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and the deftruction that I was forced to make upon their approach, that they were utrerly unable to maintain the half of that little aimy.

I drew out as many more to the men I had with me, as made them, in all, about one thousand two hundred foot and fix hundred horie, and with them marched into their quarters; where, notwithstanding their provocations by several breaches of faith, aggra. vated by high and cruel acts of hostility, I suffered no violence to be done upon any man's person or goods ; or any thing to be taken but necessary provisions of meat and drink; though, during my abode in this? friendly manner among them, the captain and lieutenant of my guard were barbarously mur. dered upon the high-way, having itayed at a town a little while after their company was marched away, in confidence of the good affection professed by the country : and, though not only their new-elected council had proclaimed us enemies, and commanded hot war to be made upon us; but, which was more contrary to my expectation, they had prevailed with Profton to disavow any obligation upon him, by the tranfaction with my lord Clanri. card'; at length, after all our pains taken to make the nobility and gentry understand, bow

uch the honour and fecurity of their nation was concerned, in the vindication of their public faith, and in their submission to your majelly's authority : after all the hopes we

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could desire was given us by all the considerable men of English extraction, and by fome well affe&ted of Irish extraction; and after fix weeks patient endurance, and very

incommodious and hazardous removals, from place to place, in the depth of winter ; there came forch from the assembly that strange declaration that at once acquitted those that had concluded the peace, as men fully entrusted, and faithfully discharging that trust; and yet declared the peace fo concluded to be void.

Soon after there came forth certain propofitions offered them by their clergy, which they approved of, and folemnly swore to insitt upon them ; which were such as, I well knew, your majesty would never consent to upon any confideration.

Here, I humbly conceive, your majefty will judge there was a full period to all our hopes from the Irish : and now your majesy may please to understand, that, upon the firft auvancement of the armies under Preston and Owen O'Neile's leading to the city of Dublin, I applied myself for fuccour to the Scots in the north of Ireland; by whose anfwer, sent by one captain Cunningham, both in writing and verbally, and also by papers that passed from the Scots commiffioners in England, and niors particularly those faid to be the speeches of the chancellor of Scotland, I conceived some hopes, that, poffibly, some use might be made of them for the preservation of your majesty's interest in Ireland : whereunto to invite them,

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I employed my best endeavours, by my answers to Cunningham, and by sending soon after him major Gibson, a man of approved genius; but he returning to me with an unfatisfactory answer to my propositions, I initructed Sir George Hamilton, and sent him from Dublin, to attend your majesty, then, as I hoped, upon good terms with your Scottih subjects at Newcastle : and, in his way, he was instructed to make trial, once more, of the affections of the Scotch army.

He began his journey at the time I was drawing forth upon Pretton's invitation; but, through fickness, was obliged to stay fome days at Dundalk; and, during his stay there, lie desired an interview with colonel John Hamilton; which being given him, he from him understood the refolution taken by the parliaRent of Scotland, and by their army, to deliver your majesty to the houses of parliament in England ; and, with a fad assurance thereof, Sir George returned to me to Tryn), where he found me, and the party I had with me, in fuch want of provision, and so harrassed, that, within a few days, after having made fome juccessful inroads into the county of Caván, for the gaining of cattle ; and hearing from your majetty's council at Dublin, that the inhabitants there, being brought to extreme poverty, flatly refused longer to contribute to. wards the support of the army ;

I was forced to return to Dublin..


There, upon confideration of our weak and desperate condition, and of the approach of the spring, which would certainly bring fome enemy against us, it was unanimously refolved, by your majesty's council, that it was more for your majesty's honour and interest, to put, Dublin, and all the garrisons that remained in obedience to your majesty, into the hands of the two houses of parliament in England, than to suffer them to be taken by the Irish : and, for this opinion, some of the reasons, were,

First, It was doubted it would give too much advantage to these calumnies that had been cast upon your majesty, of too much, favouring the popith religion, if all the churches in the quarters, yielding obedience to your majesty, thould be given,

or suffered to be taken, to the use of that religion ; and the exercise of the proteftant religion ei. ther totally fuppreffed, or, at the belt, be allowed, by connivance in corners, a favour then afforded to any within the Irish quara ters.

Secondly, It was feared it might reficet on your majefty's honour, if thote subjects of yours, that had so constantly served you, and still continued so to do, long after your man jesty had no one place; that I can call 10 mind, holdiog for you in all your three kingdoms, fould, at last, be subjected to the tyranny of those that then ruled among the Irith ; from whom what usage they were to F.6



expect, was obvious by their frequent per: ficies, by the usage of others of your majes. ty's subjects fallen into their hands.

A third reason was, upon the confideration of the interest of your majesty's crown; wherein it appeared to us, that, if the places we held were put into the hands of the two houses of parliament, they would revert to your majesty when, either by treaty, or otherwise, you would recover your rights in England, and that, in all probability, without expence of treasure or blood.

The marquis, though he had the satisface tion of finding that his endeavours, however unprosperous, were well accepted, and that he ftill retained the favour of his sovereign, was yet, by no means, in a state of happiness or safety; for he was not only afflicted with the misfortunes of his mafter, who was then visibly losing the little influence and respect which his character had hitherto enabled him to retain, even among those who now had him in their power; but he was likewise himself harrassed with personal difficulties ; the debts which he had contracted for the public service were now required to be discharged.

Indeed he had, by his capitulation, fix months to liquidate them ; but this term be. ing very near expired, he made his apprehenfion from them the pretext for going off privately; though the real motives were an order from the committee at Derby-house, dated on


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