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from the faets and impressions whieh they had previously reeeived, traditionally, or through the mere partisan reeords of the times in whieh the events happened, and in whieh the aetors lived. Judging, however, from our own remembranee and limited knowledge of the events an they transpired, and as they are reeorded in the volume before us, we eannot hesitate to say that the author has performed his task, so far, with serupulous impartiality and justiee, and that he is therefore worthy of the respeet and eonfidenee of the Ameriean reader.

A LATIN-ENGLISH AND ENGLISH-LATIN DICTIONARY, FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS. Chiefly from the Lexieons of Freund, Georges, and KaldUehmidt. By Charles Anthon, LL. D., Professor of the Greek and Latin Languages in Columbla College, Reetor of the Grammar Sehool, ete. Part 1. Latin-English. This work has been prepared with great oare from a translation by Mr. Riddle of Dr. Freund's Gesammptwbrterbueh der Lateinisehen Spraehe,*' and is designed to supply a defieieney that has long existed in our edueational books for younger students of the Latin language.

LOTUS-EATI NO. A Summer Book. By Charles William Curtis, author of "Nile Notes," ete. The sketehes in this work will greatly interest northern travellers, partieularly sueh as intend loitering awhile at Niagara, and the mountain and sea-shore watering-plaees.

THE CHILD AT HOME; or. the Prineiples of Filial Duty Familiarly TUustrated. By John S. C. Abbott, author of "Tho Mother at Home." Very greatly improved and enlarged, with engravings. An exeellent book to plaee in the hands of young readers.

From Tiernoh, Reep, 4 Fielns, Boston, through W. P. Hazarn, Philadelphia:—

THE BLiTHEDALE ROMANCE. By Nathaniel Hawthorne. The author of this romanee has risen rapidly in favor as a writer of fietion, both at home and abroad, within the fow years past. We ean reeolleet, it is true, when Nathaniel Hawthorne was eomparatively in obseurity, and when seareely any one who had the least regard for his own literary pretensions, unless he was a very independent thinker, would venture to speak favorably of bls genins or talents. But men's minds have ehanged, tnd Nathaniel Hawthorne, if he does not make one of those mistakes so eommon to great minds and sudden favorites with the pub11e, is bound to maintain his position as quietly and triumphantly as he attained it. The works of this nutl, >r are now ranked with the highest literary efforts of his eountrTmen. "Blithedale" seems to be one of those serious lessons on tho mental follies and philosophie or philanthropie extravaganeies of the times, whieh may. in some measure, be relied upon for its influenee in eheeking tho exulwranee of ** now ideas," and in bringing haek bowildered, but well-meaning people to the usages and requirements of eommon sense.

From G. P. Plrsam, Now York, through W. B. Zicaiot, Philadelphia:—

SCENES AND THOUGHTS IN EUROPE. By George H. Calvert . Seeond Series. There are many refleetions in this book whieh will attraet and merit the aiteution of the general reader. In regard to the author's theologieal opinions, however, wo question very mueh whether they will prove any more satisfaetory to Protestants than to Catholies. Ho seems, indeed, to think that Christianity was a failure, even from the time of the Apostles; for be says, Only in Jesus himself burnt purely the light of bls revelation. The Apostles, his agents, were tainted with Judaism. And soon tho spirit of priesteraft, whieh had erueified Jesus, took possession of his doetrine and soiled

it." In a previous sentenee, the author makes an avowal of his thoughts, whieh we apprehend will be eonelusive in regard to his *' Rationalism,*' the now system whieh, partitularly in Germany, is making war upon the eommon faith of Protestants and Catholies. These are his words: "Bu| deeper and stronger than either Catholieism, than Protestantism, both perishable, is the imperishable ChristIan prineiple of liberty, the quenehless longing for absolute mental freedom." The faet is, that his thrusts at that whieh he eonsiders the most odious of the two Christian systems are made so vigorously and thoroughly, they pieree the vital prineiples of both alike.

