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and returned to his native country just on the breaking out of the first war between king Charles I. and his Scottish subjects.

The captain's reputation, backed by the powerful recommendations of the earl of Leicelter and lady Carlisle, procured him the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the regiment belonging to lord Newport; in which post he served in the king's northern expeditions ; wherein what little was performed the lieutenant-colosel had an ample share in; and, perhaps, it was none of that prince's least misfortunes, that our hero had so small a portion of power and influence at that critical juncture.

The treaty commenced at Rippon, and the fummoning a parliament had scarce put an end to the Scotch war, when the horrid Irish rebellion broke out ; to quell which, lord Leicefter was appointed to succeed the late earl of Strafford, who went with colonel Monk there (that lord having raised him to that poft in his own regiment) where he did such confa derable service, that the lords-justices appointed him governor of. Dublin ; but the parliament interceding, that authority was vested in another; and foon after, the colonel returned to England with his regiment, along with the reft of the forces sent by the marquis of Ormond, on his figning a truce with the Irista rebels, pursuant to the king's orders; which was done on the fifteenth of September, 1643: but, on the colonel's arrival at Bristol, he was met by orders fent both from Ireland and Oxo


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ford, directing lord Hawley, governor of Bristol, to secure him till further orders. However, his lordstip (on being informed of the unjut fufpicions entertained of the colonel, purely for being an officer under the earl of Leicester, who was nominated by the parliament to command the forces raised, and paid by them for the Irish service; and from a fear that he might not willingly enter into a war against those whose pay he received; and being fatisfied he had no fort of inclination to fide with them) suffered him to proceed to Oxford on his bare parole; where he so fully justified himself to lord Digby, the then secretary of state, that he was by chat nobleman introduced to his majesty ; but his regiment was given to colonel Warren, who had been

In order to make him amends for this precipitancy, the king raised him to the rank of major-general in the Irish brigade, then commanded by lord Byron, and employed in the Siege of Nantwich, in Cheshire ; to which post major-general Monk speedily repaired, but arrived only time enough to share in the unfortunate surprisal of that whole brigade by Sir Thomas Fairfax, who brought a considerable body of the parliament's forces to the relief of that place , from whence he was sent to Hull, amongst the other prisoners, and was in a short time conveyed from thence to the Tower of London, where he remained in close confinement till the thirteenth of November,

his major.

1646 ; when, at the follicitation of his kinfo man, lord Lisle, eldest son to the earl of Leicefter, who, on the marquis of Ormond's declaring for the king, was made deputy of that kingdom, he took the covenant, engaged with the parliament, and agreed to accept a' command under him in the Irish service, as the only means to be enlarged from his tedious confinement.

Lord Leicester and the colonel set out on their journey to Ireland on the twenty-eighth of January after ; but, as the marquis of Ormond refused obedience to the orders of the parliament, nor would deliver up the city of Dublin to their deputy without the king's? command, lord Lille and his forces were obliged to steer for Cork, near which they landed; but not being able to do any great matters, and his lordship's commision expireing, on the seventeenth day of April he embarked again for England, together with colonel Monk; who was not long in a state of inactivity, having the command in chief of all the parliament's forces in the north of Ireland conferred upon him, together with the regiment late colonel Brocket's; whereupon he returned for the third time to Ireland, and landed at Belfast,

The Scots under the command of major-' general Monroe, refusing to join the English? in the service of the parliament, colonel Monk was prevented from entering into action fo foon as he chose ; but being joined by colonel

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Jones, he made large amends, and disputed the poffeffion of Ulfter very warmly with Owen Roe O'Neal, obliging him to raise the fiege of Londonderry; and by securing the command of forage, and laying waste the country, ale molt familhed his army. He likewise managed so well the tilling and improving those parts in his poffeffion, and was to provident in dif. posing the booties from time to time brought in by his parties, that he made the Irish war nearly maintain itself. Yet, notwithstanding these small fuccesses, the superiority of the marquis of Ormond and lord Inchequin, at ihte head of the Royalists ; and the unconquerable distrust of the Scots, to whom moft of his garrison of Dundalk revolted on their approach to that place, reduced him to the neceffity of entering into a treaty with that knid Irish leader; who deceiving him, he was obliged to furrender Dundalk to lord Inchequin, and return to England; where he was called to an account by the parliament for hav. ing treated with the Irish rebels :---an affront he never forgave.

He was, perhaps, the more offended with this treatment, as he was not employed in the reduction of Ireland under Oliver Cromwell, who, all accounts agree, received confiderable advantage from this very treaty made between O'Neal and the colonel.

During this inactivity, his elder brother dying without issue male, the family estate, by entail, devolved upon him, and he repaired

it from the ruinous condition in which his father and brother had left it.

He had scarce settled his private affairs when he was called in to ferve against the Scots, who had proclaimed king Charles II, in that kingdom, under Oliver Cromwell, by whom he was made lieutenant general of the artillery, and had a regiment given him, com. posed of fix companies taken out of Fenwick's, and fix out of Haslerig's. In this pot he was extremely serviceable to Cromwell, particu. larly at the famous battle of Dunbar; where personally charging and routing Lower's regiment, he led the way to that compleat victory there obtained by the English forces.

After this victory, the lieutenant-general was employed in dispersing a body of irregulars, known by the name of Moss-troopers; and reducing Darlington, Roswell, Brotha wick, and Tantallon, castles, where they used to harbour ; he was also concerned in feta tling the articles for the surrender of Edin. burgh castle; and, being left commander in chief in Scotland, at the head of fix thousand men, by Cromwell, when he returned to England, in pursuit of Charles II. he befieged and took. Sterling, and carried Dundee by storm ; where he behaved with great cruelty, putting Lunsdale, the governor, and eight hundred men to the sword.

Soon after this, St. Andrew's and Aberdeen having also submitted to him, he was seized B4


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