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his cffice of secretary of state ; and, that Sir Henry Bennet, afterwards created earl of Arlington, no real friend of the chancellor, and one that died, at length, a Papist, should be sworn into his place. This the chancellor, who was a nobleman, not only of great experience in ftate affairs, but of an uncommon discerning genius, could not but foresee was designed for no good to him, and therefore he armed himself with all his dexterity against it, as against an enemy that would give him no quarter ; and indeed he made such a provifion for a secure footing where he food, that there could be no just apprehensions of losing any ground; but the real and heavy form proceeds many times from the most unexpected quarter.

There had been a long course of uninterrupted friendship both at home and abroad, in a prosperous and adverse fortune, between George earl of Bristol, and the earl of Cla rendon ; so that the same seemed to be, like the Gordian knot, indiffoluble: but the chancellor refusing a small boon, as the earl of Bristol took it to be, which, it was said, was the passing a patent in favour of a court-lady, and wherein the chancellor, who was best judge of his own office, was certainly in the right.

This fo lowered the other's spirits, as, never dreaming he should be denied, that his thoughts suggested nothing to him from thence forwards but malice and the higheft revenge;

and,

and, having digested all things within himself, which he imagined might tend to the disadvantage and ruin of the chancellor, he first made a bitter and artful speech enough against him in the house of lords ; and then, on the tenth of July, 1663, exhibited articles of high-treason and other heinous misdemeanours against Edward earl of Clarendon, lord high-chancellor of England.

This bold attack upon the lord-chancellor, though he came off without any blemih, rendered him more cautious and circumspect in his conduct ; so that things, in all outward appearance, went smoothly on with him, baco ing that the gout racked him now and then, till the war with the Dutch broke out; which the libellers of that age made to be one of his heinous crimes, though he abhorred it.

In the mean while, the lord Morley having killed one Mr. Hastings, for which he was to be arraigned at Westminster by his peers, the lord-chancellor was appointed high-steward for the day, and carried every thing with the utmost decorum, circumspection, and justice. My lord Morley was found guilty of manslaughter, but had the benefit of his clergy.

Now comes on this great earl's own misfortunes; for the great-leal being taken from him on the thirtieth of August, 1667, it is incredible with what rage and fury every body fell upon him : nay, when the parliament met on the tenth of O&tober following, both houses thanked the king in a more especial

manner,

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manner, for having displaced the earl, and removed him from the exercise of any public trust and employment: and the commons proceeding to draw up articles against him, Mr. Seymour, in the name of the commons of England, impeached him, at the bar of the house of lords, of treason and other high crimes and misdemeanours.

Abeut this time, his lordthip, thinking it adviseable for him to withdraw out of the kingdom for his greater security, he fent a petition to the House of Lords in a very noble dile; and, though writ with an air of great candour and sincerity, had no influence at a'l in his favour. There were several conferences held between the lords and commons about the manner of proceeding against the earl, which ended at last in a bill for banishing and disabling him.

It should have been observed before, that my lord Clarendon's address, or paper, to the house of lords, which was printed, in those days, under the opprobrious iitle of, “ News from Dunkirk-houle ; or, Clarendon's Fare.. well to England ; in his Seditious Address to the Right Honourable the House of Peers, on the third of December;" was, on the twelfth of the same month, according to the sentence and judgment of both houfes of parliament, burned by the hands of the common hangman, in the presence of the two sheriffs of London and Middlesex, with very great and signal applause of the populace.

Every body now flung dirt at him, and, like gudgeons, greedily fwallowed all that tended to his difreputation and difgrace, without ever enquiring into the reasons of them. Satyrical Andrew Marvel, in his Advice to the Painter, could not, among the rest, forbear to have a fling at him in these opprobrious lines : But damn'd, and doubly damn'd, be Claren

dine, Our Seventh Edward, with all his house and

line; Who, to divert the dangers of the war, With Bristol, hounds us on the Hollander. Fool-coated gownman! Sells, to fight with

Hans, Dunkirk, -dismantling Scotland, - quarrels

France ; And hopes he now hath business, shape, and

power, T'out-last our lives, or his, and 'scape the

Tower;
And, that he yet may fee, ere he go down,
His dear Clarinda circled in a crown.

But the true cause of the noble earl's difgrace proceeded from none of these suggestions. I find, by an anonymous pamphlet, which severely reflects upon the court proceedings in those times, an infinuation, as if the chancellor had lost his place for deserting the French and popith interest; and, that his zeal for the protestant religion was such, that,

fomc

some time before he was turned out, he refused to seal a new commission for the duke of York, to evade a late ad made against por pery.

There might be fome truth, in all likeli. hood, in this ; it is well known his lordship was a zealous Proteftant, and that our court might be somewhat popifhly affected, even at that time : but

pono Extempore verum Nafcitur, & veniens ætas abfcondita pandit.

Dr. Welwood, in his Memoirs, after having premised, that it looked as if Heaven took a more than ordinary care of England, that we did not throw up all our liberties at once upon the restoration of king Charles II. for, tho' some were for bringing him back upon terms, yet after he was once come he possessed fo entirely the hearts of his people, that they thought nothing was too much for them to grant, or for him to receive; he tells us, among other designs, that, to please him, there was one formed at court to settle such a revenue upon him, by parliament, during life, as should place him beyond the necessity of alking more, except in the case of a war, or fome fuch extraordinary occasion: that the earl of Southampton, lord high- treasurer, came heartily into it, out of a meer principle of honour and affection to the king; but that chanceHor Clarendon fecretly opposed it:

that

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