POPULAR AND PRACTICAL SCIENCE. The Laws of Life, with espeeial rrftrenee to the Physieal Edueation of Girts. By Elizabeth Bakowell, M. D. The author of these leetures was the first of her sex to open the way, in this eountry at least, to the attainment of medieal knowledge, and to praetiee the seienee professionally. Wo ean all reeolleet the obloquy and ridieule against whieh she had to struggle, and we have all witnessed her noble triumph, alike honorable to herself and to her eountry, and proving to the world that the female mind is suseeptible of as hir'h a state of vigorous mental eultivation as has heretofore been exelusively elaimed as fit only for the minds of men. In her brief dedieation, to Ameriean women, we are told that these leetures were delivered to a elass of ladies during the past spring; that they ore presented as outlines of truth, and ideas of tho right method of edueation, rather than as a full diseussion of the subjeet. The outlines are, in our opinion, eorreetly and seientifieally drawn, and the ideas beautifully and glowingly expressed. The volume is in a eheap form, but very handsomely printed, and eontains more praetii-al information for the female mind than omild 1* found in twenty noveX eaeh of the same number of pages. Priee 25 eents.

From Rp.pmno & Co., Boston :—

SPECIMENS OF NEWSPAPER LITERATURE: with Personal Meuvrirs, Aneedotes, and Reminiseenees. By Joseph T. Buekingham. In two volumes. We have examined the eontents of these volumes with unusual interest, and f;:el assured that "all printers and eonduetors of the newspaper press," to whom they have been partieularly dedieated by the author, will find in them abundant matter for itlleetion, as well as of eaution and adviee. It is too plain, however, from the reeord belbre us, that, with al! the progress we are presumed to have made in morality and general intelligenee, in literature and in the arts and seienees, the eharaeter of the nswspaper and politieal press has made but little, if any improvement. And, that there has been any improvement, only a fow, perhaps, will be found willing In admit; for It has, indeed, grown into a habit with us to denounee the lieentiousness and the vulgar vituperation of the publie press in our times, as unpreeedented for Us reekless boldness in the annals of " nowspaper literature." It is eertainly true, that we have eoutinually ut eommand some "speeimens," whieh, to say the least of thum. art? had enough. Kut, hail as they may be, we believe that nothing of the kind ean be produeed in our day more personal, more vindietive, malieious, or aggravating, than the "speeimens" of nowspaper eontroversy, rivalry, and jealousy widt h the author has here produeed i;i this eolleetion of "nowspaper literature." and as "speeimens" of its eareer from the very first establish* ment of the press on this eontinent. Nevertheless, wo hope none of our newspaper eontemporaries of the present day will attempt to profit by the examples or " speeimens" introdueed by tho author of this book, so as to extenuate their eonduet in regard to the evils whieh are at this dav apparent in a free press. In looking over the memtli of Benjamin Russell, we ean applaud his zeal in behalf of liberty and the rights of his eountry, and we ean now forgive his impassioned, and sometimes unfair attaeks upon his politieal opponents in the first days of the republie; but. after all, when we see his nowspaper and himself, as it were, dying in the arms of a party on whom ht^had pound out the vials of his wrath for years, we should all of us be admonished of the end. These volumes, therefore, as we said at the eommeneement, are good for adviee, for reproof, and worthy of the ealm refleetion of all who attempt to eontrol tho independent press of a free eountry. As we often reeeive admonitions from our nowspaper friends in regard to "pietures" and H fashions," we hope we do not intrude in admonishing thom of some of the merits of Mr. Buekingham's " speeimens."

NOVELS, SERIALS, PAMPHLETS, Ao.

From Ilarper & Brothers, Now York, through Lindsay A' Blakiston, Philadelphia: "Pietorial Field Book of the Revo-! lution." No. 25. Priee 25 eents.—" London Labor and j London Poor." Part 21. Priee 25 eents.

