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that you should be losing your memory at your time perves are as weak as mine! I do believe he thinks of life? Your grandmother has been dead these I can get well when I make up my mind to it, as if fifteen years past, and you bid me go and ask her } it depended on me." about your birth !"

My uncle whistled, and put on his hat. “La, Jones, you know I was jesting," said his " Well, Milly, take your time about deciding. wife, a little put out.

I'll give you all day. And, meanwhile, I 'll take *“Well, then, Milly, let 's be serious now.” And { my gun and bring you a bag of game for your my uncle took a chair. “Every year I am torment { dinner." ed with your passion for travelling. Now we are s “Now do stop, John! What is the use of Aying going to make a bargain. Does it never occur to off in that way? How, in the name of common you that you might lose your husband's affection by sense, can you leave me in this way? There, he is this constant hypochondria of yours-don't interrupt gone, and I really don't know what to do. Joanna, me—this cessation of all pleasant intercourse be- } see if all my morning caps are nicely done up; you tween man and wife? There was a time, Milly, know I must have them all. But, you see, Fanny, when our tastes were mutual ; you loved me enough if I should not improve, I will lose the benefit of to try and make me happy, and I was happy. I Dr. Ring's attendance and his excellent medicines. love you as fondly as ever, because I am not one to I may die in consequence of your uncle's unfeeling change; yet there is but little domestic bliss falling conduct. Perhaps, however, I had better go, and to my share now. You complain all day, and leave try what virtue there is in salt bathing. See to my me to enjoy myself as I can, without interesting collars, my dear; look over them carefully to-day, yourself any more in my pursuits than if I were a and make me some fresh knots to wear with them. stranger."

If I do go, I must make a good appearance. I deAunt Milly began to cry; but he went on earnest clare, Fanny, I am bewildered. Send for Mrs. ly, not stopping to comfort her as usual, and I could Martin to come in, my child; I'll consult her. She see that this was the "crisis," as the doctors term is a woman of excellent judgment, and knows my

disease as well as a physician." “Now, I detest travelling; I have a horror of I was rejoiced at this. Mrs. Martin was an exyour fashionable watering-places ; but, for our mu- cellent auxiliary, and a good friend. She did not tual benefit, I will promise to go with you where always agree with Aunt Milly about her ill health, you like, if you, in your turn, will promise to get for she comprehended that it was a mania for mediwell before we come home again.”

cine and nervousness indulged. They had known “How do I know that I will recover my health ?” each other since childhood, and Aunt Milly loved asked Aunt Milly, wiping her eyes. “I think it her dearly, in spite of their arguments. wrong to exact such a promise from an uncertain, So I dispatched Joanna, and, shortly after, saw impotent mortal.”

Mrs. Martin riding up the lane in a brisk trot. I “As you please, my dear,” said Uncle Jones, hastened to meet her. thrusting his hands in his pockets; "as you please. "Fanny, how do you do? What is the matter I have made you a reasonable offer, and on those with Milly now? More nerves to-day?" conditions alone will I accompany you when you I explained as I led her in, and she nodded her wish to go. So make up your mind, and let me head approvingly, promising to influence my aunt know your decision."

as far as she was able, as it was an excellent idea. Decision was a fearful word to Aunt Milly. She { I left them together, and went to look at the collars had never been decided in all her life, and it was and knots, convinced of the result; and, before I late to begin now. She looked at me, at Joanna, s had quite finished, Joanna came to call me, as her and at her husband; but we dared not look up, and mistress had made up her mind to go, and wanted she took her knitting from the work-stand.

me immediately. “You see, Fanny,” said she, throwing the yarn How hard we worked I cannot say, for the entire across her little finger; "you see, my dear, I can- household was topsy turvy for my aunt's sake. not promise to get well just in one moment, as your Washing, ironing, clear starching, sewing, mending, uncle wishes. Suppose that I should not improve, and running errands after ribbons, muslins, and I couldn't come back home to run about, here and laces. When all was ready, and I saw the carriage there, as I used to. But, Lord! if I were to miss at the door, I could not help pitying my uncle. He the opportunity! Fanny, I wish you would advise § walked about uneasily, gave orders concerning his me, child. Do you think I'll be benefited enough gun and hunting accoutrements, fishing-rods and by the change of air to get my strength again ? flagons; but I could see how he hated the prospect Don't tell me that you can't tell. Can't you reflect? before him of discomfort and daily annoyance. I If I go, I may get well, to be sure ; but then-oh, I do believe he would have been glad if Aunt Milly declare, Mr. Jones is provoking! But, then, how had remained, and been all nerves for the rest of am I to promise, when I can't? I vow it is too bad her days. to exact such unjustifiable things from people whose į At length they set off, my aunt crying bitterly,




