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was well known how wasteful you were in housekeeping, and how extravagantly you dressed. Mrs. Jenkins was by, and said, 'Yes; poor Dr. Stone goes aetually seedy, and they never ean afford to subseribe to any eharity. No wonder!' I took it up for you, of eourse, and told them if Dr. Stone liked to wear an old eoat in his study, it was no uaoro than my hushand did in his offiee; and, as for your housekeeping, you were a little young thing, und eouldn't be expeeted to be as saving as us. It does provoke mo to hear people talk about their neighbors!""
Mrs. Stone's faee flushed deeper and deeper. She was mortified, indignant. Sho did not know what answer to make. Mrs. Camphell ran on.
"I shouldn't have minded that so mueh, only Miss Little always has something to say, when your name's mentioned, about your finding no time to do good, and going to parties, and daneing, and all that . As to the daneing, I always said I didn't believe you did; not that / see any hurt in it; but, you know, it would make talk, and I think it's best to avoid even the appearanee of evil. And, if Sidney Howell does ehoose to visit you, and esoort you about, / ean't see any harm in it. / believe Angelina Tuttlo has been making love to him herself, and I as mueh as told her so."
"Sidney Howoll! I danee! Why, Mrs. Campbell, I do not understand this!"
"I never would mind it in the least, my dear! I wouldn't let it trouble me an instant. But I supposed you know people said you daneed the polka with Sidney Howell, and that he was at your house quite too often! I always take your part, and always will."
A great eonsolation, eertainly, to a wounded spirit! Who wishes to know that their defenee is ever needed? Sueh sympathy blisters rather than heals. Mrs. Stone moved meehanieally for the rest of the evening; the tumult of shame and hitter feeling was seareely typed by her eold exterior. Should she tell her hushand, and beg to "go home" like a weary ehild? Should she meet her aeeusers faee to faee, and ehallenge them to substantiate their eharges? or was it best to suffer silently, " bearing all things, enduring all things?"
"I am troubled, Mary," the reetor said, as she entered the study, after a visit to the nursery. Ho had not taken off his overeoat, and stood leaning against the mantel. "There was a meeting of the vestry this afternoon; I eould not tell you about it before we went out; but they do not seem pleased with my measures, or satisfied with the present sueeess of the ehureh. Mr. Tuttle says there is a great falling off of pow-holders this year, and Mr. Skimpton remarked the quarterly eolleetions were mueh less than formerly, and no formal aeeount had yet been rendered of their appropriation. I meant to have earried it in this afternoon; and it pained me a little. Not so mueh the words as the tone and
manner. Perhaps I am too sensitive. But lately I grow more and more disheartened in trying to please my vestry and do good to my people. I look haek with envy at the quiet days of my professorship, when I was aeeountable only to my eonseienee and my God. I am almost tempted at times to resign."
"Ob, if that eould be!" Mrs. Stone said, involuntarily, elapping her hands in half entreaty. "I have not eomplained, have I? But I eannot bear it any longer. I would not mind it, if I eould do right; but to bo eensured when I don't deserve it, to be bringing slander on the ehureh and on you! Oh, if it was right to resign!"
Groat was the wonder exeited everywhere when Dr. Stone gave up the eharge of St. John's Parish! Now that ho had done so, he began to find that his efforts had not been all unavailing; many there wore whom he had eomforted, and who sorrowed that he would eome no more among them. Defenders, unlike Mrs. Camphell, took up the eause of his long-suffering wife. Mrs. Lovel eonquered her disinelination to general visiting, and went everywhere redueing the mountain of eharges to its proper molehill level. Judith eonfessed that Mrs. Skimpton always wanted to know how things went on, and, when Mrs. Stone had reproved her for any fault, she had always thrown tho blame on her mistress. Miss Little, with the air of an injured woman, shut her mouth as elosely as the steel elasp of her retieule, and eontented herself with an ominous shake of the head, when the matter of the daneing was oxplained to her; and Angeliea Tuttle said, "How was she to know Mrs. Lovel had sent Mrs. Stone the eollar from Levy's, when purehasing one for her daughter?"
