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KNITTED ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS.
This flower requires five petals to form it, two violet and three yellow; one of the latter must be larger than the rest, and of a deeper color. All the wool must be split.
For the violet petals, cast on ten stitches on two needles, five on each; fold the two needles so as to bring the last stitch behind the first, and double knit a piece of rather more than half an inch in length, taking one stitch from one needle, and one from the other throughout each row. When you take the needles out, run the wool through them with a rug needle, and pass a piece of double wire through the little bag which the knitting has formed, catch it at the top and sides to keep it in form, draw up the other end, and twist the wires together after having shaped the wire to the form of the petal. The yellow petals are knitted in the same way, the largest requires twelve stitches, and the last four or six rows must be done with violet wool, to form the dark spot at the top. The two smaller yellow petals only require eight stitches, with two or four rows of violet at the top; twist the wires of the five petals together, and cover the stem with green wool; a cross stitch, like herring-bone, should be made with green wool, where the petals join in the middle of the flower.
8th.-Cast off three stitches, purl the row.
9th.—Make one, knit five, make one, knit one, make one,
11th.-Make one, knit seven, make one, knit one, make one, knit six.
12th.- Make one, purl the row.
13th.— Fasten off three stitches, knit the remainder.
14th.—Fasten off three stitches, purl the rest.
15th.—Knit six, make one, knit one, make one, knit six.
16th.-Purl the row.
make one, knit six.
18th.-Purl the row.
19th.–Fasten off three stitches, knit four, make one, knit one, make one, knit seven.
20th.—Cast off three stitches, purl the row.
21st.-Knit six, make one, knit one, make one, knit five.
22d.-Purl the row.
23d.—Knit seven, make one, knit one, make one, knit six.
24th.-Purl the row.
It is on this principle that all kinds of indented leaves are made; by knitting more rows with in. crease between the castings off, they are made broader; by working more rows between the castings off, they are made longer; and by casting off more stitches at a time, the indentations are made deeper; so that the endless variety of natural leaves may be copied without difficulty.
Having completed the leaves, some wire must be sewn neatly round, following the turnings of the leaf exactly; and for the larger ones, it will be better to sew a double wire in the centre of the leaf at the back, which will conceal the openings left by the increase of stitches.
One or two flowers, with a bud, and two or three leaves, are sufficient for a small branch.
FOR THE CALYX,
Thread a needle with whole green wool, fasten this on the stem, at the back of the flower, and take a herring stitch at the back of each petal, making the stitch rather long, and leaving the wool loose. The bud is formed by making a little tuft of yellow, violet, and green wool, mixed together; fix it on a piece of wire by crossing the wool over, and twisting the wire very tight, turn the ends of the wool down the wire, and fasten them at about a quarter of an inch down, by twisting some green split wool round, with which the little stem must be also covered.
Cast on three stitches. Knit one row, purl one row, then 1st row.—Make one, knit one throughout the row. 2d.-Make one, purl the row.
3d.-Make one, knit three, make one, knit one, make one, knit two.
4th.—Make one, purl the row.
5th.-Make one, knit five, make one, knit one, make one, knit six.
6th.-Make one, purl the row.
7th.—Cast off, or fasten off, three stitches, knit three, make one, knit one.
Ip knitted in good size China silk, it does well to ornament caps or bonnets.
Four calyx are required for each flower; cast on eight stitches with crimson split wool.
1st row.-Knit plain. 2d.-Purl. 3d.-Knit plain. 4th.-Purl. 5th.- Make one, knit two; repeat to the end of
11th.-Knit four stitches, turn back, decrease one, purl two, and finish by slipping one, knitting two together, turning the slipped stitch over, and pntting the wool through the loop; bring the wool down the edge in the same way as for the calyx, and knit the second, third, and fourth divisions like the first. Sew a bit of wire round the edge, following the sinuosities of the work, and sew the two edges together.
