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“Yes, true. Thank Heaver, we werë preserved old almanacs, whose enigmas, laws, problems, and So well !

prognostications were perfect wonders to Mr. Brown. “Yes, yes, thank Heaven, to be sure !" said their He always shook his head over them, and said, neighbor Brown, a bustling little body, who entered “Wall, I don't know; some folks have pretty conjust then.

siderable of one thing and another in their heads, He was the independent owner of an independent that 's a fact." of pictures, he had nailed up in his fortune; id est, he had a farm and a mill, a house in parlor several six by nine wood engravings—* Man town, and money in the bank, and stock in bridges Friday," " Little Pompey," &c. &c. These he had and railroads ; only a few hundreds, to be sure, in regarded as perfect prodigies up to the time of the each deposit, he was so wretchedly fearful of incendi removal of the Lanes and Malones. Then “the aries, bankruptcies, floods, and earthquakes. There, greater glory dimmed the less.” at the lake, he had a great farm tolerably well tilled, “Yes, thank Heaven, of course," repeated be, as a great wife tolerably well willed, a great barn very he advanced to his seat, his little head nodding and well filled, and a great house. Of tall sons and waving about like a plume, and his eyes blinking small daughters he had an abundance; and, withal, in a way that he meant should be highly intelligi. he had an abundance of pride on their behalf. He ble. He shook them all heartily by the hand. had many other things. Of the book family, he “Yes, I 'm glad for ye,” said he. “We've allers had ensconced on a little dingy shelf in one corner been good friends, and I expect we allers shall be, of bis kitchen, first, a Bible. This he read much, if you get to be the master o'a dozen fifty-acre ay, studied; and it was chiefly to ascertain, with lots." positive correctness, whether John wrote the Book En passant, be it known, that Mr. Brown acknowof Revelations before or after the destruction of } ledged no standard of worth but wealth ; and, as he Jerusalem; what was meant where Christ says, “If} was one of the richest men in Manchester, he thought I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to himself one of the most honorable of her sons, althee?" and about the seven vials and seals, and beit others were more intelligent, more generous, beasts and candlesticks. Secondly-I present them and more just. Hence it was strange to him that in the order in which they were arranged on Mr. he had not yet been in the legislature; passing Brown's shelf-secondly, a copy of the “New Hamp- strange that Mr. Lane, only half so rich, was pre shire Gazetteer,” and there was no end to the lore ferred before him! Mr. Brown and his whole family had gathered from “And our young folks 've allers been pretty thick, that. Thirdly, “ Thinks I to Myself,” and truly a if I've seen right, 'specially our John and your nondescript affair was this, without beginning and Jos'phine here. You ha'n't forgot the ride you had without end; its original cover gone-and this was in my new sleigh, I s'pose, last winter, have you, too bad, the Browns all said, it was such a beautiful Jos'phine? He! he! ha! I remember, you called red--and in its stead was a soiled cover of brown it dedicatin' the sleigh. I've laffed more 'an a litpaper, securely fastened through the back with tle at that idea o'yourn. Wall, wall, never mind. black thread, accurately chain-stitched and cross You may ride in it as much as you've a mind to. stitched. Its title was elaborately written out on Captain, now if you was liko Mr. and Miss Twist in that same cover, beset on all sides with the most my book of. Thinks I to Myself,' and if I was like extensive flourishes, on the angular principle chiefly. “Thinks I to Myself's' father, we might jine our Said cover was the product of the combined skill of lots—Josephine can guess how—and then we'd John and Patty, when the one was eighteen and the make all Manchester stand one side. Ha! ha! other twenty, and the cause of oft-expressed regret and, captain, you could do as somebody did I read on the part of Mr. Brown that he "hadn't give 'em about in a paper I see once, called 'The Boston a better edication.” “Thinks I to Myself” was Mr. Post.' Somebody—a mån that hadn't nothin', nor Brown's favorite, of all others, as marginal notes, that neither, bardly-was telling one day, says he, hieroglyphics, which no one but himself could com Deacon'—Deacon somebody, I've forgot whoprehend, leaves turned down, marks inserted, to "Deacon Somebody and I keeps twenty cows.' gether with incidents and passages which he was How many does the deacon keep?' says t'other. forever relating and quoting, demonstrated. Fourth Nineteen.' Pooh! boo! boo! ha! Ain't that a ly, a stray copy of "Godey's Lady's Book ;" and it good hint, captain ?" would take an hour to give Mr. Brown's version of “But a hint upon which I should be the last one its history; how he obtained it one time when he to act, you know," answered Mr. Malone. “Take went to Concord, before Manchester was a city, with some supper with us, Mr. Brown ?" a load of pork and poultry; how he read the story “No, I guess I won't; I shall find supper enough called "Mrs. Washington Potts" to Miss Lane and to home." Miss Malone, and showed the pictures to some hunt. "I presume so. You know, I sha’n't hold my ers that stopped there to get some bread and cheese; head an inch higher for this acquisition. On the what Miss Lane and Miss Malono said of the story, contrary, a greater humility and thankfulness than and what the hunters of the pictures. There were { I ever felt before I feel now. I feel like bowing in

