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“ If God had not restored his majesty' tom that rare felicity, as to be without apprehen: fion of danger at home or abroad, and without any ambition of taking from his neigh. bours what they are possessed of, himself would never disband his army: an army whose order and discipline, whofe courage and success, hath made it famous and terrible over the world : an army of which the king and his two royal brothers may fay, as the noble Grecian said of Æneas,

Stetimus tela aspera contra, Contulimufque manus, experto credite quantus In clypeum assurgat, quo turbine torqueat

haftam.

“ They have all three, in several countries, found themselves engaged in the midst of these troops, in the heat and rage of battle ;. and if any common foldier, as no doubt many may, will demand' the old Roman priviledge for having encountered princes fingle, upon my conscience he will find both fac vour and preferment. They have all three observed the discipline, and félt, and admired, and loved the courage of this arıny, when they were the worse for it; and I have seen them, in a seafon when there was little of comfort in their view, refresh themselves with joy that the English had done the great work, the English had got the day; and then pleafe them

selves

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felves with the imagination of what wonders they should perform at the head of such an army."

Nothing seemed now to blow on all fides, but gales of prosperity to the king and the whole nation, and none so much courted and caressed as the lord-chancellor, of all the minifters, whereof he indeed was the chief and most capable ; and William, duke of Somerfet, giving way to fate in the month of O&tober, this year, the university of Oxford were pleased to make choice of Sir Edward Hyde to be their chancellor in his room. About the same time, he was one of those lords pat in a commission of oyer and terminer to try the regicides ; and his majesty, on the third of November, was pleafed, in gratitude for the long and faithful services of my lord-chancellor, and as an instance of his royal favour, to raise him to the decree of a baron of England, by the title of the lord Hyde, of Hindon, in the county of Wilts ; and, on the twentieth of April, 1661, he created him viscount Cornbury, in the county of Oxford, and earl of Clarendon, in Wiltfire, with ceremony in the Banqueting-house at Whitehall, three days before his majesty's coronation, be ing the first of the fix, carls who were made against that solemnity.

Between the diffolution of this conventionparliament and the meeting of the next, which was to be on the eighth of May, 1661, there was a matter agitated at the helm, that after

wards

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“ If God had not restored his majesty to that rare felicity, as to be without apprehen: fion of danger at home or abroad, and without any ambition of taking from his neigh. bours what they are possessed of, himself would never disband his army: an army whose order and discipline, whofe courage and success; hath made it famous and terrible over the world : an army of which the king and his two royal brothers may fay, as the noble Gre. cian said of Æneas,

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-Stetimus tela aspera contra, Contulimusque manus, experto credite quantus In clypeum affurgat, quo turbine torqueat

haftam.

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“ They have all three, in several countries, found themselves engaged in the midft of these troops, in the heat and rage of battle ;, and if any common foldier, as no doubt many may, will demand' the old Roman priviledge for having encountered princes fingle, upon my conscience he will find both favour and preferment: They have all three observed the discipline, and félt, and admired, and loved the courage of this army, when they were the worse for it; and I have seen them, in a seafon when there was little of comfort in their view, refresh themselves with joy that the Englila had done the great work, the Englich had got the day; and then please them

selves

felves with the imagination of what wonders they fhould perform at the head of such an

army."

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Nothing seemed now to blow on all fides, but gales of prosperity to the king and the whole nation, and none so much courted and caressed as the lord-chancellor, of all the minifters, whereof he indeed was the chief and most capable; and William, duke of Somer. fet, giving way to fate in the month of October, this year, the university of Oxford were pleased to make choice of Sir Edward Hyde to be their chancellor in his room. About the same time, he was one of those lords pat in a commission of oyer and terminer to try the regicides ; and his majesty, on the third of November, was pleased, in gratitude for the long and faithful services of my lord-chancellor, and as an instance of his royal favour, to raise him to the decree of a baron of Eng. Jand, by the title of the lord Hyde, of Hindon, in the county of Wilts ; and, on the twentieth of April, 1661, he created him viscount Cornbury, in the county of Oxford, and earl of Clarendon, in Wiltshire, with ceremony in the Banqueting-house at Whitehall, three days before his majesty's coronation, being the first of the fix, earls who were made against that solemnity.

Between the diffolution of this conventionparliament and the meeting of the next, which was to be on the eighth of May, 1661, there was a matter agitated at the helm, that after

wards

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wards through the malice of enemies and the credulity of the unthinking populace, was trumped up to the disadvantage of the chan cellor.

It is true his daughter was married to the duke of York, then presumptive heir to the crown; ard proving to be a prolific lady, it was natural for him to wish that some one of the descendants of his own body might, in time, inherit the crown of England; but, that he should be the contriver, and the only one too, of the match with Portugal, in or der to it, is as great a piece of forgery and falfhood as ever could be put upon a man; and of which the king, who could not forefęe this, fufficiently cleared bim in his next speech in parliament in these very words:

“ And I tell you, with great fatisfaction and comfort to myself, that, after many hours debate in full council, for I think there was not above one absent ; and truly I believe upon weighing all that can be said upon that subject, for or against it, the lords, without one diffenting voice, yet there were very few fat filent, advised me, with all imaginable cheerfulness, to this marriage, which I look upon as very wonderful, and even as: fome instances of the approbation of God himself.”

It was a great weakning to my lord-chançellor Clarendon's intereit and ftability at court, that Mr. Secretary Nicholas should, on the second of Qatober, 1662, be put out of

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