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tree, and howing a slab for the lid. This melaneholy erent was a peeuliar and distressing afflietion to the little hand of pioneers, and its effeets on them would have been paralyzing, but that the firmness and energy exhihited by the widow, who now found her exertions neeessary to sustain the rest, restored the eonfidenee and hope whieh had nearly been extinguished by the loss of their leader. Although the prineipal suiferer by the dispensation, she would not for a moment listen favorably to the proposition made to ahandon the enterprise. When an invitation eame from friends in Pennsylvania, for herself and daughters to spend the winter, both she and her eldest daughter, Elizabeth, deelined; knowing how neeessary was their presenee to keep up the spirits of the little eommunity, and that their departure would diseourage many who had intended eoming to join them in their forest home. The magnanimity of this resolution ean only be appreeiated in viow of the hardships whieh they know it would be their lot to share.

In the fall, another small vessel was built for use on the Ameriean side of the lake, and two of our pioneers were sent to Canada to proeure provisions for the winter. They dispatehed four harrels of flour by this vessel, and waited some weeks for the other, the eaptain of whieh had agreed to bring provisions up the lake for them. Disappointed in this expeetation, and hearing nothing of the vessel, they were eompelled to return, when the season was far advaneed, without supplies; finding, on their way home, the remains of the vessel, whieh had been wreeked near Erie. They found, also, that the vessel whieh had on board the flour they had purehased, had been driven into the hasin, and was too fast loeked in iee to proeoed. They were obliged therefore to remain till the iee beeamo so strong that the flour eould be removed in sleds. They at length arrived at home just in time to bring relief from absolute want to the settlers, who had lived six weeks without any kind of breadstufls, substituting salt beef and turnips, the supply of whieh was just exhausted. Some grain had been raised at Elk Creek, in Pennsylvania, but there were no mills in that neighborhood, and the wheat proeured there afterwards was brought in hand-sleds on the iee to llarpersfield, and ground in a hand-mill somowhat larger than a eoffee-mill, whieh the pioneers had brought with them. By keeping this eonstantly in operation, enough flour was obtained for daily use, mingled, of eourse, with the bran, from whieh they hail no means of separating it, but having a relish and sweetness whieh sueh neeessity only eould impart to the eoarsest food. There were no deer in the eountry at that time; but large droves of elk, the flesh of whieh resembled eoarse beef, were frequently seen. The flesh of the bears was mueh more oily, and really very palatable; raeeoons also were abundant, and easily obtained, and were mueh used by the settlers; although, in after years of plenty,

they lost all relish for " eoon meat." Hiekery nuts were also abundant that year, and were found a valuable artiele of food whon other provisions failed. It is worthy of notiee that, in the severest straits to whieh the settlers were redueed, the utmost harmony and friendly feeling prevailed among them; and, whatever game or provisions ehaneed to be obtained by any one family, was freely shared with the other two.

Towards spring, the men were again sent for a supply of wheat; but, by that time, the iee was growing tender, and the weather tended towards thawing, so that they were detained on the way mueh longer than they bad expeeted; and on their arrival at home, found the families redueed to the last extremity, having been without provisions for two days. In this time of distress, the fortitude and energy of Mrs. Harper aided to sustain the rest; she was fruitful in expedients, and for the last days they had lived on the wild leeks she had gathered from the woods and boiled for them. Their troubles did not terminate with the severity of the winter. As soon as the lake opened, the men set out for Canada in boats to proeure provisions; but found so mueh iee as they went down, that they were unable to reaeh Buffalo without mueh detention. In the mean time, now diffieulties arose in the little settlement . The mill, on whieh all depended, was broken beyond hope of repair, and there appeared no way of grinding the wheat, whieh they eould not pound so that bread eould be made of it, and whieh, when prepared by boiling, proved unwholesome food. In this extromity, some relief was afforded by the arrival, at the mouth of Cunningham's Creek, of Eliphalet Austin, who eame to make preparations for a settlement at Austinburgh, and gave the pioneers what they needed for immediate use from his supplies of provisions, thus preventing them from suffering till the return of their messengers.