the dust in thankfulness to God, who has blessed me “Yes; well, since 'tis to bread and water we owe so much when I had been such a poor steward so } it that we are thus spindling, I must still throw up long. Isn't it so with you, Eliza ?”

} my hat for bread and water.” He left the table as His eyes were swimming in tears as he turned } he spoke; bowed gracefully to Mr. Brown as he took them to his wife. She could only bow in reply, and his hat; kissed Josephine in passing, and sang to then she raised her tumbler to her lips to conceal her, “Come, come, come ! come to the sunset tree." her emotion.

In a moment his hoe was heard in its progress “You all take it oddly enough, that's a fact," amongst the gravel and weeds of the garden, and said Mr. Brown, moving nervously in bis chair. “I Josephine was at his side helping him. suppose you'll give your folks tea and coffee to Mr. Brown sat a while as if in uneasy cogitation, drink arter this, Miss Malone ?"

with his eyes fixed on the open door where Josephine “ No; we all love cold water. It is the cheapest had vanished. and the healthiest drink.”

"I'd give a dollar to know how it is, faith! “Strange! Wall, you 'll have sumthin' else for Somehow your boy and gall have got lightness of your suppers, sha'n't you, besides bread, and butter, spirits as well as lightness of body. I never yet see and plums ?"

the day when my boys could make a bow like that “Not often. We are all perfectly satisfied with 'Poleon made ; nor that my galls could sail out o' it; and it is economical and"

the room as Josephine did then." “Ah, I don't know about that;" and the little “To tell you the truth, neighbor Brown, I think man's head nodded and waved, while his eyes and light and simple diet the best promoter of light and mouth performed sundry knowing contortions. “I { cheerful spirits, an easy conscience of course exdon't know about that. We've had pretty consider- } cepted." able to do in the eatin' line, and I've thought a “Wall, I don't know but 'tis, faith! come to great deal about the cheapest way of doing things; think of it, for I never feel so much like begrudging and I think”-Mr. Brown always emphasized – the hogs their comfort laying in the straw, as I do “and I think the cheapest way is to get good vit. just arter I've been eatin' hearty. 'Tis so contles, and enough on 'em, and a good many kinds. } founded hard to work then!” He ended with a It's the best way. Now, for our suppers, we shall have cold meat and taters, cake, and butter, and “But, Marie !-Marie ! Come here now and see sarse, sweet cake and pie; besides tea, and sugar, me make a drawing of Mr. Brown, that queer man and cream, and pickles, and cheese ; yes, and pep at Massabesic. The outline of his visage, see! 'tis per, and salt, and vinegar. You laff; but we shall round, just like a pumpkin. His eyes, they might have all on 'em, I 'll warrant ye; and, arter all, we } bave been somewhat elongated primitively; but now sha'n't eat no more vally in all these things than you they are as round as a half-dime. I will fix some amongst you will in bread, and butter, and sarse." dark rags at their corners; for, round as they are,

