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demie prize medal, upon the question, "Would our literature hare been more beautiful if it had been illustrated by the northern rather than the Greeian mythology?" This was his hobby-hone, and he mounted it aeeordingly. He soys, with great aimplieity, "I should have won the prize, if my essay had been the only ouo presented; but there were two others, of whieh one was in favor of the Greeian mythology, and the old professor gave that the preferenee."

It was of little eonsequenee now whether it were Apollo and the muses that drow him from his studies; the war broke out with England, and Mars or Thor eoming to the aid of Freia,* the old heroio thirst for glory awoke in him, as in the whole nation. He joined, with others of the young students, the volunteer eorps to defend Copenhagen against the fleet of Lord Nelson. After a year of interruption, he turned again to the study of law. At this time his studies in Danish and natural law wero finished, but of the Roman law he know nothing.

Sinee the death of his mother, he had lived with the (Ersteds, under the eare, as ho says, of their nurse, a kind and indulgent matron, who held the plaee of a mother to these young men, who were merely boarders in her family. His manner of life was more satisfaetory to himself than eondueive to the study of the Roman law. It was his delight to assemble a multitude of students and young eitizens around him, and, sitting on a low stool in the midst, to read, or rather to aet, Holberg's Comedies, ehanging his voiee and assuming eaeh eharaeter in turn, to the universal delight and laughter of the eompany.

About this time, that is, in 1801 or '2, he was greatly surprised and delighted to hear of the betrothment of his dearest friend, Anders (Ersted, to his only sister, the little puppet formerly left by the slork, now grown to marriageable age. They had preserved their seeret, ho says, from him, to revenge liia own eunning and abrupt betrothment to the eounsellor's daughter. The marriage followed immediately, as his friend had been appointed'assessor to the eourt, and eity justiee. This happy eonneetion added greatly to the joy of their soeial and domestie life.

Some divisions had arisen in their elub in eonsequenee of the now sehool of German literature, the so-ealled romantie sehool. (Ehlensehlager soon beeame a eonvert to the now sehool; but he withdrow somowhat from the elub to a more domestie life. He gives a pleasant deseription of the eirele in whieh he spent his evenings, eonsisting of the (Ersteds, and Rahbek, the poet, who had married the sister of his Christiana.. He was the writer of the "Danish Observer," a periodieal mueh esteemed at this time.

He says, "Our relation to Rahbek was peeuliar. He had been the instruetor of us all in taste and belles-lettres, and stood now at the head of the old

The goddess of love of the northern mythology.

j elassieal sehool of literature; but be was as tolerant J as he was obstinate. He would never dispute, but S eontrived to withdraw himself from our diseussions i by an aneedote or a witty eoneeit; if we persisted, ', he was silent, or looked at the prospeet from his window; if we beeame warm and exeited, he wont to his study and his eanary hirds. When a glass of wine had restored our good humor, he would again j join us, and relate some of his eharaeteristie aneoj dotes of former times, of whieh he had treasured a, | wonderful store, reeolleeting not only names and j dates, but haptismal names, and imitating all tho humorous peeuliarities of the persons. In literary j attainments, he stood at the head of all his eontemporaries, Baggeson only exeepted, and he was the most fair and equitable of all. i "His wife, although many years younger, hung j with full soul upon him, and, notwithstanding her own remarkable talents, had aeeustomed herself to

> implieit faith in his opinions. We young men found j this so beautiful, that we did not seek to shake her

faith in his infallihility. Fortunately her eharaeter was just adapted to her position. She rarely spoke of poetry. She possessed a noble heart, quiek pereeptions, extraordinary wit, and the greatest faeulty in overeoming all meehanieal diffieulties. Wit and humor played always in her eonversations; imagination alono was wanting. If she was serious, sho \ was almost melaneholy. She understood all tho modern languages, togother with Latin and Greek; j but, as she read books prineipally on aeeount of the ! languages, her mind was not euriehed with their i literature, and it was not very agreeable to bear her } speak long in the respeetive tongues. Her apprej eiation of the beautiful was more apparent in her 'paintings and in the art of gardening. Her beau

