set of books.

of either of the two “old schools." It will probably be

conceded, however, even by the old partisans, that their From HARPER & BROTHERS, New York, through LINDSAY & views in respect to the men and measures of the exciting BLAKISTOX, Philadelphia:

period to which the volume before us particularly refers, PIERRE; OR, THE AMBIGUITIES. By Herman Mel have long since undergone a radical change of sentiment. ville. We really have nothing to add to the severity of And, by the younger class of readers and politicians, who the critical notices which have already appeared in respect have assumed the places of the former, it will perhaps be to this elegantly printed volume; for, in all truth, all the acknowledged that the work is susceptible of furnishing notices which we have seen have been severe enough to facts, and of establishing views of political events, and of satisfy the author, as well as the public, that he has the actors who participated in those events, very different

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