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Janded at 'Perose, in Baffe-Bretagne, leaving the marquis of Clanricard deputy of the kingdom ; of the affairs of which it is foreign to our design to take any farther notice than as they coincide with what relates to the marquis, who having landed in France in the beginning of January, 165 1, after a few days stay with his family at Caen, went, on the twenty-first, to pay his duty to the queen at Paris, and ac quaint her majesty with the state of affairs in Ireland; which having done, he returned to his family, where he continued till the latter end of June.
He made a second journey to Paris to wait on the duke of York. He there remained a month, the duke requiring his assistance in settling and proportioning the expence of his family to his small pension of four thousand pistoles a year allowed him by the court of France.
This being done, he again visited and stayed with his family till his majesty escaped from the battle of Worcester, and from the pursuit and narrow search made for him returned to Paris. The marquis was reduced at this time to great streights, being obliged to board himself at a pistole a week ; to walk on foot, which is not very reputable at Paris, and his family, not able longer to subsist in Caen ; for the pension granted to his majesty not exceeding fix thousand pistoles, barely rufe: ficed for his own table, consequently there was nothing to be expected for his servants.
These circumstances made it necessary, for the support of the marquis's family, that the Inarchionefs Mould go over to England, and Sollicic the parliament for an allowance of her own hereditary estate. She at length obtained an order of parliament to authorize the commissioners for Irish affairs, to set apart, for a provision for her and her children, the clear yearly value of two thousand pounds out of her own inheritance, with Donemore-house, near Kilkenny, for her abode ; where she continued, and never faw her lord till after the king's restoration.
The marquis attended his majesty at Paris till the treaty between the court of France and Cromwell made the king's departure from that kingdom indispensably neceffary : wherefore, having obtained of the cardinal Mazarine barely sufficient to pay his debts, and defray. the expences of his journey, he set out from Paris for Spaw, where meeting his fifter, the princess of Orange, they went together to Aix la Chapelle; and, after a few months stay in that town, his majesty, attended by the marquis, who had never quitted him, went to Cologne ; but hardly had he been there three months, before he was ordered back to Paris, to wait on the duke of Gloucester from thence to Cologne, Cromwell having, at the latter end of the year 1652, permitted his royal highness to depart England. After having conducted the duke to the king, he was ordered
to the Hague, to attend the princess royal to his majesty.
The marquis, early in the spring, was fent to the duke of Newbury, to engage him to employ his interest at the court of Brussels, to engage their efpoufing his majesty's cause, and for promoting an alliance between the king of England and the king of Spain, the duke being in perfect amity with the Spaniards, and desirous to serve the king of England. He, however, for very substantial reasons, thought any overtures of this nature right, at that juncture, rather prejudice than advance his majesty's interests.
The peace concluded between France and Cromwell, another between him and Portugal, and the taking Jamaica, made it the intereit. of the Spanish court to distress Cromwell as mach as possible; but, notwithstanding the above treaty had been entered upon, it went on but slowly; and his majesty, till the arrival of Don John, obtained no more than the permifsion of residing incognito at Bruges ; and a promise of the assistance of fix thousand men, with a quantity of arms and ammunition to make a descent, when he should he master of a good port in England. With Don John he entered into a new treaty, which afforded him an immediate support of three thousand crowns a month.
His majesty loft no time in removing into Flanders, and from thence sent for the duke of York to come to him at Bruges ; which VOL. VII.
command his royal highness obeyed, having, before he set out, engaged some of the chief Irish officers then in the French service. His majelty formed five or fix regiments of such of his subjects as were then in the Spanish fervice, and of those who had left that of the French, which were by much the greater number, and mostly Irish. The marquis had the command of one of those regiments.
The king entertained some hopes, from his treaty with the Spaniards, which had raised those of his subjects, who fent him several messengers to assure him of their readiness to join him; but Don Juan, who saw plainly., by the account he received, that a person of eminent credit with the king, to conduct the design, was wanting, would not hazard the Spanila forces.
The marquis, in this exigence, generously offered to go to England in disguise, and act in the manner that should be moft conducive to his majesty's intereft, either as a chief or as a subaltern ; which was, with some reluctance, accepted by the king. He accordingly came over, but soon was convinced, that all hopes from the cavalier's zeal were built upon a fandy foundation.
The marquis found an aversion from the government, which at that time poffeffed all parties;
but such mutual jealoufies among one another, that an intercourse was impracticable. In short, he returned with no other fruits reaped, than the certainty that all hopes of
any thing being done by the Cavaliers, for his majesty, were entirely vain; though the general inclination to throw off the yoke of the ufurper was so great, that, had the king been supported by a foreign force, his lordship thought a restoration would meet with bát small resistance.
This made his majesty folicit the Spanish ministry, who flattered, but failed, his expectations. The marquis, in the interim, stayed at Paris, in almost as much danger of imprifonment there as of death in London, Crom well having sent to the cardinal to get him fecured.
The king, deluded by the Spaniards, sent for the marquis to attend him to Brussels; but, as
it was dangerous for him to go near any part of the frontiers towards Flanders, he rode to Lyons; from thence to Geneva; and, passing through the palatinate, went to Dusseldorp, and from thence to Brussels.
The king, disgusted with the Spanish minifters, who amused him with vain hopes, withdrew from Brussels to Hookstraten, Cromwell being dead ; and the Dutch seemed to take a favourable turn. The marquis, to forward his mafter's interest, which he hoped by fuch means to strengthen, agreed to his son's fecond marriage with Emilia, daughter of Lewis of Nassau, lord of Beverweert, natural fon of Maurice, prince of Orange; with a fortune of only ten thousand pounds,