From Robert E. Peterson & Co., N. W. eorner of Fifth Mid Areh Streets, Philadelphia: "The National Portrait I Gallery of Distinguished Amerieans, with Biographieal! Sketehes: eontaining upwards of one hundred and twenty? engraved Portraits of tho most Eminent Persons who have • oeeupied a plaee in the History of the United States." Nos. .. 2 and 3. Priee 25 eents. The seeond number eontains the portraits of Jefferson, Haneoek, and Carroll; the third, those of Seott, Wayne, and M'Donough. This work riehly; merits the approhation of the Ameriean publie.

From Hermann J. Meyer, 164 William Street, Now York: Nos. 2, 3, and 4 of " Meyer's Univereum." Priee 25 eents 5 eaeh part. The engravings in these numbers are very brau- \

tiful, and tho letter-press deseriptions highly interesting. Woik £ Wieek, 195 Chestnut Street, are the sole agents for Philadelphia.

From Gould k Lineoln, Boston, through W. B. Zieber, Philadelphia: "Chambers's Poeket Miseellany." Vol . 4. Priee 25 eents.

From Stringer & Townsend, Now York, through W. B. Zieber, Philadelphia: "The Upper Ten Thousand: Sketehes of Ameriean Soeiety." By C. Astor Bristed. A now edition. The eontents of this book were originally published in parts, in Frater's (London) Magazine. It is understood, however, that the eharaeters and the seenes introdueed by the author are all from real life, and represent truly the soeial system as it exists among the aristoeratie leaders of fashion and folly in Now York.

From A. Hart (late Carey A Hart): "The Disearded Daughter; or, the Children of the Isle." A Tale of the Chesapeake. By Emma D. E. Nevitt Southworth. In two volumes. Priee 75 eents. A very interesting tale.

From T. B. Peterson, Philadelphia: "Life in the South* A eompanion of " Unele Tom's Cabln.*' By C. H. Wiley, of North Carolina.—" The Neeromaneer; or, the Mysteries of tho Court of Heary the Eighth." Yol. 2. By G. W. M.' Reynolds.

From Stringer & Townsend, Now York, through T. B. Peterson, Philadelphia: "The Heirs of Randolph Abbey." One of the best novels of the day, and, as the "London Literary Gazette" says, "The most brilliant produetion sinee ' Jane Eyre.'" The eall for this novel is so great, that the publishers find some diffieulty in supplying the demand.

Stringer A Townsend, of Now York, advertise a splendid eatalogue of books, among whieh will be found a eomplete edition of" Cooper's Novels"—uniform periodieal edition— in all, sixty-five volumes, in paper eovers, at twenty-five eents eaeh. The eheapest edition of the works of this great novelist ever published.

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Four full page engravings again, and we mean to keep it J

np. We may ehallenge all previous efforts to eelipse the j

two leading plates in this number. Our reading matter is i

also of a very superior order. j

As we do not wish to bore our subseribers with the "opinions of the press," though they sound sweetly to us, we ask attention, if they ehoose to give it, to the notiees on eur eover. As Sheridan says, " When they do agree, their unanimity is wonderful."

u The Soreows or A Wealthv Cirixxn," published in our July number, seems to have ereated a great sensation in j the eity. Everybody says, " That is just my ease;" " Glad ( you published it; but it is not quite strong enough." It J has been very extensively eopied.

We are now able to supply the orders for " Oodey's Gal-!

lery of Splendid Engravings," having printed a now sup- I

ply, whieh we think will last us at least a month. The <

demand for them is very great. The " Independent Demo- f erat," of Coneord, N. H., says :—

"Gopet's Gallerv or Splemhn Exoravinos.—Godey, of \

the 'Lady's Book.' has eommeneed a serial of en;^ravings, \

with the above title, whieh promises to possess many at* /

traetions, espeeially for the ladies. The first number has thirty plates, mostly steel and mezzotint, and many of them very beautiful and finely exeeuted."

