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months before ; which the looked upon as so high an affront, that only her respect towards the king prevailed with her to endure it.

When her majesty made a pause, the chancellor, with admirable presence of mind, and happy turn of thought, so peculiar to himself, answered, That her majelty had only mentioned his punishment, and nothing of his fault; that, how great soever bis infirmities were, in defect of understanding, or in good mans ners, he had yet never been in Bedlam; which he had deserved to be, if he had af, fected to publish to the world that he was in the queen's disfavour, by avoiding to be seen by her ; that he had no kind of apprehension that they who thought worst of him, would ever believe him to be such a fool, as to provoke the wife of his dead master, the greatness of whose affections to her was well known to bim; and the mother of the king, who fabfifted by her favour; and all this in France, where himself was a banished person, and the at home, where he might oblige or disoblige him at her pleasure. So that he was well al sured that no body would think him

him guilty of to much folly and madness as not to use all the endeavours he possibly could to obtain her grace and protection that it was very true he had been long, without the prefumption of being in her majesty's presence, after he had undergone many sharp instances of her dirpleasure, and after he had observed fome alC6


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teration and averfion in her majesty's looks and countenance upon his coming into the room where she was, and during the time the ftayed there; which others likewise observed so much, that they withdrew from holding any conversation with him in those places, out of fear to offend her majefty : that he had often defired, by feveral persons, to know the cause of her majefty's difpleasure; and, that he might be admitted to clear himself from any unworthy suggeftions which had been made of him to her majesty, but could never obtain that honour; and therefore he had conceived, that he was obliged in good manners, to remove fo unacceptable an object from the eyes of her majesty, by not coming into her presence; which all who knew him could not but know to be the greatest mortifia cation that could be inflicted


him and therefore he moft humbly befought her majesty, at this audience, which might be the last he should receive of her, that she would dismiss him with the knowledge of what had. been taken amiss, that he might be able to make hřs innocence and integrity appear ;, which he knew had been blafted by the malice of fome perfons, and thereby misinterpreted by her majesty.

But all this prevailed not with her majesty ; who objected his credit with the king, and his endeavours to lessen that credit which the ought to have; and concluded, that the hould be glad to fee reason to change her


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opinion; and fo carelesly extended her hand towards him, which he kiffing, the departed to her chamber.

Having continued some years longer in exile, his majesty was pleased to make him lord-chancellor of England in the Christmas holidays preceding Oliver's death; Sir Edward Herbert, who was the last lord-keeper of the great-seal, being lately dead at Paris: He received the seal very unwillingly; but the king first employed the marquis of Ormond, with whom his majefty knew he had an entire friendship, to dispose him to receive it; which when he could not do, he giving him many reasons why there was no need of such an officer, or indeed any use of the great feal till the king should come into England; and, that his majefty found some case in bea ing without such an officer, that he was not troubled with those suits which he would be, if the seal were in the hands of a proper officer to be used, since every body would be then importuning the king for the grant of offices, honours and land, which would give him great vexation to refuse, and do him great mischief by granting:

T'he marquis cold the king of it; who went himself to the chancellor's lodgings, and took notice of what the marquis had told him; and faid, He would deal truly and freely with him ; that the principal reason which he had alledged. againit receiving the feal, was the greateft season that disposed him to confer it

пров: :

him ;

upon and then he pulled letters out of his pocket, which he received lately from Paris, for the grant of several reversions in England of offices, and of lands. He mentioned to him also many other importunities with which he was every day disquieted; and, that he saw no other remedy to give himself ease, than to put the feal out of his own keeping, into such hands as would not be importuned, and would heịp him to deny: and thereupon he conjured Sir Edward to receive that truft, with many promises of his favour and protection : whereupon the earl of Brifol, and fecretary Nicholas, using likewise their persuasions, he submitted to the king's pleasure.

The chief adminiftration of affairs was now, in a very great degree, in the hands of the Jord-chancellor ; of whose capacity, as well / as integrity, his majefty had had so long and 'convincing experience, that he was the more

ready to leave all to him: Oliver's death, and the various revolutions that happened upon it in England, revived the hopes and acsivity of the chancellor to promote the restoration of his royal master to his loft dominions; and most, if not all, the papers, declarations, and the like, which were put out to this end, were of his drawing. It would be needless to bint the particulars; bis prudence suggested feasonable thoughts of moderation and mildness to him in the several particulars contained in them.

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At length the happy and longed-for day came, when his majesty was restored ; and, on the twenty-ninth of May, 1666, made his public entry through the city of London, which put an end, for the present, to the lord-chancellor's exile, and afforded him kind and promifing views of a large and prosperous fortune.

The lord-chancellor, who was a very for, ward inftrument with the king at Breda, to make the largest concessions of favour and indemnity, that well could be, to his subjects, upon the prospect he had of his restoration, thought it now his honour, as well as his duty, to endeavour the punctual performance of every particular: and therefore finding there were fome persons, who moft maliciously endeavoured to infinuate that his majefty intended nothing less than the performance of his promises, the chancellor advised him fend a message to the commons to quicken their debates about the act of a general par. don and indemnity, as that which would bef quiet the minds of the people. ,

That neceffary bill, and many others, being at length dispatched, the chancellor con. cluded that sessions with a very noble speech s wherein, among many other mod excellent things, he said a very remarkable thing concerning the army then in being, which, perhaps, could never be faid before or after of any other in the world, in these words:

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