The pistil and stamen can be made like the lily, but very much finer and smaller; but a simpler and easier method is, to stiffen some pale green, or white sewing cotton, with gum, and cut eight pieces of it, of about five or six inches long, for the stamen, and one bit rather longer for pistil; tie them together, and dip the longest in gum, and then in some green powder, or wool cut as fine as powder, and the rest, first in gum, and then immediately in yellow powder, or wool cut as fine, which will answer quite as well for the purpose. Mount your flower, by placing the stamens and pistil inside the corolla, and that too within the calyx, sufliciently low to show the corolla slightly; sew the open side of the calyx, and twist all the stalks together, covering the little stem with green wool.
Cast on four stitches, knit one row plain, purl ono
6th.-Purl. | 7th.-Knit plain. 8th.—Purl. 9th.-Knit plain. 10th.-Purl. 11th.-Knit plain. 12th.-Purl.
13th.-Make one, knit three; repeat to the end of row.
18th.-Knit sis stitches, turn back and purl the same (leaving the rest of the stitches on the needle). Continuo knitting and purling the six stitches until you bave six small rows; then decrease one stitch, knit four; next row, decrease one, purl three, knit a row plain ; then decrease one, purl two; lastly slip one, knit two together, turn the slipped stitch over, fasten the wool by putting it through the last stitch. This completes one division of the calyx. Break off the wool, leaving about a yard on the work, in order neatly to carry down the wool to the stitches, which are still on the needle. Then, with the same wool, knit six more stitches, which must be done especially as the first, forming the second division, and with the same wool knit the third and fourth, which finishes the calyx.
Sew a bit of fine wire (with the same split wool) round the end of each division, and the ends of the wire must be sown two by two on the inside of the flower before it is sown up.
3d rou.—Make one stitch, knit one throughout the row.
Then gather all the stitches with a rug needle, make a little ball of red wool, put a bit of wire across it, fold over, and twist the wire quite tight, cover the little ball with the piece just knitted, sew the opening neatly, and gather up the stitches at the stem, which must be covered with crimson wool.
The corolla is small in the Fuchsia, and less apparent than the calyx. The color of the wool must be either purple or dark puce.
Cast on eight stitches. 1st row.-Knit plain. 2d.-Purl.
3d.—Make one, knit two; repeat throughout the row.
4th.-Purl. 5th.-Knit plain. 6th.-Purl. 7th.-Make one, knit throe; throughout the ro
row. 8th.-Purl. 9th.-Knit plain. 10th.-Purl.
Cast on three stitches, knit, and purl alternate rows, increasing one stitch at the beginning of each row until the loaf is of the breadth desired (about seven stitches for the smallest, and fourteen or sixteen stitches for the largest); then knit and purl four rows without increase, and begin to decrease in every row, until you have but three stitches left, which knit as one, and fasten off. Sew a fine wire round the leaves, leaving a small bit at the end as a stalk, and also a fine wire doubled, at the back of the leaf, in the centre, which will keep it in shape.
Several shades and sizes of leaves are required, as also several buds and flowers, to form a handsome branch.
“Festivals, when duly observed, attach men to the civil and religious institutions of their country; it is an evil, therefore, when they fall into disuse. Who is there who does not recollect their effect upon himself in early life ?” — SOUTHEY.
The American people have two peculiar festivals, each connected with their history, and therefore of great importance in giving power and distinctness to their nationality.
THE FOURTH OF JULI is the exponent of independence and civil freedom. THANKSGIVING DAY is the national pledge of Christian faith in God, acknowledging him as the dispenser of blessings. These two festivals should be joyfully and universally observed throughout our whole country, and thus incorporated in our habits of thought as inseparable from American life.
Our Independence Day is thus celebrated. Wherever an American is found, the Fourth of July is a festival; and those nations who sit in chains and darkness feel that there is hope even for them, when the American flag is raised in the triumph of freedom. Would not the light of liberty be dimmed were this observance to cease ?
Thanksgiving Day is a festival of ancient date in New England, being established there soon after the settlement of Boston. The observance has been gradually extending; and, for a few years past, efforts have been made to have a fixed day, which shall be universally observed throughout our whole country. The “ Lady's Book” was the pioneer in this endeavor to give unity to the idea of Thanksgiving Day, and thus make it a national observance.