and Joanna in a whirl of delight at seeing “ some wouldn't agree with me in a single opinion I exthin' 'sides the everlastin' piny woods." The jour- pressed, and wished the distance were greater yet ney was short enough ; but her mistress looked upon from here to — The evening we arrived, there it as a dreadful undertaking, and I wondered, as I was a ball, and everybody's head seemed to be turned. went in the house, whether my uncle's plan would We waited for an hour in the hotel parlor before cure ber of hypochondria, or bring her back a vic we could get a room, there was such a crowd; and tim to coughs, colds, and imaginary catarrhs.

the women peeped at me, and giggled like so many I had enough to do in their absence, and a week fools, walking arm in arm with gentlemen whom I passed swiftly enough. My uncle wrote to say that took to be their husbands and brothers, but found they had reached their first place of destination, and out afterwards 'twas no such thing. Well, at last wished himself safe home again. “So I believe we were led to our rooms; two poor little pens, with Milly does, if she would acknowledge it," added be; a comfortless appearance that chilled me. I went “but I am determined to make her believe I am to bed directly, telling Jones to send my tea up to more and more charmed as she grows more dis me; but waited two mortal hours for it, Joanna

running down every five minutes to try and get it. Three weeks from the day they arrived at - When it did come, it was a slop, to be sure ! FodI was surprised to see a carriage coming along the der tea would be nectar to it, upon my word. I lane, loaded with trunks and carpet-bags. I went couldn't drink it, and, in despair, tried to sleep. to the door, and wondered who it could be; for, Oh, Fanny, such beds and pillows! If they were although we had plenty of visiting neighbors, I did not stuffed with oyster-shells, they were with poundnot expect any one to stay while my aunt was gone. ed brick bats, for I never laid my poor head upon The horses came slowly on until they reached the such stony things in all my life. Fortunately, I bad circle in front of the house. Then they whirled in, brought two pillows with me, and I sent after the the driver drew in his reins, and I recognized my baggage that remained down stairs. My dear child, uncle and his wife!

I had to wait till next morning! Then I rolled up “What on earth has happened ?” cried I, spring some of my shawls under my head, and hoped to ing down the steps, and catching Aunt Milly in my rest; but the music began in the ball-room, and I erms. “Is my aunt ill ?"

was nearly wild. Your uncle came up laughing fit “Oh, Fanny, my child! I'm so glad to get back! to kill himself, and insisted on my getting up and So enchanted! You may well kiss your uncle, for dressing myself to go and see them dance. You he is a person of excellent sound sense.”

may imagine, Fanny, how miserable I must have He winked his eye mischievously at me, and my felt when I consented to this ; but I put on my aunt went up the front steps unassisted, a thing she black levantine and a new cap, and took Jones's arm. had not done for years.

We reached the ball-room at last, and found a seat. “Come along, child, I'm dying to tell you all.} Everybody was up on the floor, it seemed to me, for Come on, Mr. Jones, I want you to listen, or Fanny my head was in a whirl. The men all looked drunk, will certainly think I am exaggerating,"

and half the women, instead of being dressed, were Here, Joanna lifted a basket awkwardly, and out in their bodied petticoats. I wanted to go out, but rolled a large box of pills, the contents scattering Jones would not let me, so I looked on. The queerin every direction. She flew to pick them up, but est dances you ever saw were performing; for it my aunt interposed

certainly was a performance. The gentlemen hugged “Let the pills go, Joanna, I don't mind them; their partners close to their breasts, and, with their bring in the things, and set them in my room." faces close together, they began to slide first one