About this time an aeeident, not uneommon in this forest life, oeeurred to Mrs. Harper. Sho went out one morning to find the eows, whieh had strayed away; but, not having yet learned to tell the north side of a tree by the differenee in the hark—a speeies of wooderaft with whieh she afterwards beeamo familiar—she lost herself, and wandered all day along the hanks of a stream that ran through the depth of the forest. Her family, of oourse, beeame alarmed at her lengthened absenee, and blow the horn repeatedly; but it was not until the shades of night had fallen that she heard the signal, when sho managod to light upon the township line, and followed it to the elearing.

In the summer following, her sons were obliged to wateh elosely the hogs they had brought from Canada, on aeeount of the bears, whieh were very numerous and destruetive to stoek. The men being oeeupied in elearing and working the land, or proeuring provisions, various outdoor employments were eheerfully assumed by the womeu. One evening, Mrs. Harper, with her eldett daughter, went to look up the hogs, taking the path that led to tho nearest neighbor's home. Presently, they were startled by seeing a small bear's eub eross the path just in adranee of them; it was followed by another, and the old bear eomposedly brought up the rear, taking no notiee of tho females, who made their way home with nil speed, unmindful of the pigs, whieh eame to their quarters direetly, unharmed. So frequent were eneounters with wild beasts, that the men never went beyond the elearing without firearms.

In July, 1J99, Major Joseph Harper, the eolonel's brother, joined the eolony with his family, while a relative of the same name, with some other families, eommeneed a settlement at Conneaut, some thirty miles down the lake. This year wheat, eorn, ete., were raised suffieient for eonsumption; but there was a seareity of meat, the severity of the preeeding winter having killed several of their eattle, and many of tho hogs being devoured by the bears. They were under the neeessity, therefore, of depending on wild game, and the ease with whieh they seeured it in traps, or by the unerring aim of their rifles, with their iron strength for the enduranee of fatigue when ranging the forest, might well entitle them to be ealled "mighty hunters." But they were heavily laden with daily eares and laborious duties, whieh even the pleasures of the ehase eould not induee them to negleet: the elearing of the land and tho eulture of grain and vegetables demanded ineessant attention, and the grinding of the grain was a matter requiring the exereise of some ingenuity. Corn they soon eontrived to pound in mortars seooped in the top of oak stumps, with pounders attaehed to spring poles; but they were obliged to send their wheat in boats down the lake as far as Walnut Creek, in Pennsylvania, where a mill was ereeted this year. The families of the now emigrants suifered eonsiderably in tho latter part of the summer from siekness, and Mrs. Harper wont down to the settlement at Conneaut to offer assistanee in attending to them. She remained some weeks oeeupied in her ministrations of kindness, and was not ready to return home till the last of November. Travelling in open boats and on horsehaek were the only modes praetieable among tho pioneers. The season was too far advaneed for the first, and, aeeompanied by her relative, James Harper, our benevolent heroine set out on her homoward journey, the only road being along the lake shore. Fording the streams at their mouth, they had rode some fifteen miles when they eame to the mouth of Ashtabula Creek, aeross whieh a sandhar had formed during the summer, but had now given way to the inereased foreo of the waters, whieh flowed into tho lake. Harper was not aware of tbe depth of the stream, into whieh he rode without hesitation, and presently found his horse swimming, lie ealled out to warn his eompanion; hut she was too anxious to reaeh home to heed his remonstranee, and followed him fearlessly. Both reaehed the other

i side with some diffieulty, Mrs. Harper wet to the

> shoulders, and in this eondition she rode the remainder of the way, arriving at home before midnight.