“Allowing this," answered Mr. Malone, smiling they yet have the look of being asquint. This comes good-humoredly, “it takes no more than fifteen probably from his being at all times so conscious minutes to get our suppers: and your wife"

{ of his shrewdness. His nose, you see, is a decided “Why I suppose it takes her on an average at pug. His mouth is the trouble. I have already least an hour; and she has almost all the galls on drawn three outlines; one, three one-half inches in the spring helpin' ber."

width; another circular, two inches in circumference; “Well, you see we have one decided advantage, the other a medium. The last is probably his in economy of time, and time is our best estate." mouth's standard. His chin is a snub of all sorts

“I s'pose ye bave. But then how spindlin' ye { of indentations and convulsions." all are! As one of them 'ere hunters said, your Marie. How you talk, dearest! wife is like a pondy lily and Josephine is like a “How I have occasion to, dearest! There! I shall rosy; and you'd find 'twould take no more to blast certainly be obliged to let his chin go at that. 'em than 'twould such things. Now our boys, Jo 'Twould be as easy to represent accurately his head's seph or John, could take 'em both and carry 'em gyrations as his chin. His attitude—ah, more 's to the top of that mountain away off there; but you the pity !' 'Tis Dickens's and Marryat's and Hall's nor 'Poleon couldn't carry one-half of our Patty up vast picture of Yankeeism in caricature. His chair that bill."

must be tipped back and lodged against the wall, How the emperor laughed then! “Do you re thus : his legs thrown over each side of the chairmember, Mr. Brown, how I outran, outclimbed, bottom, thus : and while the one is left dangling, the outlifted, and outleaped your boys last Fourth of other must be twisted round clinging to a chairJuly ? how I reached that hill-top while they were } round, thus. But, Pensée, don't laugh quite so panting and holding themselves together half-way loud; the doctor will be showing his face at the down its side? Do you remember?"

door. See! isn't that capitally done ? his head and “Wall, wall! as I said before, you are so spind body bent forward in this manner, one hand with lin'!"

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MARIE. Mercy, dearest !

temptations to get wealth-to get it by some means “ Ha! and see; its fellow-hand is left free to make { -at any rate, to be rich !" gestures, or drum with the knife it holds on the MARIE. Alas, yes! And still, dearest, not so chair-bottom between his legs, or to whittle bits great and many are they, if one looks a little below which he picks occasionally from the contents of the surface. Mr. Brown would have been a miserathe wood-box at his side. Oh! he ought to havo ble man in all his hardness of soul, if this adulation been drawn spitting. He is always spitting, you and all the deference ho met had been sincere. know, real yellow tobacco juice. The monster!" But they were only lip and hand service; matter

MARIE. You make me shudder, dearest. Pray, of-course homage to his wealth and assumed condo you honestly think we have any reason to be sequence. Everybody read his other and true vexed with Dickens, or Trollop, or anybody who inscriptions written in blood and tears on the hearts

“No indeed! no indeed! not even with that writer and on the brows of all those he had wronged and of the 'Edinburgh Review' who said that Americans cheated. Everybody could see the scars of wounds spit as soon as they are born, spit through life, and he had been all his lifetime making, in treading upon at last spit out their expiring breath."

all the low and feeble on his march to wealth. Ah! MARIE. But then, poor Mr. Brown!

let him rest in peace, dearest. Never envy him, “Yes; poor Mr. Brown. We will not scorn him nor any like him the miserable pittance they get at all instinctively as we are inclined to do this for all their anxiety and toil. And the son of such Like many in this our day and generation, he in- } a man, the present Mr. Brown, pity him! Rub out herited a bad organization from parents, grand- that drawing. parents, and great-grandparents, who lived mostly { "Pity him I will, I do from my very heart; but in the sensual; together with bad habits from a rub out his picture I will not. I will show it to him, father, whose only care it was to add yet other acres and to others like him; for, if they are to be pitied, to his farm, yet other hundreds to his glittering { if they are not very, very much to be blamed, all horde, and yet other horses, cows, chickens, tur things considered, 'they yet need to see themselves keys, and geese to his homestead menagerie. True, { as others see them :' they yet need to mend for the son must learn to read, write, and cipher, at least

to read, write, and cipher, at least their own sakes, for their neighbors', and for tho as far as through interest. This was indispensable sake of the capacities that God has given them for in the art of acquiring and retaining property. usefulness, improvement, and happiness, and which The daughters likewise must learn somewhat of the they do so neglect or misapply." same; for they might be widows and have estates to settle. But into all the mysteries of all sorts of cookery, and other work, they must be thoroughly initiated. Habits of acquisition and saving must SONG.-TO THEE, MY LOVE. be ingrafted into their very being. Pity that these habits did not extend themselves into that branch