I looked at my uncle, who smiled significantly, side then another, and then hop all round on one and we followed Aunt Milly in the ball, then into foot. Some just slided, others gave a little kick, the sitting-room, where, having satisfactorily pos then a hop, and then a kick again, all the time as sessed herself of her individual rocking-chair and close as could be to one another. You may well foot-stool, she ordered me to sit near her. I sug- { open your big eyes, Fanny; for I would sooner see gested that she had better divest herself of her bon- ? you dead than engaged in those improper dances. Det and mantilla, which she laughingly declared { I thought, at first, that they were dancing with their she had forgotten. At length she composed her husbands, these half-dressed ladies ; but I give you self, and I prepared to listen with all my ears, for I } my word, that I never saw man and wife together was wondering what to think of the sudden return } while I was away. They didn't soem to care a snap and my aunt's recovery,

for one another, and flirted worse than any wild un“Now, Fanny, you can never imagine the dirt married belle I ever heard of. we eat, drank, saw, and slept in, during our four “Well, at twelve o'clock, they had supper, and days' journey. I thought I should die outright; } your uncle dragged me along. There were bony but your unele declared it was delightful, and pre- } chickens and thin turkeys, oyster soup and fried tended that he found everything cleaner than it was oysters. Sloppy blancmange, stale cakes, and blue at home. Just think of that, my dear child! He milk frozen into what they called ice-cream. Oh, Fanny, I thought of our delicious ice-cream, and bread and smashy butter, with a few streaks of your sponge-cake, and wondered how people could ham. I ate this with pleasure, for I was hungry, eat such stuff! Well, to go on, the ladies stood in and your uncle brought me a glass of India ale that groups, and their partners helped them; but to such } was very nice. The place was quiet enough, for all loads of food! And to see how they tippled! Why, the people were out to bathe, and I fell asleep over child, your uncle don't drink as much in one month that nice book, David Copperfield. I was waked as these women in a night; and sometimes they by a knock at the door: Mrs. Jones, bere 's a drank out the same glass with a gentleman. . Oh, capital cocktail for you!' The same voice that was I can't tell you how shocked I was ! I insisted on after me in the morning. What he meant by a going back to my room; and, tired to death, I did cocktail, I don't know; but I would't answer, and sleep, in spite of the hard pillows.

he went off. Cocktail is a mixture of brandy and “Well, next morning I was waked by hearing a bitters, child, I found out afterwards ; for every day man's voice call out, Mrs. Jones! Mrs. Jones! this same insolent creature came to my door, invit will you go bathing this morning? Mrs. Armor is ing me to bathe, and sending me juleps and cockready, and we are only waiting for you.' I sat up tails." in bed, and looked around. Your uncle bad gone Here my uncle set off again, and this time I down, and there I was alone, a man at my door joined him, and laughed heartily, for my aunt's inasking me to go and bathe with him and some one} dignation was irresistible. She looked at us steadielse! I sprang out of bed and latched the door, ly, but did not call Joanna for ether, as was her trembling from head to foot; and, after a while, the wont; and, after a pause, went on with her story. impudent creature went down. Joanna came up “Well, you would never laugh, Fanny, if you and dressed me, and I sat waiting for your uncle, were to go to a public place and see women dancintending to make him call this person to account, ing in their petticoats, bathing with anybody, and if he could discover him. Some one knocked at the drinking things with such low names as cocktails. door, and Joanna opened it. There stood a waiter For two good weeks I endured this, and being every with a glass of julep that held a quart, and a long morning roused out of my sleep by that monster straw stuck into it. This is Mrs. Jones's julep,' calling me to go and bathe with him. For two said he, bowing to me. “Mr. Hall sends it with his good weeks I saw more flirting and parleyvooing, compliments, and hopes she does not feel badly more skipping, hopping, and drinking than a woafter her bath.' I was furious. I have not bathed man of my character and principles ever ought to this morning, and do not drink; you must make a } witness; and I never had spirits during all the time mistake. Shut the door, Joanna.' And he went to to take my medicines; for I was afraid to ring the the next door. I could hardly keep from crying at bell for Joanna, lest the eternal julep and cocktail this fresh insult; and, when your uncle came, could man should answer it. So one thing I've gained scarcely find words to tell him what had passed. by my journey, I find I can do without them and My dear, he laughed at me, and said I must have feel very well." been dreaming !"