During the fall, there were some aeeessions to the eolony; Judge Wheeler, who had married a daughter of Colonel Harper, eame in Oetober, with hie j family, and Harper's eldest son, who had been out j tho year before and returned. For a year and a i half after the settlement was eommeneed, they were i not visited by Indians, though they frequently heard ! their dogs, and learned afterwards that they had not ( oseaped tho observation of their savage neighbor?, j who had eounted them, and had notieed all their oet eupations and now arrivals. The winter of 1799 was i remarkable for the depth of snow upon the ground. ! In eonsequenee of this, gamo eould not be proeured, ; and the Indians suffered severely. Some thirty of i them, unable to proeure anything to satisfy the ! eravings of hunger, eame to the settlement to ask

> relief, and wore treated with the most generous hosi pitality. They remained six weeks, sheltered and j fed by the pioneers; and when the snow melted, ! they found plenty of game in the forest, whieh they { showed their gratitudo by sharing with their white j friends. In Mareh, 1800, Daniel Bartholomew ! brought out his family, aeeompanied by that of

Judge Griswold, whose destination was Windsor. Tbey eame on the ieo from Buffalo, arriving only the day before the breaking up of tho iee left the lake elear as far as the eye eould reaeh. In the winter preeeding, tho whole Western Reserve had been oreeted into a eounty, whieh was ealled Trumbull, the part of it eomprising Ashtabula being then ineluded in one township, and ealled Riehfield. Iu May, there were still further aeeessions, in eonses quenee of whieh a seareity was experieneed of pros visions raised tho previous year, and designed for tho use of a mueh smaller number. The settlers j wero again eompelled to send to Canada in an open ! boat, in June, for fresh supplies. In August, an ! eleetion was held for the purpose of sending a delegate to a eonvention appointed to be held at Chilli eotho in the ensuing winter, for the purpose of taking measures preparatory to the admission of Ohio as a State into the Union. The winter of 1800-1S01 passed without any remarkable oeeurrenee, the eountry being healthy and provisions abundant- Iu j the following June, other families were added to the | number of inhahitants, and the summer was signalS ized by the ereetion of a horse-mill, the first built in s the eounty, and the only one, till others were built ! in Austinburgh. The sufferings of the settlers from \ seareity of food and other privations were now over, s the advanee of improvement developing tho resourees \ of the eountry, and tho farmers wore able to enlarge ! their eleared lands, and eultivate the soil to better I advantage. Their friends from tho East eontinued t to join them, and Mrs. Harper had tho satisfaetion i of seeing her elder ehildren settled around her. In ( 1802, a sehool was established in tho settlement— 40


supposed to be the first on the Reserve. The sehelars eame from a distanee of two miles and a half; and as the reputation of the institution extended, they were sent from Windsor and Burton, twenty and thirty miles distant. The same year regular meetings were established by the "Lovers of Good Order," and the' year following saw numerous aeeessions.

In about three years after the eommeneement of the settlement, the Indians began to visit them periodieally. They were ehiefly Ojibways, and belonged to Lake Superior in the summer, but eame down every fall in their hark eanoes, and, landing at the months of the streams, earried their eanoes on their heads aeross the portage to Grand River, seven miles from the lake. Here they took up their quarters for the winter, returning west in the spring. They shewed a friendly disposition towards the white men, and as the pioneers gave them assistanee in siekness and destitution, they endeavored to shew their gratitude by bringing them portions of sueh large game as they killed. Many a eheiee pieee of bear's or elk's meat, earefully wrapped in a blanket, has Mrs. Harper reeeived from her savage friends. One day she saw a party of drunken Indians eoming towards her heuse when the men were absent; and she had just time to eoneeal a small keg of liquor under the floor before they eame in, demanding whiskey. They were told they eould not have any, but, insisting that they would, they eommeneed a seareh for it, and finding a harrel of vinegar, asked if that would "make drunk eome," as, if so, they

would take it. Finding it not the right sort of stuff, they insisted, before leaving the heuse, on treating the women from a ealahash of muddy whiskey whieh they earried with them.

