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demic prize medal, upon the question, “Would our classical school of literature; but he was as tolerant literature have been more beautiful if it had been as he was obstinate. He would never dispute, but illustrated by the northern rather than the Grecian contrived to withdraw himself from our discussions mythology?” This was his hobby-horse, and he } by an anecdote or a witty conceit; if we persisted, mounted it accordingly. He says, with great sim- } he was silent, or looked at the prospect from his plicity, “I should have won the prize, if my essay window; if we became warm and excited, he went had been the only one presented; but there were to his study and his canary birds. When a glass two others, of which one was in favor of the Grecian of wine had restored our good humor, he would again mythology, and the old professor gave that the pre- join us, and relate some of his characteristic anecference."

dotes of former times, of which he had treasured a It was of little consequence now whether it were wonderful store, recollecting not only names and Apollo and the muses that drew him from his stu dates, but baptismal names, and imitating all tho dies; the war broke out with England, and Mars or humorous peculiarities of the persons. In literary Thor coming to the aid of Freia, the old heroic attainments, he stood at the head of all his contemthirst for glory awoke in him, as in the whole na poraries, Baggeson only excepted, and he was the tion. He joined, with others of the young students, most fair and equitablo of all. the volunteer corps to defend Copenhagen against “Ilis wife, although many years younger, hung the fleet of Lord Nelson. After a year of interrup-} with full soul upon him, and, notwithstanding her tion, he turned again to the study of law. At this } own remarkable talents, had accustomed herself to time his studies in Danish and natural law were implicit faith in his opinions. We young men found finished, but of the Roman law he knew nothing. } this so beautiful, that we did not seek to shake her

Since the death of his mother, he had lived with faith in his infallibility. Fortunately her character the Ersteds, under the care, as he says, of their was just adapted to her position. She rarely spoko nurse, a kind and indulgent matron, who held the } of poetry. She possessed a noble heart, quick perplace of a mother to these young men, who were ceptions, extraordinary wit, and the greatest faculty merely boarders in her family. His manner of life in overcoming all mechanical difficulties. Wit and was more satisfactory to himself than conducive to humor played always in her conversations; imagithe study of the Roman law. It was his delight to nation alone was wanting. If she was serious, sho assemble a multitude of students and young citizens was almost melancholy. She understood all the around him, and, sitting on a low stool in the midst, modern languages, together with Latin and Greek; to read, or rather to act, Holberg's Comedies, chang- but, as she read books principally on account of the ing his voice and assuming each character in turn. languages, her mind was not enriched with their to the universal delight and laughter of the company. literature, and it was not very agreeable to hear her

About this time, that is, in 1801 or '2, he was { speak long in the respective tongues. Her appregreatly surprised and delighted to hear of the be ciation of the beautiful was more apparent in her trothment of his dearest friend, Anders Ersted, to paintings and in the art of gardening. Her beaubis only sister, the little puppet formerly left by the } tiful garden was formed by herself. She sat much stork, now grown to marriageable age. They had in her summer-house, surrounded by her splendid preserved their secret, he says, from him, to revenge fruits and flowers, while her wit and humor bloomed his own cunning and abrupt betrothment to the still more luxuriantly. She listened 'roguishly' to counsellor's daughter. The marriage followed im our disputes and controversies; but, if we left a weak mediately, as his friend had been appointed'assessor point of our argument exposed, or there was a link to the court, and city justice. This happy connec broken in the chain of our reasoning, Murat never tion added greatly to the joy of their social and came down quicker with his cavalry, than she with domestic life.

her winged wit fell upon us with such slaughter that Some divisions had arisen in their club in conse. we could only come off with loud laughter and quence of the new school of German literature, the broken limbs. 80-called romantic school. Eblenschlager soon be- “My sister was different, and yet in many things came a convert to the new school; but he withdrew like the Rahbek. She was as lively, witty, and spisomewhat from the club to a more domestic life. į rituelle, but she had not the talent for languages, He gives a pleasant description of the circle in which nor the mechanical skill, of her friend. She was he spent his evenings, consisting of the Ersteds, and { very susceptible; the joy of grief was well known Rahbek, the poet, who had married the sister of his to her, and sometimes almost lod to melancholy. Christiana.. He was the writer of the “Danish Ob- She made all her own clothes, and dressed herself server," a periodical much esteemed at this time. with great taste. She walked much and well, while