There was a meeting of the parish ealled, whieh refused to aeeept the resignation, and resolutions were passed eommending the aeeount whieh Dr. Stone had rendered, at the same time, of his labors among them. But the Into reetor was firm; his inexperienee in parish matters generally, his wife's health wasting, in the routine of eity life daily, deeided him to resume the more eongenial duties of his professorship. He read that they who provided not for their own households had "denied the faith," and he eould not see the "light of home" dying from its onoe steady radianee. Not that ho shrank timorously from trial and responsihility, but there were other laborers in tho harvest-field belter fitted, by longer experienee, to " bear tho burden and heat of the day."
St . John's was erowded whon his farowell sermon was given; but it breathed only of love and peaee; and when, at its eonelusion, he read most fervently a eolleet for his sueeessor, many a heart inwardly promised he should tread a pleasanter path among them than Dr. Stone had ever known.
Propessor Loere, of the National Obaervatory, J Washington, has invented an instrument to whieh he has given the above name, whieh illustrates very prettily and with simplieity many of the phenomena of hinoeular vision. It eonsists of a flat board hase, about nine by eleven inehes, with two upright rods, one at eaeh end, a horizontal strip eonneeting the upper ends of the uprights, and a sereen or diaphragm, nearly as large as the hase, interposed between the top strip and the tabular hase, this sereen being adjustable to any intermediate height. The top strip has a slit one-fourth of an ineh wide, and about three inehes long from left to right. The observer plaees his eyes over this slit, lookmg downward. The movable sereen has also a slit of the same length, but about an ineh wide. A fow experiments, whieh we will deseribe, will illustrate its use.
First. Let there be two identieal pietures of the tame flower, say a rose, about one ineh in diameter, plaeed the one to the left and the other to the right of the eentre of the tabular hase, or board, forming the support, and about two and a half or three inehes apart from eentre to eentre. A flower-pot or vase
is painted on the upper sereen, at the eentre of it as regards right and left, and with its top even with the lower edge of the open slit .
Experiment 1.—Look downward through the upper slit, and direet both eyes steadily to a mark, a quasi stem, in the flower-pot, or vase; instantly, a flower similar to one of those on the lower sereen, but of half the size, will appear growing out of the vase, and in the open slit of the movable sereen. On direeting the attention through the upper sereen to the hase, this phantom flower disappears, and only the two pietures on eaeh side of th&jplaee of the phantom remain. The phantom itself eonsists of the two images painted on the hase optieally superimposed on eaeh other. If one of these images be red and the other blue, the phantom will be purple. It is not unfrequently that people see tingle objeets double/ but it is only sinee the establishment of temperanee institutions that it has been diseovered that two objeots ean bo'seen as one, whieh is the faet in the phantaseope.
Experiment 2.—Let part of a flower be painted at the left, and the supplementary part to tho right, on the lower sereen; then proeeed as in experiment first, and a tehole flower will appear as a phantom.
Experiment 3.—Let a horizontal line be marked on one side of tho lower sereen, and a perpendieular one on the other; then proeeeding as in experiment first, a eross will appear in the opening of the upper sereen as the phantom. This might be ealled the "experimentum erueie.n
Experiment 4.—If two identieal figures of persons be plaeed at the proper positions on the lower sereen, and the upper sereen be gradually slid up from its lowest point, the eye being direeted to the index, eaeh image will at first be doubled, and will gradually reeede, there being of eourso four in viow until the two eontiguous ones eoineide, when three only are seen. This is the proper point where the middle or doubled image is the phantom seen in the air. If the sereen be raised higher, then the middle images pass by eaeh other, and again four are seen reeeding more and more as the sereen is raised.
As all this is the effeet of erossing the axes of the eyes, it follows that a person with only one perfeet eye eannot make the experiments. They depend On hinoeular visio?i.
All these effeets depend on the prineiple that one of the two primitive pietures is seen by one eye, and the other by tho other eye, and that tho axes are so eonverged by looking at tho index or mark on the upper sereen that those separate images fall on the points in the eye whieh produee single vision. To a person who has perfeet voluntary eontrol over the axes of his eyes, the upper sereen and index are unneeessary. Sueh an observer ean at any time look two eontiguous persons into one, or superimpose the image of one upon the image of the other.