During all the privations, trials, and sufferings whieh Mrs. Harper was eompelled to undergo, she was never known to yield to despondeney, but with untiring energy exerted herself to eneourage all within the sphere of her influenee, teaehing them to bear up against misforvune, and make the best of the heme where their lot was east. Her own family knew not, until the hardships of pioneer life had been overeome, hew mueh she had endured—hew many sleepless nights and heurs of anxiety she had passed in the days of darkness and disaster. She found her reward in the affeetion and usefulness of her ehildren, several of whem filled important stations in their adopted State. During the war of 1812, the eountry was exposed to all the dangers of a frontier, liable, on every reverse of the Ameriean arms, to be overrun by hestile Indians. In time of peril, Mrs. Harper's adviee was always eagerly sought, as one whese experienee qualified her to deeide on the best eourse in any emergeney. Her granddaughter well remembers seeing her engaged one day at the heuse of her son-in-law in shewing a eompany of volunteers hew to make eartridges.

Her life was prolonged to her eighty-fifth year, and she died on the 11th of June, 1833, retaining unimpaired, until her last illness, the eharaeteristie strength of her remarkable mind.




"We might have been!—these are but eommon words,
And yet they make the sum of life's bewailing;
They are the eebo of tbose finer eherds,
Wbose musie life deplores when unavailing—

We might have beenl"

OuR first ehapter opens on an afternoon in early September, and upon a group in one of our western eities. The windows of a largo and eheerful apartment looked upon the deep and rapid Muskingum: an11. at the open easement of one, a girl of about twenty was seated, on whem the attention of the party within seemed riveted; from the mother, who gat in her eomfortable roeking-ehair, and oeeasionally looked up from her sewing, to the fair girl of sixteen, whe flitted restlessly about, pausing ofttimes beside her sister, to throw her arms about her neek with ardent affeetion.

"Frank, you must not go !—you shall not go V Vol. Xlv.—5

she exelaimed, at last, impetuously. "What shall we do witheut you?"

"Well enough, Carry, I dare say," replied the girl, withdrawing her eyes from the prospeet without, and returning her sister's earess. "Well enough, now that you are heme from seheol, and mother will not be lonely;" and her gaze sought that of her parent with fond solieitude.

"Well, I do not see hew!" answered Carry, impa tiently; "and you are just as ealm as theugh going for six weeks, instead of six months. No one knows what may ha^en in that time: only this I hepe and pray of all things, that you don't get married!"

Uneonseiously, Frank glaneed at the figure of a handsome young man, whe was seated opposite her, with his arms resting upon the table before him. and his hands supporting his head; while, with his keen, forward, pressing eyes, he followed every movement. His lip eurled now, and Frank blushed slightly, while she laughingly replied—

"How selfish, Carry! Before I eome haek, I I

shall be twenty-one. It is high time to look out for i

a hushand." j

"I do not think so,'' eried Carry; "at least, not \

there." j

"But I, now, have an espeeial faney for an eastern \

beau," Frank answered: "they are so mueh more <

intelligent and eultivated than our eavaliers, and"— j

"Polished foola !" muttered Philip Anion, rising I

suddenly as he spoke, and overturning tho small i table with a erash.

"Oh, Philip 1 you have broken slater's beautiful i

vase, and al) her beautiful flowers, too!" i

"Confound them !" was his only answer, striding!

off towards tho window, where Frank no longer i

sat, but stood palo and breathless. "Frank, eome j

and walk with me; I want to talk to you 1 Nay, j

you must eome !" ho eontinued, as tho girl proudly j

withdrow tho hand ho had taken, and turned away, j

"Must!" murmured Frank Cushman, slowly, j

through her elosed lips, and fixing her glittering eye j

full upon him. j

Mrs. Cushman rose and left the room with a <

troubled air; and, at a sign, the light-hearted Carry <

followed. Frank looked around, to find herself S

alone with a man with whom, tho day before, sho i

had parted in passionate anger; vowing, as she toro j

a sparkling gem from her finger, and dashed it into j

the rapid river, that the memory of Philip Arden J

should perish in her heart as that diamond in the i

flowing Muskingum! Now the eolor rose to her l

brow, as she questioned the reason of his unwished \ presenee.

"Yesterday, I told you wo were parted forever, and to-day you are here again, with your ungovern- j able temper, to destroy tho small remnant of happiness left!" j

Philip Arden's eyes flashed. j

"Frank, you never loved me!"