> tifnl garden was formed by herself. She sat mueh in her summer-house, surrounded by her splendid

> fruits and flowers, while her wit and humor bloomed

> still more luxuriantly. She listened 'roguishly' to \ our disputes and eontroversies; but, if we left a weak J point of our argument exposed, or there was a link \ broken in the ehain of our reasoning, Murat never ': eame down quieker with his eavalry, than she with j her winged wit fell upon us with sueh slaughter that 'we eould only eome off with loud laughter and j broken limbs.

j "My sister was different, and yet in many things < like tho Rahbek. She was as lively, witty, and >pirituelle, but she hod not the talent for languages, nor the meehanieal skill, of her friend. She was j very suseeptible; tho joy of grief was well known . to her, and sometimes almost led to melanoholy. ) She made all her own elothes, and dressed herself j with great taste. She walked mueh and well, while ! her friend Rahbek, on the eontrary, sat always at 1 home, or made short journeys to Hamburg. Neither of them loved an extensive soeiety, but they oolj leeted daily a small eirele of aeeomplished friends, i My sister kept but one servant, and arranged her rooms herself, although, from her soft, white hands, no one would have suspeeted it. I had my eorner in their houses, and read, almost every evening, something aloud to them. The works that they enjoyod the most, and over whieh we afterwards laughed and disputed, were Voss's Homer, Tieek's Don Quixote, Sehlegei's Spanish Theatre, Tieek's and Novali's writings, Goethe, Sehiller, and ShakspeareI

"0 beloved friends of my yonth, with whom I lived so many preeious years, you are now both in eternity, and my earthly eyes will behold you no more! Pardon, if with too faint eolors I have endeavored to draw, from memory, the resemblanee of your eharaeters. I would that the world should know something of your virtues!"

(Ehlenseblager eontinued to write and publish his poems, and "about this time," that is, about 1804, he published the "Oriental Drama," and poem of "Aladdin or the Wonderful Lamp." This was written eon amore, having a elose resemblanee, be thinks, to his own life. In his poetieal talent, he affirms, he had possession of a wonderful lamp, that opened to him all the treasures of the earth, while, in his vivid imagination, ho possessed the power of the eharmed ring. Like Aladdin also, (whieh seems to ut less miraeulous,) he was in love. This publieation obtained so mueh sueeess that he easily persuaded himself nature intended him for a poet, and for nothing else; that it was in vain to strivo against an intention of nature, so distinetly pronouneed. His bride was of the same opinion, and he resolved to leave the Roman law, and all other law, although both know that, in turning off from the great highway and beaten path of life to eross flowery meadows and untraeked swamps, he left the seeure road to future sustenanee. But he seems always to haru

trusted Provideneo, and gone on his own way rejoieing.

He resolved, at first, to rely wholly upon his favorite studies, the old Sagas, and applied to the Aeademy of Art to allow him to give leetures upon the northern mythology. The painter Ahildguard, the direetor of the Aeademy, and instruetor of Thorwaldsen, made the old objeetions to all northern idtfatry; but (Ehlensehlager maintained his own viows with so mueh eloquenee, that the seornful smile of the old man was ehanged into one of serious admiration. "Aeh Gott," he said, "I am not the man to opposo anything that is now and spiritual."

He ehanged his plan, however, having heard that the Countess Sohimmelman had read his last poems with great satisfaetion, and wished to see the author. He hastened therefore to her beautiful eountry-house on the sea-shore. He says, "I waited long in the empty apartments, when at last a simply-dressed, friendly woman entered, and greeted me with diffidenoe, saying, 'my hushand will immediately be here.'" It was the eountess herself. She soon made herself known, and from this time to her death, she remained his liberal patroness. Through the influenee of the eount, her hushand, he obtained from the erown prinee a travelling pension, derived from the fund for the publie serviee, and Count Sehimmelman beeame the trustee for the regular payment of the pension.

