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The confederates durst no longer continue the fiege, but retired when the new garrison was admitted, and returned into the country, where it was now necessary for them to unite against a more furious and potent enemy; and to provide for their defence, by strengthening their fortifications and encreasing their forces, ascertaining their intelligence, and storing their magazines

Those that had adhered to the king and the marquis, were now without any advantage from their loyalty, being equally hated and suspected on every fide. When the marquis left Dublin in this forlon and calamitous condition, he could not forbear declaring, with that chearfulness, which has been ufually known to accompany great minds, thao he expected some time to return in a state of power and prosperity of which there was not, at that time, any profpe&t; for the king was in the hands of his most implacable enemies, all his forces were suppreffed, and all his garrisons surrendered

-The marquis, however, whose ardour for the service of his master did not depend upon fortune, vent to attend him at Hampton. courty, where he was then, as he himself térmed, as honourable prisoner, his friends not being yet excluded by violence, though, Undoubtedly, very much discountenanced,

Here the marquis was admitted to that confidence which fidelity fo long tried might


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jusly expect; and, when he offered to resign the lieutenancy, in which he had been able to effect fo. little, was told by the king, That he should keep his commission to a time of better fortune ; for that no other should have the satisfaction of enjoying that authority: which he had used so well though so unsuce cessfully.

The lord lieutenant then gave him an aca: count of the state of the nation which he had left; and, that his conduct might be the better underitood, presented a Memorial; most of which it is not improper to infert.

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The MEMORIAL delivered to King

CHARLES I. by the Marquis of

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NOTWITHSTANDING your majesty's letter from Newcastle, forbiding any other treaty with the Irish ; and, notwithstanding their having failed to send the men conditioned. for, without which, though it was: questiona. ! ble how I might have juftified the doing thereof, your majesty's commander in, that point considered, yet I agreed to a peace. Soon after the conclusion whereof, I had notice of the practices of the nuncio and clergy against the same; their excommunicating of all that should adhere to the peace ; their ina terdi&ting all places where it was proclaimed;


and forbiding, upon like penalties, the colo lection and payment of monies collected, to those formerly appointed thereto by their general assembly. All which, notwithftanding, to the end your majesty might reap the fruits of peace,

I had so far adventured to conclude, that I went to Kilkenny, being invited thither, and informed by divers, especially those of Preston's party, that my presence would soon remove the causes, or suppress the effect of the clergy's discontent.

When I came to Kilkenny, I found those who had concluded the peace with me, (by messengers from them; namely, Mr. Nicholas Plunket and Mr. Patrick Darcey) treating with the clergy at Waterford, under colour of endeavouring to appease them. Much heat there seemed to be betwixt them, and I really believe some of them were in earnest : but I easily discovered the drift of others was, either to force and confirm my lord of Glamorgan's conditions, or at least to engage myself in some new ones in point of religion. But confidering how I was limited therein by your majesty, and how unbounded their demands would be, if I once gave way to any new treaty, I positively insisted upon their public faith already pledged, and absolutely refused to engage in any new treaty with the clergy: yet I affured them, that, without your ma. jesty's directions, I would not difpoffefs them of the churches then in their poffeffion, nor interrupt the jurisdiction of their clergy within


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the quarters pofleffed by them; and that I would not understand any directions from your majesty in those particulars to be yours, till your majefty should be restored to a free condition : and, further, that I would obey all such commands as I shall receive from your majesty to their advantage.

Whilft these affairs were in agitation, and great hopes were given me, that this assurance would satisfy them, so as to bring me into the greater security; the nuncio, and his party, fent for Owen O'Neil to cut off my retreat to Dublin, and to force me to comply with their terms; or, as by the sequel is more probable, to destroy the small party of one thousand two hundred foot, and two hundred horse, I had brought with me aś guards ; which, if they had effected, being the best men of the army, Dublin, and other garrisons rendering obedience to your majesty's authority, would have been theirs with much ease, when their united forces Lhould be drawn against them, as afterwards they were,

Upon notice of Owen O'Neile's being invited by the clergy, having reason to be jealous of his readiness to answer their summons, for that he had not caused the peace to be proclaimed in his army, as general Preston had, with great solemnity, done in his; I sent feveral letters and messages to general Preiton, and to all I thought well affected, urging them to draw together, for the making good the peace they had so cheerfully received, and VOL. VII. F


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for the preservation of themselves and their country froin the rapine of the northern army, where with they had been acquainted.

By fome I was answered, That their men were cispersed by their excommunications ; by others, that they had no means to keep or draw thein together; for that the collectors, terrihed with the church censures, would pay then nothing; and to this effect was Preston's answer aiso: whereupon I sent to speak with him, if any thing from the clergy stuck with him; but he made his excuse, pretending fickness.

Notwithstanding all these ill figns, I yet de. termined to use all poslible ways to try what might be done; and with this resolution went from Kilkenny to Carrick, and from thence to. wards Castel, where the

peace claimed: but when I had got

vithin two iniles thereof, I met with a letter from the mavor, defiring me not to come thither, for that he and the town were threatened, if they received me, to be utterly destroyed by the northern army, then within a day's march of them.

The adv.rce of that force in pursuit of me, the lord Dillon, and others who met me that day, gave me notice of. I was then also advertised, that Mac Thomas, as they call him, with the Munfter horse, declared for the Romish clergy, and was within some small difance, drawing towards me: and, being thereof assured by the earl of Castlehaven and


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