He says, “Our relation to Rahbek was peculiar. her friend Rahbek, on the contrary, sat always at He had been the instructor of us all in taste and home, or made short journeys to Hamburg. Neither belles lettres, and stood now at the head of the old of them loved an extensive society, but they col

lected daily a small circle of accomplished friends. The goddess of love of the northern mythology. My sister kept but one servant, and arranged her

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rooms herself, although, from her soft, white hands, } trusted Providence, and gone on his own way reno one would have suspected it. I had my corner joicing. in their houses, and read, almost every evening, He resolved, at first, to rely wholly upon his favorsomething aloud to them. The works that they ite studies, the old Sagas, and applied to the Acaenjoyed the most, and over which we afterwards demy of Art to allow him to give lectures upon the laughed and disputed, were Voss's Homer, Tieck's northern mythology. The painter Abildgaard, the Don Quixote, Schlegel's Spanish Theatre, Tieck's director of the Academy, and instructor of Thorand Novali's writings, Goethe, Schiller, and Shak {waldsen, made the old objections to all northern speare!

iddlatry; but Ehlenschlager maintained his own “O beloved friends of my youth, with whom I views with so much eloquence, that the scornful lived so many precious years, you are now both in smile of the old man was changed into one of serieternity, and my earthly eyes will behold you no ous admiration. “Ach Gott," he said, "I am not the more! Pardon, if with too faint colors I have en man to oppose anything that is new and spiritual." deavored to draw, from memory, the resemblance of He changed his plan, however, having heard that your characters. I would that the world should the Countess Schimmelman had read his last poems know something of your virtues!"

with great satisfaction, and wished to see the author. Ehlenschlager continued to write and publish bis He hastened therefore to her beautiful country-house poems, and “about this time," that is, about 1804, on the sea-shore. He says, “I waited long in the he published the “Oriental Drama," and poem of empty apartments, when at last a simply-dressed, “Aladdin or the Wonderful Lamp.” This was writ friendly woman entered, and greeted me with difften con amore, having a close resemblance, he thinks, dence, saying, 'my husband will immediately be to his own life. In his poetical talent, he affirms, { here.'” It was the countess herself. She soon made he had possession of a wonderful lamp, that opened herself known, and from this time to her death, she to him all the treasures of the earth, while, in his remained his liberal patroness. Through the influvivid imagination, he possessed the power of the ence of the count, her husband, he obtained from charmed ring. Like Aladdin also, (which seems to the crown prince a travelling pension, derived from 28 less miraculous,) he was in love. This publication the fund for the public service, and Count Schimobtained so much success that be easily persuaded melman became the trustee for the regular payment himself nature intended him for a poet, and for no-} of the pension. thing else; that it was in vain to strive against an It seems to have been in Ehlenschlager's usual intention of nature, so distinctly pronounced. His good fortune (and one would believe that an uncombride was of the same opinion, and he resolved to monly benevolent and intelligent stork must hare leave the Roman law, and all other law, although watched his birth), that if he could only succeed both knew that, in turning off from the great high through a patron, he should find a modest, gentle, way and beaten path of life to cross flowery meadows and unassuming woman to hold that place, who and untracked swamps, bo left the secure road to seems to have demanded nothing in return. future sustenance. But he seems always to havo





“SITTING in some company, and having been but “HEARKE, hearke, the excellent notes of singing

a little before musical, I chanced to take notice that birds ! what variety of voices ! how are they fitted}

in ordinary discourse words were spoken in perfect to every passion! The little chirping birds (the }

{ notes; and that some of the company used eighths,

some fifths, some thirds : and that those were most wren and the robin) they sing a mean; the goldfinch, the nightingale, they join in the treble ; the black

pleasing, whose words, as to their tone, consisted bird, the thrush, they bear the tenor; while the four

most of concords; and whero of discords, of such as

constituted harmony; and the same person was the footed beasts, with their bleating and bellowing, they zing a base. How other birds sing in their order,

most affable, pleasant, and the best-natured in the I refer you to the skilful musicians: some of them

} company. And this suggests a reason why many keep their due times; others have their continued

discourses which one hears with much pleasure,

when they come to be read scarcely seemn the same notes, that all might please with variety; while the

things. woods, the groves, and the rocks, with the hollow. }

“From this difference of music in speech, we may ness of their sound like a musical instrument, send forth an echo, and seem to unite their song."- }

also conjecture that of tempers. We know the Doric GOODMAN'S Fall of Man, p. 78.