BY SAMUEL M'NUTT. of household economy where their fruits would have

Away from thee, my gentle one, been really saving—the dietetio! But no; here also

From Fanny distant far,

I rove alone; but thou art still the animal reigned. To eat abundantly, super

My loved, my guiding star. abundantly, and of food of superabundant lusciousness, was a prime article of the elder Brown's creed.

When morning's gay and silver light And when his conscience whispered him, as it

Is shed o'er wold and lea, sometimes did, about his deeds of extortion, fraudu

My early thought is borne away lent bargaining, and so forth, he silenced its re

To thee, my love, to thee. proofs by referring to his generously furnished

At noonday, in the forest glades, board, his overflowing larder, the plenty he spread

I range the wildwood free; before all who claimed his hospitalities. Some

But still my fancy wings away thing more conscience said about his being just

To thee, my love, to thee. before he could be generous, but in fainter and

And when the last fair tints of eve fainter tones. So that he went on in his self-justi

Forsake the world and me, fications, ay, in his self-glorifications; and hugged

Fond mem’ry brings me back again

To thee, my love, to thee. the closer his delusions as death began beckoning him away. He died a wretched, wretched death.

The land of Dreams, with gems and flowers Then the papers wrote him'a faithful husband, an

of other years, I see: indulgent parent, a benevolent neighbor, and a good

I’m there, amid its golden gleams,

With thee, my love, with thee. citizen.' His funeral text was, “Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like

At morning, noon, and dewy even his;' his epitaph, Blessed are the dead who die in

On shore or silv'ry sea

My heart still turns, as to a star the Lord.' Ah, Marie, how full is this world of

To thee, my love, to thee. VOL. XLV.—37


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Upon critically examining the various forms as- { close leathern shoe and clog, something like those sumed by the coverings for the feet adopted by the in use in the Middle Ages; one delineated in Fig. 3, nations around us, we shall find that they were in { of our plate, and is represented on the feet of a no small degree modified by the circumstances with countrywoman in the curious series of costumes of which they were surrounded, or the necessities of Finland, engraved in Jeffery's collection of the the climate they inhabited.

dresses of different nations, published in 1757, and Thus, the northern nations of Europe enswathed which were copied from some very rare prints, at their legs in skins, and used the same material for least a century earlier in point of date. Another the shoes, binding the whole in warm folds about female's shoe is given in Fig. 4; it is a low slipperthe leg, the thongs being fastened to them in the like shoe, and is secured by a band across the inmad'ner represented in Fig. 1, and which is copied { step, baving an ornamental clasp, like a brooch, to from a full-length figure of a Russian boor, in 1768. secure it on each side of the foot, it was probably a The sandal of a Russian lady of the same period is { coarsely made piece of jewelry, with glass or cheap given in Fig. 2, and the men of Friesland, at the stones set around it; as the people of this country same time, wore sandals or shoeg of a similar con at that time were fond of such showy decorations, struction, the common people generally wearing a } and particularly upon their shoes. The noblemen HISTORY OF BOOTS AND SHOES.


and ladies always decorated theirs with ornaments { be compared to that of the buskin, the height varyand jewels all over the upper surface, of which we ing from the mid-leg to near the knee. They are give two specimens in Figs. 5 and 6; the former of capacious breadth, except among the Persians, upon the foot of a nobleman, the latter upon that whose boots generally fit close to the leg, and are of a matron of the upper classes. It will be seen mostly of a sort of Russia leather, un colored; wherethat both are very elegant, and must have been very as those of other people are, like the slipper, of red showy wear.