This apparatus will illustrate many important points in opties, and espeeially the physiologieal point of " single vision by two eyes." It shows also that we do not see an objeet in itself, but the mind eontemplates an image on the retina, and always assoeiates an objeet of sueh a figure, altitude, distanee, and eolor, as will produee that image by reetilinear peneils of light. If this image on the retina ean be produeed without the objeet, as in the Phantaseope, then there is a perfeet optieal illusion, and an objeet is seen where it is not. Nay, more, the mind does not eontemplate a mero luminous image, but that image produees an unknown physiologieal impression on the brain.
A similar and superior instrument to this has been long known to the publie and artists—the Stereoseope of Professor Wheatstone. But so many beautiful experiments may be made with this simple eontrivanee of Professor Loeke's, that wo are eertain this deseription will be aeeeptable to our readers.
A Munen sat at eventide
Beside a flowing pt ream—
And waves of golden gleam:
So young, so lair, why tits she there
With melaneholy mien I
Within the waves la seen:
The maiden dreameth on; and sad
The waves' low musie-flwells Upon the amblent atmosphere
With softest eadenee dwells:
The maiden dreameth on; and lo!
A boat of gorgeous golden prow—
See! through the twilight's dark'ning fold,
How gleams that burnished prow of gold I
Hark! loud above the waves' refrain,
In right eommanding tone, Full tender, yet as proud as if
Demanding but its own, A lordly voiee the maiden hears And these the words that reaeh her ears:—
"Thou maiden fair, of raven hair,
Have long ago been seen:
"I've kept my vow, roamed o'er the land,
And sailed upon the stream; My eynosure the hazle-beam
Years sinee I gazeS on in a dream: , Ob! sail with me towards the sea, Where wealth and honor wait for thee
"Where broad haronial lands extend
Beneath a peaeeful sky,
In grand serenity:
** Wilt eome f If thou wilt be my bride,
Upon my turrets gray
The softest moonbeams lay:
"It may not be," the maiden said;
<' Sail on unto the main 1 Not wealth, not power, I erave for dower,
But heart for heart again.
The maiden dreameth on; again
Mute, motionless is she;
And soothos her reverie:
The maiden dreameth on; and lo
Upon the river rides
How graeefully it glides!
Hark! ehiming with the waves' refrain,
A voiee, as low and sweet
For ear of maiden meet:
"Thou maiden fair, of raven hair,
Of melaneholy mien!
On lake of sit'vry sheen,
"Thou maiden fair, of raven hair,
In mead of brightest green?
"List, maid! tho mystery I solve
By art that love believes:
For absent loved one grieves.
The swan upon the silver lake
His shadow is no eompany—
Shall I, while gliding down this stream,
Behold a single shadow gleam f
"See! one by one bright stars appear
T* attest my solemn vow:
The love I offer now:
"Our souls will yield us sigh for sigh,
Shall keep fond eompany:
Tho boat glides down the stream of Life,
Soft downward to the main;
In tuneful nuptial strain.
PIONEER LIFE IN OHIO.
BT A. WESTERN CONTRIBUTOR.
Elizarerh Barrholomew, one of the pioneer hand who mado the earliest settlement in northeastern Ohio, was born in Bethlehem, Hunterdon County, Now Jersey, February 13,1749. She was the sixteenth ehild of her parents, and had still a younger sister. She was deseended, on tho maternal side, from the Huguenots of Franee, and her aneestors were persons of wealth and respeetable rank, firmly attaehed to the prineiples they professed, and willing to surrender all, and yield themselves unto death, rather than give up their religious faith. They removed to Germany, after the revoeation of the ediet of Nantz; and there is a family tradition that the grandmother of the subjeet of this notiee, then a ehild, was brought from Paris eoneealed in a ehest . She married in Germany, and in old age emigrated to Ameriea.