mood sounds gravity and sobriety; the Lydian,

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itself; I call the sick patient to witness, who hath the trial and experience of both! As for example, long fastings and abstinence; a whole pint of bitter potion; pills that cannot be swallowed; noisome, distasteful, and unsavory vomits; the cutting of veins; the lancing of sores; the seering up of members; the pulling out of teeth; here are strange cures to teach a man cruelty! The surgeon shall never be of my jury.”—GOODMAN's Fall of Man, p. 98.

freedom; the Æolic, sweet stillness and composure; the Phrygian, jollity and youthful levity; the Ionic soothes the storms and disturbances arising from passion. And why may we not reasonably suppose that those whose speech naturally runs into the notes peculiar to any of these moods, are likewise in disposition ?

"So also from the cliff: as he that speaks in gamut, to be manly; C Fa Ut may show one to be of } an ordinary capacity, though good disposition; G Sol Re Ut, to be peevish and effeminate, and of a weak and timorous spirit; sharps, an effeminato sadness; flats, a manly or melancholic sadness. He who has a voice in some measure agreeing with all cliffs, seems to be of good parts and fit for variety of employments, yet somewhat of an inconstant nature. Likewise from the times: 80 semibriefs may bespenk a temper dull and phlegmatic; minims, grave and serious; crotchets, a prompt wit; quavers, vehemency of passion, and used by scolds. Semibrief-rest may denote one either stupid, or fuller of thoughts than he can utter; minim-rest, one that deliberates; crotchet-rest, one in a passion. So that from the natural use of mood, note, and time, we may collect dispositions."- Philosophical Transactions, vol. ii., p. 441.



“HAPPY are poor men !
If sick with the excess of heat or cold,
Caused by necessitous labor, not loose surfeits,
They, when spare diet, or kind nature, fail
To perfect their recovery, soon arrive at
Their rest in death ; but, on the contrary,
The great and noble are exposed as preys
To the rapine of physicians; and they
In lingering out what is remedilegs,
Aim at their profit, not the patient's health."
MASSINGER, Emperor of the East, vol. iii., p. 316.


HEALTH OF LARGE CITIES. "That there is a tendency in music," says Sir Joan HAWKINS, “to excite grave and even devout

“In all large and well-regulated cities, there as well as lively and mirthful affections, no one can

ought to be play-grounds or places for public ex. doubt who is not an absolute stranger to its efficacy;

ercise, where laborers, and people who work at par

ticular trades, might assemble at certain hours for and though it may perhaps be said that the effects

recreation, and amuse themselves with walking or of music are mechanical, and that there can be

other healthful exercises, in order to prevent those nothing pleasing to God in that devotion which

diseases which may arise from the usual posturo follows the involuntary operation of sound on the

required in their business, if continued without rehuman mind; this is more than can be proved, and the Scripture geems to indicate the contrary.”

mission, or any relaxation or change.

“The general decay of those manly and spirited History of Music, vol. iv., p. 42.

exercises which formerly were practised in the metropolis and its vicinity, has not arisen from any want of inclination in the people, but from the want

of places for that purpose. Such as in times past PHYSIC.

{ had been allotted to them, are now covered with “From the physician, let us come to the apothe buildings or shut up by enclosures : so that, if it caries. When I see their shops so well stored and were not for skittles, and the like pastimes, ti furnished with their painted boxes and pots, instead { would have no amusements connected with the exof commending the owner, or taking delight and ercise of the body; and such amusements are only pleasure in the shop, I begin to pity poor miserable to be met with in places belonging to common and wretched man that should be subject to so many drinking-houses; for which reason their play is diseases, and should want so many helps to his cure. seldom productive of much benefit, but more freI could wish that bis pots were only for ornament, quently becomes the prelude to drunkenness and or naked and empty; or that they did but only debauchery. Honest Stowe, in his Survey of Lonserve for his credit, for he is a happy man that can don, laments the retrenchments of the grounds aplive without them. But here I can do no less than propriated for martial pastimes, which had begun take some notice of their physic. Most commonly to take place even in his day.”-SIR JOHN SIthe medicines are more fearful than the disease } CLAIR'S Code of Health and Longevity, p. 292.