and yellow morocco. There is also a boot or shoe The boots of a Hungarian gentleman, in 1700, for walking in frosty weather, which differs from the may be seen in Fig. 7, and such boots were common common one only in having under the heel iron to Bohemia at the same period. They are chiefly tips, which, being partly bent vertically with a jag. remarkable for the way in which they are cut up- ged edge, give a hold on the ice, which prevents ward from the middle of the thigh to the knee, and slipping, and are particularly useful in ascending or then curl over in front of the leg.

descending the frozen mountain paths—reminding A Tartarian lady, of 1577, is exhibited by John

us of the sort of boot worn by Tartarian ladies, as Wiegel, the engraver of Nuremburg, in his work on given in Fig. 8. The shoes of the Oriental ladies dress, in the boots delineated in Fig. 8. They are are sometimes highly ornamented; the covering remarkable for the sole to which they are affixed, part being wrought with gold, silver, and silk, and and which was, no doubt, formed of some strong perhaps set with jewels, real or imitated. Examsubstance, probably with metallic hooks to assist the ples of such decorated shoes are given in Figs. 9 wearer in walking a mountainous country where and 10, and will sufficiently explain themselves to frosts abound.

the eye of the reader, rendering detailed description Descending towards the south, we shall find a unnecessary. The shoes of noblemen are of prelighter sort of shoe in use, and one partaking more cisely similar construction. of the character of a slipper, used more as a protec In China, the boots and shoes of the men aro tion for the sole of the foot in walking than as an worn as clumsy and inelegant as in any country, article of warmth. Thus the shoes generally used They are broad at the toe, and sometimes upturned. in the East scarcely do more than cover the toes; We give a specimen of both in the subjoined woodyet, from constant use, the natives hardly ever allow cut. They are no doubt easy to wear. them to slip from the feet. The learned author of the notes to “ Knight's Pictorial Bible," speaking from personal observation of these articles, says: “The common shoe in Turkey or Arabia is like our slipper with quarters, except that it has a sharp and prolonged toe turned up. No shoes in Western Asia have ears, and they are generally of colored leather

-red or yellow morocco in Turkey and Arabia, and green shagreen in Persia. In the latter country, the shoe or slipper in general use (having no quarters) Not so are the ladies' shoes, for they only are has a very high heel; but, with this exception, the allowed the privilege of discomfort, fashion having heels in these countries are generally flat. No in this country declared in favor of small feet, and shoes, or even boots, have more than a single sole the prejudice of the people having gone with it, the (like what we call 'pumps'), which, in wet weather, feet of all ladies of decent rank in society are imbibes the water freely. When the shoe without cramped in early life, by being placed in so straight quarters is used, an inner slipper, with quarters, but a confinement that their grow this retarded, and without a sole, is worn inside, and the outer one

they are not more than three or four inches in length alone is thrown off on entering a house. But in from the toe to the heel. By the smallness of the Persia, instead of this inner shoe of leather, they foot, the rank or high breeding of the lady is deciduse a worsted sock. Those shoes that have quar ed on, and the utmost torment is endured by the ters are usually worn without any inner covering for girls in early life to insure themselves this distincthe foot. The peasantry and the nomade tribes tion in rank; the lower classes of females not being usually go barefoot, or wear a rude sandal or shoe allowed to torture themselves in the same manner. of their own manufacture ; those who possess a pair The Chinese poets frequently indulge in panegyrics of red leather or other shoes seldom wear them ex. on the beauty of these crippled members of the cept on holiday occasions, so that they last a long body, and none of their heroines are considered pertime, if not so long as among the Maltese, with fect without excessively small feet, when they are whom a pair of shoes endures for several genera affectionately termed by them “the little golden tions, being, even on holiday occasions, more fre lilies." It is needless to say that the tortures of quently carried in the band than worn on the feet. early youth are succeeded by a crippled maturity, a The boots are generally of the same construction Chinese lady of high birth being scarcely able to and material as the shoes; and the general form may { walk without assistance. A specimen of such a foot

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