"Perhaps not," she said, with withering eoolness,! though her lip trembled the while.

"Oh, madness! madness !" eried the young man,

traversing the room with passionate gestures. "So ^

to love! so to lose!" j

"Yes, Philip; our love has been all madness, all >

fire, and eonsumed itself by its own intensity. It j

were better, far better, to part thus, and now, than \

to have wedded, and waked to find ourselves vietim- i

ized forever. So mueh alike—how eould wo ever i

love so madly V j

"Frank! Frank! do not talk thus; you will drive j

me frantie! I am Ro now, I belief!" And he \

dasbed his hands wildly against his high and i

burning brow. j

Frank sank upon her ehair and hid her faee ; she i

dared not look upon sueh passion. Oneo again her j

hand was taken, and Philip Arden knelt before her. j

"Oh, Frank !" and the sealding agony dropped f

from his brow upon her hands, " must it be so—as?

you have said? Can you not try n:o onee again? i

If years of prohation are needful, still give me hope at last!"

Now she spoke hurriedly, and with moro softness— "Philip, I have vowed, before high Heaven, that wed I will not, as we now are! Love is not immortal; it eannot stand sueh shoeks as you have given mino daily by your eonstant, eosfeeless, watehful jealousy. I lose my respeet and trust when you thus degrade yourself; and I would not dare to marry without respeet. Now I will tell you, while I am ealm, my resolution. I will go to Philadelphia, as I havo promised; and, when there, I will mingle eonstantly in soeiety, and not seelude myself: that shall bo the trial of my love for you. If I lovo not there—if, at morn and eve, at noonday and midnight, my thoughts turn homoward to you, then I shall bo faithful—I shall know, indeed, my love is lasting. But, remember, I would not hind you with a hope, a ehanee; you also may ehange; but we shall know, when first our eyes meet on my return, whether the breath of'tho world hath been upon our hearts. If it be of one only, the other must be eontent to suifer; if of both, what matters

it? But, if both are still tho same, then"

She stooped down, and, imprinting a fervent kiss upon Philip Arden's forehead, passed quiekly from the room; while still he knelt, and gazed upon her vaeant ehair, as though she still were present.


"Thine is a faee to look upon, and pray
Thut a pure spirit keep thee!*'—Willis.

"giels! girls!" eried Fanny Ashton, rushing into the parlor of a large and handsome house in the western piirt of our own good eity, where half a dozen maidens snt engagod in earnest eonversation, "I have seen her! I have seen the beautiful Frank Cushman! Lend me your ears, and I will give you suek a deseription!"

"Quiek, then, quiek!" eried mnny light voiees, Impatiently, aud eager glanees were bent on the now-eomers. One was a showy, dashing girl, with fow pretensions to beauty; but the other, her sister, was exeeedingly handsome, though, at present, it tinge of melaneholy obseured the radianee of her beauty.

"Wall, then," eried tho former, throwing down her bonnet and fanning herself violently, "this same Miss Cushman, about whose beauty and attraetiveness sueh a eommotion has been made for the lost month, turns out to be just nothing at all! No style, no beauty, no pretensions of any sort, that I ean diseover; and I don't think I 'm quito blind."

"Not beautiful?" exelaimed tho blooming eonelave, with universal surprise.

"/ think she is," half murmured her sister; but so faintly that no one heard her.

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"No; that's a positive faet! Sarah and I were just going by Clara Hastings's, and she beekened for us to eome in; and who should be in the parlor but her sister! She arrived last night . Clara introdueed us immediately; but Miss Cushman was so reserved and quiet, that Clara and I had the eonversation to*o4feelves, after all."

"Well, that is very singular!" observed Amy Bryan. "Clara was forever talking about hor sister. What did you think, Sarah V

* * Oh, don't ask Sarah 1 She is desperately taken with the lady, and thinks I have grown blind. She will rave, if yon only give her a ehanee."

"Oh, that is delightful!—the very thing!" eried Amy. "I thought there must be two sides. Come, Sarah, now for your deseription."

