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fatisfactions and enjoyments ; that dare deny themselves for the good of their prince : and of this fort, without encroachment on the just acquirements of any other minister, with what admirable policy did he influence and manage the councils he was concerned in du. ring the inter-regnum, towards his majesty's interest! With what exquisite subtilty did he turn all the channels of their councils to swell this stream! And how unweariedly did he tug at the helm of state, till he had brought his great master safe into the desired port!

A sense of these great abilities, and firmness to the public good, ftill kept him up in the esteem of his country, who would always chuse him one of their representatives in the great exigencies of state. They knew him to be one of those that could not believe prerogative, to be incompatible with property, but as he believed that inotto Rex legis tutamen, fo he would not have that other, Grex regis tutamien, to be rejected.

By this may be easily difcerned the opinion he had of the illegal and arbitrary proceedings of Oliver Cromwell, and how much of the fufferings of the royal party would have been prevented, liaj that point of a free parliainent been then gained. His majesty's restoration must have been the natural consequence of it. The conitant correspondence he always kept with the royal party, and that almost to the hazard of his life and family, are fufficient

teftimonies

testimonies of his fincerity to his master's interest and fervice.

His house was a fanctuary for distressed Roy.. alifts, and his correspondence with the king's friends (though closely managed, as the necessities of those times required) are not unknown to those that were the principal managers of bis majesty's affairs at that time.

This made that great politician, Oliver Cromwell, so apprehensive of this great affertor of his country's rights, and opposer of arbitrary government and enthusiasm, that, though his valt abilities were known, at least, to equal the ableft pilot of the state, yet we cannot find him among the creatures of his cabinet, or council ; nor amongit the eleven major-generals, to whom the care of the-nation was committed : no, their principles, . their aims, and designs, were incompatible;. one was for fubverting, the other for maintaining, the antient standing fundamentals of the nation ; which once dissolved, it were : impoffible but an aniversal deluge of confusion, blood and rapine, must ensue.

This made our brave patriot, with divers of the heroic English race, to the utmost oppofe the growth of a protectorian power : fo that we find Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper accufed before the parliament, in the year 1659, for keeping intelligence with the king, and for having provided a force of men in Dorfetfire to join with Sir George Booth in ato tempting to restore and bring his majesty to

his rightful throne. And we find him one of the nine of the old council of state who fent that encouraging letter to general Monk, to promote his undertaking for the advantage of the three nations.

Again, we find him in the list of that council of state conlisting of thirty-nine, upon whom an oath was endeavoured to be imposed for the abjuration of the royal line, but, by the influence of Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, and general Monk, upon colonel Morley, that oath was opposed in council, as being a fnare and against their consciences,

This was strongly pleaded by the foberer part of the council, whereof this great patriot was one ; and so an end was put to that oath and to the council.

He was returned a member for Dorsetshire in that which was called the Healing Parliament, which sat upon the twenty-fifth of April, 1660 ; and a resolution being taken to reitore the conftitution, he was named one of the twelve members of the house of commons: to carry their invitation to the king. It was in performing this service that he had the mistortune to be overturned in a carriage upon a Dutch road, and thereby, to receive a dangerous wound between the ribbs, which ulcerated many years after, and was opened when he was lord chancellor.

Upon the king's coming over, he was sworn of his majesty's moft honourable privy-council. He was also one of the commisoners for the

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trial of the Regicides; and, though the Oxford bistorian is very fevere upon him on this occasion, yet he is not believed to have been any ways concerned in betraying or hedding the biood of his sovereign.

By letters patent, dated April 20, 1661, he was created baron Athley, of Winborn St. Giles's ; foon after made chancellor and under-treasures of the Exchequer, and then one of the lords commissioners for executing the office of high-treasurer. He was afterwards made-lord-lieutenant of the county of Dorset; and, on the twenty-third of April, 1672, created baron Cooper, of Pawlet, in the county of Somerset, and earl of Shaftf. bury,

Ön the fourth of November following, he was raised to the post of lord high-chancellor of England; which office he executed with great ability and integrity. He shone particularly in his speeches in parliament ; and, if we judge only from those which he made upon the swearing in of the lord high-treafurer Clifford, his fucceffor, Sir Thomas Of borne, and Mr. baron Thurland, we must coriclude him one of the ableit men and most accomplished orators this nation ever bred. The short time he was at the helm, was a season of itorms and tempests; and it is but doing him ftrict justice to say, that they could not either affright or distract him.

Upon the ninth of November, 1673, He resigned the great-seal, and with fome parti

D. 6

cular

cular circumstances, which the reader may like to hear. Soon after the breaking up of the parliament, as Mr. Echard relates, the earl was sent for on Sunday morning to court, as was also Sir Heneage Finch, attorney-general, to whom the seals were promised. As soon as the earl came, he retired with the king into the closet, while the prevailing party waited in triumph to see him return without the purse. His lordship being alone with the king, said, “ Sire, I know you in, tend to give the seals to the attorney-gene, sal, but I am sure your majesty never intended to dismiss me with contempt." The king, who could not do an ill-natured thing, re. plied, "God's fish, my lord, I will not do it with

any
circumstance that

may

look like an affront."

" Then, fire," said the earl, « I defire your majesty will permit me to carry the seals before you to chapel, and then send for them afterwards from my house." To this his majesty readily consented, and the earl entertained the king with news and entertaining stories till the very minute he was to go to chapel, purposely to amuse the courtiers and his fucceffor, who he believed was upon the rack, for fear he should prevail upor the king to change his mind.

The king and the earl came out of the clofet, talking together and smiling, and went together to chapel, which greatly surprised them all; and some ran immediately to tell the dake of York that all their measures were

broken.

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