“Eureka !" cried my uncle, jumping up and gir. Here, Uncle Jones threw himself back in the sing her a hearty kiss. “Here is my own Milly chair and shook with laughter. My aunt looked come to life! And now, my dear, I'll tell you a reproachfully at him, and I tried hard not to join secret: your morning visitor and your julep offers, in his mirth, but smile I must, I could not help it. were all intended for your neighbor in the next

“I went down to breakfast-Fanny, listen to me room, another Mrs. Jones.” -and couldn't eat a thing. The table-cloth was “ Why, John! why did you not undeceive me? dirty, and the butter a smash. There must have I was so very much annoyed." been two hundred in the room, and their loud talk “Well, Milly, to tell you the truth, I thought I ing deafened me. I went back to my room, and would allow you to be as much disgusted with watried to swallow some of my pills; but they made tering-places as you really are. I knew that you me sick. I lay down to rest, and, about eleven, } would not have time to faint and stuff yourself with your uncle told me to go down and bathe, as the bread pills.” bath-house was empty. So down I went, and had “Bread pills, John Jones! What do you mean?" been there about fifteen minutes, when a perfect cried Aunt Milly. swarm of women and children rushed in. I wanted “Simply that you have swallowed nothing but to get out of the water, but thought I would waitb read pills since your maladies showed themselves," until they were all in, so that I could dress in peace. { said he, dryly, resorting to his old way of thrusting Such a clatter and screaming, as they all plunged } his hands in his pockets. in, hooting and hallooing! Some could swim, and “Is it possible ! How abominable!" Aunt Milly some were learning, so they kicked about manfully, was ready to cry. “One thing, then, I will say, looking at me as if I were a crocodile, and talking you have all treated me shamefully; but I have French. I got out, and dressed as well as I could, been well punished by hearing this, and my visit to and went up to the hotel. They sent up a lunch of} that horrid watering-place.”

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PLANTS COMPOSED OF A SINGLE ROW OF CELLS.- }fers only in having no free radical extremity, like In this case, the cell is multiplied by division com. the parent plant, developed in the soil. Now, when bined with subsequent expansion, which takes place plant-cells combine into a simple or branching series in one direction only. A cell is first elongated, and of cells, their union with each other evidently cora partition is seen to project across its middle, by responds to the union of the phytons in the flowerwhich it is divided into two cells; one of these cells { ing plants, the growth of each cell being, as we have again elongates, and is again subdivided in a simi, already shown, simply a repetition of the same prolar manner: in this way, a plant is produced con cess, or of the same plant-cell; and, although each sisting of a simple or branching series of cells placed {plant-cell in the series thus united together is capaend to end. Such plants can be seen in any shallow { ble of propagating the species, which it actually stream of water which is exposed to the light. They does when they are separate from each other naappear like threads of vegetable matter, and, col turally, yet, when they remain together, certain lectively, form that bright green ooze which attaches cells are specialized for propagation and others for , itself to the stones and pebbles of the stream. The nutrition. extension of the parts of plants or vegetable growth, } This is beautifully exemplified in the Mucar, or in all ordinary cases, is effected by this modo of} bread-mould (Fig. 1), which consists, as to the cell-multiplication.

In the simplest plant in nature, the plant-cell, both the reproductive and nutritive processes are carried on by the same cell. So also in the Diatomaceæ, & species of marine alga, where the union of plant-cells is only temporary, the organs of nutrition and reproduction are still identical. The cells of these plants are at first united, but afterwards spontaneously disarticulate and break up, exhibiting well-marked spontaneous movements, insomuch that some naturalists have referred them to the animal kingdom, to which they certainly approximate. The cells thus separated, under suitable conditions, individually develop into new and independent plants.

creeping part at its base, of long, thread-like and But when plant-cells unite together permanently, branching cells, the partitions of which have been as they do in the higher forms, the organs of nutri wholly absorbed, so that they form continuous tubes, tion and reproduction are no longer identical or} whilst its upright portion, or stem, is composed confined to the same cell; on the contrary, some of single row of cells, formed by the process of divithe cells are specialized or set apart for nutrition, sion already explained, the terminal cell containing and others for reproduction.

the reproductive matter or spores. In Fig. 2, the When plant-cells combine together, and a line or Penicillum glaucum, another mould, we have a plane of cells is produced, they form what physiolo- somewhat different arrangement of the reproductive gists call a tissue. It must be evident that such cells, which, instead of being inclosed in a solitary plants are more composite in their mode of growth. terminal cell, are arranged side by side, forming a A tree, philosophically considered, is not an indi, { number of bead-like branches at the summit of the vidual, as is commonly supposed, but & community stom. These cells ultimately separate, and grow of individuals. Every bud which develops on the into new individuals. branch is, in fact, a phyton, or new plant, and is Let us pause for a few moments, and reflect on capable of forming the germ of an independent ex- the simplicity and beauty of these admirable proistence : it is but a repetition of the same process ductions of nature. Think of the Liriodendron of growth, and of the plant itself, from which it dif- tulipifera, or tulip-tree, the pride of the American