The girls laughed. Sarah laughed, yet spoke enthusiastieally.

u I do not wonder Clara praises her. I think she will queen it most deeidedly. There is a sort of spell about her; you eannot be with her five minutes without feeling it, whether you aeknowledge it or not."

"But tell us what she is like, ean you not?" eried Amy Bryan, impatiently.

"Yes; only wait one moment," Sarnh answered, with perfeet good-humor. "At first, do you know, though her appearanee was striking, I said, ' Why, she is not pretty!' but, the next moment, I had ehanged my opinion. She is not very tall, though you would think so at first, her figure is so slender; and her faee is not round nor oval, nor any partieular shape that I ean deseribe, and her mouth is deeidedly large; but, at either eorner, lurk two of the most bowitehing dimples! She eannot smile or speak without diselosing them, and they give sueh ani innoeent, loving expression to the lower part of her faee, in itself so far from beautiful; but the upper part, that is perfeetly exquisite! Her forehead is purely Greeian, with a profusion of dark hair parted plainly over it, and woven in a loose plait behind; and her eyes! I thought, at first, they were blaek, but they are gray, with those large dilating pupils and long, blaek lashes, fairly sweeping her eheek."

"And her eomplexion ?" asked Amy. "It is very white; but not a partiele of eolor: but you never think of that."

■ Oh, I'm sure I should !" replied Amy, herself displaying, at the moment, two round and rosy eheeks, whieh were justly the envy of many a palefaeed maiden. "But go on, go on!"

"I have finished," said Sarah, laughing. "But I do not think, after all, that Frank Cushman will trouble ns mueh; I do not think she will beeome one of us: she eonveys the idea of a superior being. Even Clara, aeeomplished as she is, and so mueh older, too, seoms to look up to her in some things. Oh, girls, I warn yon; we must look to our laurels!"


"And ean young Beauty's tender heart
K urse thoughts of seorn?"

Mrs. Hasrinus sat at her writing-desk, direeting a pile of invitations on the table beside her. She laid down her pen to speak to her sister, who sat quietly on the sofa, with her head thrown haek and eyes half elosed.

"Frank, dear, don't you think I had better put off this party, after all, till you are better? I don't think you are at all well."

"Oh yes, I am, Clara, perfeetly so; only somewhat fatigued with my journey—jolting over the mountains."

"You do not look well, at all events, and I had just as leavo put it off; only say the word."

"That I will not. I dare say soeiety will revive mo, and bo the best possible thing, after all." But a weary sigh followed the assertion.

"Very well, then, if you think so." And Mrs. Hastings resumed her employment.

"Frank," she said again, after a while, "how did you like Sarah and Fanny Ashton?"

"Those were the girls who ealled here yesterday ?" said Frank, languidly.

"Yes; the same."

"I like the beautiful one—Sarah: is that her name ?—but not tho other. I should droad her rattling tongue."

"Oh, as to that, Fanny is niee enough, and her tongue most amusing, when one has a fit of the glooms, or feels indisposed to eonverse themselves. But Sarah has half obtained my ill-will; for I fear she will disarrange my pet plan with regard to you."

"How V asked Frank, with more intorest, unelosing her fino eyes.

"Why, you see, the state of the ease is this: Sarah Ashton, with her beauty and various aeeomplishments, has more than half sueeeeded in eaptivating the lion of our set, whom, in my heart, I had laid out for you to exereise your powers upon. Is it not provoking? Ho is just tho man for you: no one else ean appreeiate you, or enter into your

high-flown feelings,or in short, lam thoroughly

provoked that he should make sueh a goose of himself! Why eould he not wait?"

"What is his name ?" said Frank, with a smile.

"Quite a romantio one—Perey Bryan; and he writes verses, and sings enehantingly, and plays, and is most eloquent! And, to deseend to vulgar partieulars, is very handsome, and rieh, and all that sort of thing, you know."

"Oh yes; I know," said Frank, with an amused expression of eountenanee. "Ho writes sonnets, does he, and 'strums the light guitar,' and perhaps dresses d la Byron, and has floating loeks, and

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