It seems to have been in (Ehlensehlager's usual good fortune (and one would believe that an uneommonly benevolent and intelligent stork must haTe watehed his hirth), that if he eould only sueeeed through a patron, he should find a modest, gentle, and unassuming woman to hold that plaee, who seems to have demanded nothing in return.



soraora Rirns.

"Hearse, hearke, the exeellent notes of singing hirds! what varioty of voiees! how are they fitted to every passion! The little ehirping hirds (the wren and the rohin) they sing a mean; the goldfineh, the nightingale, they join in the treble; the blaekhird, the thrush, they bear the tenor; while the fourfooted beasts, with their bleating and bellowing, they sing a hase. How other hirds sing in their order, I refer you to the skilful musieians: some of them keep their due times; others have their eontinued notes, that all might please with variety; while the woods, the groves, and the roeks, with the hollowness of their sound like a musical instrument, send forth an eeho, and seem to unite their song."— Goonmans Fall of Man, p. 7s.


"Sirrino in some eompany, and having been but a little before musieal, I ehaneed to take notiee that in ordinary diseourse words were spoken in perfeet notes; and that some of the eompany used eighths, some fifths, some thirds: and that those wero most pleasing, whose words, as to their tone, eonsisted most of eoneords; and whero of diseords, of sueh as eonstituted harmony; and the same person was the most affable, pleasant, and the best-natured in the eompany. And this suggests a reason why many diseourses whieh one hears with mueh pleasure, when they eome to be road seareely seem the same things.

"From this differenee of musie in speeeh, we may also eonjeeture that of tempers. We know the Dorie mood sounds gravity and sobriety; the Lydian,

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freedom; the .32olie, sweet stillness and eomposure; the Phrygian, jollity and youthful levity; the Ionio soothes the storms and disturbanees arising from passion. And why may we not reasonably suppose that those whose speeeh naturally runs into the notes peeuliar to any of these moods, are likowise in disposition?

"So also from the eliff: as he that speaks in gamut, to be manly; C Fa Ut may show one to be of an ordinary eapaeity, though good disposition; G Sol Re Ut, to be peevish and effeminate, and of a weak and timorous spirit; sharps, an effeminate sadness; flats, a manly or melaneholie sadness. He who has a voiee in some measure agreeing with all eliffs, seems to be of good parts and fit for variety of employments, yet somowhat of an ineonstant nature. Likowise from the times: so semibriefs may bespeak a temper dull and phlegmatie; minim*, grave and serious; erotehets, a prompt wit; quavers, vehemeney of passion, and used by seolds. Semibrief-rest may denote one either stupid, or fuller of thoughts than he ean utter; minim-rest, one that deliberates; erotehet-rest, one in a passion. So that from the natural use of mood, note, and time, we may eolleet dispositions."—Philosophieal Trantaetion*, vol. ii., p. 441.


"That there is a tondeney in musie," says Sir John Hawni.ns, "to exeite grave and even devout as well as lively and mirthful affeetions, no one ean donbt who is not an absolute stranger to its effieaey; and though- it may perhaps be said that the effeets of musie are meehanieal, and that there ean be nothing pleasing to God in that devotion whieh follows the involuntary operation of sound on the human mind; this is more than ean be proved, and the Seripture seems to indieate the eontrary."— Hietoiy of Mmie, vol. iv., p. 42.


