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who had lately given a very good living in Cornwall to Mr. Nicholas Monk, his brother; and Sir John receiving at this time two letters from king Charles II. then at Brussels, one directed to himself, and the other to the general, together with a private commission to treat with the latter, the success of that overture ended, as is well known, in the restora. tion of the king:
On the eighth of May, the general aslifted at the proclamation of king Charles II. and, having received advice by Sir Thomas Clarges, that his majesty intended to land at Dover, on the twenty-eighth, the general set out for that place, being the same day the king embarked for Holland ; and, lying at Rochester that night, arrived the next day at Dover, where the king landed on the twenty-fifth.
The interview between the king and the general, was conformable to every one's expectation, full of duty on one side, and favour and esteem on the other; the king permitting the general to ride in his coach two miles out of the town ; when his majesty took horse, and, with general Monk on his left hand, and his two brothers on his right, proceeded to Canterbury, where he conferred the order of the garter on general Monk, the dukes of York and Gloucester investing him with the honourable badges of that dignity.
From Canterbury the king removed to Rochester, where he lay on Monday the twentyeighth; and the next morning, being his
birth-day, set out for Black-Heath to review the army which the general had caused to be drawn up there ; and from thence proceeded to his capital, into which he made his public entry with much magnificence.
General Monk was now sworn one of the privy-council,'made mafter of the horse, and one of the gentlemen of the bed-chamber, and had apartments in the Cock-pit, and was in a little time made first lord-commiflioner of the Treafury; and, in about a month after. wards, was created a peer, being made baron Monk of Potheridge, Beauchamp, and Tees, earl of Torrington, and duke of Albermarle with a grant of feven thousand pounds a year, estate of inheritance, besides other pensions ; and received a very peculiar acknowledgment of regard on being thus called to the
peerage, almof the whole house of commons attending him to the very door of the house of lords : and we are told, that Sir Edward Nicholas faid, That the industry and service, which the duke of Albermarle had paid to the crown fince the king's restoration, without reflecting upon
his service before, deserved all the favour and bounty which his majesty had been pleased to confer
him. In October, the duke was made one of the commiftioners for trying the Regicides, and acted accordingly under it, but observed great moderation. Soon after, his grace was made lord-lieutenant of the counties of Devonshireand Middlesex, and of the borough of South
wark; and the parliament voting the disband! ing of the army, the duke joined very heartily with lord-chancellor Hyde in promoting that step; and took great pains, by changing of, officers, to bring it to be submitted to quietly; in which he succeeded, all but his own regiment of foot, and a new raised regiment of horse for the king's guard, being paid off and dismiffed ;'as-fome time before had been the commissioners from Scotland, by a letter from the duke of Albermarle, signifying to them, that it was the king's pleasure, not to have them intermeddle any more in the government of that kingdom.
In January following, while the king was accompanying his mother and fifter on their return to France, the duke was employed at. London in quelling an insurrection made by. fome Fifth-monarchy men, under one Venner, a wine-cooper ; who were with some difficulty seduced by the duke of Albermarle’s regi. ment, after repulsing some detachments of the city militia and the new-raised horse. This gave rise to a proposal for keeping up standing-forces; but the duke was averse thereto, saying, That his endeavouring to continue any part of the army would be liable to fo much misinterpretation, that he would by. no means appear in it.
On the twenty-second of April, 1661, the duke, as master of the horse, attended the king in his procession, leading the horse of date, from the Tower to.:White-hall, and
the next day carried the sceptre and dove, and
one of the supporters of the canopy during the royal unction at the coronation ; after which, he and the duke of Buckingham: did homage for themselves and the reit of their degree.
In the latter part of this year he was attacked with a dangerous illness, from which he was recovered by the king's physician, Sir Robert Fraser. After this, every thing being in full: peace, he enjoyed himself for some time in re. tirement, till, on the breaking out of the first Dutch war, under Charles 11. in 1664, he was, by his royal highness the duke of York, who commanded the fieet, intrusted with the care of the Admiralty, receiving at the same time a very obliging letter from his royal highness.
The plague broke out in London the same : year; and the king removing from thence to Oxford, the duke of Albermarle's vigilance and activity made his majesty regard him as the fittest nobleman to entrust with the care of his capital city in that time of imminent danger and distress ; which additional burthen he chearfully underwent, and was greatly affifted tberein by the archbishop of Canterbury and the earl of Craven. About Michaeimas, the. king sent for him to Oxford, whither he went poft, and, on his arrival, found his majesty had appointed prince Rupert and himself joint. admirals for the ensuing year; which danger-ous poft, though many of his friends dissuaded
him, he readily accepted, and immediately fet himself diligently about his new employment; wherein all the care of finishing those new ships which were on the locks, repairing the old ones, which had been much damaged in an action with the Dutch that summer, victualling arid maning the whole fileer, fell chiefly to his lot; and was fo effectually and expedi. tiously pursued by bim, the feamen offering in crowds to the service, because they faid they were sure that honest George, as they commonly called him, would see them well fed and justly paid, that, on the twenty-third of April, 1666, the prince and he took their leaves of the king, and repaired on board the fleet ; where the former hoisted his fag, hav. ing Sir George Afcough under him, as admiral of the white, on board the Royal James ; and the lattér, as admiral of the red, on board the Royal Charles
The particulars of his bravery against the Dutch in this station are properly the subject of general history, to which therefore we refer. He returned home in the beginning of September, and lay with the fleet at anchor in the bay of St. Helen's, near Spithead.
During that interval, broke out the terrible fire in London ; which beginning on the fecond of September, 1666, burned with un.. parallelled fury for three days, and laid the greatest part of the city in athes. This unexpected accident immediately occafioned the duke of Albermarle to be recalled from the