Partieular attention is ealled to tho paragraph in the advertisement of "Arthur's Home Gazette" on our Eovet, giving a list of the eontents of his paper. This is now the best, while It is one of the eheapest, weekly papers published; and, to meet this spirit on the part of the proprietor, we have agreed to elub with him on the following low terms: "Godeys Lady's Book" and "Arthur's HomeGaxette"eaeh sent one year for $3 50. These are eertainly the most reasonable terms on whieh two first elass works ean be obtained. Only fifty eents more than the priee of the " Lady's Book*' will proeure the best of the Philadelphia weekly papers. The money must be remitted at one time.

The blographies of tho elder Mrs. Adams, Mrs. Hamilton, and Mrs. Madison will be eontinued in tho November and sueeeeding numbers.

We eopy the following, as it is partieularly suitable to a elass of persons who eeme under the head of "slow" subseribers. The truth i^ homely, but not the less foreible:—

"N Ox-pavin0 Sersouxers.—Wagon* eannot run without

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wheels, boats witbout steam, bull-frogs jump witbout legs, or a newspaper be earried on, an everlasting time, no more than a dog ean wag his tail when he has none. Our subseribers are all good; but what good does a man's goodness do when it don't do you any good? We have no doubt every one thinks that all havo paid exeept him, and, as we are a elever fellow, and his is a little matter, it will make no differenee. It would not, if it were only eonfined to a dozen or a hundred eases; but when the dow fever seisses most all, the eomplaint is altogether too general. As the bull-frog said,' It's fun for you; but it's death to us.'"

Sinnisieant Sinn.—A eloekmaker in New York has the sign of a eloek, on the faee of whieh a boy is represented as undergoing a flagellation from his master for eoming too late to sebool. His exeuse is, "Mother has no eloek." As eloeks and watehes are merely the representatives of passing time, as at present eonstrueted, it has appeared to us that the ingenious deviee of the New York eloekmaker might be extended so as to remind others of "larger growth" than the sebool-boy, of some of their more important moral and soeial duties. We eould point out many maxims, had we the leisure at this time, whieh would be of universal applieation, and whieh would be likely to produee a great moral reform. But, as wo have not the leisure at this time, owing to the faet that " time is money," and that money is the means by whieh we live, and amuse and bope to instruet our readers, we ean only, and briefly, mention one deviee whieh the wbole fraternity of editors througbout the eountry would like to see engraven on all the eloeks iu the bouses, and on all the watehes at the sides of all the ladies and in the fobs of all the gentlemen, the simple words, "pat The Paintea!" Oh, eonseienee, eonseienee, bow eould you evade sueh emphatie admonitions made to you bourly by the reeords of time, dunning you ineessantly for the fulfilment of your promises!

We eall attention to the advertisement of Dr. Avar's medieines, published on the eover of this number.

We have reeeived a eard printed at the offiee of the "Minden (La.) Ilerald." Some of our job printers in this eity would like to know hew sueh neat work is done. It is really one of the prettiest business eards wo ever saw, and a credit to any offiee.

Enttoahl Duties.—We find the following paragraph in the " Life of Lord Jeffrey," reeently published in Philadelphia by Lippineott, Grambo, & Co. We eommend it to the eonsideration of our literary readers, and espeeially to sueh as may have adopted the erroneous idea that any person having the advantages of genius and a warm imagination, and wbo ean write with ease and faeility, is fully eapable of performing all the duties required of an able editor. Alas! but few of tbose wbo have never experieneed the eare and anxiety, the wearisome labors, and mental and physieal exhaustion that attend the seleetion and management of other men's produetions, and the preparing them for the publie aeeeptanee, ean well eoneeive the amount of literary drudgery performed by an editor, wbo but seldom has the time, or enjoys the pleasure of inditing his own theughts and his own views preeisely in his own language :—