"Prom the physieian, let us eome to the apotheearies. When I see their shops so well stored and furnished with their painted boxes and pots, instead of eommending the owner, or taking delight and pleasure in the shop, I begin to pity poor miserable and wretohed man that should be subjeet to so many diseases, and should want so many helps to his eure. I eould wish that his pots were only for ornament, or naked and empty; or that they did but only serve for his eredit, for he is a happy man that ean live without them. But here I ean do no less than take some notiee of their physie. Most eommonly the medieines are more fearful than the disease

itself; I eall the siek patient to witness, who hath the trial and experienee of both! As for example, long fastings and abstinenee; a whole pint of hitter potion; pills that eannot be swallowed; noisome, distasteful, and unsavory vomits; the eutting of veins; the laneing of sores; the seering up of members; the pulling out of teeth; here are strange eures to teaeh a man eruelty! The surgeon shall never be of my jury."—Goonman's Fall of Man, p. 88.


"Happr are poor men!
If siek with the exeess of heat or eold,
Caused by neeessitous labor, not loose surfeits,
They, when spare diet, or kind nature, fail
To perfeet their reeovery, soon arrive at
Their rest in death; but, on the eontrary,
The great and noble are exposed as preys
To the rapine of physieians; and they
In lingering out what is remediless,
Aim at their profit, not the patient's health."
Massrsoer, Emptror of the Eaet, vol. iii., p. 316.


"in all large and well-regulated eities, there ought to be play-grounds or plaees for publie exereise, where laborers, and people who work at partieular trades, might assemble at eertain hours for reereation, and amuse themselves with walking or other healthful exereises, in order to prevent those diseases whieh may arise from the usual posture required in their business, if eontinued without remission, or any relaxation or ehange.

"Tho general deoay of those manly and spirited exereises whieh formerly were praetised in the metropolis and its vieinity, has not arisen from any want of inelination in the people, but from tho want of plaees for that purpose. Suoh as in times past had been allotted to them, are now eovered with buildings or shut up by enelosures: so that, if it were not for skittles, and the like pastimos, they would have no amusements eonneeted with the exereise of the body; and sueh amusements are only to be met with in plaees belonging to eommon drinking-houses; for whieh reason their play is seldom produetive of mueh benefit, but more frequently beoomes the prelude to drunkenness and dehauehery. Honest Stowe, in his Survey of London, laments the retrenehments of the grounds appropriated for martial pastimes, whieh hod begun to take plaee even in his day."—Sin John SinElair's Code of Health and Longevity, p. 292.



Few eities ean go haek into antiquity so far as Genoa, if, as an inseription in the anoient part of the eathedral states, it was founded by Janus, the grandaon of Noah; it is eertain, however, that it is one of the oldest eities in Europe, and was enjoying a high degree of prosperity and eivilization at a time when England was but little removed from harharism. When Riehard Ceeur de Lion was on his way to the Holy Land, he found Genoa far in advanee of any part of his own kingdom, and was treated so hospitably, and reeeived so mueh substantial assistanee from the Genoese, that, as a partial return, he adopted their patron St . George, and took him to England, where he has sineo remained the patron saint. Fow saints in the ealendar had so strange a eareer while living, or were more doubtfully promoted. A native of Cappadoeia by hirth, of low deseent, and vieious life, the eourse of events made him the rival and sueeessor of the virtuous Athanasins, in the Bishoprie of Alexandria in Egypt. There, by a long eourse of plunder, injustiee, and oppression, he so disgusted his subjeets that he and his assistants were first imprisoned and finally murdered by the mob; and his remains were thrown into the sea. A fow eenturies later, he is found in the ealendar of saints, and now enjoys the honor of presiding over the kingdom of Great Britain, and the noble Order of tho Garter.

The viow of Genoa, as approaehed from the sea, is very grand and beautiful. An amphitheatre of hills eovered with villas, and high in their rear erowned by forts, whieh have aequired undying names from Maasena's glorious defenee, serves as a haekground for the eity, whieh, thiekly built upon a sueeession of hills, presents a most pieturesque appearanee.