In 1771, Elizabeth was marrisd to Alexander Harper, one of several brothers who had settled in Harpersfield, Delaware County, Now York. At the outhreak of the revolutionary war, these brothers immediately quitted their peaeeful oeeupations to enter into the eontinental serviee, Alexander reeeiving a eommission to aet as eaptain of a eompany of rangers. The exposed situation of that part of the eounury, and the frequent visits of Indians and tones, made it neeessary for the whig families to seek the proteetion of Fort Sehoharie. Mrs. Harper repaired thither with her family, ineluding the aged parents of her hushand. In time of eomparative seeurity, she lived at the distanee of about a mile from the fort. Here, when there was a sudden alarm, she would herself harness her horses to the wagon, and, plaeing in it her ehildren and the old people, would drive with all speed to the fort, remaining within its walls until tho danger was over, and then returning to her oeeupations on tho farm. As peril beeame more frequent or imminent, tho old people were removed to a plaee of greater seeurity, while Mrs. Harper, with her four ehildren, and a lad they had taken to bring up, remained at home. One night they were startled by the sound of the alarmgun. The mother took the youngest ehild in her arms, another on her haek, and, hidding the two elder hold fast to her elothes, set off to eseape to the fort: the lad running elosely behind her, and ealling to her in great terror not to leave him. The fugitives reaehed the fort in safety; and for the present, Mrs. Harper eoneluded to take up her abode
• Written for Mrs. Ellet's "Pioneer Women of the Wast."
there. She would not, however, eonsent to live in idleness, supported by the labor of others; but undertook, as her speeial eharge, the broad-haking for tho whole garrison, whieh she did for six months.
During her stay, the fort sustained a siege from a party of tories and Indians, eommanded by British offieers. Messengers were dispatehed to the nearest forts for relief; but while this was slow in arriving, the eommanding offieer, in opposition to the wishes of all his men, determined on a eapitulation, and ordered a flag of truee to be hoisted for that purpose. The announeement of his intention ereated a dissatisfaetion whieh soon amounted almost to rebellion. The women, among whom Mrs. Harper was a leading spirit, had on that day been busily oeeupied from early dawn in making eartridges, preparing ammunition, and serving rations to the wearied soldiers, and they heartily sympathized in the determination expressed, not to surrender without another effort to repel the besiegers.
One of the men deelared his willingness to fire upon the flag whieh had been ordered to be hoisted, provided the women would eoneeal him. This they readily agreed to do; and, as often as the flag was run up, it was fired at, while the eommander was unable to diseover tho author of this expression of eontempt for his authority. The delay eonsequent on this aet of insubordination and the displeasure of the soldiers, prevented the eapitulation being earried into effeet, till the arrival of reinforeements eaused the enemy to retreat.
In the spring of 1780, Captain Harper availed himself of an interval in aetive serviee to look after his property in Harpersfield. While there, with several of his friends, they wore surprised by a party of Indians and tories under Brandt, and taken prisoner, an invalid brother-ir-law being killed. Harper and Brandt had been sehoolfellows in boyhood, and the ehief did not fail to show a romembranee of the days thus spent together. The Indian eaptor of Harper treated him with groat kindness, taking him, however, to Canada. Here his exehange was effeeted soon afterwards; but he was not released until peaee was eoneluded, being offered, meanwhile, large rowards by the British if he would enter into serviee on their side. Mrs. Harper roreained in ignoranee of his fate during tho time of his absenee; and supposing him killed, mourned for him, while she did not suffer grief to paralyze her efforts for the proteetion and support of hor family. All her eharaeteristie energy was devoted to keep thom together, and do what sho eould towards improving their shattered fortunes.