The last Thursday in November was selected as the day, on the whole, most appropriate. Last year, twenty-nine States, and all the Territories, united in the festival. This year, we trust that Virginia and Vermont will come into this arrangement, and that the Governors of each and all the States and Territories will appoint Thursday, the 25th of November, as the Day of Thanksgiving.
The year 1852 would thus be an era from which to date the establishment of this national festival; and henceforth, wherever an American is found, the last Thursday in November would be the Thanksgiving Day. Families may be separated so widely that personal reunion would be impossible; still this festival, like the Fourth of July, will bring every American heart into harmony with his home and his country. The influence of such an American festival on foreigners would also be salutary, by showing them that our people acknowledge the Lord as our God. In our own wide land, from the St. John's to the Rio Grande, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, every heart would, on one day in each year, beat in unison of enjoyment and thankfulness.
Therefore, we hope to witness this year the first of these national festivals.
vel than any the mediums havo pretended to set forth. But there is one consolation. The folly and wickedness of these delusions are harmless and weak compared with those that resulted from the witchcraft mania of 1692.
During that sad year, the delusion had its beginning and ending, so far as the tragic drama was enacted. It opened in the following manner: Near the close of the month of February, 1692, two little girls in the family of the Rer. Mr. Parris, Elizabeth, his daughter, aged nine, and Abigail Williams, his niece, about twelve years of age, together with a young girl of the neighborhood, named Ann Putnam, began to act in a strange and unaccountable manner. They would creep into holos, and under benches and chairs, and put themselves into odd postures, make antic gestures, and utter loud outcries, and ridiculous, incoherent, and unintelligible expressions. The attention of the family was arrested. No account or explanation of the conduct of the children could be given, and so physicians were called in and consulted. One cf those sapient men gave it as his opinion that the children were bewitched! From this encouragement, the delusion went on gathering strength and power in its frightful course, till the lives of twenty inno cent persons, accused of witchcraft, had been sacrificed, a number of others condemned, and over three hundred had suffered, more or less severely, from imprisonment, or by fieeing from their homes.
Such scenes cannot be re-enacted. The rappers may take money from their dupes ; they cannot touch those who re fuse to be deluded by their mummeries. Thus we find our people have made sensible progress during the last one hundred and sixty years. Still the tendency of mind, which puts faith in marvels of human invention, while rejecting God's Word as the only rule of moral and spiritual enlightenment, is still witnessed; and the selfishness which nses this weakness for its own wicked purposes of gaining power and money is now manifested in a most disgusting form. The following is taken from the "Boston Courier," a paper of high repute in that city :
A CONVENTION OF 'SPIRITUALISTS.'-A convention of professed believers in spiritual manifestations:—men and women-assembled in Washingtonian Hall, Bromfield Street, yesterday morning (August 6th). It was a singular collection of dupes and fanatics, resembling more a congre gation of lunatics than a company of rational creatures. In fact, we have never seen the like outside the walls of & mad-house."
We cannot enter into the details of this revolting spee tacle, where men and women seemed striving to outdo each other in fanatical fooleries. But though the rap pings, like the witchcraft delusion, were originated by females, we find the deception encouraged and systematized by men for their own advantage, in a far greater de gree than by our sex. The officers and chief actors in this “Spiritualists' Convention" were men.
Our readers have no sympathy with these insane more ments, and our only reason for noticing the subject is that, when our “Book," a century hence, is referred to as a specimen of the literature of the nineteenth century, it may be apparent we did not, even by silence, assent to the humbug—to use a vulgar, but for this folly a most appropriate name of " spirit rappers."