The port, whioh is altogether artifieial, is very large and formed by two enormous moles whieh projeet into the sea. It is one of the best in the Mediterranean, and is generally filled with shipping from all parts of the world. The Ameriean flag is rarely seen in eonsequenee of the reeiproeity treaties, whieh have enabled Sardinian vessels to earry what our own vessels used to; and, as they ean sail their ships mueh more eheaply than we ean, they have now nearly monopolized the eommeree between the two eountries, to the serious injury of our shipping interests. Another eause is tho rising greatness of Marseilles, whioh is overshadowing all the neighboring ports, and where our vessels stop with their eargoes.

The streets of Genoa, with fow exeeptions, are

very narrow, and most of them resemble our narrowest alleys. They run up and down hill in the most extravagant manner. The use of wheeled earriages is of eourse very limited in Genoa, and the old sedan ehair still flourishes here, though prineipally at night. The wide streets are the Balhi, Nuoviwima, and Nuova; they aro eontinuations of eaeh other, and are literally streets of palaees, as seareely any other deseription of building is to be found upon them. They are wide by eomparison, and earriages ean easily pass eaeh other. There are no sidowalks, however, and the pedestrian is often annoyed and oftener muddied by the aristoeratie equipages whieh show themselves in these, their only streets. Many of these palaees eontain fine pietures, espeeially portraits by Vandyke. The Carlo-Alberto and Carlo-Feliee streets are wider than the streets of Palaees, having been moro reeently opened, and they alone have sidowalks. They also eommunieate with eaeh other and with the three first named, so that a very respeetable drive, in a small way, may be had in the heart of the eity; you are eonfined, however, to one drive, and for all purposes of business or sight seeing, you must go afoot. The Opera House is upon the Carlo-Feliee, and is a beautiful building, both inside and out. A good eompany is generally to bo found here.

There are several Dorie palaees in Genoa; but the most interesting house, assoeiated with the name of the great warrior and statesman, is in the Piazza San 'Matteo, whieh was presented to him by his fellowt eitizens, and still bears this inseription :—

j "S. C. Aiinrejs Ne Aeria, Parri.« Lirerator!, j Muxes Purlieum."

j The house has sinee fallen from its high estate, and

; is now used for shops and residenees, of tho poorer

j sort. In this same Piazza,* is the Chureh of San

> Matteo, where the great Andrea Doria is magnifiI eently entombed.

The Dueal Palaee, formerly the Palaee of the

> Doges, has externally tho appearanee of an old for: tress with high hattlemented walls, and with a high j square tower rising from the eentre. This tower j eontains the grer.t bell whieh was presented to the

Republie by the Duteh, and whieh (they say) ean

t * We have no word in English whieh eorresponds with

j tho Italian I^azza or the Freneh Plaee. It is applied to

j any open spaee in the eity, whether square or otherwise,

j The open spaee in front (eut) of the Exehange (in Phila*

1 delphia), or that where the Battle Monument stands, ir

; Baltimore, is preeisely the Italian piazza.

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be heard for twenty miles at sea. A large part of the interior of the building was destroyed by fire in 1777, and the finest rooms are modern. The Dodo's ehapel and the eouneil ehamber still remain, however, as relies of tho olden times. The Doge was required to bo fifty years of age, and was eleeted for two years, during whieh time he eould never leave the palaee, and was in faet a gilded prisoner of state. His only walk was upon a terraee, upon whieh opened the grated windows of the statu prisoners, whose lamentations or eurses he eould enjoy as he took his daily walks. This palaee is now the government house, and eontains the several publio offiees. In one of them are preserved three letters of Columbus, of whom tho Genoese are now very proud, and to whom they are ereeting a monument on the Aequa Verde, whieh will be very grand and eolossal when finished. It is generally eoneeded now that Columbus was not born in Genoa, but at Cogoleto, a small village some miles to the westward. All this par parenthiu. Tho letters are preserved in a marble monument with a brass door, whieh has but one keyhole, but requires three keys to open it. The letters are in Spanish and in good preservation; the signature is rather eurious, and is as follows:— "El Almirante Mayor del Mar Oeeano, y Vi. Rey y Gobernador General de las Islas, y de la Terra Firma de Asia, y de las Indias, del Rey, y de la Reina, mis Senores, y del suo Capitan General del Mar, y del su Consilio.