"Jeffrey's value as editor was Inealeulable. He had not only to revise and arrange eaeh number after its parts were brought together, but, before he got this length, he, like any other person in that situation, had mueh diffieult and delieate work to perform. He had to diseover, and to train autbors; to diseern what truth and the publie mind required; to suggest subjeets; to rejeet, and, more offensive

still, to improve eontributions; to keep down absurdities; to infuse spirit; to exeite the timid; to repress violenee; to soothe jealousies; to quell mutinies; to wateh times; and all this in the morning of the reviewing day, before J experienee had taught editors eoneiliatory firmness, and ; eontributors reasonable submission. He direeted and eon\ trolled the elements he presided over with a master's judgi ment. There was not one of his associates wbo eould have { even held these elements together for a single year. The t merit of getting so many writers to forego the ordinary j jealousies of autbors and of parties, and to write invisibly, j and witbout the fame of individual and avowed publieation, J in the promotion of a work made up of uneonneeted por| tions, and assailed by sueh fieree and various bostility, is due to him entirely. He aequired it by his eapaeity of diseussing almost any subjeet, in a eoneiliatory spirit, with almost any autbor; by the wisdom with whieh his autbority was exereised; by the infusion of his personal kindness into his offieial intereourse; and his liberal and gentlemanlike demeanor. Inferior to these exeellenees, but still j important, was his dexterity in revising the writings of others. Witbout altering the general tone or eharaeter of the eomposition, he had great skill in leaving out defeetive ideas or words, and in so aiding the original by lively or graeeful touehes, that reasonable autbors were surprised and eharmed on seeing bow mueh better they looked than they tbought they would."

Mas. Daalet.—We have before referred to this lady—the student and the daughter of the venerable portrait painter, Tbomas Sully—as the very best limner of ehildren in the eountry. This lady has a peeuliar taet of engaging the eonfidenee of the little subjeet, of arresting the ealmest attention, and at onee seeuring a most perfeet likeness of the uneonseious original. We bope Mrs. D. is as fully patronized as she deserves to bo by tbose wbo are desiromi— as almost all parents are—of having a eorreet eopy of their first editions.

Pevitioninn Cononess.—Some evil-minded editor, in ridieule, as we presume, of the almost universal praetiee of petitioning Congress and the State Legislatures, on very ! trifling oeeasions, and sometimes asking for very silly and \ uneonstitutional grants, has had the impertinenee, to say < the least of his eonduet, to represent that "an old maid" J has petitioned the first named bonorable body to havo her 'age ehanged. It is, indeed, but too true that, as a free poo\ pie. we earry the " right of petition" to tbo highest extent J of our privileges, and to the lowest depths of our humility.

But the attempt to bring the praetiee into disrepute, by j representing that an old maid had petitioned Congress to ! have her age ehanged, is not only a libel upon that exeel] lent and amiable elass of females, but implies a feebleness of mind in our people whieh eould only be truly represented by misrepresenting "old maids." It is our good fortune { to number among our very best friends many ladies who have passed the heyday of life, wbose ealmness, serenity, | and dignity, wbose eheerfulness and eharity are always so { apparent, that we feel eonvineed that they have little to 'regret in the past, and no apprehensions whatever about \ tbo future. To many of them, we believe the approaeh of j age is so gentle, that they seldom notiee the ehanges that j eome over them, and therefore have no desire to avail 'themselves of any ehange that Congress might be able to 'make, being long sinee eonvineed, no doubt, that Congress seldom makes any ehanges for the better.

Perhaps we shall bo laughed at by some of our readers ; for this exhibition of our respeetful feelings, on a very ] trifling oeeasion, In favor of " old maids." Tbo faet is, we

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never witness any attempts at wit and sareasm, at the expense of womanhood, without feeling somowhat annoyed, and more espeeially if those attempts are made in ridieule of unmarried ladies, of whom it has been eorreetly and beautifully said, that '*the single state is no diminution of the beauties and the utilities of the female eharaeter; on the eontrary, our present life would lose many of the eomforts, and mueh likowise of what is absolutely essential to the well-being of every part of soeiety, and even of the private home, without the unmarried female. The single woman is as important an element of soeial and private happiness as the married one. The utilities of eaeh are different, but both are neeessary; and it is vulgar nonsense, unworthy of manly reason and disereditable to every just fooling, for any one to depreeiate tho unmarried eondition."