DELUSIONS.— It is a mortifying fact that people love to be deceived. Many choose to live in darkness when the light is all around them: it would seem impossible they should be thus blind, did we not have the evidence of their folly before us. How any sane person can put faith in spirit rappings, and the manifestations made by the cunning speculators in this new way of divination, is a greater mar
WOMEN NEED EMPLOYMENT.—Yes, women need a wider sphere of employments for their tastes, talents, and the affections. Then they would not invent delusions. Give them something to do which men consider important, and, if the education of the women has been at all judicious, see if their work be not well done. The Institution of Kaiserswerth, on the Rhine, has been alluded to in our pages both by Mrs. Hill and Miss Bremer. We have now before us a pamphlet, published in London, giving a full description of the manner in which the good Pastor Fliedner has succeeded in training female students to take charge of the sick and the poor, and superintend hospitals, infant and industrial schools, and, in short, to be the educators and preservers of humanity. He gives to those he sends out the title of Deaconesses. The English writer thus urges the revival of that order of women in every Protestant country >
“ The want of necessary occupation among English girls must have struck every one. How usual it is to see families of five or six daughters at home, in the higher ranks, with no other occupation in life but a class in a Sunday school. And what is that? A chapter of the Bible is opened at random, and the spiritual doctor, with no more idea of her patient's spiritual anatomy than she has plan for improving it, explains at random.
“In the middle classes, how many there are who feel themselves burdensome to their fathers, or brothers, but who, not finding husbands, and not having the education to be governesses, do not know what to do with themselves.
“Intellectual education is, however, as before said, not what we want to supply. Is intellect enough for the being who was sent here, like her great Master, to 'finish' her Father's 'work? There was a woman once, who said that she was the 'handmaid of the Lord.' She was not the first, nor will she be the last, who has felt that this was really woman's only business on earth.
“If, then, there are many women who live unmarried, and many more who pass the third of the usual term of life unmarried, and if intellectual occupation is not meant to be their end in life, what are they to do with that thirst for action, useful action, which every woman feels who is not diseased in mind or body? God planted it there. God, who bas created nothing in vain. What were Ilis intentions with regard to unmarried women and widows? How did He mean to employ them, to satisfy them?
“ For every want we can always find a divine supply. And accordingly, we see, in the very first times of Christianity, an apostolical institution for the employment of woman's powers directly in the service of God. We find them engaged as “servants of the Church.' We read, in the Epistle to the Romans, of & ‘Deaconess,' as in the Acts of the Apostles, of “ Deacons. Not only men were employed in the service of the sick and poor, but also women. In the fourth century, St. Chrysostom speaks of forty Deaconesses at Constantinople. We find them in the Western Church as late as the eighth, in the Eastern, as the twelfth century. When the Waldenses, and the Bohemian and Moravian brothers began to arise out of the night of the Middle Ages, we find in these communities, formed after the model of the apostolical institutions, the office of Deaconesses, who were called Presbyteræ, established in 1457. Many chose,' it is said, 'the single state, not because they expected thereby to reach a supereminent degree of holiness, but that they might be the better able to care for the sick and the young.'
“Luther complains bow few, in his neighborhood, are found to fill the office of Deacons, saying that he must wait till our Lord God makes Christians,' and further adds, that women have especial grace to alleviate woe, and the
words of women move the human being more than those of men.' In the sixteenth century, it is well known how Robert von der Mark, Prince of Sedan in the Netherlands, revived the institution of Protestant Sisters of Charity, and, instead of appropriating the revenues of the suppressed monasteries in his domains, devoted them to this purpose. In the first General Synod of the Evangelical Church of the Lower Rhine and the Netherlands, at Wesel, 1568, we find the office of Deaconesses recommended, and, in the Classical Synod, of 1580, expressly established. In England, they were not wanting. Among the Non-Conformists, under Elizabeth, 1576, Deaconesses were instituted during divine service, and received amidst the general prayer of the community. The Pilgrim Fathers of 1602– 1625, who were driven first to Amsterdam and Leyden, then to North America, carried their Deaconesses with them. In Amsterdam, we read how the Deaconess sat in her place at church with a little birchen rod in her hand, to correct the children,' and 'how she called upon the young maidens for their services, when there were sick, and how she was obeyed like a mother in Israel.'
“It thus appears that, long previous to the establishment of the Order of Sisters of Mercy, by S. Vincent de Paule, in 1633, the importance of the office of Deaconess had been recognized by all divisions of Christians; and they accordingly existed.
