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the fifteenth of February, 1648, requiring him to send them, upon his parole of honour, and under his own hand, an assurance that he would not, during his residence in England, do any thing in disservice of the parliament ; and he had no inclination to be served with this order. He was also feasible they were grown jealous of him, and wanted no pretence to seize upon his person, for which he had been advised a warrant was a&ually issued.

It was therefore prudent to provide for his king's interest, by securing his own liberty ;; and crolling the country from Acton, about ten miles diftant from Bristol, where he had fixed his residence, the better to carry on the correspondence he had entered into with the lord Inchiquin, took shipping at Hastings, in Sussex, landed at Diepe, and went to pay his duty to the queen and prince at Paris ; where : he corresponded with the earls of Loudon, Lauderdale, and Lanerick, in Scotland, by the means of Sir John Hamilton ; and, by the intervention of colonel John Barry, kept up, in Ireland, the correspondence he had before settled with lord Inchiquin, who, fincerely affected to monarchy and the English constitution, was resolved, at all hazards, feeing the Independants take large strides towards the murder of the king, and depression of the nobility, to serve and restore his majetty.

The marquis had not been long at Paris, before agents, deputed by the general allembly, arrived there, from Ireland, to the

queer

queen and prince, to treat of a peace, as the only expedient to save the kingdom. The marquis was consulted, and gave his opinion on the demands they brought, and the method necessary to be followed to promote his ma. jesty's intereft; to which it was thought the marquis might greatly contribute by his return thither ; . and he not only designed it, but made what provision he was able to that end, equally wifned and urged by the wellaffected

among the confederates; and by the lord Inchiquin, on whom they chiefly depended ; but it was neceffary, previously, to reconcile some animosities between him, Inchiquin, and lord Broghill, general of the horfe; which, if not removed, might much obstruct 'the measures of the former, notwithstanding they had equally his majesty's interest at heart: wherefore he thought it absolutely necessary to', reconcile' these two, that they might unite in the support of the royal cause.

Having been affared of Inchiquin's resolution, he endeavoured, even before he left England, to engage Broghill in, and found him as ready as he could have wished, to en: ter upon fo glorious an enterprize: nay, he found his lordship, generous enough to make his resentments give place to the royal service, and willing to be the first in his advances to a reconciliation with 'Inchiquin : which was extremely well received by the queen and prince: but the parliament of England alter

men.

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ing their proposed measures, rendered abor. tive the views of the marquis and these nobles

The marquis's return to Ireland being, as affairs then stood, the only method that could be taken to save the kingdom, made him very importunate with the French court for the necessary supplies; but the was long delayed, and, at length, put off with such a trilling fum, that it was consumed in necessaries for the voyage and the subsistence of his attendants: before he could get, his dispatches from St. Germains and embark for Ireland. However, he arrived in that kingdom, where he was impatiently expected by Inchiquin, landing at Cork on the twenty-ninth of September, 1648, with no more than thirty. French pistoles for his military cheft.

The marquis had now: no power but from the

queen i and prince to conclude a peace with the Irish; but this, however, he got ratified by the king, then prisoner in the Isle of Wight; and with this ratification, which was by letter only, he received his majesty's commands to disobey all public orders, which he should give him, while under reftraint.

The uniting Ireland in his majeity's interests was the only: visible means to save his life, and the only propofed end of the marquis's return to that kingdom.". With this view he published a declaration, on the Gxth of October, in which he mentions his having

delivered

delivered up Dublin to the parliament, with his reasons for so doing. He deciares, Tbat, he deems it his duty to use his endeavours.to. recover his majesty's rights; and observes, that the proteftant army, in Munster, having manifelted their integrity to the king's person and right, was esteemed by the king as a seasonable expresion of their loyalty. That he would employ his utmost endeavours for fet tling the protestant religion, for maintaining the privileges and freedom of parliament, and the liberty of the subject.

He declares he will, at the hazard of his life, oppofe all rebels who fhall refuse obedience to his majesty on the terms he shall require it, and endeavour the fuppression of the Independants. That, to prevent ali diftruf from fornier differences, he declares himself fully authorized to affure them, that do di. finétion fball be made on any such account; but, that all who engaged in the cause should be treated with equal regard and favour. That the poft fhould be forgot, and he would use his utmoit diligence to provide foc their subsistence, and do them all the good of fices in his power, requiring no other return than their perseverance, &c.

The marquis, though, unallisted, entered upon

of
peace

with the confede. rates, and, after having, with indefatigable zeal, unwearied diligence, labour, and exem, plary steady loyalty, surmounted many difti,

culties,

the treaty

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culties, it was at length concluded ; but not till some days preceding that execrable paricide was perpetrated.

The marquis was inexpreflibly grieved when he received an account of the kilig's murder, though it was what he had long toreleen, as knowing his enemies capable of the most enormous crimes. He inmediately cauled, the. prince to be proclaimed in all the towns, which were subject to royal authority.

The marquis had many and very great difficulties to struggle with, arising from ambitious pretensions in which it was impossible to please all ; confequently the disappointed were also the discontented: beside the Roman clergy endeavoured to infanie the minds of the people ; and Owen O'Neile, who

commanded a body of five thousand foot and three thousand horie, of the best and moit experie, enced of the Irish forces, would, upon no, terms but his own, which the obitinate Irish commissioners could not be induced to comply with, listen to any accommodations, hopeing to make good conditions with the Indeper.dants in Englapd, with whom a negotiation was carrying on by the abbe Crelly and the intervention of the Spanish ambaffador, O'Neile designing to quit Ireland and enter into that service.

Add to these obstructions to the king's service, the avarice and partiality to friends of the commissioners for raising money in the country ; the great want of that and provi

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