X!Aiy .

The exehange is a large hall built ia 1570. It is supported by sixteen eolumns, and was formerly open at the sides. They are now, however, glazed, and the building has the appearanee of an immense green-house.

The Duomo or Cathedral of St . Lawrenee is a very singular-looking edifiee, deeidedly Saraeenie in its style: it is faeed with alternate layers of blaek and white marble, with a tall square tower at one angle. The pillars of the doorways are of various patterns; all of them twisted, some with rough knobs upon them, and all presenting a very harharie effeet. Over the eentre door is a rude marble has-relief, representing St. Lawrenee on his gridiron, with two men blowing up the fire with belloiet—a proof of tho

* Explanarion. Supplex. Servus Alttsahm Salvatoris, Christi, Maria,, Joseph., Christo. Ferens.

[ antiquity of that valuable artiele of domestie eom

< fort. The nave of the ehureh eonsists of a double \ row of (two storied) eolumns of granite and por( phyry, whieh are said to be the remains of an aneient I Teutonie temple. The other parts of the ehureh

< are (eomparatiiely) modern; having been built in the beginning of the fourteenth eentury.

j The Chapel of St. John the Baptist is one of the ! riehest portions of the eathedral. It is a small ehureh in itself, riehly deeorated with numerous \ statues of eonsiderable merit. Here are kept {on j dit) the ashes of St . John, and a very eurious old | marble ehest, in whieh they were first brought from j the Holy Land by the Crusaders. No woman is alj lowed to enter this ehapel, in eonsequenee of its hav

< ing been one of that sex whieh eaused his beheading.

< In the eathedral is also preserved the Emerald (or \ green glass) dish whioh the Crusaders brought from 'Caesarea. This dish is said to have been presented j to Solomon by tho Queen of Sheha; to have been

the eharger in whieh the Baptist's head was reeeived; S also, to have been the dish from whieh our Saviour . ate the Last Supper; also, the dish in whieh Joseph \ of Arimathea reeeived the blood of Christ: the San\ greal in seareh of whieh King Arthur and his j knights made their famous quest . Every one is free \ to ehoose the eharaeter he prefers for the relie, and \ to honor it aeeordingly. One thing is, however, eerl tain, that the Emerald is nothing but green glass; j and the priests who aeknowledge it say that it used \ to be Emerald, but that Jiapoleon ehanged it when J it was in Paris.

j Some of the other ehurehes of Genoa are very rieh,

< and deserving a visit . Among these the "Annun; ziata" stands pre-eminent . It is one of tho oldest \ ehurehes in the eity, having been built early in the

thirteenth eentury. It was enlarged in the sixteenth eentury to its present size; and was splendidly embellished at various times by the Lomelini family. Large subseriptions and bequests have eontributed to keep it up, and at the present time a magnifieent faeade of white marble, with a row of beautiful marble pillars, whieh are just eompleted, shows what its splendor will be when the whole is similarly renovated. The freseoes and gilding in the interior are partieularly rieh.

The Chureh of St. Cyr is very aneient, its antiquity having been traeed haek to the year 250. It was the Cathedral of Genoa until 985, when that title was transferred to the Church of St. Lawrenee, where it still remains. Many other ehurehes are eelebrated for their paintings, freseoes, and statuary That of St . Maria di Carignans is one of the most eonspieuous buildings in the plaee, standing upon a high hill at one extremity of the amphitheatre.

Tho Goldrmith's Street has a euriosity hanging against the wall of a house in a glass ease. It is a very fine painting of St . Eloi, the patron of all smiths. It was painted by Pellegrino Piola, a young artist who was assassinated when only twenty-two

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