“We see, therefore, that God has not implanted an impulse in the hearts of women, without preparing a way for them to obey it.
“Why did not the institution spread and flourish fur. ther? Perhaps this may be sufficiently explained by the fact that there were no nursery-grounds preparatory schools for Deaconesses, so that fitness for their office was, so to speak, accidental. This want is now supplied.
“In Prussia, the system for the practical training of Deaconesses has spread in all directions.
" In Paris, Strasburg, Echallens (in Switzerland), Utrecht, and England, the institution exists. Whether the blessing be greater to the class from which the laborers are taken, or to that among which they labor, it is hard to say."
In our next number, we will give the history of the Institution of Kaiserswerth.
To CORRESPONDENT8.—The following articles are accepted: “To my Mother,” “The Zephyr's Message,” and “The Periwinkle."
Not accepted: “The Tide of Life."
We have a mass of manuscripts on band not yet read. The warm weather has induced the editress to take a trip. Upon her return, she will give immediate attention to the contributions.
“ Lines to Mrs. Hale” have been received. They are gratefully acknowledged by the publisher, and will be submitted with the map uscripts.
In answer to our correspondent from Cleveland, Ohio, we do not know a writer by that name.
“Mary,” Salem, Mass., is informed that she must make a new mesh for the instep. We have a work on knitting for the nursery. We will also give instructions for knitting several other kinds of fruit.
“ Anna." We have destroyed the MSS. agreeably to your request. We published, in the August number, for 1850, under the title of “ A Gleam of Moonshine," an article very similar.
Persons asking advice, or writing upon business of their own, where an answer is required, must inclose a post-office stamp, or we shall neglect paying postage on the answer.
strangely mistaken his own powers and the patience of his
friends in presuming to leave his native element, the Notices.
ocean, and his original business of harpooning whales, for
the mysteries and “ambiguities” of metaphysics, love, From LIPPINCOTT, GRAMRO & Co. (successors to Grigg &
and romance. It may be, however, that the heretofore in. Elliot), No. 14 North Fourth Street, Philadelphia :
telligible and popular author has merely assumed his pre TALES OF MY LANDLORD. Second Series. “ The sent transcendental metamorphosis, in order that he may Heart of Mid-Lothian” and “ The Bride of Lammermoor." have range and scope enough to satirize the ridiculous pre Vols. 3 and 4. We would appear somewhat ridiculous in tensions of some of our modern literati. Under the suppa the eyes of our readers, were we, at this late day, to, at
sition that such has been his intention, we submit the foltempt to eulogize the “Waverley Novels.” But we may be
lowing notice of his book, as the very best off-band effort permitted, in all truthfulness, to call their attention to the
we could make in imitation of his style: Melodiously Leautiful edition now in progress through the press of
breathing an inane mysteriousness, into the impalpable Lippincott, Grambo & Co., of this city. This edition em
airiness of our unsearchable sanctum, this wonderful creabraces the author's latest corrections, notes, &c. It is
tion of its ineffable author's sublime-winging imagination printed upon fine paper, new and beautiful type, with has been fluttering its snow-like-invested pinions upon our illustrations, and neatly bound in cloth, for twelve dollars;
multitudinous table. Mysteriously breathing an inane or, if taken in parts, in paper, fifty cents a volume. It will
melody, it has been beautifying the innermost recesses of be comprised in twelve volumes, cach volume, or part, to
our visual organs with the luscious purpleness and superb contain a complete novel. The best edition now publishing.