Few cities can go back into antiquity so far as { very narrow, and most of thein resemble our par. Genoa, if, as an inscription in the ancient part of rowest alleys. They run up and down hill in the the cathedral states, it was founded by Janus, the most extravagant manner. The use of wheeled grandson of Noah; it is certain, however, that it is carriages is of course very limited in Genoa, and the one of the oldest cities in Europe, and was enjoying old sedan chair still flourishes here, though princi. a high degree of prosperity and civilization at a time pally at night. The wide streets are the Balbi, then England was but little removed from barbar- Nuovissima, and Nuova ; they are continuations of ism. When Richard Coeur de Lion was on his way each other, and are literally streets of palaces, as to the Holy Land, he found Genoa far in advance scarcely any other description of building is to be of any part of his own kingdom, and was treated so found upon them. They are wide by comparison, hospitably, and received so much substantial assist. } and carriages can easily pass each other. There ance from the Genoese, that, as a partial return, he are no sidewalks, however, and the pedestrian is adopted their patron St. George, and took him to } often annoyed and oftener muddied by the aristoEngland, where he has since remained the patron

cratio equipages which show themselves in these, saint. Few saints in the calendar had so strange a their only streets. Many of these palaces contain career while living, or were more doubtfully pro fine pictures, especially portraits by Vandyke. The moted. A native of Cappadocia by birth, of low Carlo- Alberto and Carlo-Felice streets are wider descent, and vicious life, the course of events made than the streets of Palaces, having been more rehim the rival and successor of the virtuous Athana cently opened, and they alone bave sidewalks. They sius, in the Bishopric of Alexandria in Egypt. also communicate with each other and with the three There, by a long course of plunder, injustice, and first named, so that a very respectable drive, in a oppression, he so disgusted his subjects that he and small way, may be had in the heart of the city; you his assistants were first imprisoned and finally mur are confined, however, to one drive, and for all pur. dered by the mob; and his remains were thrown poses of business or sight seeing, you must go afoot. into the sea. A few centuries later, he is found in The Opera House is upon the Carlo-Felice, and is a the calendar of saints, and now enjoys the honor of beautiful building, both inside and out. A good presiding over the kingdom of Great Britain, and } company is generally to be found here. the noble Order of the Garter.

There are several Doric palaces in Genoa; but the The view of Genoa, as approached from the sea, most interesting house, associated with the name of is very grand and beautiful. An amphitheatre of the great warrior and statesman, is in the Piazza San hills covered with villas, and high in their rear Matteo, which was presented to him by his fellowcrowned by forts, which have acquired undying citizens, and still bears this inscription : names from Massena's glorious defence, serves as a

“S. C. ANDREE DE AURIA, PATRIÆ LIBERATORI, background for the city, which, thickly built upon a

Munus PUBLICUM." succession of hills, presents a most picturesque appearance.

The house has since fallen from its high estate, and The port, which is altogether artificial, is very is now used for shops and residences, of the poorer large and formed by two enormous moles which sort. In this same Piazza,* is the Church of San project into the sea. It is one of the best in the Matteo, where the great Andrea Doria is magnifi. Mediterranean, and is generally filled with shipping cently entombed. from all parts of the world. The American flag is The Ducal Palace, formerly the Palace of the rarely seen in consequence of the reciprocity trea Doges, has externally the appearance of an old forties, which have enabled Sardinian vessels to carry tress with high battlemented walls, and with a high what our own vessels used to; and, as they can sail square tower rising from the centre. This tower their ships much more cheaply than we can, they contains the grest bell which was presented to the have now nearly monopolized the commerce between Republic by the Dutch, and which (they say) can the two countries, to the serious injury of our shipping interests. Another cause is the rising great

* We have no word in English which corresponds with ness of Marseilles, which is overshadowing all the

the Italian Piazza or the French Place. It is applied to

any open space in the city, whether square or otherwise. neighboring ports, and where our vessels stop with

The open space in front (east) of the Exchange (in Philatheir cargoes.

delphia), or that where the Battle Monument stands, ir The streets of Genoa, with few exceptions, are Baltimore, is precisely the Italian Piazza.

