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Μ E E MO I R S

OF THE

EARL of OSSORY.

HIS young nobleman has been made such

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rians, that, in this place, we fall give fome Memoirs of his Life, which was cut off before his father's.

He was named Thomas, and born in the castle of Kilkenny, on the ninth of July, 1634. In 1647, he went into England with his father, .when he quitted the government of Ireland, and stayed in London, till the duke of Crmond, going in disguise to escape beyond the sea, paffing near the town, took him with him to France. When his

grace, in 1648, returned to Ires land, lord Offory was left with his brother, lord Richard Butler, under the tuition of a French minifter, at Caen, in whole house he boarded : but, in O&tober, 1649, they went both to Paris, to Monfieur de Camp's acadea my, where lord Offory grew expert in every exercise, and gained great reputation.

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In December, 1650, he came back to Caen to his mother, the duchess of Ormond. The duchess soon after going into England, he accompanied her; where, in March, 1655, he was put, by Cromwell's order, into the Tower.' There was no particular thing laid to his charge; his crime was, being conversang among the dangerous men, and one who would expose his life for the king on tlie first: occasion,

'The guard that came to secure him at Wild.) house, departed upon the duchess's allurance of his appearing the next morning. His lordship was not in the house at that time, and Mr. Stephen Ludlow finding him, told him how matters stood ; and, that, if he were inclined to make his escape, there was a vesa, sel ready to carry him abroad: but her grace having promised that he fhould be forth.com. ing, was against that step, and persuaded him to go very early the next morning to attend the protector at Whitehall. He stayed there, in the drawing-room, till three in the afternoon, sending in several messages, but receive ing no answer to any, till Baxter cold him, he was commmanded to provide him a lojging in the Tower.

Thus, without being examined or admitted to the protector, he was hurried away thither in a hackney-coach, and there remained till O&ober following; when, falling ill of a dangerous fever, and the physician. certifying G 3

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that he could not live without change of air, he was released, and suffered to go down into Gloucestershire : but continuing ilill very ill, and the physicians advising him

to try a foreign air, a pass was, with much difficulty, procured him; upon which his brother, lord Ri-. chard, went with him as one of his fero, vants.

They landed in Flanders, but foon removed into Holland, where lord Offory continued, not daring to come near the king as long as Cromwell lived, for fear it should be a pretence for taking away from the duchefs'the renancy of her own eftáte ; which she had, at laft, obtained and got fettled by the favour of Henry Cromwell.

In November, 1659, the earl of Offory was married to Emilia, daughter of Monsieur de Beverweertz, natural fon of the prince of Orange, governor of Sluys, and all its de pendencies, and a very leading man in the assembly of the states-general. After the restoration,

coming into England, he was made, by patent; colonel of foot in Ireland, on the eighth of February, 1661 ; and colonel and captain of horse, by a like patent, on the thirteenth of June. On the nineteenth of the same month, he was made lieutenant-general of the horse by another pa. tent; and, on the fixteeoth of August, 16657 appointed lieutenant-general of the army in that kingdom.

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In the year last mentioned, he was at Eufton, in Norfolk, when the four days fight happened with the Dutch; and hearing the guns from sea, he and Sir Thomas Clifford found means, from Harwich, to get on board the duke of Albermarle's ship, the duke being then retiring, and fighting as he retreated, to preserve the smaller vessels, which he caused to fail before him, while he faced the enemy. with the larger. The earl brought his grace the first news he had, that prince Rupert was ordered back from the west to join his fleet.

When the Dutch fleet pressed hard upon the duke; lord Offory said to him, He saw no help but that he must be taken, But his

grace replied, No, he knew how to prevent that ;. and' when; upon the danger encreasing, his lordship was more curious to know how he would avoid being taken, the duke answered, He would blow up the ship. This brave resolution was so agreeable to lord Offory's own sentiments, that he ever had his grace in great esteem.

He was at this time very well with lord Arlington ; and, in April, 1666, contracted that alliance by this nobleman's marrying Madamoiselle Isabella de Beverweert, sister to the countess of Ofsory, which cemented a friendfhip between them that lasted till fate put an end to the life of the former,

Lord Arlington always shewed a passionate regard for the earl of Offory in all his con

cerns,

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cerns, on all occafions, affisting him with bis interest and courcils to the very last : and, on the other hand, when lord Arlington was going to be impeached by the commons, and the matter was debated five days together in the house, lord ofory stood every day, like a folicitor, in the lobby, pressing the members with the most earnest entreaties, and neglecting nothing till he had carried the point in his favour.

In the same year, the earl of Offory, upon his father's resignation of the place, was made gentleman of the bed-chamber to the king ; and, in June following, was sworn of the privy-council of England.

Soon after, by a writ, bearing date on the fourteenth of September, he was called to the parliament, then fitting at Westminster, by the title of lord Butler, of Moor park, and tok his place there accordingly on the tenth day of the fame month. In May, 1640, he waited on his majesty to Dover, when he went to meet the duchess of Orleans.

In October, that year, the king being deGrous to see his nephew, the prince of Orange, fent the earl for his highness. His lordship accordingly fet fail for Holland, attended by feveral yachts; and, about the latter end of that month, put him and his train on shore at Margate, in-Kent.

In February following, he waited on the prince back to the Hague ; went from thence to view the French king's new conquefts in

Flanders

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