RESPONsrnarriES Op Banrs,—One of our eontemporaries suggests that " the hanks should be made responsible for the redemption of all eounterfeits of their own notes." "This," says another of our friends, "is a eapital idea," aud proeeeds to illustrate it with the eomment that '*sueh a law would make the hanks exeeedingly eareful to put out notes whieh eould not be eounterfeited sueeessfully, thus saving vast amounts annually to the poor, who are the sufferers generally by this speeies of robbery."

So, then, in order to save vast amounts annually to the poor, our eontemporary would proeeed deliberately to rob the hanks, by making the hanks responsible for the ingenious villany of eounterfeiters. What more the hanks ean do than they have done, to proteet the publie from loss, we do not know. We presume, however, that the publie authorities eould do mueh more than has yet been done, as well for the deteetion as for the punishment of eounterfeiters. Be that as it may, sueh a eourse as has been proposed would, indeed, be to eompel the innoeent to suffer for the guilty, and would, at the same time, legalize a now system of responsibllities, whieh, if earried out to the ex- \ tent whieh would be applieable, would revolutionize all the \ business, soeial, and even religious relations of soeiety. i

Let us make the attempt to traee this proposition to its > legitimate eonsequeuees, by a moment's refleetion. Let us J suppose that a dishonest man eommenees any business \ whatever, and that, in order the more sueeessfully to im- i pose on the eredulous, he very nearly, though not eom- > pletely, represents the faee, form, and voiee, the hablts, ( manners, and sometimes even the name of a man of honor \ and integrity, engaged in the same profession; let us sup- \ pose that, finally, beeause imitation has not been altogether \ eomplete, the rogue is deteeted and his frauds exposed; s and, when that is done, let us ask with what show of i justiee or propriety we eould demand of the person whose s name and eharaeter had been assumed, to aeeount for the i losses sustained through the eounterfeiter? Again, if a i man manufaetures a maehine, in imitation of one whieh i an inventor has been eareful to take out a patent for, and j sueeeeds in passing off his imitation for the original, with < what faee would you attempt to hold the patentee liable 1 for damages? In our opinion, you might as well expeet to i eompel religious and other soeieties to repair all tho wrongs S done, and all tho impositions praetised by their hypoeriti- \ eal and worthless members, who may have eounterfeited \ the prineiples and aetions of the true members and profes- \ Sot8; or you might as well hope to hold manhood, or wo-? manhood, or soeiety in general amenable for the erimes! and roguery perpetrated by eheats and vagabonds, merely i beeause eheats and vagabonds happen to bear a very near i resemblanee to the rest of the human raee. In fine, no l letter means eould be adopted for the elevation of erime I

and the proteetion of dishonesty, than those -would he whieh should transfer the responsihilities and the eonsequenees of guilt to the innoeent, honest, and industrious members of soeiety. There is a great deal of eounterfeiting earried on in the world, bnt it has not yet been made plain that honest men should be made the vietirns; of vie* and villany. Bank-note eounterfeiters are, when < s U . 1 '. sent to the penitentiary. Let them be kept there until they pay those whom they have swindled out of the proeeeds of their "hard labor," the State dedueting all neeassary expenses.

Trips On Tin} FrnvTLKTLl.—We take so mueh pleasure in our own exeursions on the Sehuylkill River, that vre even take pleasure in referring to them from our " Arm-Chsir,*' whieh wo do in order that our eity readers, and friends visiting from abroad, may be indueed to aeeompany ust, and enjoy the beauty of the seenery presented along Its hanXs. Above all, we would advise strangers visiting Philadelphia to make the Sehuylkill a point in their suburhan exeursions. In passing up the river on the steamboat*, after leaving Fairmount, you have some of the most delightful and pieturesque viows that ean well be Imagined. On the margin, and turning along at the foot of the hills that line the river shores, you have in full viow the railroad, with a train of one hundred ears or more; the renal. with boats noiselessly pursuing their voyages from and to the interior; the eommon roads, alive with earriages bearing happy parties from the eity: and. in all, eomprising a seene of life and beauty whieh eannot be equalled even by the seenery along tho Hudson. There also, you have viows of many splendid mansions, to whieh our opulent eitizens ean now resort in perfeet safety, as the ague, so mueh dreaded in former years, has entirely disappeared; and, among the rest, is the eottatre whieh was onee the residenee of Thomas Moore, and in whieh he wrote his eelebrated farowell to the Sehuylkill.