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be heard for twenty miles at sea. A large part of antiquity of that valuable article of domestic comthe interior of the building was destroyed by fire fort. The nave of the church consists of a double in 1777, and the finest rooms are modern. The row of (two storied) columns of granite and porDoge's chapel and the council chamber still remain, phyry, which are said to be the remains of an ancient however, as relics of the olden times. The Doge Teutonic temple. The other parts of the church was required to be fifty years of age, and was elected are (comparatively) modern; having been built for two years, during which time he could never in the beginning of the fourteenth century. leave the palace, and was in fact a gilded prisoner The Chapel of St. John the Baptist is one of the of state. His only walk was upon a terrace, upon richest portions of the cathedral. It is a small which opened the grated windows of the state pri church in itself, richly decorated with numerous soners, whose lamentations or curses he could enjoy statues of considerable merit. Here are kept (on as he took his daily walks. This palace is now the dit) the ashes of St. John, and a very curious old government house, and contains the several public marble chest, in which they were first brought from offices. In one of them are preserved three letters the Holy Land by the Crusaders. No woman is alof Columbus, of whom the Genoese are now very lowed to enter this chapel, in consequence of its havproud, and to whom they are erecting a monument {ing been one of that sex which caused his beheading. on the Acqua Verde, which will be very grand and { In the cathedral is also preserved the Emerald (or colossal when finished. It is generally conceded green glass) dish which the Crusaders brought from now that Columbus was not born in Genoa, but at Cæsarea. This dish is said to have been presented Cogoleto, a small village some miles to the westward. to Solomon by the Queen of Sheba; to have been All this par parenthèse. The letters are preserved the charger in which the Baptist's head was received; in a marble monument with a brass door, which has also, to have been the dish from which our Saviour but one keyhole, but requires three keys to open it. ate the Last Supper; also, the dish in which Joseph The letters are in Spanish and in good preservation;

of Arimathea received the blood of Christ; the Santhe signature is rather curious, and is as follows : greal in search of which King Arthur and his

“El Almirante Mayor del Mar Oceano, y Vi. } knights made their famous quest. Every one is free Rey y Gobernador General de las Islas, y de la to choose the character he prefers for the relic, and Terra Firma de Asia, y de las Indias, del Rey, y de to honor it accordingly. One thing is, however, cerla Reina, mis Señores, y del suo Capitan General tain, that the Emerald is nothing but green glass; del Mar, y del su Consilio.

and the priests who acknowledge it say that it used to be Emerald, but that Napoleon changed it when it was in Paris.

Some of the other churches of Genoa are very rich, and deserving a visit. Among these the “ Annunziata" stands pre-eminent. It is one of the oldest

churches in the city, having been built early in the }thirteenth century. It was enlarged in the six

teenth century to its present size; and was splendidly embellished at various times by the Lomelini family. Large subscriptions and bequests have contributed to keep it up, and at the present time

a magnificent facade of white marble, with a row The exchange is a large hall built in 1570. It is

of beautiful marble pillars, which are just completed, supported by sixteen columns, and was formerly open

shows what its splendor will be when the whole is at the sides. They are now, however, glazed, and

similarly renovated. The frescoes and gilding in the building has the appearance of an immense

the interior are particularly rich.

The Church of St. Cyr is very ancient, its antigreen-house. The Duomo or Cathedral of St. Lawrence is a very {

quity having been traced back to the year 250. It singular-looking edifice, decidedly Saracenic in its

was the Cathedral of Genoa until 985, when that style: it is faced with alternate layers of black and

title was transferred to the Church of St. Lawrence, white marble, with a tall square tower at one angle.

where it still remains. Many other churches are The pillars of the doorways are of various patterns; {

celebrated for their paintings, frescoes, and statuary all of them twisted, some with rough knobs upon {

That of St. Maria di Carignans is one of the most them, and all presenting a very barbaric effect.

conspicuous buildings in the place, standing upon a Over the centre door is a rude marble bas-relief,

high hill at one extremity of the amphitheatre. representing St. Lawrence on his gridiron, with two

The Goldsmith's Street has a curiosity hanging men blowing up the fire with bellows—a proof of the

against the wall of a house in a glass case. It is a

very fine painting of St. Eloi, the patron of all * EXPLANATION.-Supplex, Servus Altissimi Salvatoris,

smiths. It was painted by Pellegrino Piola, a young Christi, Mariæ, Josephi, Christo. Ferens.

artist who was assassinated when only twenty-two




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