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task of revision. In this he has been kindly assisted by his nephew, Pierre Munro Irving, who had previously aided him in -the course of his necessary researches, and who now carefully collated the manuscript with the works, letters, and inedited documents from which the facts had been derived. He has likewise had the kindness to superintend the printing of the volume and the correction of the proof sheets. Thus aided, the author is enabled to lay the volume before the public.

How far this, the last labor of his pen, may meet with general acceptation is with him a matter of hope rather than of confidence. He is conscious of his own shortcomings and of the splendid achievements of oratory of which the character of Washington has recently been made the theme. Grateful, however, for the kindly disposition which has greeted each successive volume, and with a profound sense of the indulgence he has experienced from the public through a long literary career, now extending through more than half a century, he resigns this last volume to its fate, with a feeling of satisfaction that he has at length reached the close of his task, and with the comforting assurance that it has been with him a labor of love, and as such has to a certain degree carried with it its own reward.

Washington Irving.

Sunnyside, April, 1859.

CONTENTS. Vll

CHAPTER X.

PAGE

Lafayette at the Head of the Revolution in France—his Letter to Wash-

ington—Gouverneur Morris's Opinion of his Position—Washington's

dubious and anxious Views—presented by Lafayette with the Key of

the Bastille—visits Rhode Island and Mount Vernon, . . 72

CHAPTER XL

Frontier Difficulties with the Indians—General Harmer's Expedition

against them—Ambuscade of Col. Hardin's Detachment—Escape of

Capt. Armstrong—a second Detachment of Col. Hardin compelled to

Retreat—Washington's long anxiety as to the Result of the Enterprise

—Final Tidings, . . . . . . .78

CHAPTER XII.

Congress reassembles at Philadelphia—Residence of Washington at the

new Seat of Government—the State Carriage—Hamilton's Financial

Arrangements—Import and Excise Bill—Passage of a Bill for a Na-

tional Bank—Jefferson's Objections—Formation of two Political Par-

ties under Hamilton and Jefferson—their different Views—Dissatisfac-

tion of Congress at the Report of Harmer's Expedition—Washington's

Address to the Seneca Chiefs—his Desire to civilize the Savages—

Kentucky and Vermont admitted into the Union—First Congress ex-

pires—a new Expedition projected against the hostile Tribes under

General St. Clair—Washington's solemn Warning on taking leave of

him, ......... 82

CHAPTER XIII.

Washington's Tour through the Southern States—Letter to Lafayette—

Gloomy Picture of French Affairs by Gouverneur Morris—his Allu-

sion to Lafayette—Lafayette depicts the Troubles of a Patriot Leader

—Washington's Reply—Jefferson's ardent Views of the French Revo-

lution—Distrust of John Adams—his Contributions to Fenno's Gazette

—Reprint of Paine's Rights of Man—Flight and Recapture of Louis

XVI.—Jefferson communicates the News to Washington—his Satisfac-

tion when the King accepts the Constitution, . . . .89

CHAPTER XIV.

Rural hours at Mount Vernon—assembling of Second Congress—Wash-

ington's Opening Speech—two Expeditions organized against the In-

dians, under Scott and Wilkinson—their feeble Result—third Expedi-

tion under St. Clair—his disastrous Contest and dismal Retreat—how

Washington received the Intelligence, . . . 98
CHAPTER XV.

PAGE

The Apportionment Bill—Washington's Veto—his Concern at the grow-

ing Asperities of Congress—intended Retirement—Jefferson's Deter-

mination to retire at the same time—Remonstrance of Washington—

—his request to Madison to prepare Valedictory—Wayne appointed to

succeed St. Clair—Congress adjourns—Washington at Mount Vernon

—suggests Topics for his Farewell Address—Madison's Draft—Jeffer-

son urges his Continuance, . . . . . .110

CHAPTER XVI.

Jefferson's Suspicions—Contemned hy Hamilton—Washington's Expostu-

lation—complains of the Conduct of Freneau's Paper—Hamilton and

Randolph urge him to a Re-election—a warring Cabinet—Hamilton's

Attack on Jefferson—Washington's healing Admonitions—Replies of

the two Secretaries—continued Hostility to the Excise Law—Wash-

ington's Proclamation—renewed Effort to allay the Discord in his

Cabinet, ........ 124

CHAPTER XVII.

Washington unanimously Elected—Opening of Session of Congress—

Topics of the President's Speech—abortive attack upon the Secretary

of the Treasury—Washington installed for his Second Term, . 141

CHAPTER XVIII.

Gouverneur Morris Minister at the French Court—his Representations of

the state of Affairs—Washington's Concern for Lafayette—Jefferson

annoyed at his Forebodings—Overthrow of the French Monarchy—

Imprisonment of Lafayette—Jefferson concerned, but not discouraged

at the Republican Massacres—Washington shocked—his Letter to

the Marchioness Lafayette, ...... 146

CHAPTER XIX.

Washington's Entrance upon his Second Term—Gloomy Auspices—

Execution of Louis XVI.—France declares War against England

—Belligerent Excitement in America—Proclamation of Neutrality—

French Mission to the United States—Genet arrives in Charleston—

his Reception in Philadelphia—Views of Jefferson and Hamilton—

Washington's dispassionate Opinion, .... 153

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