goldness of its exterior adornment. We have listened to TILE MORMONS, OR LATTER-DAY SAINTS, in the Val
its outbreathing of sweet-swarming sounds, and their meloley of the Great Salt Lake. A History of their Rise and Pro
dious, mournful, wonderful, and unintelligible melodious(tress, Peculiar Doctrines, Present Condition, and Prospects,
ness has dropped like pendulous, glittering icicles," with derived from Personal Observation, during a Residence
soft-ringing silveriness, upon our never-to-bedelighted-suffiamong them. By Lieutenant J. Gunnison, of the Topo
ciently organs of hearing; and, in the insignificant signifigraphical Engineers. As this politico-religious sect is
cancies of that deftly-stealing and wonderfully-serpentining daily growing in numbers and importance, in a moral as
melodiousness, we have found an infinite, unbounded, inwell as in a national view, we conceive that the author of
expressible mysteriousness of nothingness. this work has performed a high public duty in presenting
MYSTERIES, AND GLIMPSES OF THE SUPERNAus with an impartial account of their faith and its tenden
TURAL: containing Accounts of the Salem Witchcraft, the cies. Ilis object has not been to ridicule the folly or the
Cocklane Ghost, the Rochester Rappings, the Stratford Mysflaring absurdities of their faith, but merely to state what
teries, Oracles, Astrology, Dreams, Demons, Ghosts, Spectres, it is, leaving his readers to infer, from the facts stated, etc. etc. By Charles Wyllys Elliott. The author of this its irrational and unscriptural pretensions. Ile tells us
book deserves great credit for the pains he has taken to that their priests are the civil officers, and they go so far as
arm the credulous with arguments and facts against the to say that our Saviour had three wives, Mary and Martha,
impositions which are continually practised upon them by and the other Mary, whom Jesus loved, all married at the impious pretenders to divine and supernatural powers. wedding in Canaan of Galilee. That a people, formed into
If there are any features in the mental developments of a State under such a civil and religious code, can be tole
the present age which lead us to doubt its superiority over rated even under the liberal constitution of the United the past, it is the evidences which are daily brought under States, is a question which remains to be decided. It is
our consideration of the ready submission paid to a class one which involves the existence and the force, not only
of pretenders, such as would not have been tolerated eren of our country's nationality, but of those principles of the
in the dark ages. To enlighten the ignorant, and to surcommon law which have heretofore been considered of
tain the weak-minded, who are now, as they were in former universal application.
periods, the unresisting dupes of knaves and hypocrites, is
a work of humanity which deserves the approbation and From A. IIART (late Carey & Hart), corner of Fourth and encouragement of every member of society. And this apChestnut Street, Philadelphia :
probation, without endorsing all his sentiments, we willThe third and fourth volumes of Hart's cheap edition of ingly extend to the author of " Mysteries," for his efforts the WAVERLEY NOVELS. Embracing the “Antiquary” in behalf of truth, and in opposition to superstition, falsaand “Rob Roy," each complete in one volume. Price 25 hood, and folly. cents. This is a very beautiful edition of the favorite TIIE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMEauthor's works.
RICA, from the Adoption of the Faleral Comstitution to the LECTURES ON THE RESULTS OF THE EXHIBITION, end of the Sixteenth Congress. By Richard Ilildreth. Vol. Delivered before the Society of Arts, and Manufactures, and ume 3. Madison and Monroe. We have favorably noCommerce, at the suggestion of II. R. H. Prince Albert, Pre- ticed the preceding volumes of this able national work. sident of the Society. These lectures are twelve in number, We are aware that there is much in the volume before ux, and embrace every branch of the sciences and arts, manu- as happened to be the case in the two former volumes, factures and mechanics, specimens of which were produced which will not prove to be entirely palatable, either in reat the late exhibition of art and industry in London. A gard to men or measures, to the surviving party politicians most desirable set of books.
of cither of the two “old schools." It will probably be
conceded, however, even by the old partisans, that their From HARPER & BROTHERS, New York, through LINDSAY & views in respect to the men and measures of the exciting BLAKISTON, Philadelphia :
period to which the volume before us particularly refors, PIERRE; OR, THE AMBIGUITIES. By Herman Mel- have long since undergone a radical change of sentiment. ville. We really have nothing to add to the severity of And, by the younger class of readers and politicians, who the critical notices which have already appeared in respect have assumed the places of the former, it will perhaps be to this elegantly printed volume; for, in all truth, all the acknowledged that the work is susceptible of furnishing notices which we have seen have been severe enough to facts, and of establishing views of political events, and of satisfy the author, as well as the public, that he has the actors who participated in those events, very different