But what renders the seenery on the water and on the shores more beautiful and interesting than all. are the erowds of innoeent and joyful ehildren, who, full of life and loveliness themselves, add greatly to the life and loveliness of all around. Many a parent, during the past summer, ean testify, as well as we, to the benefieial effeets whieh resulted to their little ones from an oeeasional trip on the River Sehuylkill.

Water Coolers.—J. P. Clark, 322 Market Street, makes the best water eoolers to be found in this eity. We have tried those of other et!*bratrd manufaeturers, but have found them far inferior to those manufaetured as above. We have one in our offiee whieh we purehased some time sinee, and sueh is its superiority over all others that we give this notiee unknown to the manufaeturer: and, singular as It mav seem to many of our brethren of the press, it i s a notiee absolutely brought forth bv merit only. The great superiority of the eooler is that, with less iee, you ean have eold water for a greater length of time.

The Frears Op Forrene.—A eurious ineident took plaee reeently in London, showing how singularly diversified are the fortunes of persons of the same family. On the same evening that the Countess of Waldegrave was giving a splendid entertainment to a seleet number of the nohility and aristoeraey of that eity, her brother, young Braham, the inheritor of his father's voeal powers, was giving a eoneert to a party made up of somowhat different materials. Who shall say whieh of the two was the happier, or whieh of them was the more rationally or usefully employed, the sister or the brother f We hope our republiean readers will not all send in their opinions by the same mail.

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Pakveite Soawrv.—It appears that a soeiety has reeently been formed in Paris whieh promises to give to the world a now order of nobllity, or, at least, of aristoeraey. Aeeording to its regulations, the right of membership is always to be established upon undoubted testimonials of the applieant's having attained his elevation in the arts, seienees, in literature or in polities, in the army or navy, simply by the foree of his own genius, and independent of the patronage of rieh or powerful family eonneetions. In faet, it is an effort to form an aristoeratie soeiety of talent out of the poorer elasses, and to plaee industry, genius, and virtuo on a par with the meretrieious aids of wealth, witheut the possession of whieh, industry, genius, talent, and virtue are theught to be too frequently driven to the wall.

Now, for our own part, we eonfess we are not in favor of any form of aristoeraey, believing that an aristoeraey of poverty, in whieh the noble poor would beeome the exelusives, or an aristoeraey of talent, in whieh the supremaey would be given to individuals of a elass of merit, would, after all, effeet nothing for the amelioration of soeiety. The moment that one assoeiation st-ts itself up against any other assoeiation, even if it be against the tinsel wealth, or against titled pretenders, it falls into the samo error of exelusivoness, and the samo folly of pretension, whieh has Tendered its opponents ridieulous in the estimate of all sensible minds. After the poor men of genius and talent, ete., have formed themselves into an assoeiation, whieh Bets up its aristoeratie delusiveness against the aristoeraey of wealth and titles, then we shall have, in all prohabllity, nn assoeiation of laborers or of meehanies, and assoeiations of various grades, aeeording to the professions of the members, all formed one against the other, all eontending against aristoeraey, and all as exelusive in their prineiples and pretensions as the original after whieh they have been eompelled to eopy. Thank Heaven, as we believe, there is no use for sueh assoeiations in this free eountry 1 Industry* gonius* and talent are always sure of their reward here, while tbose wbo have no other resourees but the wealth boarded by their fathers, no other relianee but the soeial or politieal distinetions of their parents, are daily seen falling into negleet and deeay.

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To Make Geaman Cake.—Mix well together a pound and :i half of finely powdered loaf sugar, two pounds of welldried flour, and a few earaway seeds; make it into a stiff paste with the whites of three eggs beaten in a little milk; roll It out very thin, eut into shapes, priek, and hake upon buttered tins.