In 1797, a eompany was formed in Harpersfield to purehase lands in the eountry then ealled " the far West." Besides Alexander and Joseph Harper, the eompany eonsisted of William MeFarland, Aaron Wheeler, and Roswell Hotehkiss; others joining afterwards. In June of that year, those individuals entered into a eontraet with Oliver Phelps and Gideon Granger, members of the Conneetieut Laud Company, for six townships of land in what was then ealled Now Conneetieut, ln the Northwestern Territory. Throe of these townships were to lie east, and three west, of the Cuyahoga River. The Conneetieut Land Company drow their lands in the same year, and the township now known as Harpersfield, in Ashtabula County, was one of those whieh fell to the eompany formed at the town of that name in Now York. In September, eommissioners were sent out by them to explore the oountry. They were mueh pleased with the loeality ealled Harpersfield, and seleeted it as the township most eligibly situated for the eommeneement of a settlement . On the 7th of Mareh, 179S, Alexander Harper, William MeFarland, and Ezra Gregory, set out with their families on their journey to this land of promise. As the winter's snow was upon the ground, the emigrants eame in sleighs as far as Romo, where they found further progress impraetieable, and were obliged to take up their quarters till the first of May. They then made another start in boats, and proeeeded to Oswego, where they found a vessel, whieh eonveyed them to Queenstown. Thenee they pursued their journey on the Canada side to Fort Erie, being obliged to take this eireuitous route on aeeount of there being no roads west of Gennessee River, nor any inhahitants, exeept three families living at Buffalo, while a garrison Tras stationed at Erie, in Pennsylvania. At Fort Erie they found a small vessel, whieh had been used for transporting military stores to the troops stationed at the West, and whieh was then ready to proeeed up the lake with her usual lading of stores. This vessel was the only one owned on the Ameriean side, and the voyagers lost no time in seeuring passage in her for themselves and their families, as far as the peninsula opposite Erie. As the boat, however, was small, and already heavily laden, they were able to take with them but a slender stoek of provisions.
Having landed on the peninsula, the party was obliged to stop for a week, until they eould proeure boats in whieh to eoast up the lake, at that time bordered by the primeval forest. After having spent nearly four months in performing a journey whieh now oeeupies but two or three days, they landed, on the 28th June, at the mouth of Cunningham's Creek. The eattle belonging to the pioneers had been sent through the wilderness, meeting them at the peninsula, whenee they eame up along the lake shore to the mouth of the stream. Here the men prepared sleds to transport the goods they had brought with them, the whole party eneamping that
night on the beaeh The next morning, Colonel Harper, who was the oldest of the emigrants, and was then about fifty-five, set out on foot, aeeompanied by the women, eomprising Mrs. Harper and two of her daughters, twelve and fourteen years of age, Mrs. Gregory and two daughters, Mrs. MeFarland, the eolonel's sister, and a girl whom she had brought up, named Parthena Mingus. Their new home was about four miles distant, and they followed up the boundary line of the township from the lake, eaeh earrying artieles of provisions or table furniture. Mrs. Harper earried a small eopper teakettle, whieh she filled with water on the way to the plaee of destination. Their eourse lay through a forest unbroken exeept by the surveyor's lines, and the men who followed them were obliged to eut their way through for the passage of the sleds. About three o'eloek in the afternoon they eame to the eorner of the township line, about half a mile north of j the present site of Unionville, Ohio, where they j were glad to halt, as they saw indieations of a eoming storm. The women busied themselves in strik
< ing a fire and putting the tea-kettle over, while
< Colonel Harper eut some forked poles and drove 5 them in the ground, and then foiled a large ehestnut I tree, from whieh he stripped the hark, and helped
< the women to streteh it aeross tho poles, so as to j form a shelter, whieh they had just time to gather I under when the storm burst upon them. It was not. j however, of long eontinuanee; and, when the rest i of the men arrived, they enlarged and inelosed the i lodge, in whieh the whole eompany, eonsisting of i twenty-five persons, great and small, were obliged i to take up their quarters. Their tea-table was then j eonstrueted in the same primitive manner, and we f may suppose that the first meal was partaken of \ with exeellent appetite, after the wanderings and J labors of the day.
j The lodge thus prepared was the eommon dwellj ing for three weeks, during whieh time some of the s trees had been eut down, and a spaee eleared for a j garden. The Fourth of July was eelebrated in the ! now Harpersfield by the planting of beans, eorn, and potatoes. The next thing was to build logeahins for the aeeommodation of the different families; and when this was done, the eompany separated. Tho loeation ehosen by Colonel Harper was where he first pitehed his tent, while his brother-inlaw took a pieee of land about half a mile east of Unionville, near the spot now oeeupied by tho Episeopal Chureh, and Mr. Gregory put up his dwelling elose to the river, where Clyde Furnaee was afterwards built .
The settlers suffered from the siekness peeuliar to a now eountry, when the season eame. A hired man in Harper's serviee was taken ill in August, and soon after the eolonel himself was seized with tho fever, of whieh he died on the 10th of September. They had been able to proeure no medieal aid, and a eoffin was made by digging out the trunk of a