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ordinary debauchery of his life ; and, with his dissipation of pleasure, he suffered sometimes malevolent principles to govern him : and was equally odious for malice and envy, as for the boundless gratifications of his appetites.

This is, no doubt, the character of his lord; fhip, conärmed by all who have transmitted any account of him ; but, if his life was fum. premely wicked, his death was exemplary pious; before he approached to the conclufion of his days, he saw the follies of his former pleasures; he lived to repent with the feveref contrition, and charity obliges all men to be lieve, that he was as sincere in his protesta, tions of penitence, as he had been before in libertine indulgence. The apparent sorrowe he felt, arising from the itings and compụng. tions of conscience, entitle him to the readers compaslion, and has determined us to repre fent his errors with all imaginable tenderness which, as it is agreeable to every benevolent man, so his lord hip has a right to this indulgence, fince he obliterated his faults by his penitence, and became fo. conspicuous an evidence on the side of virtue, by his important. declarations against the charms of nice,

Lord Rochefter was son of the gallant Henry lord Wilmot, who engaged with great zeal in the service of king Charles I. during the civilwars; and was so much in favour with Charles Il. that he entrusted his person to him, after the unfortunate battle of Worcester; which

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THE LIFE OF

JOHN WILMOT,

IT

T is an observation founded on experience,

that the poets have, of all other men, been most addicted to the gratifications of appetite,

and have pursued pleasure with more unweaTied application than men of other characters, In this respect they are indeed unhappy, and have ever been more subject to pity than envy. A violent love of pleasure, if it does not deItroy, yet'in a great meafure, enervates all all other good qualities with which a man may be endowed : and, as no men have ever enjoyed higher parts from nature than the poets, fo few, from this unhappy attachment to pleafure, have effected so little good by those amazing powers. Of the truth of this observation, the nobleman, whose Memoirs we are now to present to the reader, is a strong and indelible instance ; for few ever had inore ability, and more frequent opportunities, for promoting

the interests of society; and none ever prostituted the gifts of Heaven to a more inglorious purpose.

Lord Rochester was not more remarkable for the superiority of his parts, than the extra

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ordinary debauchery of his life ; and, with his dissipation of pleasure, he suffered sometimes malevolent principles to govern him: and was equally odious for malice and envy, as for the boundless gratifications of his appetites.

This is, no doubt, the character of his lords fhip, confirmed by all who have transmitted any account of him ; but, if his life was fu-. premely wicked, his death was exemplary pious before he approached to the conclufion of his days, he saw the follies of his former pleasures; he lived to repent with the fevereift contrițion; and charity obliges all men to be lieve, that he was as fincere in his protesta, tions of penitence, as he had been before in libertine indulgence. The apparent forrow he felt, arising from the stings and compung tions of conscience, entitle him to the readers compaflion, and has determined us to reprefent his errors with all imaginable tenderness which, as it is agreeable to every benevolent man, so his lord hip has a right to this indulgence, since he obliterated his faults by his penitence, and became fo. conspicuous an evidence on the side of virtue, by his important. declarations against the charms of nice,

Lord Rochester was son of the gallant Henry lord Wilmot, who engaged with great zeal in the service of king Charles I. during the civilwars; and was so much in favour with Charles Il. that he entrusted his person to him, after the unfortunate battle of Worcester; which

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berlain to the queen, Don Francisco de Melo, the Portuguese ambassador, who was also her chamberlain, being displaced on a complaint of the bishop of London for licensing popish books.

The prince of Orange sending over M. Bentick to England, recommended him by letter to the earl of Offory, and to his father, to aslift him in proposing the match with the lady Mary ; but thefe noblemen advised him to apply to the earl of Danby, then lord-treafurer, left he should oppose it if moved by any other. The affair fucceeded, and the prince had leave to come over at the end of the campaign.

In February following, the earl of Offory „went into Holland, to enter upon the command of general of the king of Great-Britain's subjects in the pay of the states. It was in the campaign of that year, and at the conclusion of the war, that the memorable battle of Mons was fought, in which the famous marshal of Luxemburgh was forced to retreat, and the earl of Oliory gained so much glory. The states of Holland, the duke of VillaHarman, governor of the Low-Countries, and the king of Spain himself, in a letter under his own hand, acknowledged the great fervices he had performed in the campaign.

In April, 1678, he was restored to the privy-council, of which the earl of Shaftsbury was made president, and was soon after

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designed to be governor of Tangiers, then besieged by the Moors : but, as he was prepareing to go there with a considerable brigade, he died, in the forty-sixth year of his age, to the general regret of this nation,

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