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* EORGE MONK, duke of

Albermarle, the renowned reftorer of king Charles II. to his crown and kingdom, was defcended of a family settled fo

early as the reign of Henry III: at Potheridge, in Devonshire, where he was born on the sixth of December, 1608. He was likewise chiefly educated there by his grand-father and god-father Sir George Smith, with whom he mostly resided.

· VOL.VII.

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He dedicated himself to arms from his youth, no provision being expected from his father Sir Thomas Monk, whose reduced for. tune, however, brought an affront upon him, which was resented by our young warrior in such a spirited manner as obliged him to enter into the service sooner than was intended ; which rendered it necessary for him, when not quite seventeen years of age, to enter as a volunteer under his kinsman Sir Richard Greenvile, then lying at Plymouth, and just upon setting out under lord Wimbedon, on the illconcerted, and worse executed, expedition against Spain.

The iil success which attended our young volunteer's first essay, neither damped his courage nor changed his martial inclination ; for the very next year he obtained a pair of colours under Sir John Burroughs, in the expedition to the isle of Rhee and Rochell. From hence be returned at the end of that war in 1628; and the following year, being just then of age, he served as an ensign in the Low.Countries, first under lord Oxford, and then under Lord Goring, by whom he was promoted to the rank of captain of his own company. In this station he was concerned in feveral fieges and battles; and, having, in ten years service, by a steady and close application to the duties of his profeflion, made himself an abfolute master of the art military, and become extremely useful to the service, he retired on a difguft given him by the prince of Orange,

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