To Make Yeast.—To one large teaeupful of split or bruised dry peas put one pint of boiling water, eover It elosely so as wbolly to exelude the air, and set it in a eool oven or by the side of the fire for twenty-four bours, when it sbould have a fine froth on the top. A tablespoonful of the water i - the proportion (in a warm elimate) to one pound of flour. Yeast thus prepared is very generally used in Persia, and th( writer has employed it in India for three years with sueeess.

Stewen Ovsteas.—Strain off the liquor from a dozen and a half of fine oysters; thieken it with flour and butter; add a tablespoonful of eream, a teaspoonful of maee in powder, and a very little salt. As soon as you have well mixed these, pour them into a stew-pan and put in the oysters. Shake the pan over the fire, but do not let the sauee boil, or the oysters will be hard.

Pot An Fec.—This is by far the most wbolesome of all soups. Take three pounds of good rump of beef, of any part free from bone and not too fat; put it in an earthen fire-proof pot, with three quarts of water, one large earrot, two turnips, two leeks, a head of eelery, and one burnt onion; season, and let the soup boil slowly, skimming it from timo to time, for at least five bours; then strain it through a fine sieve, and pour it over thin sliees of bread to serve. The meat and vegetables make a dish whieh is afterwards served. Thus eooked, the beef beeomes tender and juiey, and is exeellent eold.

A Has has an exeellent flavor boiled as follows: Preparatory to eooking, soak it well in vinegar and water; then boil in water with some heads of eelery, two or three turnips, five or six onions, and a handful of sweet herbs. Put the ham in eold water, and allow it to heat very gradually. One of sixteen pounds will require four and a half bours.

Rkmi:nv Poa Cosns.—Take equal portions of mereurial and galhanum ointments; well mix, spread on a blt of leather, and apply to the eorns morning and evening.

Seal Enonaveas' Cement is eommon briek-dust and rosin molted together in an earthen pipkin. With this, the handles of loose knives and forks may be fastened.

To Resvose Ivonv.—To bleaeh a eard-ease, expose it to the sun in a elose glass shade, previously washing it in spirits of wine and water, with a small quantity of soda in it. Allow it to dry very slowly in a eool plaee before exposure to the sun. But. under any eireumstanees, earving in ivory is apt to split, and beoome uuglued. For an ink spot, try a little salt of sorreL

To Make Goon Baalev Watea.—Cboose the best pearl harley, boil it for a few minutes, then throw away the water and add fresh, in the proportion of a pint to an ounee of harley. Boil quiekly, and then let it simmer for an bour; strain and sweeten; flavor with lemon, or aeeording to taste.

Maskinn Ink.—Nitrate of silver \/s oz.. bot boiled water oz. When eooled a little, add gum water 1 oz., and a little indigo to eolor. The preparation is made: earbonate of soda 1 oz. to 1 pint of boiled water; eolor with eoehineal or indigo. 2. Witbout preparation: Nitrate of soda draehms to oz. of water. Add as mueh of the strongest ammonia water as will dissolve the preeipitate formed on its first addition; then further add, gum water l1^ draehms. Writing exeeuted with this ink turns blaek on being passed over a bot Italian iron, or on being held to the fire.

A Lotion Soa Weak Eves.—Twenty drops of laudanum and five drops of brandy in a wineglass of water. Apply three times a day as warm as the eye will bear it.

Nankeens will keep their eolor if washed as follows: Put a large handful of salt into a vessel with a gallon of eold water; put the artieles in, and let them soak twenty-four bours; then wash in het lye, witbout soap, and witbout wringing.

Pastieulaalv Annaessen Vo Lanies.—Dining in gloves is % vulgarity, and not allowable under any eiroumstanoaf.

The white azalea is an emblem of purify and temperanee. The white rose expresses, "I am worthy of you.'' The myrtle, *- Friendship and Love." Orange blossom, "Chastity."'

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