VOL. XLV.-40

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forests. Its wide-spread and powerful roots, its tall to which the vegetable creation owes all its splenand massive stem, its glorious and far-extended canopy of foliage and flowers; this is the result of Yet, after all, although nature has thus beautifully centuries of assimilation from inorganic matter, of simplified the common laws of vegetable life for our the evolution of countless myriads of cells. Now instruction, how little do we in reality know about look at the little bread-mould, which nature con- { it! We do not know how the cells of the breadstructs from decaying organic matter in a few short mould originate, why they are developed in this hours. In this plant, we have the problem of vege- particular form, why they are so few in number, and table nutrition and reproduction reduced to the last why the terminal cell should be specialized or set degree of simplicity: the whole process is seen in apart for reproduction. Could we but answer these these interesting plants, as it were, in miniature, { simple questions, we could explain the formation of beneath the microscope. The basis, or foundation vegetable out of mineral matter, and those mysteriof the plant corresponding to the root, consists of a ous and sublime operations by which nature clothes few interwoven tubular cells, the upright portion the earth with this endless variety of vegetable the analogue of the stem of a few cells strung end form. But, although the acutest philosophers have to end, and the terminal cell at its summit is the directed their closest scrutiny to the problem of humble representative of the flowering or repro- } vegetable development, and particularly of cellductive part of the plant, the most highly organized growth, a thick cloud still continues to rest over this and striking portion of the fabric of all plants, and department of physiological science.





} grimage, now almost enjoined by the Church as a

Christian duty, to the holy sepulchre. No wonder, The noble Chevalier Herman, of Meringer, loved then, if the young Matilda should be sad, sad as an he young and beautiful Matilda, of Malsbourg. autumnal evening; if the tears were seen to stream He was fortunate in being also beloved by her. It from her blue eyes down her fair, soft cheeks; if was during the time of the Crusades, that great } her eyes were now, from time to time, raised toheroic era of Christianity, when Europe and Asia, wards Heaven in as much despondency as hope, as the Christian and Mussulman federations, Rome } if there seeking the aid and protection which earth and Bagdad, Christ and Mohammed, Pope and Ca- seemed only to deny. liph, had shown themselves under the walls of the It was, in those days, an old and pious custom city of David, to determine an old quarrel of five among those who loved, to make, at parting, certain centuries ; and the two rival worlds equally collect mutual gifts, which should keep them in rememed their subjects in the prosecution of a holy war. brance : a glove, a scarf, a jewel, some toy or trifle, Roused by the ardent summons of a passionate which, however valueless in itself, might possess a friar, the people of Christian Europe started and precious significance in the eyes of love. Not that awoke. Their souls were full of enthusiasm, and, those who truly love have any need of such rememin a moment, at the supposed voice of religion, her brance; but that, by these visible symbols, the fond multitudes, seeking glory and adventure, covered eyes keep always before them a token which prethe thousand pathways of France, England, and vents them from wandering, as certainly as the Germany, lance in hand, red cross on white tunic, { heart. Our lovers did not differ from the rest of the and banner waving in the wind. Kingdoms were world. They, too, had little treasures to exchange, to be conquered; the oppressed to be rescued and upon which affection had set her name and seal, sustained; the holy sepulchre to be delivered; and, and from which sympathy could always gather guffiabove all, that beautiful sun of Asia, that magnifi cient provocation for her tears. The gift of our cent country of the East, filled with marvels, and { Crusader to his betrothed was a splendid missal, abounding in light and perfumes, was to be yielded exquisitely embellished and illuminated by one of up to Christian keeping.

the most skilful artists of the neighboring abbey. The noble Herman was among the rest to cry, In return, he received from her a scarf embroidered “Deus Vult !"_" It is the will of God.” He shared with a blue cross, which she cautioned him never to in the enthusiasm, had taken up the cross, and } discard, as it possessed a nameless virtue. They sworn at Notre Dame to accomplish the warlike pil then renewed the most tender assurances at parting,

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